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perhaps you will not object to give them a few remarks on the same character by Don Francesco Le Grand.

Luigi informs us, that Consalvi was the great enemy of Father Hayes. This is at the best, an unfortunate expression. The Cardinal was too elevated in dignity, too gentle in disposition to be the enemy of such a man as Father Hayes. It is true that he sent Hayes an order to quit Rome; but it was an act of friendship rather than enmity; it was the best expedient to screen him from prosecution.

We are afterwards told that the Cardinal "having been applied to by certain persons in this country to become the Protector of the English nation, refused the title but accepted the power of the office in question. Who are meant by the words certain persons? Such indiscrimate expressions seem calculated only to furnish food to curiosity and malice; but I do not believe the fact. By the constitution of the Roman Court, the powers of a protector devolve at his death on the secretary of state, which office was held by Consalvi at the death of Braschi the last protector. As no protector was afterwards called for, he continued to exercise them of course till he retired from office.

Luigi then speaks of "his creature Cardinal Fontana." The words will perhaps insinuate that Fontana was a time-serving prelate, a humble tool of Consalvi. But if Luigi knows any thing of Rome, he must know that that city has seldom produced a more valuable character than FontaIn piety and integrity he was equal to his predecessor Cardinal Litta; in learning and firmness greatly his superior.


But after the death of Fontana, Consalvi kept the prefectship of the Propaganda to himself under the title of Pro-prefect. If he did, it was to the general advantage of the christian world; and of that His present Holiness was so firmly convinced, that in January last he appointed him not pro-prefect, but actual prefect of that important congregation. I prefer the opinion of Leo to that of Luigi.

We are next presented with observations respecting certain parts of the political administration of Consalvi. I will only reply that it is ridiculous for Luigi or Francesco to pronounce judgment on the conduct of a Roman secretary of state with foreign powers. It requires a knowledge of motives and circumstances which neither of us can attain.


Luigi tells us a story of the interference of a foreign monarch to procure the restoration of Consalvi to office under the present pope. ther it be true or false matters not; it is probably one of the thousand tales fabricated every morning in Rome. But how comes Luigi to tell us that as a compromise the Pope made him secretary of the Propaganda? Does he not know that Consalvi was made prefect? Or why does he say that the Pope would not have him near his person nor make him a member of the congregation for affairs of religion, when he ought to know that during the few days of Consalvi's life after his appointment, Leo spent many hours with him in consultation, and referred the most difficult questions agitated in that congregation to Consalvi to be decided by him alone.

The party in the Conclave which elevated Della Genga to the pontificate, had framed a plan of reform to which they required his previous concurrence. It was afterwards published in about twenty different edicts. But they remained not in force two months; all have been revoked with the exception of the two least important of the whole number; one which closes the gates of the papal palace to all females, even to foreign travellers; and another which orders that from next November jesuit professors shall teach in the Roman College, as was the custom before the abolition of the society, and that the present professors shall deliver their lectures hereafter in the German College.

This revocation of the new edicts appears to me the best eulogium on the virtues and the administration of Cardinal Consalvi. It is an homage reluctantly rendered to him by his very opponents. They have made the trial of their own plans, and have ended by reverting to his.

I am for myself and employer, Sir,

Your obsequious servant,



Bishop of Kildare, and Leighlin, to the Catholic Association.

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"SIR-I feel greatly indebted to the Catholic Association, for the notice they have taken of the mis-statements reported to have been made to the House of Commons by Mr. North, relative to the state of education in this country—misstatements which are, no doubt, unjustly attributed to the learned Gentleman. "It was incorrect to state of those parts of the country with which I am acquainted, that, until the establishment of the Kildare-street Society, in 1812, they were involved in thick and palpable darkness.' I have had, for some years past, constant and close intercourse with persons of every rank and condition, throughout the counties of Wexford, Carlow, Queen's County, and County Kildare, and I do affirm, of my own knowledge, that a vast majority of the inhabitants of these Counties, under forty years of age, can at least read, and are as well instructed in their moral and religious duties as the inhabitants of any equal portion of the British dominions; also, that they are not indebted to the Kildare-.street Society for these advantages, or for almost any portion of them. "Old persons in the above mentioned Counties are generally, but not universally, illiterate; they have not been instructed in books, but their moral culture has not been neglected. The generation of men which is now passing away, were gifted with principles of religious, moral, and social integrity, as marked, as strong, as ever distinguished a people. They had scarcely been liberated from the prison in which they had been confined by the penal laws, when their native virtue, as well as their national character, appeared.

“I am enabled, moreover, to state from personal observation, and from official communications made by those persons who are intimately concerned with the education of youth, that a strict superintendence is exercised by the Catholic Clergy over schools in the above-mentioned counties, and has been from the period when Catholics were first permitted by law to instruct each other.

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'But before this order of men are charged with neglecting the education of

the people, it should be considered how few in number they have been, when compared with the population; how multifarious their duties are, as arbiters in disputes, keepers of the peace, as well as the ministers of a religion which requires that they should be as attentive to the wants of each individual committed to them, as if such individual were the sole object of their care.

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Only a few yesterdays' have passed, since the Catholic Clergy were tolerated in the exercise of their ministry. The aged people with whose ignorance they are reproached, were the sentinels and outposts of the station, where they, in some glen or desert, used to celebrate the divine mysteries. To this day, the old people relate the instances of persecution which occurred in their own time -not the traditions of their fathers, but what they themselves had seen and felt. Yet even then, the Clergy endeavoured to guard the embers of knowledge which the law sought to extinguish. In the glen or the cavern where they sojourned, they taught the rudiments of learning. The Catholic Bishop of this diocese, in a shed built of mud, and covered with rushes, on the verge of the Bog of Allen; in this shed, the refuge of a man not inferior in mind or virtue to Fenelon, he instructed youth with his own tongue, and shared with them the crust which he had first watered with the tears of his affliction.

"When the Catholic clergy were permitted to live secure at home, they opened schools, many of them in their own houses; and as soon as their places of worship had any other roof than the arch of heaven, they were used as school houses for the instruction of youth. This calumniated order of men have proceeded steadily and perseveringly in the discharge of their duty, and without succour or support, have succeeded, in this part of the country, in removing the thick and palpable darkness' created by a flagitious code of law.

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"Evils, to which no prudent man would refer when discussing the state of education in Ireland, are to be imputed, it seems, not to the causes which produced them, but to the apathy or neglect of the Catholic clergy; yet, when the trumpet shall sound, these men will arise and come to judgment, free of the guilt with which they are charged.

"The statement set forth in the reported speech of Mr. North, would also imply, that immoral and seditious books were generally used in schools by Catholic children, until they were replaced by the Tracts published since 1812 by the Kildare-street Society, and that they were read in them with the tacit sanction or connivance of the Catholic priesthood.

"I believe Mr. North is totally incapable of conceiving or uttering so gross and unfounded a calumny. Such books as have been mentioned, might have been introduced into some of the hedge-schools in Ireland, where no priest could be found, except one moving in the solitude of the night, or the silence of the glen; in those eventful times, when the population of Ireland was without form, and void, and no spirit of order moving on its troubled surface; when revolution after revolution, war after war, confiscations, robberies and reprisals were the ordinary events of each succeeding year; when courts of equity were dens of thieves, and the laws of the country armed the father against the son, and the son against the father; when there was a church without a religion, and some remnant of religion, but without a Church; when banditti, such as now infest the Sierra Morena in Spain, shared in the general plunder, and drowned the recollection of the sufferings they endured and inflicted in riot and licentiousness; then, and after then, many books and rhymes, embodying the popular tales, and suited to the deranged taste of a distracted people, were composed and circulated, and introduced too often into schools; but they were few in number, and to impute,

in a direct or covert manner, their introduction or circulation to the neglect or connivance of the Catholic Clergy, is as foul à calumny as has been ever uttered. "To this clergy the removal of these books, the total suppression of them, is entirely owing, and that before the Kildare-street Society had any existence, and where no book or tract published by it has ever reached.

"The lessons compiled by the Right Rev. Dr. England, late of Cork, those of Miss Leadbeater, of Ballytore, with a vast variety of moral and historical tracts, which are daily issuing from the Catholic Press in this country, these and such as these alone, are in general use throughout the several counties I have before mentioned.

"The following summary will, I hope, suffice to give to the Catholic Associa tion the information they desire to have for the purpose of correcting the misstatements imputed to Mr. North.

"There were, in the last year, two hundred and forty-six Schools in the Diocess of Kildare and Leighlin, frequented almost exclusively by Catholics, and supported, generally, by the contributions of the Parents of the Children. There are thirty-seven which may be denominated Free Schools,' and in which the Teachers are paid chiefly by donations or annual subscriptions, collected by the Clergy, or Committees composed of Laymen and Clergymen. The Clergy, in some instances, are burdened almost exclusively with the support of these Schools, besides, that in the others not denominated Free,' they pay privately for the Children of the most indigent of their Parishioners, thus sparing Families the pain of exposing their distress, or leaving their little ones destitute of instruction.

"Of these 246 Schools there are seventeen which receive aid from the Kildareplace Society. There may be others not included in the returns made to me, because not frequented by Catholic Children, unless, perhaps, by one or other whose unhappy parents would be driven from their habitation, or excluded from employment, did they not send their children to such schools; for this kind of domestic persecution has, in a few instances, been resorted to in this Diocese. "The reports which have been made to me, of those few schools which receive aid from the Kildare-place Society, state, that the Masters are Catholics; that the schools are under the superintendance of the priest; that one day in each week, or some part of every day, is set apart for the religious instruction of the children; that such portion of the New Testament as the priest selects is read by some few of the children, and generally in his own presence, with that religious respect and reverence due to the Word of GOD.

"Notwithstanding my abhorrence of the demoralising and Antichristian principle, of committing the sacred Scriptures to the interpretation of every prating sophist, of every senseless child, of every silly old woman, I have tolerated their introduction into those few schools, where the reading of them was so guarded that no abuse of it could reasonably be apprehended; always prepared, did any such abuse appear, to use my influence, and that of the clergy, to have the children withdrawn from them; or to exclude the Testament altogether, even at the risk of having The Dispensaries closed up, the Friendly Societies deranged, the Benevolent Institutions abandoned, and the place where the Asses stood converted again into a desert!'

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“To this distressing expedient I have sometimes had occasion to have recourse, with regard to Schools established, or sought to be established, in a manner which did not accord with the principles or discipline of the Catholic Church.— In these cases the watchfulness of the Clergy has exceeded mine, and the zeal of

the people surpassed both, so that I know not whether the opinions of those who imagine that, on this subject, there is any dissent amongst Catholics, be more deserving of pity or of contempt. In all matters which affect Religion, the Irish Catholics never fail to evince the same spirit by which their fathers were actuated, when they sacrificed every thing dear to our nature, that they might preserve, inviolate, their Faith.

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"There are two Schools only known to me in this Diocese, frequented by a few Catholic children, under circumstances somewhat different from those stated above. In one of these the Governors passed a Resolution (a copy of which they directed to be furnished to me), ordering, That the Catholic children be dismissed previous to the reading of the Sacred Scriptures.' In the other, the Priest, as instructed by me, withheld his sanction from the School until a Catholic Assistant was appointed to the Master.

"Should the information, here furnished, be deemed insufficient for the purpose intended by the Association, I shall freely enter into a more minute detail, as I can, without much difficulty or delay, ascertain with the utmost accuracy whatever regards the education of Catholics within this Diocese.

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"To the Secretary of the Catholic Association,

No. 4, Capel-street."

The Morning Chronicle says, "this letter is one of those compositions which will survive the occasion which gave birth to it. It will be no easy matter, we suspect, to find the equal of this Dignitary in the Establishment. We enter not into the question at issue between him and Mr. NORTH; but this we may say, that he has stated enough to shew that others were at all events far more culpable than the Catholic Clergy. Dr. DOYLE, in the beautiful apology for the introduction of improper books into the hedge-schools of Ireland in those eventful times, when Courts of Equity were dens of thieves, and the laws of the country armed the father against the son, and the son against the father; when there was a church without a religion, and some remnant of a religion, but without a church," has severely retaliated on Dr. MAGEE for his famous antithesis. In truth, the less Dr. MAGEE provokes controversy with Bishop DOYLE, the better will it be for his reputation."

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Our Gracious Sovereign George IV. in behalf of the "National School Society for promoting the education of the Poor in the principles of the Established Church," has been pleased to issue a Circular Letter, addressed to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and through his Lordship calling up every Minister in the kingdom "to excite their Parishioners to a liberal contribution," we have been waited upon by the Parish Officers for this purpose, and have no doubt but equal pains were taken in other parts of the kingdom to

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