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" the ancient nobility of the King-1" let the 'Directors, those mana"dom, not one penny (since the" gers of the Company's affairs, “ first year) has the Company and those stanch advocates of "ever paid into the Exchequer " the Minister that suffered the “of the stipulated half million a “ act to lie unenforced against
year; and, what is still more" them; let Lord Wellesley, who 4 glaringly unjust, and " has so long been the Governor "galling to the burdened peo- " General of India; why the act
ple, two millions of our taxes" has not been inforced, why the “ have already been granted to “ law has been thus shamefully " this Company, wherewith to " set at nought, let these persons pay the dividends
their“ tell.” “ stock; and, such has been the
management, and such is now Now, let it be observed, this " the state, of the Company's af- charter expired without one single " fairs, that we need not be at farthing of the ten millions of " all surprised if another million money, except the first half mil. “ be called for from us, during lion, ever having been paid into ... the present Session of Parlia- the Exchequer. The Act of Par* ment. For the causes of this liainent passed on the 11th of " state of the Company's con- July 1793 ordered that half a mil
cerns; for the reasons why lion a-year should be paid into
they have not been held to their the Exchequer to be disposed of as *" engagements; why the Act of Parliament should think proper;
« Parliament has thus been treat that is to say, to be applied to the -66 ed as if it had been passed service of the country. The Act
« merely as a job; why we have provided, that, in case of failure 66 been called to pay to, instead to pay the half million into the 5 of to receive from, this Com- Exchequer, the money should be “pany of trading sovereigns; recovered in damages in any court " let the eulogist of Mr. Pitt's of record in Westminster; that, “ memory, let Mr. Canning, Old in case the Directors found it in" Rose, and Colonel Pattypan; convenient to pay the sum into « let Lord Melville, with his the Exchequer,' the Directors " 2,0001. a-year pension from should represent the matter to the ** the Company, (who are so poor Treasury, and that the Treasury
as to come to us for money); might agree to suspend the pay
ment by making an order to that out an order of the Treasury, and effect; but that (and pray mark without the laying copies of both this,) the Treasury should, in these before the two Houses of fourteen days after making such Parliament;' a thing that was order, if Parliament' should then never done during the whole be sitting, or otherwise, within twenty years that the charter fourteen sitting days of the then lasted ; that is to say, from the next sitting Parliament lay a copy year 1793 to the year 1812, both of the said order and of the re- inclusive. The Whigs came into presentation of the Court of Di- office in 1806, and they winked rectors, before both Houses of at all these breaches of the law, Parliament.
they said not a word about the Now during the whole of the seven millions already due from twenty years that this Act re- the East India Company, and mained in force, the money was winked at the two millions, which paid into the Exchequer only the during the first thirteen years of - first year; and yet no copy of the charter had been given to that such order ; no copy of such re- Company out of the taxes raised presentation of the Directors was upon the labour of the people of ever laid before either House of these kingdoms. Parliament; and, of course the At this time the Company owes Act was violated in the most the country, principal and interest, flagrant manner; the Company very nearly thirty millions of still owed the money, and though money. The reader will bear in it might at any time have been mind, that the first half million sued for in the Courts at West- became due in 1794. He will minster, it never has been paid to bear in mind that that is half a
million of money going on at comIf war arose so as to disable pound interest for eighteen years, the Company, the money was not and that the interest was fifteen to be made good, so as to impede per cent. I have only had time the accumulation of a fund to pay for a hasty calculation; but any the stockholders; but this was not figure-man will satisfy himself in to warrant the suspending of any a moment, that the Debt now due payment into the Exchequer, by the Company on account of without a representation of the that charter is now upwards of Directors to the Treasury; with thirty millions of money; and
that Debt ought to be paid, too, pany; and now it has to pay or every stick and stone of these one million three hundred thoucommercial sovereigns ought to be sand pounds more ; and not á sold. What was the bargain 'made word do you say, Sir, in the way for ; why was an Act of Parlia- of sifting into this matter. The ment passed? Was it for the two Lords of the Admiralty, the purpose of deluding and cheating second Post Master General, and the nation ? And if it was not, the other little chipping's that why has nobody ever proposed have led to such endless debates to put the law in force ?
and such piles of figures, have When that charter.was granted had great importance attached to this set of merchants had great them, while not a word is said advantages given them at the ex- about the enormous sums squanpense of the nation. They were dered upon this cormorant Com to have the exclusive trade to the pany and its retainers, who have East, and they had it. They swallowed, within these thirty were to have the territorial re-years, directly and indirectly, a venue of India. The nation was hundred millions of that money to be at the expense of fleets to which has already been wrung defend them in their trade and principally from the labouring possessions ; and at the expense classes of England, or has yet to of boards and offices connected be wrung from them, in payment with India. The nation had to of the interest of the National pay dearer for articles had from Debt. the East, on account of this charter. You can see clearly enough, The ship-owners of this country Sir, how the public money, exwere prevented from employing pended in the way of patronage, their ships in that trade. These in the Navy, Army, Ordnance were monstrous advantages to the and Tax-offices, works to keep on Company of Merchants; far ex- the burdens of the people, and ceeding in value half a million deprive them of their freedom. a-year ;
and yet of the twenty You can see how patronage in half millions the nation never got the church, and how money bebut one!
stowed on countless swarms of But, besides this, the nation greedy, greasy, paddy-faced and has had to pay five millions, I unprincipled lawyers works to think it is, already, to this Com- the destroying of the happiness
of the people; but you seem to the expense of it, and the emibe totally blind to the effects of grating Scotch swallowing all the enormous patronage of India
, the profits. Talk of the corYou can see how public money ruptions in Scotch Burghs, inbestowed upon
a taxgatherer deed, the Burghs would be of here induces him to support the little consequence were it not for system, but you cannot see that English taxes : the Burghs would the same effect is produced upon be pure enough were it not for a father here by money bestowed that Asiatic conductor through on a son in India. You do not re- which the fruit of English labour collect that Lawyer SPANKIE, who is sucked down the throats of the was also Editor of the Morning Scotch. Thirteen hundred thouChronicle, might have been filled sand pounds are now, in addition with those qualms which he en to all that is gone before, going tertained about Reform in Par-down into that insatiable maw; liament by the promises which and you say not one single word he had of that rich post which he about the matter! You have finally obtained in India. You sometimes talked of a Reform of cannot perceive, I'll warrant you, the Parliament. Do you think that the Morning Chronicle will that such a parliament would strike at no India abuses-as long cause to be paid out of the taxes as a son of the late Mr. PERRY those immense sums every year, is swelling up into wealth under which are paid directly and inthe Company in India. You are directly to feed the hungry vulnot able to discover how it is that tures that sail for India ? The almost the whole swarm of your Americans, if we consider the countrymen are held steady under cost of India to us, import every the banners of the system by the article from the East at about taxes of England which they fourth part of what those articles suck down through the channel cost us. They bring them to of India. Mr. VANSITTART said, Europe and sell them cheaper that the Company .was to be than they can be sold after negociated with, as if an inde- being brought even by the East pendent State. Our misfortune India Company. To what end, , is, that it is not an independent then, are we taxed for the state ; but a perfect monster in support of this colonyI ask politics ; England supporting all to what end we are thus taxed for this purpose; and it is impossible those masters; but as to the mo. for you to answer, except by ney that is got ; as to the several acknowledging that it is for the millions a-year, that formerly used purposes of that very patronage to be brought home to build big and very influence against which white houses on the tops of hills, you have so often, and so justly and the probably one million invoighed, and to curtail which a-year that is now brought home you have made so many laudable for that purpose, and for the buyexertions.
ing up of estates in England, be During the last war, our pretty you assured that it has come from gentlemen published the inter- English taxes, the payment of cepted correspondence of Napo- which, in part, at least, requires leon. It was not thought to be a the surrender of these estates. very honourable proceeding, es- An additional thirteen hundred pecially as some of his letters thousand pounds are now about related solely to his private affairs to be applied to pass through the and private feelings. Some years same funnel and for the same purafterwards, the French intercepted poses, and you, the great hero of a parcel of private letters from retrenchment and economy leave India, in which that wary Scot, the stupid English landlords, to Mr. Stuart Hall, made a very con- hug themselves with joy at the spicuous figure, and in which one thought of paying little more than of the Bentineks very fully ex- a quarter part of what the East plained the real uses, the real India Company demanded ! practical purposes of our Empire It is the most fallacious notion in the East. The whole elucida- in the world, that, because the tion was comprised in one short money is received abroad, we do
phrase: to get money! Foolish not pay it. It may, with just as ? people in this country think that much sense, be said, that we do
the money is got there ; and so it not pay that hopeful youth of the is; but it is only as my men get Grenvilles, young Wynn, because beer at the lower end of my gar- he touches the money in Switzerden, by carrying it or having it land. There is the Honourable , sent down to them from the house. Chas. W. Wyndham, who has, The poor wretches in India are, according to the Parliamentary indeed, slaves. They work for Return of 1808, 4,0001. a-year as their masters; and we squeeze Secretary and Clerk of the En