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they had read, in his pamphlet of | by paying twelve hundred and the first of March last, that plain, forty-eight pounds for lodgings that simple, and that most dread- alone; that,' at the end of the fully affecting narrative, of the time I paid a thousand pounds treatment of these two women in sterling to the King; and that, I Dorchester Gaol; after the public was, then, to remain in prison for had read this, which you, Sir, ever, unless I entered into báil ought to have read long enough in the amount of three thousand ago ! After all this, how is the pounds myself, with two sureties public to restrain its indignation ; in bond of a thousand pounds what feeling but one is it to have, each! when it hears the caitiffs of the It would be libellous, I suphireling press bawling out for the pose; it would be a libel, I dare liberty of the subject and the Bill say, on the late Ellenborough and of Rights!

his three associates, Grose, Le I have before stated my own Blanc, and Bailey;. it would case often enough ; but when we doubtless be a criminal libel on see men ready to plead the Bill the memory of the three former, of Rights and to express extreme and on the character of the latter; tenderness for the liberty of the it would be a heinous offence, I subject on the score of bail; and suppose, if I were to say that that when I see a Bishop, and a Bi- was “ excessive bail.It would shop of Noble fanily, too, and be a libel, to say that those veaccused of an offence like this nerable Judges were guilty of a upon the oaths of seven witnesses; violation of the " Bill of Rights ; when I see a man like this let that bail, therefore, was not exloose, without hesitation, upon cessive. We are to say that that bail of five hundred pounds, I was all right, though I had no cannot but again and again re- bishopric of from 10 to 15 thoumind the public, that, for having sand a-year ; though I had no inexpressed my indignation at see- come but what arose from

my ing English local militia-men, in daily labour; though I had nothing the heart of England, flogged but my daily exertions and my under a guard of German bayo- possible continuation of life and nets, I was sentenced to a felon's of health to hold out as the foundagaol for two years; that I rescued tion of a hope of preservation myself from the society of felons from actual want of a wife and

six children, from fourteen to fin Cotton Garden! But the Bishop three

years age. This was all must have had a 'passport from right. This was no violation of somebody or other; how easy to the principles of that happy con- trace him, then! Our Police Ofstitution, which is the envy of sur-ficers have frequently gone into rounding nations and the admira- the territory of our friends the tion of the world. But, Sir, if Bourbons and the Orange Bovens, this was all right, is it also all and brought back very obscure right, where the Bishop is let loose, individuals. The public'is, I asand for an offence. like this, too, sure you, Sir, very watchful, just upon bail of five hundred pounds! at this time; it knows what can 1, Leaving this question for you be done in this way." It knows to answer at your leisure; and, what has been done; and it is without undertaking to say whe- now waiting to see what will be ther Mr. Dyer did right or did done. In short, it will never be wrong; whether the bail was made to believe, that it is not as. slender or stout; whether it was, easy to get back the Bishop, as in law, insufficient or sufficient, it was, the other day, to get back it appears that, in fact, it was not a swindler. We shall see, then, sufficient to keep the Bishop in when the trial comnes on, whether England, notwithstanding the doc- the parties will be present or not; trines laid down by lawyers, and and then, and not till then, we notwithstanding the language of shall be able fully to judge as to the law which calls those persons the sufficiency or insufficiency of sureties, which give bail for other the bait. ** persons. The Bishop is said to In the meanwhile let us turn to be gone. But, Sir, is there no the Bishop's partner. This is getting him back?. We have an said to be a Private Soldier in the Alien Law. The Holy Alliance Foot Guards. . have all of them Alien Laws. Our Lord Palmerston said in the House Holy friends would certainly as- of Commons that Barracks were sist us in a case like this. The necessary in order to keep the Bishop must have had a passport? Soldiers distinct from mixing with We know that passports are got the people! I will abstain from now and then in a queer sort of the corollary which this obserway, as in the case of the man vation of his Lordship would sugthat went to Italy from the fortress gest. But, let me observe, that if

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five hundred pounds was sufficient the Bishop's partner, if bail be for the Bishop, and if Hawkins' tendered, even now! I should Law, be good, that the amount of suppose that old Doctors' Comthe bail is to be in proportion to mons has not given this hint, this the ability and quality of the very broad hint, without a motive, prisoner, and if the hint of old and I should be disposed to think, Doctors' Commons be acted upon, that he had not given it withoutras the partner may be at large in a instigator. Be this as it may, it few hours, for I will engage, he signifies very little as to the main has in bis pocket more money point, whether the hint be adopted than would make up the sum 're- or not. The examinations are quired in proportion to the bail down in black and white; the demanded of the Bishop.. Old witnesses are alive, and the Sesa Doctors' Commons says, that, ifsions approach. It signifies not bail be, tendered now, it must be a straw whether the partner be taken! Oh Lord, yes! The Bill present or not though, in case of of Rights demands it! The liberty his absence, it will occur to every of the subject; the precious liberty one, that he will have eren better of the subject; that delightful li- luck than the Bishop; for, if out berty, which makes the printer of of prison, he is in his regiment a newspaper give bail to the and company, and it will be wonamount of three hundred pounds, derful, indeed, if he be not forthwith two sureties, bound for a coming on the day of trial! The hundred and fifty pounds each; public have their eye upon this that delightful liberty of the sub-too; so that, it is impossible for ject, which makes the printer do any thing to take place that shall this, not only before he is charged produce any other than a satiswith any offence, but even before factory result. He will hardly be he begins to print ; this sweet discharged from the army! Oh, liberty of the subject, this " moun- no. It will all be right. . It will tain-nymph, sweet Liberty,”. of all be as it ought to be. whom we are so enamoured, and Before I conclude, let me call who will dwell no where but in your attention to a publication put these blessed Isles ; this precions forth by the company of traders liberty of the subject, will, old to whom the Old Times newspam. Doctors' Commons tells us, insist per belongs. The publication to upon Mr. Dyer's taking bail for which I allude, puts some words

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into the mouth of Mr. DYER, as/" meanor, and that it was con: having been uttered at his Police trary to all rule to give up the Office in Marlborough-street, on " names of the bail.--Mr. Alley Monday last. Mr. Alley, a lawf" returned the Magistrate thanks, yer, had, it appears, taken occa • and said bail was certainly sion to ask the Magistrate and his “ obliged to be taken, as, if not, people, in this public manner," the Magistrate was subject to whether he had been one of the" action for false imprisonment. bail for the Bishop. This he did " -Mr. Wingfield, who was soliin consequence of its having been “ citor for the Bishop of Clogher, insinuated, he said, that he had " said nothing could be fairerTM ? been one of the bail. Mr. Dyer than the learned counsel's con ** declared, it appears, that Mr. “ duct, and the remarks contained Alley was not one of the bail;" in the paper in his opinion were and then follows in the Old Times" most unjustifiable. Several genaforesaid the following passage,“ tlemen also expressed themwell worthy, I think, of :your at "selves in the same terms; one of tention.". The Magistrate said, " them termed Cobbett a '“ whole. “ what had been stated in the sale dealer in lies.”_We think

paper was certainly false, and it necessary for the information “ whoever had written it must of our readers to state, that the “ have been actuated by malice,“ persons now standing in the 66 which could be attributed to no " situation of bail for the Bishop other cause than the general de " of Clogher are not attornies, or “ sirc of certain parties to over-1" in any way connected with the " throw the established authorities “ law, but both arè exercising " of the country, and they no * mechanical trades." 6 doubt laid hold of this lament- I have already shown my rea

able transaction as a handle by sons for disagreeing with Mr. “ which they might, were it pos- Dyer and Mr. Alley about the

sible, effect their wish. At all obligation to take bail at all in “ times the conduct of Mr. Alley this case; and have shown, I' “ had been upright and respect- think, sufficiently, how this bail “able. Before this subject was differs in amount from the bail

disposed of, he must observe, insisted upon in other cases. I " that he was bound to take bail, will here just add, that it is curious “ the offence only being a misde- enough, that the new and severe


doctrine about bail was not long Magistrate has the power to hold ago conjured up, and that too by the accused party to bail until the

parson. I should really like to trial, not only to answer the know whether the Bishop were a charge, but to keep the peace and Magistrate. This would make the be of good behaviour in the mean. thing complete. He is down in time; and, though the man may the Red Book as a Commissioner be acquitted: of the libel; though of the Board of Education ; and the Grand Jury may throw out the I really wonder that he did not Bill, still, if the bounden party bring himself off by saying that have broken the peace, in the he was giving the Soldier a les-mean time, or has been guilty of son! Considering the parson and any other sort of bad behaviour, magistrate are now so often united he forfeits the recognisances, tam. in the same person, and especially ken from him in a case where he in Ireland, it would be almost a had committed no offence at all! wonder if he were not a magis. These are the laws of bajl that we trate ; or, rather, if he be not; for live under; and yet there are men he is, as yet, all that he

was. To who have the press in their hands, return, however, the new inter- and who live immediately under pretation of the law of bail; that these laws, who have bad the is to say, of the severity of it, we baseness, the inexpressible baseowe to the church, amongst other ness, to endeavour to'smother up . things that we owe it. It was this, affair of the Bishop and the Parson Hay that first demanded Soldier. bail on a charge of libel. The

I have said enough upon Mr. legality of this was questioned; Dyer's and Mr. Alley's doctrine as well it might after the solemn about bail ; but I have now to decision in the case of Wilkes ; notice this publication of the but, when Six-Acts came to be Trading Company, as it relates passed, it was declared to be law to the motives imputed to those, to hold men to bail on a charge who prevented this affair from of libel previous to conviction. being smothered up by the press. So that if any man ‘goes and I do not impute these words to swears before a Magistrate, that Mr. Dyér, because, I find them another has written, printed or in a paper which only says that published, a thing that that Magis- which answers its own purposes. trate may think to be a libel, that But, see, Sir, what words this:

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