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senter; without being supposed to|tion has been such a famous stalk approve his errors. The general rule of his proceedings will be, to ing-horse for so many years;
has. “ overcome evil with good, by con ciliation to all men, as far as it is so long been so useful to the parconsistent with the interests of truth, and that enlightened attach- sons of all degrees, that it would ment which he feels to the Church, have been a wonder indeed if the best interests of religion are you had not brought it forth upon concerned in its stability, and that no particular advantage which can this occasion, though a very little be expected from popular favour, or the exertions of irregular piety, reflection might have taught you, would counterbalance the evils arising froin the neglect of its dis- that you ought to have avoided it. cipline and ordinances, or the diminution of its salutary influence. You here tell us that the French This, I conceive, is the genuine liberality, which is the grace and Revolution was occasioned by the ornament of the true Christian ; la virtue, as far removed from indif- parsons not having kept suffi. férence, as from the contentious spirit which așsumes the disguise ciently in advance of the people liberality, which looks with equal of France with regard to knowapprobation on every sect that
pro- ledge; that is to say, with regard fesses Christianity, is, in its most innocent form, a low und contemptible to knowledge to be acquired from vanity; it is more frequently, perhaps, a profligate indifference to books. This is one of your asserreligion, or insidious hostility intending its ruin, by depressing the tions. Another is, that a Revoestablished Church. But true lic berality is firm in its own princi-lution has been prevented in ples, while it looks with indulgence England by the parsons having on the mistaken views of others and never approaches so near to maintained their proper place; perfection, as in union with zeal, under the direction of charity and that is to say, by their being in prudence. It would ill deserve the character of a Christian virtue, advance of the people in point if it could lend its 'countenance, however indirectly, to error or of knowledge of the sort just falsehood, or shrink from the defence of truth."
These are your two principal Here is my matter, Bishop, positions. They form the founda and now I shall proceed to deal tión of all that follows; and I un=* with it in the mianner that I think dertake to prove them both to it calls for. The French Revolu- false. But before I go into this?
proof, let me ask how. this doc- to one or more troops of horse; trine of yours agrees with the having, kitchens, the 'fumes of doctrines of the Christian reli- which give an odour to the atgion; with the doctrines; or, per-mosphere, and gardens, coming haps, maxims, laid down by up to Mahomet's idea of Elysium; Christ himself. Did he depend did he ever say or insinuaté, that on the erudition, or cunning, of it was necessary, in order to make the teachers, for the success of his word successful, that it should that doctrine, which he was teach-be taught by men, dressed in lawn ing? On the contrary, did he and lolling in coaches drawn by not say that it was from the six horses? You know well, that mouths of babes and sucklings; he chose for his Apostles twelve that is to say, from persons of men, from amongst the lowest of the simplest understandings and mankind; from amongst fishermanners, and most unostentatious men and labourers, and that, dress and appearance, that he when he sent them forth at lasty; expected his gospel to be spread he charged them to take neither abroad with success! Did he staff nor scrip; but to depend for choose, for his Apostles, men their very subsistence upon what with immense estates, seores of the faithful might choose to bestow manors, scores of gamekeepers, upon them. Upon this condition and with apparel the most sump- it was that he promised to be with tuous that can be conceived ! Did them. always, even unto the end he ever say or ever insinuate, that of the world. the success of his saying, word de- But you; what do you say! pended upon the teachers, of it Why, that the parsons must dehaving palaces for their places of pend for success upon their being residence; having parks well more learned more knowing, more stocked with deer; having reti- clever than the rest of the communues of servants equal in number nity. You seem to forget alk
about the promise of Christ to be l" religious establishment.” What, with his Apostles to the end of Bishop? Do you think that the world, to gulde and to sustain Christ's promise, to sustain the
, them in the perføn.mance of their teachers of his word, was a false labours. The staff and the scrip promise! You do, indeed, talk precept appears to have wholly about piety, as amongst the atescaped your recollection, as does tainments ; but it is only in conalso the reliance for support upon junction with learning; and, in the piety of those to whom the deed, the latter is considered by". Apostles werd to preach. Your you'manifestly as superiorin point idea is that of a very different. of importance to the former You sort of apostles, and of very dif- do not think that any religious ferent means for their obtaining establishment can erist for any and securing an influence over length of time, without these atthe minds of the people. You | tainments in learning. I believe, seem to place very little reliance, that the establishment that you if any at all, on that spirit, which have particularly in
your eye we are every where told (from cannot long exist in its présent one end of the New Testament to form, let the attainments of the the other) is to be the sole guide, parsons be what they may; but,
comforter and sustainer of the at any rate, you here give up the preachers of this word. You go great ground cf reliance for sta
as to say, at the beginning bility; namely, the essential exof the second paragraph above cellence of the doctrines of Chris
quoted, that the attai mments in tianity themselves, and the proa learning and piety of the Clergy "mised spirit of Christ' to animate must rise above the ordinary level and uphold the teachers of his of other classes of society. "You Word: 314.3 ETUID sistovali
say, a f even think it essential to Leaving you to reconcile these is the continued existence of any opinions of yours with the teach
ing of Christ and his Apostles, Jet to appeal to any publication that me now come to your two prin- was made after the tithes were cipal positions, before mentioned abolished'; no, nor to any one
We shall, probably, discover a that was made after the first motive for your ascribing the thought appeared to have been French Revolution to the circum- entertained of a suppression of stance, that the other classes in any part of the nobility, or of any France had advanced in know. branch belonging to either of the ledge at a greater rate than the orders of the State; I am going parsons had. But; such is your to appeal to the representations, assertion ; and now let us see how made to the States-General by that assertion agrees with the the people, of all classes, upon truth. On whose authority shall! the first meeting of that body, in We rely here!-, - I do not ask you those papers, which were called to rely upon mine; and I think the Cahiers; or Memorials. that this honest'and impartial pub- In these, from one end of the ·lic will not ask me to rely upon kingdont to the other, the people yours. It will, I presume, be cried aloud against the oppresdeemed perfectly reasonable to sions, not of the Royal Family take it for granted, that the French only, but of the nobles and the people themselves were no bad clergy. They showed, in innujudges of their own condition, and merable instances, how they were of the grounds, upon which they oppressed by these orders ; they proceeded in demanding a change, showed that to live under them vor, if you will have it so, a Revo- was' a most horrible slavery; a Zution.. I am not going to appeal they showed that in an endless vi to the allegations made by the number of instances, the clergy
Revolutionists, after they had de- were the Lords of manors, the 9-posed the King, and scattered the granters of leases, the demand- persons abroad; I am not going ers of finies and quit-rents, and
that they were she rivals of the offendal services, from those noblesse in grinding the farmers, “whose children, were
dying the tradesmen, the labourers and around them for want of bread. I. the mechanics to the earth., Mr. " Who has dwelt sufficiently in ARTHUR, Young says, that the explaining all the
explaining all the ramifications, , tyranny, practised by these bo- of despotism, legal,
of despotism, legal, aristocras was insupportable; and, he "tical, and ecclesiastical, cperes, adds, that, when we take a view“ vading the whole mass of the is of this tyranny, it will“ scarcely" people; reaching like a cire “be attempted to be urged, that "culating fluid, the most distants “ a Revolution was not absolutely “ capillary tubes of poverty and necessary to the welfare of the" wretchedness?
maak “ kingdom."
In another part of Here, Bishop of London; here, ri his book, Mr. Young, who wrote, Right Reverend Faiher in God, :] you will observe, in 1789; that we have a much better account is to say,
before the commence of the causes of the French Ret). ment of the Revolution, but after volution than that which you haveas the common people had com- been pleased to give us, in your mitted some violences on their Charge to the Clergy of your la oppressers, imputes those vio- Diocese. You ascribe the Revoes? lences to the
oppressors, and lation to the clergy of France; t. not to the
The mur- that is to say, to the bishops and “ der, says he, of a Seigneur, parsons not having kept far
or à Chateau in flames, is re enough in advance of the peas •
corded in every newspaper : ple with regard to intellectual." “the rank of the person who suf- attainments, but here we haveu I “ fers attracts notice; but where the proof, under the hands and “ do we find the register of that seals of the people thetnselves, ,
Seigneur's oppressions of his that they had no complaint to peasantry, and his exactions make against their clergy our