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and defamation, Dr. Parker retumed good for evil, spoke favorably of the motives and characters of those who defamed him, and, whenever any thing derogatory to the reputation of those clergymen, to whose sentiments he was most warmly opposed, was said in his presence, it was always met by a keen rebuke. He delighted also in the few opportunities afforded him of showing that his own charity extended beyond the bounds of party. Twenty-five years of uninterrupted intimacy, mutual esteem, and warm friendship between him and the rector of the Episcopal Church in Portsmouth, together with a constant interchange of ministerial sympathy and courtesies, and an occasional union of public services, showed the world, that Christian ministers can live together in unity without believing alike.

We quote the following passage from a sermon preached by the clergyman just referred to,

on the Sabbath after Dr. Parker's decease.

" Though differing from us in some religious opinions, yet we never could for a moment doubt that he conscientiously held and maintained his own views, and faithfully labored to know his Master's will and do his Master's work. Notwithstanding the difference of our religious views, there has never subsisted between us any diversity of feeling, any strife or animosity. We have bad about twenty-five years of undisturbed and mutual regard. Not the slightest collision of expression or feeling has ever taken place between us. From the day that we first met till our last interview, I can truly say of him, very pleasant hast thou been unto me; how then can I do else than add, I am distressed for thee, my brother ?

Oh when will the time come, when the ministers of Christ will labor side by side in his vineyard, bearing each other's burdens, partaking in each other's joy, aiding each other's progress! Then, and not till then,“ will the church on earth resemble that above.” Then, and not till then, will God and Christ regard it with unmingled approbation.

Dr. Parker's mind was naturally of a high order; and was matured by constant and vigorous exercise. He read comparatively little ; but thought much and deeply. Thus, on many subjects discussed at large in ethical and theological treatises, he departed widely from the ordinary routine of illustration, and by his own unaided mental power and discrimination presented far more definite and satisfactory views than books could furnish. Meditation upon abstract subjects, particularly upon those connected with Christian truth and duty, was his favorite, and we might alınost say his constant employment. And this will account for the amazing rapidity with which his best sermons were not only written, but planned. They were indeed the creations of the moment; but creations from long preëxistent materials.

In private life, Dr. Parker preëminently exhibited the Christian pattern. What he was in his domestic relations, let those who there knew bis worth testify. Suffice it to say, that no one was ever an inmate in his house without leaving it more deeply impressed, than be had ever been before, with the loveliness of a Christian temper and a Christian walk.

One of the most prominent traits in the private character of the subject of this memoir was his firm faith. By this we mean an unwavering confidence in the perfect providence and the infinite wisdom and goodness of God, which led him to acquiesce cheerfully in all the dealings of the divine hand, and to entrust unreservedly to the divine disposal every interest whether great or small. Thus he was always satisfied when he had done his duty, whether he witnessed results or not. Results he was willing to leave in God's hand; and he never despaired of a blessing on his well-intended efforts. Nor did he ever speak or think despondingly of the prospects of virtue or religion. When the prevalence of error, or bigotry, or infidelity was mentioned in his presence, he would say: “There is no danger; — God loves His own cause better than we can love it;

let us do our work, and He will assuredly do His.”

He was remarkable also for his sensitiveness on the subject of duty. He seemed unwilling to allow that any action could be indifferent in a moral point of view. He therefore carried considerations of duty into those departments and acts of life, in which most men govern themselves by instinct, babit, or custom. Thus, during the whole of his protracted illness, he resolutely refused to employ any remedy which might interfere with his remaining power and means of usefulness.

His life was also characterized by deep humility. He never made any display of devotion and piety, except in the N. S. VOL. XI, NO, I.



diligent discharge of duty. All his virtues were unostentatious, unobtrusive. His blameless and useful lise, his patience under suffering, his calm and happy death, were the only profession of holiness that he ever made. He abhorred flattery; and rejected even the most sincere and well-meant expressions of approbation and praise. He regarded the entire consecration of body, soul, and life to his Master's service as no more than his duty; and he could not conceive of a man's taking pride in himself or meriting the approbation of others for merely doing his duty. “Whatever good I may have done,” said he a short time before his death, “give God the glory. I wish not to depreciate the good that I may have done, or to pretend ignorance of it. But of my own deficiencies I am more sensible than any other person can be. And this I know, that if I attain heaven, it will not be because I have earned it. Eternal life is the gift of God, and will be given to those who have formed and cherished a taste for its joys. That I may have acquired some relish for its felicities, affords me some consolation and hope.” When any allusion, however indirect, was made to the purity of his principles or the benevolence of his motives, he warded it off as most men would a calumny. “He excused himself from the praises of his friends,” says one who knew him well, “as a timid child does from a fault laid to bis charge.”

These virtues were connected with and flowed from fervent piety, a firm belief in the mission and mediation of Christ, and a life of penitence, watchfulness, and prayer. The same principles which had made him respected, beloved, and eminently useful, enabled him in his latter days to set the seal of his own example to the efficacy of the truths which he taught. His faith, his patience, and his resignation were put to the severest test, and came forih like virgin gold from the furnace; and we doubt not that the influence of his example under suffering, was as truly and highly a means of religious admonition and improvement as his public or private instructions had ever been. He was many years ago attacked by a polypus in the nose, which could never be eradicated, but occasioned him constant pain, made numerous severe surgical operations necessary,

led him through a diversified series of sufferings, frequently prevented his taking repose in the usual posture for weeks or months together, and so far undermined his constitution as to make him an easy prey to the first acute disorder that attacked him. He at the outset investigated the nature of his disease, ascertained what its course would probably be, and what must inevitably be its termination. And he feared too a trial to bis own mind worse than death, and which he was mercifully spared, - the continuance of life beyond the capacity of usefulness. Yet he entered upon this path of suffering with the same alacrity with which he had entered upon the promising path of ministerial duty. He knew that they were alike marked out for him by a Father's hand; and to his eye they were alike radiant with divine love. No one ever saw him otherwise than patient, calm, cheerful, and self-collected. His soul seemed beyond the reach of suffering. He seemed absorbed in the enjoyment of those gifts of God, which are independent of earthly changes and remain unaffected by earthly calamity...“ How much reason have I,” said he, during one of his severest paroxysms, " to feel grateful for the many mitigations of my sufferings ! Indeed I can conceive of no such thing as unmitigated suffering, except such as sin occasions in the sinner's own breast."

His illness, so far from leading him to remit bis diligence, prompted him, by reminding him of his frailty, to redoubled energy and devotedness. His people would all have been perfectly satisfied, if, after having been indefatigably active while health and strength remained unimpaired, he had, when wearisome days and sleepless nights were appointed to him, confined himself to the necessary routine of duty. But he suspended not, with the loss of health, habits that seemed consistent only with robust health. As long as he had strength for labor, he labored in his Master's vineyard. And, when exhausted nature demanded temporary recreation, and the importunity of friends compelled him to absent himself for a time from the field of duty, he always departed with reluctance, and hastened back the moment that he heard that any one of his flock stood in special need of his sympathy. He often led the services of the sanctuary, when he could not utter a word without intense pain. He often ministered at the bed of sickness or death, when he stood in almost equal need of the retirement, ease, and care of the sick-chamber. He counted neither health, nor comfort, nor lise dear unto himself, so that he might finish his course with joy, and the ministry which he had received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.

He was able, with very few and short intervals, to supply his own pulpit till the summer of 1832. From that time till May, 1833, he did not preach at all; but was able to perform much parochial duty. Having been convalescent for the two or three months previous, he preached through the month of May with greater ease to himself, and with greater distinctness and power of enunciation, than he had for several years. But the hopes, which friendship and love hardly dared to cherish, were doomed to wither. His disorder assumed a more threatening aspect than it had ever done before, and brought him to the brink of the grave. His people, to relieve his mind of cares to which his declining health was unequal, with his entire consent and approval, voted to furnish him a colleague, reserving to him for life his rank and rights as Senior Pastor, and his entire salary. In the interval between the choice and the ordination of his colleague, he was again convalescent. On the first Sunday in October he was able to attend public worship and to perform the rite of baptism. Two weeks before his death, he was attacked by an inflammation of the bowels, which resisted the most skilful medical treatment, kept him in constant and excruciating torture, and terminated fatally on the morning of the 8th of November last. After he was made aware that death was at hand, he retained the same composure, resignation, and cheerfulness, which had characterized bis deportment during the whole of his illness. Sufficiently self-possessed to attend even to the minutiæ of his secular affairs, and to manifest a tender solicitude for the comfort of all around him, he retained to the last the full energy of mental and moral power.

He had been so familiar with death, and had so well armed himself against its terrors, that he met it not as a strange and dread event, but as a welcome release from suffering, — as a welcome introduction to the great assembly of the redeemed. He was so manifestly under the constant and elevating influence of the gospel, that it would have been deemed mere mockery to ask him whether his faith were firm, his prospects clear, his hopes bright. Never was more fully manifested the divine energy of Christian faith. Never were more completely verified the words of the Psalmist : “ Mark the perfect man and behold the upright; for the end of that man is peace.”

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