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was based on the selfish and ungener- up; and that if she begins a war, she ous principle that physical force could will to a certainty lose her ships, only be used for bad ends, and was colonies, and commerce before she sees certain, when it existed in a superior the end of it; that her army of Algiers degree, to be misused.

will cease to give her anxiety, and that The only sound basis of modern Mehemet Ali will just be chucked into diplomacy is not so much a material the Nile. I wish you had hinted at as a moral balance of force between these topics when Thiers spoke to you; nations, imitated from that between I invariably do so when either Guizot individuals in private society--the or Bourqueney begins to swagger ; and balance of honest men against rogues I observe that it always acts as a and burglars, of peaceable government sedative.”

sedative.” And again, he says, “Noagainst the roughs; a corporate balance thing is more unsound than the notion of principle, and not of mere individual that anything is to be gained by trying personal strength. Above all, as the to conciliate people who are trying to people must now take part in diplo- intimidate us. I mean to conciliate macy, they should learn a decent by concession It is quite right to be control of temper and language, and courteous in words, but the only posallow for their own ignorance of facts. sible way of keeping such persons in Moreover, there is a decided want check is to make them clearly underof plain, straightforward language in stand that one is not going to yield diplomatic communications. What a an inch, and that one is strong enough difference Lord Palmerston's style to repel force by force."

The “great would have made at the present time. Eltchi” had also this distinctness of The policy which he deemed safest was language; as Mr. Kinglake says: that of honesty and candour, and when “Every judgment which he prohe had anything to say he said it in the nounced was enfolded in words so plainest and most unmistakable lan- complete as to exclude the idea that guage, as, for instance, when he wrote it could ever be varied, and to convey to Sir H. Bulwer at Paris :

“ If

therefore the idea of duration." And Thiers should again hold to you the those who remember the bold statelanguage of menace, however indis- ment made to Prince Bismarck in tinctly and vaguely shadowed out, pray February 1871, by Lord Odo Russell, retort upon him to the full extent of who had been sent to Versailles in what he may say


you; and with that reference to the Black Sea question, skill of language which I know you to will recognise a singular power of be master of, convey to him in the most language on the part of that able and friendly and unoffensive manner pos- experienced diplomatist. sible, that if France throws the gauntlet we shall not refuse to pick it



CAP was the usual name of Captain ; arrangement was very pleasing and its owner being a large Newfoundland satisfactory till, in the course of their dog just crossed with the stag-hound, play, Mr. Black and Tan jumped into making him the handsomest animal à chair beside my father, who, atI ever saw, standing very tall, with tracted by the little thing, put out elegantly curved neck and long silky his hand and caressed him. Captain ears that one could pull down and was very angry, and almost flew at meet under his chin. His whole head the dog, then thought better of it, was a wonder of dog beauty, with and bided his time. When Black and long nose and wondrously expressive Tan got down, Cap was unusually eyes, which laughed or cried with you, amiabl3 and frisky, playing with him always sympathising whatever your round and round, always a little nearer mood might be; ready for a romp, and nearer the door, till, at the head or to come and press his nose through of the stairs, he gave one great shove, your arm, looking up with almost and sent him flying to the bottom. crying eyes, seeming to wish to show And never was that little dog allowed his sorrow at your grief. He had over those stairs again. When he great tact, greater than many human saw him coming, or when he himself friends, never obtruding his sympathy; wished for a play, he would go down but lying quietly down, his nose be- and play in the hall below, or in the tween his paws, he would watch every street, thus keeping full possession of changing expression of face, till the his own domain. time came when he thought he could He had a remarkable

memory, offer tangible sympathy; then he recognizing friends by face or voice, would get up and come to you, seem; though perhaps for a year or two ing to wish by showing his own ex- absent, and would run, wagging body cessive love, to make amends for any and tail equally, to meet them. But shortcomings on the part of the world. this was not so astonishing as his And in return, having given his all, memory for things. Like all Newho wished the same, and could not put foundlands he was passionately fond up with any division of affection with of bathing, and had a certain stick any other animal, scarcely with a which he always carried to the water, human being; and his intelligence and on returning put in a particular aided his jealousy in gaining the point. place in our back yard; for, mind you, He always accompanied my father to he had a bump for order. He put it the office, which was at the head of a away

for the last time in October, the very long flight of stairs, and there water being too cold to bathe later : spent most of the day, amusing himself snow came soon after, covering it up indifferently with looking out of the for months; and it was late in May window and with the people coming before it was warm enough to swim to and from the office. One warm again. My father said, “Cap! would day, the door being open, and being you like to go to the water ?” He much bored and put to it as to how jumped up, said “Yes” in his way, to spend his time, he spied a black ran to the door, round the house, over and tan dog which belonged across the the fence, had the stick and back street; acting on the impulse, he went again, panting with excitement. Some down and invited him up; which one coming just then, my father had to say, “Not to-day, Cap, to-morrow:” Beggars he looked on with a susslowly and lingeringly he walked back picious eye, and always watched closely, and deposited the stick. The next but never molested. morning, however, on coming down, Little dogs were treated by him Cap was at the door, stick in mouth, with contempt- not noticing their apparently having perfectly understood

presence, or even insults, at first; the cause of delay, and determined to but if too persistent and intolerable, be in season to have no interruptions he would give them a sound shaking, this time. Of course he was taken to and throwing them over, would look the water immediately and had a grand off into space-quite unconscious—an bath : singularly this was the only expression inimitable, I assure you. In occasion he was ever known to take general he did not affect dog company; his stick from its place without a carrying himself with a grand air and particular invitation.

Certainly he great dignity, he would look at them understood.

and pass on. Perhaps a sense of superior And he read character to a marvel, intelligence caused this hauteur, more measuring each member of the house- probably family pride; for mark you, hold, understanding what he could, Cap was nephew to the Prince of and what he could not, do with each. Wales's dog, the Prince, while in this With those who could master him, country, having had the finest specihe never held out uselessly, but yielded men of a Newfoundland in the prowith a peculiar grace, quite his own; vinces presented to him. Whatever with those who could not, why he evolutions of thought Cap may have mastered them! Not overbearingly, had, the fact is the same. but impudently; and when requested When a child, I had a severe tyby them to do anything disagreeable phoid fever, and every morning Cap to him, would wag his tail as much as was sent with a note tied to his collar to

say, “I'm not in a mind to, and I with tidings of my welfare to my know you won't make me.”

grandmother. Nothing could distract They even laughed and said he him on such an errand; but, when understood the politics of the family, arrived at the house, he would go and from his amusing aversion to straight and lay his head in her lap negroes one would suppose so, as he till the note was untied. Then, concould never abide the sight of that sidering his duty done he would go to African race. One night a coloured man the kitchen, be fed, and inspect the being sent to the house with some ice- dinner—to which he always returned, cream, shrieks and a general sound of if to his mind; but if it was to be rumpus brought us all to the kitchen, of poultry, or game of any kind, they where Cap had half torn the clothes saw him no more that day. off the man, who, with rolling whites, My father bought Cap when a pup now stood petrified and livid with for us children to play with, and great fright; Cap making fresh plunges, fun we had. As we grew older he carrying off pieces of clothing each came into the house with us, our time. Indeed, it was almost impos- constant companion, my own especial sible to take the dog off, so invete- friend and confidant. I told him rate was his hatred. The servants, everything, and he never peached. . on being questioned, said the man had Thus constantly with us, and talked done nothing. But never did he see to, he learned to understand all that one of this race, even in the street, was said, whether directly addressed without hot pursuit.

to him or not; and the following story This was in the war time, when Fort is strictly true, incredible as it may Warren was hung over our heads-so much for his pluck and party princi- My father and mother were reading, ples !

and one of them, noticing an article


about water standing in a room over He was essentially companionable, night absorbing impure gases, and and could not tolerate being left alone, being unhealthy to drink, read it —not that I think he had sins to aloud, and remarked, “If that's the think of that made him unhappy, but case, we must be sure and see that he loved company, and would follow Cap's water is changed every morn- me miles on a walk; and it was on one ing.” He had water always in of these walks, when I was older and mother's dressing - room, where he alas! he too, that his first signs of went and drank when he liked. Cap advancing age showed themselves. The lay on the floor, apparently unobserv- day was very warm, and Cap accomant. The next day he went to a panied me to take a lesson some member of the family and asked for distance out of town. During the water; he had a peculiar way of lesson he asked for water, which when asking for different things, so that brought he could scarcely reach, his those who knew him could tell his hind legs being almost powerless. His wants. She went to the dressing- endeavours to walk were most agonroom, and there was plenty of water. izing; he looking to me uncompreCap looked at it, languidly tasted, and hending the cause, and asking for help. then looked up, thinking something After a while he was better, and I must be the matter ; it was turned started to walk home with him, there away, and fresh water given him, being no carriage or other conveyance which he drank. The next day the obtainable in the place. We had gone same thing occurred, and the next but a short distance when Cap again after, so as to be remarked, and an wanted water, and I stopped at the explanation asked, when the foregoing country grocery store to get some. conversation was recalled ; and never They brought it from the back of the till the day of his death, three years store, but he could not drink, and lay later, did he touch a drop of water down quite overcome. My own misery without having first seen it poured was intense, for I thought him dying. freshly out, though never before had There was the usual gathering of a he thought of objecting."

corner store, who all tried to console Captain slept in the house at night, me with accounts of their dogs. One on the broad flat landing where the voluble Yankee told of his. stairs turned, thus having full view little black one with white spots, you and command of everything; the knowed him, you know !” I suppose doors were all left open, and every I looked a little blank, for he said : morning at about five he would go " Anyhow, Jim did !” turning to the and put his nose in my father's hand store-keeper for corroboration. “Wall, and wake him up, apparently to tell he got a-foul a toad one day, and was him the night was safely past; being just so. He'll come out on it all patted, and “ All right Cap” said, he right.” Every one stopped who passed, would go down, having completed his till quite a crowd collected, each one vigil, to await the first appearance of with his own theory. In time a servant, to let him out for his morn- teamster with his dray loaded with ing walk, which was usually short. lumber was passing, whom I hailed, Just before going to bed he also took told the necessities of the case, and he a walk, which was not so sure to be consented to unload his timber by the short, if the night was pleasant-un- side of the road and take Cap home. less requested to return soon; he The timber being taken off and

Captain would then come back almost imme- put in its place, the teamster started. diately. Whenever my father went Cap began to try to wriggle himself off away, he would lie at the foot of my the dray, not liking the distance mother's bed, realising there was a

between him and me on the side walk. change, and that she needed protection. He would have infallibly fallen off





between the wheels, so the and turning his head under the branch, stopped-it was no go. I then got on then carefully pulling them off one by and he made no further objection, so But if any one was in the garwe journeyed into town, I holding an den, not he! That must be done for umbrella over his head, little thinking him. He would follow me from bush of the figure I cut !

to bush, and if by chance I was more When arrived at home, the veteri- greedy than he thought proper, would nary surgeon was called, but not being get up, nudge me, and lie down again, able to attend immediately, father reminding me of his presence, and that thinking Cap poisoned, applied all sorts he must have his share. of known antidotes. Among others, In January of 1872 one evening oil was poured down his throat, and in Cap had gone for his walk; my the resistance he bit my father--not sister passing through the hall heard a viciously, but naturally, for who does faint rap, and going to the door, Cap not remember the days when some one came in and up stairs. Noticing someheld our noses, and another some one thing strange in his walk, she called poured the detested castor oil down, father, who came out of the library and what vigorous remonstrances we and spoke. Cap hearing his voice, ran made ? When the surgeon came, he to the stairs, and on attempting to pronounced it a slight attack of descend fell headlong, and only stopped paralysis, and we knew we should not at the landing. We all knew what was have Cap much longer. He recovered the matter. Going up stairs my father though, and went about for a time as put his arms under him, I behind, usual,

and we brought him down. There The garden was a delight to him, he lay, and could not bear to have us filled with fruit and flowers. One leave him, growing worse all the time, would think he really had a sense of but responding to our caresses by a the beautiful to see him stop at a rose wag of the tail - less and less--till the bush and contemplate it. Indeed he very last, when only an inch moved ; did his best to keep things in order by the rest of the body being quite stiff not running across lots, but always and rigid, and as the day left us, so in the paths with the utmost propriety. did Captain. Fruit of all kinds he liked, especially

Thos. K. WILLIAMS. gooseberries, which he picked for himself with great care, holding up his lips Portland, Maine, l'.S.A.

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