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year as well.
and measures had to be taken for This is a considerable increase over settling the revenue. Lord Essex its former value. At the Restoration, went to London to offer his advice, the salary of the Lord Treasurer, Lord and we find from Carte's Life of the Southampton, was fixed at 8,0001. a Duke of Ormonde, that Ormonde was year, and the appointment to subordithere too. Essex had already written nate offices was left in the hands of the to the Lord Chancellor of Ireland to King. After the death of Lord Southinform him that the revenue had been ampton in 1667, the Lord Treasurer placed in the hands of Mr. Pett, Sir obtained the patronage of the subJohn Baber, and Sir William Petty, ordinate offices, and kept the 8,0001. a when an extraordinary scene occurred. Mr. Pett vehemently declared before
“ Caermarthen La told mee it had been the council that the Lord Treasurer Danby had accepted a bribe from some
happy if the King, would have been content
with the Regency. of those who treated for the farm. Essex, who apparently did not believe
This is an allusion to a proposal in the charge, thought that designing Clarendon, on the flight of James II.,
made by Rochester, Nottingham, and people had worked upon Mr. Pett. Mr. Pett, however, and Sir John
that a regent should be appointed. Baber withdrew from the farm. But
What makes the passage interesting the business did not end here. Accord
is that Danby (Marquis of Caermaring to Burnet, Danby was charged at
then) voted against the motion, which the council table with favouring par
was only lost by two votes. ticular persons. Lord Widdrington
Caermarthen La said openly at his table, admitted that he had offered Danby a that the Ch. of Englard was divided into two large sum of money, but that Danby parties, of which one was for bringing in K. had civilly declined it. Halifax then
and by God hee believed they would observed that Danby had rejected the
do it. Hee told the Spanish Emb. that King
William was a weak man, and spoyled his offer very mildly; but not so as to dis
own business. Told Sir J. Reresby that if courage a second attempt. It would K. James would quit his papists it might not be somewhat strange, he remarked, if yet be too late for him.” a man should propose to run away In his memoirs, Sir J. Reresby with another man's wife, and if the other should indeed object, but with King James would but give the
states, that Danby had said that if great civility. The taunt so nettled
country some satisfaction about reDanby, that he got Halifax dismissed from the council board. The above ligion, which he might easily do, it
would be very hard to make head notes seem to show how very far the corruption extended, and a reference against him. to the impeachment of Danby, as “ Caermarthen La said that K. James sent Duke of Leeds, in 1695 bears still to offer to put himselfe into his hands befurther testimony to his corruption in
fore hee went away, that his answer was by this matter. The Sir James Shaen men
Ch Berty who was sent, that his own force
which hee had in the North was not sufficient tioned in the notes was a great capita- to trust to; but if his Majesty would bring a list, and Dr. Gorge became apparently considerable party with him, and come without some years afterwards a Commissioner
the papists, hee would sooner lose his life than of the Irish Revenue.
his Majesty should be injured.”
This passage, which is certainly a “ Bolton Duke said that Ld Monmouth and Montague had told him I was the occasion of
curious one, has already been subLa Russell's death. Made me great profes- stantially given by Sir John Reresby. sions. Said he was satisfyed of the falsenesse Lord Caermarthen, then Lord Danby, of imputing Lord Russell's death to me.” “ Caermarthen L4 told the King that the
had not only heartily entered into the Treasurer's place was fayrely worth 20,000lb.
scheme for bringing over the Prince of per an."
Orange, but he had actually drawn up the heads of the Declaration to be pro- his first falling out with La Churchill was that claimed by the Prince to the English
hee found out La Churchill told what was
resolved in secret with La Hide. Told mee people. Danby had undertaken the
it just after the sea-fight, when Torrington task of raising the North, and he had was put out, if they had offered him the comwritten strong advices to the Prince to mand of the fleet, hee would have taken it. effect his landing in Yorkshire with a
May 27th, '89. K. said he had some thoughts
of allowing La Dartm. a pension, but hee small army instead of making a descent
would see how hee behaved himself.” in the West. This plan was violently opposed by Admiral Herbert, who de- It will be recollected that Dartclared that the coast of Yorkshire was mouth commanded King James's fleet so dangerous, that to disembark there at the time of the invasion of the would be to imperil the safety of the Prince of Orange, and that he has often fleet. Had the Prince of Orange
been charged with intentionally perlanded in Yorkshire with a small mitting the Prince to sail past him. army, and in such a position as to pre
This charge is repeated here by Sir vent the co-operation of the fleet, it W. Booth. Burnet, however, declares is very probable that Danby might that Dartmouth, though disapproving have made his own terms with either of the general policy of King James, the King or the Prince.
was determined to act loyally to him,
as admiral of his fleet, and that his “Caermarthen Icomplained to him (Sir apparent apathy was owing to unJohn Reresby), that I insisted upon the words Rightfull King in the Oath."
favourable winds. Dartmouth in
formed Burnet, that whatever stories When the form of a new oath of
had been told to the contrary, he inallegiance to William had to be de
tended to fight, and that both officers cided on, the words rightful and
and men would have fought, and lawful King were violently objected
fought very heartily. When Dartto, and a new form, to bear faith
mouth told Halifax that he would and true allegiance, successfully sub
have accepted the command of the stituted. Many argued that under this
fleet had it been offered to him after new oath they were only bound to Torrington was put out, he alludes to support William while in possession, the Battle of Beachy Head, and the but could, without violating their con
disgrace of Torrington. Had he resciences, assist in the return of James.
ceived the command, he would have The substance of the above note is to probably betrayed it
. Almost at the be found in Reresby's memoirs. In moment of the battle, he was engaged fact it is obvious that Halifax must
in an intrigue with the French to surhave seen these memoirs.
render Portsmouth, and in 1691 died Capell Sir Henry told mee that the King
in the Tower. was as certainly marryed to the D. of Monmouth's mother, as hee was to his wife.”
“ Dryden Mr. told mee hee was offered
money to write verses agst mee.” King Charles, however, upon the Duke of York's going abroad in 1679, ing it to his advantage to change his
Dryden, in James II's. reign, findmade a solemn declaration in council, religion, turned a Roman Catholic, and and both signed and sealed it, that
soon afterwards brought out his great he was never married to Monmouth's
poem of the Hind and the Panther. mother,
We don't remember any attack in “ Clarendon Il said at the Cabinet Councell
verse by Dryden on Halifax. The to K. James : $r, you are Master of the
following description of him, however, presse, I hope you will be so of the pulpit.” in Absalom and Achitophel, under the
“ Dartmouth La at K's first coming pretended to his pension of 1000lb per an. hee
name of Jotham, is well known :had from K. James. Sir W. Booth told L. “ Jotham of piercing wit and pregnant P. that La Dartmouth did certainly connive thought, at the Prince of Orange his passing by. Said Indued by nature and by learning tanght
To move assemblies; who but only try'd On his return there is nothing in The worse a while then chose the better
Burnet to show that he was side, Nor chose alone, but turn'd the balance too,
admitted to the secret council. Father So much the weight of one brave man can
Petre, on the other hand, through the do.”
influence of Sunderland, and much “Dec. 3rd, '90.- Ambassadour Dutch told
in opposition to the wishes of the mee hee had not for a great while been in the
a privy councillor, K's confidence; that Deickfielt (Dykvelt) was Everything was managed by Sundernot his friend. That Deickfielt put the King
land and Petre, “he, only, and Petre upon arbitrary councels. Said that the late mutinies at Harlem and Rotterdam arose in
being of the secret Council.” part from jealousies of that kind. Said that he had the same coldnesse when in Holland, “Grafton Duke told mee that if the fleet as here."
had fought, they had been all destroyed. Said “ Essex Ld told mee Lady Portsmouth said La Torrington would justly throw the blame to him, my La the King must be absolute else upon the Councellours if hee was pushed. hee is not King."
Said hee would never serve if La Monmouth
had anything to do in the fleet. Said La Such was the language of the court Monmouth was mad." in the reign of Charles II. Charles on one occasion told Lord Essex, that he These remarks allude to the prodid not think he was a king, as long as ceedings of Torrington before the a company of fellows (so he styled the Battle of Beachy Head. William was House of Commons) were looking in- in Ireland, and the government was to all his actions, and examining his left in the hands of Mary, and a ministers, as well as his accounts.
council of nine. Tourville issued out
of Brest with a very large French fleet. “Essex La said at councell that the apprehension of Popery made him imagine he saw
Torrington, under the impression that bis children frying in Smithfield. Said his
he was not strong enough to withstand brother had but little understanding, and the an attack, retreated, and all England worst was hee thought hee had a great deal. was thrown into the greatest alarm. Told mee with anger and surprize that some
The council met in London, and had an were for setting up the Duke of Monmouthafterwards hee was for it.”
anxious session. Various propositions
were made, among which was one by This is the Lord Essex who was Monmouth, that he might b. immedicharged with treason at the same time ately allowed to join the fleet. At as Russell and Algernon Sydney, and length it was determined to send strict who committed suicide in the Tower.
orders to Torrington to fight, and there His brother was Sir Henry Capel, ensued the Battle of Beachy Head, the afterwards Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland.
destruction of the Dutch contingent, As will be seen from the letters of
and the subsequent trial and disgrace Lord Essex, there had been a mis- of Torrington. understanding
between the two brothers.
How. Aug. 8, '89. K. said hee had said
those words concerning him in the house that “ Fitzpatrick Coll. bragged hee had put if he was not king hee must either fight with Father Peters and La Powis into the Cabinet him or cudgell him. Resolved to dismiss him. Councell with La Sunderland. Told mee that The question only was of the manner.” out of ill-will to my La Sunderland, who was not his friend, hee got Father Peters and La John Howe was vice chamberlain Castlemaine joyned in the secret Cabinet."
to the queen, and one of the bitterest We cannot discover who Colonel speakers in the House of Commons. Fitzpatrick was, and his story does Lord Macaulay mentioning his acrinot agree with the account given mony says it once inflicted a wound by Burnet. Lord Castlemaine, the which changed even the stern comhusband of the Duchess of Cleveland, posure of William, and constrained had been sent by James to Rome
him to utter a wish that he were a upon a pompous mission to the Pope, private gentleman, and could invite
Mr. Howe to a short interview behind to perswade the K. to have him left out of Montague House.
the act of Grace, but the K. would not-Aug.
29. '89. K. laughed at the small appearance “James K. told mee some years since when of La Monmouth's regt, said it was raised for hee was on shipboard that sure La Feversham a Commonwealth.--Monmouth Ld told mee was the best servant that ever man had. at the K's first coming in that if hee did not When hee sent to interrogate the Lds upon use him well, hee should find hee had a sword occasion offered, hee confessed hee could not agt him as well as for him-Told La Falk. imagine that the aversion to his religion had land some years since, that they two must been so great. When it was told that there governe the world, rout the old fellowes in were but 2 things to do, either to make a businesse--that they would drink a bottle, great condiscention without reserve, or to and bee good company with the King-said venture at the head of those troops which had at his first entrance into the commission of not revolted,-hee said the last was not to be Treasury, that hee would understand the done, for no brave man would ever engage
businesse of it as well as Ld Gudolphin in a himselfe against all reason &c. Note, hee fortnight. - Told Rochester hee ought not to would not do the first neither.”
be my friend for I was the greatest enemy to "Jeffrey 14 upon occasion of Govt to be him in the world-L. P. told me La Monsettled in New England ; I arguing for the mouth would have perswaded him to escape, liberty of the people he replyed-whosoever to make him criminall." capitulateth rebelleth.—This at the Cabinet Councell.”
The above notes are very characterFox, in his history of the reign of istic of Lord Monmouth, afterwards James II., tells us that Halifax had the famous Earl of Peterborough. The proposed in council a plan for model- letters L. P. occur frequently in the ling the charters of the American MS., and we are inclined to think plantations upon a basis of English they refer to Lord Peterborough. rights and liberties. The scheme Peterborough had turned Roman was defeated, chiefly through the Catholic in the reign of James II., and machinations of the French Court. was the uncle of Monmouth, who was
his heir, and who eventually succeeded “King. June 24th '89, said hee was so tired hee thought hee must leave us."
to his earldom. The relationship would
also account for Monmouth's desire to This, doubtless, alludes to the well- get rid of Peterborough, that he might known intention of William to abandon at once succeed to the estates. On England and retire to Holland.
the other hand, there is no mention of “K. told I. Hamilton once ; do you know
such a circumstance in Warburton's I am your King? I believe you have a mind to
life of Lord Monmouth, nor was Lord be King of Scotland ; I would you were.” Peterborough's property large enough
to offer a great prize to his cupidity. This story has been told in various
As to the other notes it will be rememways, none of which are flattering
bered that Monmouth was made first either to the Scotch or to the Duke of Hamilton. In Lord Macaulay it is –
commissioner of the Treasury in 1689,
and that much to his vexation he “I wish to Heaven that Scotland were
found Goldolphin placed at the same a thousand miles off, and that the Duke of Hamilton was King of it.
board. The enmity which Monmouth Then I should be rid of them both.'
alludes to between Rochester and HaliBurnet's version is very similar.
fax had been of long standing. Halifax
had in the reign of Charles II. accused “ Monmouth La proposed to L. P. to trust Rochester of misappropriating the him with the present possession of the estate, revenue, and had driven him from the and hee would give him security to pay the rent of it, for his life, where he pleased--L. P.
influential post of Lord Treasurer to the said L. Mon. got Gibs to be made a Welsh
more dignified but less important one judge, that he might swear agt him. Gibs of Lord President. Halifax pursued was once L. P.'s servant. He was to swear his unfortunate enemy with the taunt, about his being reconciled to the Ch. of Rome-L. P. sayeth L. Mon. offered money
that he had often before heard of a to severall persons to swear agt him.-L. P.
man being kicked down stairs but never said L. Mon. employed the Bp. of Salisbury of his having been kicked up.
“Marleborough-Earle told mee the begin- seizing the person of James and of ning of August '90 that he had in his own mind made a scheme of a Cabinet Council,
carrying him a prisoner to the Prince, viz. P. myselfe, if I would come in, 2 secre
and that he had determined if the taries, Lu Steward-L.P.-Lords Mountrath attempt failed to assassinate him. and Drumlanrick were to have given 600 The latter part of this report rests guineas to Lady Marleborough for the place La Faulkland had in the Princes family.
upon very poor authority, but even if Made a bargaine with a Jew for 4d a loafe,
the first part is true it affords a strong and sold it to the soldiers for 54."
motive for the proposition made in the Nottingham La June 24. '89. K. said MS. the worst of La Nottingham was his caballing with La President (Caermarthen). Ingaged with the P. of Orange and then flew back
“ Rochester La told me in March 1690 that upon which they were in consultation to hee could have a place at Court if he would. pistoll him. K. often told mee he was a
Told mee if K. James came back, hee would weak man.
do just as hee did. K. said Aug. 4. '89. hee
would never imploy La Rochester. K. said That it was the intention of some April 4. '89. hee would never agree to spare of those who were engaged with the
my La Rochester and to condemne my Lu Prince of Orange to shoot Nottingham
“ Russell Ld spoke against La Shaftesbury, is confirmed by Lord Dartmouth in a and said hee would spoyle everything hee had note to Burnet. Dartmouth says :- to do with. Told mee once that if Ch the 2nd “ The Duke of Shrewsbury told me,
should dy, there should be 100,000 swords
drawn, of which his should be one.” that upon this declaration of Lord Nottingham (that he would not go further in the business), one of the
Though united in the popular cause, lords said he thought things were
there was very little in common bebrought to short point, either tween Russell and Shaftesbury. RusLord Nottingham or they must die, sell was upright, constant, and, for and proposed shooting of him on the times in which he lived, of stainKensington Road, which he should less character. Shaftesbury was unundertake to do in such a manner that scrupulous, fickle, and one of the it should appear to have been done by greatest libertines of the age. “I behighwaymen.” Lord Danby, however, lieve, Shaftesbury,” said Charles II. considered there was more danger in to him, “thou art the wickedest dog killing Nottingham than in leaving in England." "May it please your him alone ; he was therefore left un- Majesty,” retorted Shaftesbury,“ of a molested. Lord Macaulay varies the subject I believe I am.” Neverthestory. He says that Nottingham, less, both their paths led them to when he informed the conspirators
a similar fate-Russell to die on the that he could go no further with them scaffold, and Shaftesbury to breathe said his life was fair forfeit, and if
his last as
The latter they chose to distrust him they might part of the note seems to refer to stab him.
King Charles's illness in 1679. Had
he died, the succession of James “ Peterborough La told mee that K. James
would probably have been disputed. was offered to have La Marleborough, Grafton, Henry Savile, brother of Lord Halifax, Kirk, killed, but could not resolve it."
writing to Henry Sidney, says : “The Lord Peterborough, as has been news of our master's illness has so said, was a Roman Catholic, and most frighted me, that I expect this day's likely in some of the secrets of the letters with great impatience, as well party. The above proposition was as with fear and trembling. Good probably made when it was discovered God! what a change would such an that these officers were corresponding incident make. The very thought puts with the Prince of Orange. It has me out of my wits. God bless you, been told on various authorities that and deliver us all from that damnable Lord Marlborough had a design of curse.”