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whole population from entreating extent to recede from our word, but it British intervention. They know it is must be done. In some ways it will their only resource, and what they must be far from an advantage to us to take come to sooner or later; for though over this country, since with it must they might ultimately conquer their be taken many disputes, a troublesome native antagonists, provided the Zulus population, and heavy liabilities. Still did not step in, yet they would be so there will be abundant advantages utterly crippled financially, that there resulting from the annexation to both would not be the slightest chance of parties concerned. Her Majesty will their recovering themselves unaided. add a jewel to her crown which, though Yet, knowing this, they prefer to stand it be unpolished, is still a jewel of aloof in sulky apathy rather than meet price. The Transvaal is a magnificent the inevitable end with a good grace. corn-producing country, with great The Dutch have nothing to complain mineral resources which only require of; they have had their chance, they development. Left in the hands of have been allowed to play at governing the Boers these resources will never be themselves and they have failed, and developed, but once in the hands of failed miserably. But if their failure the English they may repay the enteraffected themselves only perhaps we prise of thousands. Nor will the adshould have no right to a voice in the vantages be on our side only. The matter, but it does not. It affects us Transvaal will have, what it never has in our position with the natives, and bad or would have, a strong governendangers our peace and security; ment, peace, justice, and security, and it also affects us in our feelings as without which things the fairest land Christians and Englishmen. We can is of little account. To the unforhardly be expected to stand by and tunate natives also our rule would see our highest principles as regards be an inestimable boon. It is usethe treatment of subject races set less to deny that the Boers, partly from utterly at nought. We cannot give causes touched on in the beginning of the reins to a people who rejoice in this
paper and partly for the sake of slavery and brutality of every kind, convenience, treat these conquered and who consider the enlightenment of races in a most cruel and savage a“ black creature" as something little
If left to continue this short of a crime..
course of action, the result would probIt is true that we granted inde- ably be that as the tribes became pendence to this state, but then one of better armed and better informed they the principal conditions on which we would combine to crush the Boers, and did so—the condition of the abolition then make a grand attempt to sweep of slavery — has been totally disre- the white men back into the black garded. Besides, we Englishmen came water out of which, according to their to this land, as Sir H. Bulwer said in legend, he rises. We alone of all opening the Legislative Council of Natal the nations in the world appear to be in 1875, with “a high mission of truth able to control coloured races without and civilization,” and surely that mis- the exercise of cruelty, a statement sion should take precedence of any which the success of our rule in South scruples as to the original cession. A Africa, whatever some may say to the mistake has admittedly been committed, contrary, goes far to prove. Secocoeni but that is no reason why it should has openly declared his intention, in the not be rectified. Our obligations to event of his being worsted, of giving the native whom we have ousted are up all his land to the English rather great, and we must fulfil them : it is a than, as he puts it, “let those cowardly duty that we owe to them, to ourselves, Boers have an inch of it.” It is our and to the misguided Boers. It is not mission to conquer and hold in subpleasant to be obliged to a certain jection, not from thirst of conquest,
but for the sake of law, justice, and Portuguese, to tap an inexhaustible order.
interior trade. To all these ends the And who shall say, that, with annexation of this new and rich country Lord Carnarvon's grand scheme of will materially tend. Decidedly, the Confederation thus assisted, South day when the British flag-a flag that Africa does not hold in her hands a has always brought blessings in its future as great as that of any of our train-is first unfurled there should possessions She has vast natural be a glad day for the Transvaal, wealth, wide lands that want but popu- Republic no
-for the South lation ; her position is perhaps the best African colonies, who will welcome a in the world for general trade, and she new and beautiful sister, and for only needs the harbour of Delagoa England, who will add another lusty Bay, which must soon lapse from the child to her splendid progeny. hands of the effete and incompetent
H. R. H.
THE OERA LINDA BOOK.
To the Editor of MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE.
SIR,- After you had kindly sent
had kindly sent Otteman, read and held as his own to press my paper on
“ The Oera old mother tongue. Linda Book," I saw that, from later This-to bring such a case nearer tidings from Holland, it had been found home-is as if an unlearned English to be a sheer forgery. I had known, as workman of a dockyard, knowing no I wrote, that many men had so thought Welsh, new or old, should forge a book it, and I showed tokens, or rather in such Welsh that the learned Canon proofs, that, as to Greece and India, Williams of St. Asaph, who has lately and some other matters, its history brought through the press the old could not be true in kind, or could not Welsh Greal, should take it for fair old be so for the very early times to which Cymraeg-Miror ! it reached back, but I thought that Again, after the death of the forger, it might have been compiled from some men went into a room of his house legendary lore (as I still think it was), which he had kept carefully shut in which I felt there were many points against any feet but his own, and in it of interesting truth, and did not readily they found a store of books in sundry believe that the writer penned it with tongues, and some of them of deep the guile of low-cunning.
lore, from which he drew the matter But now postulating that it is a fore- of his forgery, and as they were kept meant forgery, I soon come to a from all other men's eyes, he could not reductio I will not say ad absurdum, have had any scholar to help him in but it is to me-ad valdè mirandum. the reading of them, as he could not The forger, Gerrit Over de Linde, was have had the help of any Frisian in a Dutch workman in a dockyard, and the writing of his hidden Frisian book, was unlearned, and understood no which he seems, therefore, as an unFrisian, old or new, and so being, he learned workman, to have written in a forged a book in Frisian, and in such speech which he did not understand, Frisian as
a learned Frisian, Dr. from the matter of books which it is of his books has been said to be of cotton, and then to have been
hard to believe that he could read. made by a
now-standing firm in Then this man, who was himself in the Maestricht, and latterly to have been dark, blundered, as I feel, into some no such thing, but Chinese paper. Did most clear shinings of light, though it he write with a Chinese writingmay not be to say very much for them pencil ? As to Therp, Thorp, most of to tell you that I had long groped for us know that Nelson was born at them, and been very glad to find them. Burnham Thorp, but far fewer may
I have, however, read some Friesic know what a thorp at first was. of sundry oldnesses, being so lucky as Dutch and German the word, as Dorp to have one of the 250 copies of the or Dorf, means simply a village, and Gospel of St. Matthew in New Land- yet the unlearned forger clearly underFriesic, printed for H.H. Prince stood its first meaning, and how it Lucien Buonaparte, for whom it was differed from a knoll. written by the learned J. H. The English version is from a Dutch Halbertsma, and the first share (all one, and shunts the word Therp. The yet printed) of his great work, the Friesic makes Trâst to say to a man, Lexicon Frisicum, kindly given to me as to his house, by his son, Mr. Tialling Halbertsma, “ Did it not stand then on a Knoll and I have some Friesic laws and or Therp?” “Uppen, Nol jeftha poetry, and wordbooks of Friesic old Therp.” The English is, “ Did it not and new, but I could not write a book stand on a knoll ?” in Friesic and cheat Mr. Tialling Then the man says afterwards, “I Halbertsma to take it for a fair shape could not alone make there a Therp" of his mother tál. As to the jol (yol), (not a Nol); but the English says a our yule, Outzen, in his Glossarium der Hillock, by which it must mean a Friesischen Sprache, gives four pages, Knoll-a natural Hillock—the only large square size, to the word in its thing it had named. sundry Teutonic forms, and gives As to Frea, the lamps are most fitting sundry foregiven opinions that it was for her worship if she is Light, but the sun, or a year-sweep of the earth while he gives marks that befit her as round the sun, or the so-seeming year Light, he does not know, or does not course of the sun or other revolution, or say that she is Light, and so far seems ring of time, and says that in Saterland to be uncrafty. He also falls in with Friesic the word is used for a wheel, our Saxon Chronicle, in the taking of and if Saterland was so called from the Woden, forefather of the Saxon kings, god Sater, Seater (Time), as the land as a hero other than the god Woden. where he was honoured, as Frea was He seems to me to give us the true first honoured in Freastland, it is mark- meaning of a gossip, in “Thju, gå-moder.” worthy, since the Saxon figure of The gâ-mother, the village mother, by Seater holds the yól as a wheel in whom he means the village midwife. his hand. The forger, if he could read The Gâ, or Gau, or Gae, being the German, might have read Outzen, but Friesic and Saxon community, answerhe gives the yol as a wheel without any ing more or less to our parish, and wavering. The older form of yól was
see that a gossip was a however geol.
gásib, a parish kinswoman or acquaintDid the forger invent or find in a I have seen some things from book the yule alphabet in which he other such little sparks of light, and writes his book He seems to have should wish that it could be shown from written it so long that it had become the forger's old books what legends or to him a ready handwriting, but no histories afforded him his matter, and pen, cut in the shape of the Eastern or what other grains of gold might be European pens, would give its strokes. found in their heaps of sand. The paper
as old as he was—and in fact it was
important that they should CHAPTER XVI.
to an arrangement and settle everyTHE Squire had made use of that dis- thing. Only he could not--and this cretion which is the better part of being so, would not- - do it; and valour. When Randolph for the he said to himself that the cause second time insisted upon coming to of his refusal was no reluctance on an understanding on family affairs, his own part to consider the inevitwhich meant deciding what was to be able certainty of his own death, but done on the Squire's death, Mr. Mus only the intolerableness of the ingrave, not knowing how else to foil quiry in other respects. He walked his son, got up and came away.
out in a little strain and excitement of can settle these matters with Mary,” feeling, though outwardly his calm he said, quietly enough. It would not was intense. He steadied himself have been dignified to treat the sug- mind and body by an effort, putting a gestion in any other way. But he smile upon his lip and walking with went out with a slight acceleration of a deliberate slow movement. нө his pulses, caused half by anger and would have scorned himself had he half by the natural human thrill of showed any excitement; he strolled out feeling with which a man has his own with a leisurely slow step and a smile. death brought home to him. The They would talk the matter out, the Squire knew that there was nothing two whom he had left; even though unnatural in this anticipation of his Mary's heart would be more with him own end. He was aware that it re- than with her brother, still she would quired to be done and the emergency be bound to follow Randolph's lead. prepared for; but yet it was not agree- They would talk of his health, of how he able to him. He thought they might was looking feeble, his age beginning have awaited the event, although in to tell upon him, and how it would another point of view it would have be very expedient to know what the been imprudent to await the event. conditions of his will were, and whether He felt that there was something he had made any provision for the peundesirable, unlovely in the idea of culiar circumstances, or arrangement your children consulting over you for for the holding of the estate. their own comfort afterwards. But ought to be the first person considered,” then his children were no longer chil- he thought he heard Randolph saying. dren, whose doings affected his affections Randolph had always thought himself much-they were middle-aged people, the first person to be considered. At
No. 212.-VOL. XXXVI.
this penetration of his own the Squire believed it of course ; all other men of smiled again, and walked away very his age die, and in their case the presteadily, very slowly, humming a bar cautions of the family were prudent of an old-fashioned air.
and natural; in his own case it is He went thus into the broken true he did not feel the necessity; but woodland towards the east, and strolled yet no doubt it must be so. He kept in the chase like a man taking a walk smiling to himself; so living as he for pleasure.
The birds sang over- was, and everything round, it was an head, little rabbits popped out from odd sort of discord to think of dying. the great tree trunks, and a squirrel He felt a kind of blank before him, a ran up one of them and across a long sense of being shut in. So one feels branch, where it sat peering at him. when one walks along a bit of road All was familiar, certain, well known; surrounded with walls, a cul de sac from he had seen the same sights and heard which there is no outlet. A sense of the same sounds for the last seventy imprisonment is in it, of discourageyears; and the sunshine shone with ment, too little air to breathe, too little the same calm assurance of shining space
space to move in-certainly a disas at other times, and all this rustling, agreeable, stifling, choking sensation. breathing life went on as it had Involuntarily a sigh came from his always gone on. There was scarcely breast; and yet he smiled persistently, a leaf, scarcely a moss-covered stone feeling in himself a kind of defiance to that did not hide or shelter something all the world, a determination to be living. The air was full of life ; sounds amused at it all, notwithstanding the of all kinds, twitter and hum and sentence they were passing against him. rustle, his own step among other While the Squire continued his movements, his own shadow moving walk, amid the twitter of the birds across the sunshine. And he felt well and the warble and the crackle enough, not running over with health and rustle and hum in the woods, and vigour as he had sometimes felt and all the sounds of living, now long ago, not disposed to vault over and then another sound struck inwalls and gates in that unlicensed exu- a sound not necessarily near, for in berance which belongs to youth only, that still summer air sounds travel but well enough, quite well in short, easily-an echo of voice, now one soft steady afoot, his breathing easy, his cry or laugh, now a momentary babble. head clear, everything about him com- It struck the old man as if an indefortable. Notwithstanding which his pendent soul had been put into the children were discussing, as in reference
He knew very well what it to a quite near and probable event meant
no one better. what was to be done when he should By very dint of his opposition to them die ! The Squire smiled at the thought, he recognised the sound of the children but it was a smile which got fixed and wherever they were. They were there painful on his lip and was not spon- now, the little things whose presence taneous or agreeable. The amusement had moved Randolph to this assault to be got from such an idea is not of a upon his father. They were altogether genial kind. He was over seventy, antagonistic to Randolph, or rather he and he knew, who better ? that three- to them ; this gave them a curious perscore and ten has been set down as the verse interest in their grandfather'seyes. limit of mortal life. No doubt he They offered him an outlet from his cul must die--every man must die.
It de sac ; the pressure seemed suddenly was a thing before him not to be removed which had bowed him down; eluded; the darkness, indeed, was in a moment he felt relieved, delivered very near according to all ordinary from that sense of confinement. A law; but the Squire did not feel it, was new idea was like the opening of a not in his soul convinced of it. He door to the old man; he was no longer