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Odysseus, The Dominicn of, and the Island Group of the Odyssey. By the Right
Contributors to this Volume.
BARNES, REV. W.
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THE HOPES OF THEOLOGY.1
On the occasion of my former address students of Aberdeen by an eminent at St. Andrews, the Principal of St. statesman-one of the foremost of our Mary's College asked me to speak 'a time. He, speaking with the fulness few words to the theological students of his varied experience, and with the under his charge. It was not within strength of true humility and moderamy power to comply with his request tion, chose as his theme, “ The Rocks at that moment. But now that the Ahead,” in the political and social time draws near to take farewell of an world, indicated some years ago by a office which I have valued so highly distinguished publicist. But besides I have thought that I might properly the political and the economical rocks, touch on some subject which, though there was a third rock, which the of general interest, had special refer- prophet of ill had pointed out, the ence to theology. When I spoke to religious or theological rock-namely, you before, I appealed to the motto the danger arising to religion from which is written over this ancient the apparently increasing divergence hall
between the intelligence and the faith 'Αιέν αριστεύειν
of our time. It is this topic-touched
for a moment by Mr. Forster; handled -and dwelling on the inspiring force of
more fully, but still in a rapid survey, the contemplation of GREATNESS in all by an accomplished countryman of your its forms, I endeavoured to show how
own, Mr. Grant Duff, at Edinburghbright was the sunshine which such
on which I propose to insist more at a thought throws on all your present length on the present occasion. You duties and studies. That brightness know the story of the Inchcape Rock, I would still wish to maintain, though almost within sight of these shores; within a more definite range, and in a
how for many years it was the terror humbler and graver tone, more suited of mariners until an enterprising Abbot to the altered circumstances both of
of Aberbrothock ventured to fasten a him who speaks and of you who bell upon the sunken reef. Will you listen.
permit the successor of the Abbots of The topic which I propose to take is Westminster, after the fashion of the one at which I slightly hinted in the
Douglas of your own Scottish history, conclusion of my last words to you,
to attempt to “bell this rock” ? The and which was suggested to me afresh
waves of controversy and alarm will by the instructive address delivered, still doubtless dash over it; but, perin the course of the late winter, to the
chance, if my advice contains any 1 Address to the Students of St. Andrews, by
truth, you will catch from time to Arthur Penrhyn Stanley, D.D., Lord Rector
time henceforth, amidst the roar of of the University.
the billows, faint chimes of a more No. 211.--VOL. XXXVI.
cheering music; and even if some rash the Heaven-inspired insight of the rover shall tear off the signal of warn- dawn of this, would have scattered ing and encouragement, yet the rude like chaff, seem to reign supreme in shifts of the Abbot may suggest to large sections of the religious world. some wiser and more scientific inventor And this calamity has overtaken us to build on the rock a lighthouse which in the presence of the vast, perhaps will more effectually defy the storm, disproportionate, advance of scientific and more extensively illuminate the knowledge, which feels most keenly darkness of the time to come. I
pro- and presses most heavily the weakpose, then, to speak to you of the nesses of a credulous or ceremonial grounds of hope for the religion and form of belief. It is, no doubt, contheology of the future.
ceivable that these dreadful forms and I do not deny that the forebodings “fiery faces” might portend for Engof Mr. Greg have some foundation. land the same overthrow of faith that It was one of the last anxious aspira- has overtaken other countries. If such tions of Dean Milman,' that some a separation were indeed universally means might be found to avert the impending between the religion of the wide and widening breach which he coming age and the progress of knowseemed to see between the thought ledge, between the permanent interests and the religion of England. There of the Christian Churches and the inhas been an increasing suspicion be- terests of the European States, then tween the fiercer factions of the eccle- there would be a cause for alarm more siastical and the scientific world- serious than the panics of religious each rejoicing to push the statements journals or the assaults of enraged of its rival to the extremest conse- critics. It would be the “ingens motus quences, and to place on them the excedentium numinum”-the tread of worst possible construction. There departing deityhave arisen new questions, which
“Non me tua fervida terrent ancient theology has for the most part
Dicta, ferox ; sed Di terrent et Jupiter not even considered. There is an hostis.” impetuosity on both sides, which to the sober sense
of the preceding But behind those outward manifestacentury was unknown, and which tions of danger, there is a higher threatens to precipitate conflicts, once
Christianity, which neither assailants cautiously avoided or quietly sur- nor defenders have fully exhausted. We mounted. There are also indications
cannot believe that the inexorable hour that we are passing through one of
has struck. There is good ground for those periods of partial eclipse which hoping that the difficulties of religion, from time to time retard the healthy
national religion, Christian religion, are progress of mankind. In the place of
but the results of passing maladies, the abundant harvest of statesmanlike either in its professed friends or supand poetic genius with which the posed foes. We may fairly say, with nineteenth century opened, there have the first Napoleon_“We have persprung up too often the lean and punyhaps gone a little too fast; but we have stalks blighted with the east wind. reason on our side, and when one has Of this wasting, withering influence reason on one's side, one should have modern theology has had its full the courage to run some risks.” The share. Superstitions which seemed Evening star, according to the fine to have died away have returned image of the poet, which is the accomwith redoubled force; fantastic ideas paniment of the setting day, may be of divine and human things, which
one and the same with the Morning the calm judgment of the last century, star, the harbinger of sunrise.
1 History of the Jews, 3rd edition, vol. i., 1 Matthew Arnold, Popular Education in p. xxxiv.