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tioned; indeed, as the oracles of truth are, in this age of free inquiry, open to all, sincerity and warmth in recommending practical truths are rather required in teachers of Christianity, than abstruse and elaborate disquisitions.

"While, therefore, I exhort you to remain faithful to your ordination vows, and not only to cultivate a regard to the articles of our church, but in your sermons to recommend a diligent perusal and acceptance of them, by the people committed to your charge, let it be your main concern to nourish them with the bread of life, to make them wise unto salvation. Remembering that you speak, and they hear, for eternity, you will endeavour to suit your discourses to particular ages and conditions, without giving offence, by any marked designation of individuals.

"Gentlemen of the vestries; in order to give due effect to the labours of clergymen, and in a great measure to make the person who is your rector a respectable character, very much depends upon your exertions. Your aid is necessary in many respects. You are more in the world than your minister is or ought to be. When persons notoriously immoral are found among our members, you will see, by our canons, that it is your duty to inform the incumbent; that such persons may be warned of their sinful, destructive courses, and that, if possible, they may be brought to such a serious way of thinking, as may be attended with lasting good; or that, if incorrigibly Vol. II. No. 3.

wicked, they may be exclud-
ed from communion with the
church. And while you consid-
er yourselves as guardians of
the church, watching over its
temporal concerns, and the reg
ularity of its lay members, allow
me to call your attention to those
canons which respect the con-
duct of your ministers. It has
often happened, either through
ignorance of the mode of trying
clergymen who are guilty of any
immorality, or breach of our
rules, or from delicacy and com-
passion for one justly liable to
censure, or through a wilful and
perverse contempt of ecclesias
tical government, that offending
clergymen have been retained in
their parishes by their vestries.
The hurtful effects of this ill-
judged conduct are evident. It
affords to men careless of reli-
gious duty, a just cause of with-
holding pecuniary aid from cler-
gymen thus situated. It brings
our discipline into disrepute, and
may drive some from a church,
in which such irregularities seem
to be countenanced.

"It must occur to you, that in an age when innovations are so common, there is danger lest a daring and restless spirit, impa tient of control, may seek to break through the decent forms appointed for the orderly and devout celebration of public worship; and schisms be introduced, by which the unity and peace of the church may be violated, and the consciences of the honest and sincere be ensnared.

"That in many parts of my diocess a great revival of serious and devout impressions has taken place, is to me cause of joy and thankfulness to him, who holds in


his power the hearts of all men, and who has promised to be with, his church to the end of the world. May he enable and di-. rect us to have a zeal, tempered with prudence and knowledge, and conducted by his love and fear..

"Ministers and people should be mutually helpful in labours of love. The relation which subsists between them is a very sacred one. It only begins now; it is indissoluble, and forms a link in that chain which binds the church on earth to the church in heaven; which shall be gloriously unfolded at last, when the faithful servant of Christ shall present that portion of his fellowtravellers, now entrusted to his care, to the great Bishop and Shepherd of souls. Every con

sideration, natural, moral, and religious, suggests the duty of decently supporting those who

the foundations of the Prophetsand Apostles, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone. Bless God that the light of the Gospel yet shines among us. Prize it as the greatest mercy; dread its removal as the worst of evils; and think, if we all improve our talents as Christians should do, how joyful and happy our meeting will be, when the Lord of heaven and earth shall have gathered, from this world's pollutions, all the souls, found worthy of eternal life! Amen.

"Your affectionate Diocesan,

THOS. J. CLAGGETT, Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church, Maryland. Croom, 29th July, 1805."




labour among you in holy things, REMARKABLE SAYINGS OF
that they may give themselves
to this work. As they cannot
now, without good reasons, such
as the Convention may approve,
leave their flocks, so, if you give
them a competent support, dur-
ing good behaviour, it is firmly
believed that you will experience
the happiest result.

THE devil cozens us of all our time, by cozening us of our present time.

"Lastly, let all of us, whether of the clergy, vestry, or of the people at large, remember that we form a part of that great family, of which Jesus Christ is the head; that we have been admitted into this family by baptism; and that the vows of God are upon all of us. Be persuaded, my dear friends of the laity, to do all in your power to aid the endeavours of your ministers and vestries in this good work; adhere to your church, built upon

That is always best for us, which is best for our souls.

If the end of one mercy were not the beginning of another, we should be undone. New mer cies. call for new returns of praise; and these will fetch in new mercies.

When the mind and the condition meet, there is contentment. Haman was discontented at the court, Ahab on the throne, Adam in paradise, and the angels that fell were discontented in heaven itself.

Four things he was most anxious should not be against him, the word of God, his own conscience, the prayers of the poor,

and the account of godly ministers.

He that hath a blind conscience, which sees nothing, a dead conscience, which feels nothing, and a dumb conscience, which says nothing, is as miserable, as man can be out of hell. Life of Mr. Henry.

man returned to his companion, he found him really lifeless! Immediately he began to exclaim aloud, oh, Sir, he is dead! oh Sir, he is dead! On this the archbishop returned; and discovering the fraud, said, it is a dangerous thing to trifle with the judg ment of God.

Scot's Miss. Mag.


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ONE day, in which there happened a tremendous storm of lightning and thunder, as Archbishop Leighton was going from Glasgow to Dumblaine, he was descried, when at a considerable distance, by two men of bad char acter. They had not courage to rob him; but wishing to fall on some method of extorting money from him, one of them presently said, I will lie down by the way side as if I were dead; and you shall inform the archbishop that I was killed by the lightning, and beg money of him to bury me. When the archbishop arrived at the spot, the wicked wretch told him this fabricated story, who, having sympathized with the survivor, gave him money, and proceeded on his journey. But when the

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WHEN the enemies of England, stung with disappointment at the defeat of the Spanish Armada, in the year 1588, and wishing to detract from the honour of the brave defenders of their country, loudly exclaimed that the English had little reason to boast, ior that, if the elements had not fought for them, they would certainly have been conquered, the enlarged and ready mind of Elizabeth instantly improved the hint. She commanded a medal to be struck, representing the Armada scattered and sinking in the back ground; and, in the front, the British fleet riding triumphant, with this motto around the medal; " Thou didst blow with thy wind, and the sea covered them." A striking instance this, among thousands, that "salvation is of the Lord.""

Review of New Publications.

A Discourse before the Society for propagating the Gospel among the Indians and others in North America, delivered Nov. 7, 1805. By JOSEPH ECKLEY, D.D. minister of the Old South

Church, in Boston. E. Lincoln, Boston.

1806. DISCOURSES, on occasions similar to this, have, of late years, become very frequent. Mission, ary Societies have been greatly

multiplied both in Europe and America. To communicate the knowledge of Christ to those who sit in darkness; to establish the kingdom of light in the region of the shadow of death is an object exceedingly interesting to all the friends of human happiness. They who have an unwavering belief of the promises which God has made in favour of the church, and duly consider the means, which must be employed to accomplish those promises, have the most animating motives to abound, in the work of the Lord. A very encouraging motive results likewise from the success which has attended the pious efforts of God's people. What benevolent mind can survey that success, and anticipate the time when the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the Lord, without humble triumph in the power and glory of redeeming love. With what peculiar propriety may every believer, at this day, adopt the holy resolution of Isaiah; For Zion's sake I will not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that


Happy is the preacher, who, on a missionary occasion, shows a mind raised and ennobled by the great object of redemption, and speaks from the fulness of a heart, which is united to the Saviour's kingdom, and earnestly desires its enlargement and prosperity.

The subject of Dr. Eckley's discourse is interesting in itself, and suited to the occasion. From Col. i. 20, he takes occa

sion to consider the nature and effects of reconciliation through the Gospel. Under the first head he remarks,

"That making peace or reconciliation involves the concession of a preexistent state of disorder and offence. duced into the world by our first parThe disorder or offence is sin, introents in the garden of Paradise, and pervading the hearts of their numerous descendants from that melancholy season to the present day. It has fair fruits, blighted her aromatic flowshut the gates of Eden, nipped her ers; and instead of angels with smiles of love, and accents of celestial joy, has placed cherubims, and a flaming sword, turning every way, to keep the way of the tree of life. I cannot ade. contrariety to the nature, opposition quately describe it. It consists in to the will, and disaffection to the government of a perfect God. It has produced a kind of war between hea ven and earth.”

The author has good reason to consider the following observa tion of importance; viz;

"That the same ideas must necessarily be entertained in the mind of God concerning the evil of sin, when he pardons it, as when it exists in the first instance. No alteration in Divine Being. On any other supposi this respect, is ever possible with the tion, our views of the nature of pardon must be entirely obscure. To the contemplation of the sanctity compris. ed in forgiving love, must be attributed the reciprocal enjoyment between the reconciled sinner, and his Maker: For, as repentance cannot fail to involve the disapprobation of sin, thé effect will be realized not in the mere demning power of a perfect law, desire of emancipation from the conwhich even the impenitent might experience; the admiration of the character of the Legislator, the love of divine holiness, and the cor. dial acknowledgment that salvation is of pure grace through Jesus Christ."

Under the second head we notice the following correct views


of the necessity and the nature of Christ's mediation.

"To one who has been a friend, or virtuous being, it may in general be safe and expedient to do a kindness. But when it is done to an enemy, as a sinner may be viewed in relation to his God, it must be done circumspectly. In the former case, the process may be plain and easy. In the latter, preliminary considerations may be needful. The rights of the divine govern ment may require to be guarded, the laws honoured, religion exalted, and the obligation to the practice of holi. ness, with the inexcusableness of sin, exhibited by additional light. Pardoning mercy, as delineated in the gospel, is an exemplification of the character of a righteous God. It is dignified, as it is benignant, grand whilst it is mild; embracing justice to created beings in general, as well

as commiseration to offenders."

While we think the sentiment here expressed honorary to God and full of moral beauty; we are quite unable to discover its pertinence in this place, where the writer is professedly pointing out the effects of gospel reconciliation. A correct arrangement, we apprehend, would have considered the measures here mentioned, as prerequisite to reconciliation and peace. We can not help remarking that the second particular, as well as this, has, at best, a very obscure connexion with the idea of effects. We however notice with satisfaction, the passage, in which the writer impressively illustrates the happiness, which natural and moral evil will, on the principle of contrast, occasion to the re deemed. It is a noble thought, solving a thousand doubts.

The friends of evangelical truth will be pleased to find such sentiments as these; that the plan of man's redemption is tran

scendently glorious among the works of God; that it is the principal work in the moral system ; that the good resulting from the death of Christ was so great, as to absorb the idea of the evil, afford, ing to the mind of the Father the enjoyment of infinite felicity on the whole; that there is abundant evidence of a peculiar predilection for the saints in the divine counsels, according to John xvii.; that some plan of divine government, in its nature completely glorious, wise, and good, must in reality exist. that whatever this may be, it must necessarily look beyond time into eternity, embrace all events, include all beings, and comprehend all worlds; that while the greatest display will ultimately be made of the perfections of its author, the object, on the whole, is the highest possible good of the vast system; that even the perpetual punishment of fallen angels and impenitent men is to be viewed as a partial evil, admitted for the sake of the general good; that there is not a single event, at any time, among any beings, or in any world, incapable of subjection to the design of infinite benevolence; and so that saints and angels will have reason through eternity to unite in the anthem, "Halleluia, for the Lord eth."

God omnipotent reign

These sentiments not only lay the foundation for pious acquies cence and joy in Jehovah's administration, but directly excite to the most cheerful and zealous co-operation with him.

The answer to an objection against endless punishment, in the note, p. 18, 19, deserves attention.

The application of the subject

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