« EelmineJätka »
to the occasion is agreeable. and of his sentiments relative to This discourse, though far from a correct and profitable method of being perfect in the arrangement preaching, may be collected from of its parts, must, on the whole, the following paragraphs. be considered an excellent mis- “ Would we follow the copy set us sionary sermon,
by our Divine Teacher, we must declare to our hearers the whole counsel of God, without suppressing any part, through fear of giving offence,
or of bringing ourselves into personal A Sermon, preached before the trouble, from the resentment of others.
Convention of the Congrega- Our Lord never pleased his hearers tional Clergy of Massachusetts, is in man by nature a seed of virtue,
with this honied doctrine, that there in Boston, May 29, 1806. By which needs only to be cultivated in Joseph LYMAN, D. D. Pastor order to elicit the fruits of holiness, of the Church in Hatfield. and render us pleasing to God. He Boston. Carlisle.
taught, that the soul of man lies in
ruins, under the power of spiritual The theme of this discourse thing, which the law and gospel of
death, wholly indisposed to every is selected from I Cor. xi. 1. and God require ; that in order to perform Acts x. 38. Be ye followers of the duties and obtain the privileges me, even as I also am of Christ, of his kingdom, we must be born a. who went about doing good. Its gain, not by a change wrought by lu.
cid argumentation, and moral sua. “ leading design,” says the sion, but by a change produced by the preacher," is to persuade myself supernatural agency of the Spirit of and those who hear me, to a care- God, subduing our natural inclina. ful imitation of our Lord Jesus tions, and giving an entirely new and
different taste from that which we Christ, in the active and unweari- brought with us into the world. ed benevolence of his life.” A
“On this ground of the total de. design equally important in itself, pravity of the human heart, we must, and appropriate to the occasion. as he has taught us, lay the founda“ The glories of our Immanu
tion of his mystcrious scheme of els benevolence” are illustrated gospel grace. From this doctrine we
must deduce the necessity of a Di. by a view of the “ humiliation,
vine Saviour, one who by his obe. self-denial, and suffering" to
to dience can glorify the law, and by his which he submitted, “ for the death answerits infinite demands and benefit and salvation of men ;” of make expiation for sin. Upon this
ground of man's infinite guilt, and ut. “ his assiduous labours in teach
ter helplessness, rests the necessity ing them those doctrines and of a Mediator, who by uniting in his duties, which would render them mysterious person the natures of God acceptable to God;" and of “ the and man, could work out a righteousnumberless kind offices, which he
ness equal to the claims of law and jus
tice upon the original transgressor. performed, for the relief and hap. As did our Master, so must we his piness of their souls and bodies.” ministers lay the ax at the root of hu: This bright and animating ex- man pride and vanity, and level all ample is then, in a forcible and pretensions to original and inherent affectionate manner, recommend righteousness, and bring guilty man a
bankrupt and criminal to the footstool ed to the imitation of the minis- of free, absolute and sovereign grace, ters of the gospel.
to seek redemption by the blood of the An idea of the author's style, Son of God.
“ All our preaching, which loses ness to the whole family of Adam ; sight of these doctrines of human de- to teach the affluent, that the use of pravity, and of an atonement made riches is to make men happy by diffufor sin by the death of a Divine Sav. sive charities, not to pamper the aniiour, and of a spiritual union to him mal appetites of their possessors, not through that faith, which is of the op
to emblazon their names, as men of eration of his Spirit ; all our preach taste and splendour. This Master in ing, which eludes these points of gos. Israel would counsel the master of the pel doctrine, tends only to dishonour feast not to make his halls and his taGod, to reproach our Saviour, and to bles theatres for the display of magnifcarry the souls of simers down the icence, for prescribing rules of prececurrent of delusion and false security, dence among dying worms, but to to the gulph of perdition. Let us make them a school of humility, where then follow Christ by urging and re- are taught those honourable regards urging these humbling doctrines, as we which men owe to others, by going hope to do good to the souls of men.” and taking the lowest place, and in It has been frequently objected selves ; that the glory of an entertain
honour preferring others before themto sermons constructed on the
ment is to furnish supplies for the plan above recommended, that poor and the maimed, the halt and the they are deficient in practical blind, that the cravings of hunger may instruction, and almost wink'out be satisfied, the tears of grief dried up,
the sinking heart of indigence and of sight the moral and social
wo raised to self enjoyment and gladvirtues. However just this re. ness, and that widows and orphans mark may be, in some instances, may partake in the bounties, and sing no such censure can be justly ap: the praises of the common Father of plied to the present discourse. Dr. L. is not a more ardent ad
On the whole, we doubt not vocate for the distinguishing doc
that the serious and candid readPrines of the gospel, than for its
er will find in this sermon, a mild and beneficent virtues. The repast. It is evidently the offreligion, which he inculcates, spring of a masculine understandwhile it humbles the soul to the ing, and a feeling heart. It confootstool of mercy, causes the tains precious and weighty truths, heart to melt with compassion, clothed in natural, energetic exand overflow with benevolence. pressions. It exhibits its author In his representation, Christiani- in a light highly honourable to a
Christian minister. He is much ty appears not a detached fragment, but a beautiful whole. The impressed himself, anxious to following remarks, on some parts impress others, and too much abof the character of Christ, are
sorbed in the greatness of his just and striking.
subject, to bę ambitious of the "We find our Divine Teacher at lighter ornaments of style. Z. marriages and feasts ; not, indeed, engaged in the idle and dissipated A treatise on the diseases of chil. mirth of the guests, not participating dren, and management of infants in their noisy festivity, but teaching them benevolence to the poor and des
from the birth. By MICHAEL titute. It was his object, while their
UNDERWOOD, M.D. Licentiate hearts were open, to instil into them in midwifery of the royal colthe feelings of humanity and compas- lege of physicians in London ; sion to sufferers ; to dispose the rich, physician to her highness the as the stewards of God's bounty, to re; lieve the distresses of the indigent ;
Princess of Wales ; and senior to diffuse through their souls the sen
physician to the British lying-in sations of love, of Liberality and kind.
hospital. Three volumes in one. Second American, from the with a professed design to furnish sixth London edition. Boston. parents with this necessary inDavid West. 1806.
formation. He has, therefore, acDr. Underwood is among the commodated his language to few medical writers, who can the apprehension of unlearned be read understandingly, and readers. profitably, by all classes in the Were the theory of physic dicommunity. Medical books have vested of its learned rubbish, it generally been as unintelligible would be less arduous to the stuto all who have not been bred to dent, and by becoming plain, the profession, as the writings would become more useful. The of Celsus, Galen, and Hippocra- writer of this review has enjoy. tes. Persons unacquainted with ed the advantages of a medical the Greek and Latin languages, education, and makes these reare necessarily precluded from marks from no invidious feelings.. acquiring any information from He only wishes a more general the writings of the faculty. By diffusion of necessary informaretaining so many Latin and tion among his fellow-citizens. Greek terms, in the names, de. The book under consideration is scriptions, and remedies of dis- particularly adapted to effect this eases, the healing art is rendered desirable object. The judicious as obscure as a system of judicial parent, and regular practioner astrology. Hence, it is come to will feel themselves instructed in pass, that the community are their treatment of a numerous, wholly unacquainted with the a helpless, but important part of names of diseases, and with the the human race. Infancy is a penature of the most useful and sim- riod of peculiar importance in hus ple remedies. Though medical
The foundation is books are exceedingly numerous, then laid, in the strength and vigthe public remain almost wholly our of the constitution, for the uninformed. Had divines retain- health and happiness of the fued Latin and Greek epithets, or ture man. By improper treatshould they, at once, adopt the ment, the seeds of numerous disunintelligible jargon of Don Scot- eases are sown, which bring forth us, and Thomas Aquinas, who a noxions harvest through life. A could find the way to heaven? very large proportion of the huAnd why people in general man family die in infancy. From should be denied an acquaintance the imbecility of infants, and the with the means of preserving numerous diseases to which they and restoring health, no good are incident, they claim peculiar reason can be assigned. Parents, care and attention. in particular, to whom the life This work is designed for the and health of their children are nursery, and how well it is adapt. committed, ought to be furnish- ed to that purpose, its numerous ed with such a stock of medical editions, in London, in a short information, as will enable them time, may evince. The style is to take care of this precious de- neat and unadorned. The Docposit, without calling in profes- tor commences his work in the sional aid on every occurrence. following manner, which will Doctor Underwood has written give a specimen of his style and
exhibit his intention in the tially impairs the health ; the foundawork.
tion of a future good or bad constitu. " The attention which the author has tiou being frequently laid in a state of long bestowed on the disorders of chil- infancy. Whereas, if its complaints dren, he would presume to hope, may
- are prudently managed, the tenderest have enabled him to furnish an intelli. children, after being, for a time, regent and correct account of them. duced by various debilitating comIf the very favourable reception of his plaints, turn out exceedingly healthy ; former labours, by readers not educated to
the resources of infancy, as I shall the profession, has conspired to raise so
have frequent occasion to notice, be. flattering a conjecture, it has, at the ing as astonishing, as they are happisame time, induced him to spare no
ly adapted to the great variety of acpains in adapting one exclusively to
cidents to which it is liable.” their use, and particularly to mothers of
After obviating a few objeco families. The writer has, indeed, tions, the Doctor proceeds to long lamented the very improper take up the little helpless stranmethod in which the disorders of infants have been treated by those, who ger, as soon as he enters on this design them the greatest kindness,
state of disease and death. He but whose mistaken opinions too often assiduously attends him through counteract their
benevolent intentions. the precarious period of infancy, The laudable affection of the fondest describing his numerous comof manifold injury to her tender off plaints, and suggesting to the spring. And this has not only been anxious mother, the proper remthe case among the lower class of peo- edies. Having, in the two first ple, or in situations where medical as- volumes, treated infantile disorsistance is procured with difficulty, but ders ; he commences his third, even in the metropolis itself, and in the with a critical, but plain inquiry higher ranks of the community ; where many prejudices repugnant to
into the properties of human the ease and health of children have milk. He remarks, long prevailed. Interesting, indeed, “ Whatever splendour the actual and important to society as is the sub- treatment of diseases may reflect on ject of children's diseases, it has been the science of medicine, it by no generally regretted by the best write means comprehends the whole of its ers, that this branch of medicine has province. For prevention being in remained too much- uncultivated ; every case preferable to remedies, and, indeed, until of late years, little the medical art would be more impermore has been done, than getting rid fect than other sciences, were it only of the wild prejudices and pre- devoted to the latter. In a view to scriptions of the old writers, which this, an introduction is given on the nahave too often served only to obscure ture and properties of human milk, as the true nature of children's disorders. more especially connected with the How fatal such a neglect must be, is subject of this volume ; which it is sufficiently obvious, since the destruc- hoped, will exhibit a plan as rational tion of infants is eventually the destruc- in design, as the author is led to betion of adults, of population, wealth, lieve 'it has been successful in its apand every thing that can prove useful plication." to society, or add to the strength and The whole work is cordially grandeur of a kingdom. It may moreover be observed that where misman: recommended to judicious mothagement at this period does not actu
ers, for whom it was principally ally destroy life, it often very essen- designed.
Testament is nearly all translated inExtracts of Letters from Mr. Carey to to Mahratta and Oareea; and a gena Friend in Edinburgh. tleman is translating the New TestaSept. 27, 1804.
ment into Malay. The means afforded of spreading gospel light, by dispersing the word of God and pamphlets, have been
Extract of a Letter from Mrs. Marshgreat, and the exertions of our friends man, Wife of one of the Missionvery generous; and though the light struck up be but as a spark, it has “ As it is the desire of our breth. glanced upon very many.' Yet, from ren to spread the gospel as widely as a calculation made a few days ago, it possible, they mean, as often as any appears that it will require the ex- brother can be spared from home, to penditure of a sum not less than place him out, after he has learned the 250,0001. sterling, to furnish every language, at the distance of 50 or 100 twelfth person in Bengal with a New miles ; putting him at the same time Testament, at the cheapest rate that into a little way of business, wherewe can print them : What then must by he may employ a number of the we say of the whole of Hindoostan natives, and at the same time make and the surrounding countries ? The known to them something of the blesprospect on one side almost sinks our sed way of life. Thus brother Cham. hopes ; but the promise and faithful- berlain is stationed at Cutwa, about ness of God encourages us to go on.
100 miles up the river. We bought “ The earth must be filled with the him a piece of ground, built him a knowledge of the Lord.” This bungalow, and put him into the cloth knowledge must be conveyed by the way. He employs a number of weavword of his grace, published and ers, gives them a little money in hand; preached. Compared with the great they find every thing, and make the ness of the work, the means are but cloth at their own houses; when done small; and, perhaps, three-fourths of they bring it home, and receive the those means which God has commit. rest of the money ; with which we ted to his church are withheld, by the supply him from Serampore. influence of custom, preconceived “ My first business in the morning opinions of church government, tim- is to see that the children (forty or idity, conformity to the world, luxu. forty-five in number) are bathed and ry, covetousness, or other evils ; per- dressed fit for the day. At seven, the haps few feel, as they ought, the sin writing-school commences ; at eight, of not devoting all their talents, in- worship and breakfast ; at nine, school fluence, and substance to the Lord. begins again, and continues till the
bell rings for dinner, at half past one; 8th Feb. 1805. at three, school again, which ends at The second edition of the New Tes. half past five; and by the time every tament is getting forward. We skip- thing is put in order, tea is ready; ped over Luke, Acts, and Romans, and after tea, worship immediately intending to print 10,000 copies of By the time all is over, and the chilthese three books to give away, where dren are in bed, it is generally nine a whole New Testament might be im- o'clock; after which time is my holyproper. We are now in the first epis. day, to read, write or work. But I am ile to the Thessalonians ; and of the often so overcome with fatigue, and 10,000, Luke is nearly finished. The the scorching heat of the day, that I ten first chapters of Matthew are
feel neither will nor power to do any printed in Mahratia, at Dr. Hunter's thing at all, and when I sit down to press; Matthew, and part of Mark, converse with you, it is with a weary in Hindostanee ; and the third vol- body, a stupid soul, and dim eyes. But ume of the Old Testament, Job and I am sure of having all my faults the second edition of the Psalms to lightly passed over, and all covered Psalm 136, are printed. The New with love."