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Literary Intelligence.

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SAVES,

THOUSANDS.

VACCINA

LIVES
THE

OF

FROM a statement of facts extracted chiefly from a late work, published in London in favour of vaccination, it appears, that the Small Pox has destroyed more lives, than all the wars throughout the world.

To lessen in some degree this destruction of the human race, inoculation was introduced, by which the mortality of the disease was prevented, as far as it respected those, who submitted to the operation.

But as the benefit of inoculation cannot be extended to society, as is observed by a popular writer, by any other means than by making the practice general; while it is confined to a few it must prove hurtful to the whole. By means of it the contagion is spread and is communicated to many, who might otherwise have never had the disease. Accordingly it is found that more persons die of the Small Pox now than before inoculation was introduced; and this important discovery, by which alone more lives might be saved than by all the other endeavours of the faculty, is in a great measure lost by its benefit not being extended to the whole community. Dr. Heberden in his observations on the increase and decrease of different diseases observes, that he examined carefully the bills of mortality, and comparing the destruction occasioned by the Small Pox in Great Britain before and since inoculation, reluctantly was brought to this melancholy conclusion, that at the present period, the proportional increase

of deaths from this disease was as five to four.

Hence it would appear that inoculation has done a great injury to society at large, and the difficulty of extending it generally so as to convert it truly into a public benefit is attended with almost insuperable difficulty. For, to make a law, that inoculation shall be general and periodical, appears both cruel and arbitrary, where security of life cannot be given to all; and is what no government, grounded on the basis of general liberty, would venture to adopt.

But through the kindness of Divine Providence the means of obviating all these difficulties and dangers have at length been placed within our power, by the invaluable discovery made public by Dr. Edward Jenner, that the Cow Pock, which has never been known to prove fatal, effectually secures the constitution from the attacks of either the natural or inoculated Small

Pox.

The following annual statement of deaths by the Small Pox within the London bills of mortality, in the present century, has lately been published by the Jennerian Society of that city.

A. D. 1800
1801

1802
1803

1804

(deaths 2409 1461 . 1579 . 1173 622

As the society remarks, it is hoped the knowledge of these facts will be strongly promotive of the beneficial practice of Vaccine inoculation; it appearing that the fatal disease of Small Pox has progressively declined as the inestimable discovery of Dr. Jenner has been introduced.

Vaccination was introduced into Vienna in 1801. Its effects in decreasing the deaths by Small Pox are evident from comparing the deaths since that period with those of the preceding years. In 1800

835 died of Small Pox.

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1803
1804

A Comparative View of the Natural Small Pox, Inoculated Small Pox, and Vaccination, in their Effects on Individuals and Society.

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Parents and others are earnestly requested to attend seriously to the preceding comparison, and to the following certificate and recommenda

tion:

Philadelphia, April 12, 1803. We the subscribers, Physicians of Philadelphia, having carefully considered the nature and effects of the new ly discovered means of preventing, by Vaccination, the fatal consequences of the Small Pox, think it a duty thus publicly to declare our opinion, that inoculation for the Kine or Cow Pock, is a certain preventive of the Small Pox; that it is attended with no danger, may be practised at all ages and seasons of the year, and we do therefore recommend it to general

use.

John Redman,
W. Shippen,
A. Kuhn,
Samuel Duffield,
Benj. Rush,
Thomas Parke,
Benj, Say,
Philip S. Physick,
C. Wistar, jun.
Saml. P. Griffitts,
John R. Coxe,
Jas. Woodhouse,
Saml. F. Conover,
Pl. F. Glentworth,
E. Perkins,
Wm. Currie,
M. Leib,

Wm. J. Jacobs,
Isaac Cathrall,

John Keemle,
J. C. Rousseau,
Rene La Roche,
Elijah Griffiths,
Geo. F. Alberti,
Joseph Strong,

John Porter, Felix Pascalis, James Stewart, James Dunlap, James Proudfit, Thos. T. Hewson, James Gallaher, Charles Caldwell, Thos. C. James, Wm. P. Dewees, Benj. S. Barton, Isaac Sermon, George Pfeiffer, Jos. P. Minnick, Wm. Barnwell, Adam Seybert, James Mease, John C. Otto, J. Reynolds, J. Church, Arthur Blayney. Monges, William Budd, Joseph Pfeiffer, Edw. Cutbush.

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rior advantages of the Cow Pock may be fully experienced by the objects of this charity:"

Therefore, Resolved, That we do entirely accord with the sentiments of the physicians; and earnestly recommend to the poor of the city, to embrace the means now offered of preserving themselves and families from a dangerous and loathsome disease by the newly discovered and happy mode of inoculation for the Cow Pock; which will be daily per formed by the physicians at the Dispensary.

Published by Order of the Board of Managers,

WILLIAM WHITE, President. April 25, 1803.

After a mature consideration of the preceding statement of facts and recommendations, we would venture to ask every person of reflection, WHETHER IT IS JUSTIFIABLE TO CONTINUE TO INOCULATE FOR THE

SMALL POX?

[Ext. from a pamphlet pub. Phil.

NEW GERMAN PUBLICATIONS.

Essay on the German inhabitants of the Austrian dominions. 2 vols. 8vo. Vienna.

THE author of this work is Mr. Joseph Rohrer, Commissary General of the Police at Lemberg, who, by his frequent journies in all parts of the Austrian territories, has examined almost every thing in person; and has collected many important facts relative to the statistical history of these

states.

This work, with the following, combine a mass of information almost wholly new. They are divided into, 1. Population. 2. Bodily Constitution. 3. Food. 4. Dresses. 5. Occupations. 6. Arts and Labours. 7. Character. 8. Religion. 9. Manners of the inhabitants.

The number of the German inhabi tants of the Austrian States, is 6,300,000, making not more than one fourth part of the whole population, but by far the most important part in respect to activity, commerce, industry, and ingenuity in general.

The Austrian has considerable bodily strength, and loves good

sheer. The Emperor Joseph II. added greatly to the advantages of his people, by infusing and directing a spirit of activity, of industry, and of commercial adventure among them. Arts and letters are in es. teem; and especially music and engraving; in which Austria and Bohemia have produced excellent professors. Letters, properly speaking, enjoyed but a small period of liberty, and that was during the reign of Joseph II.

Essay on the Jews of the Austrian monarchy. By the same author. This part of our author's labours is the most interesting, as it contains various plans for rendering the Jews useful to the community.

:

The general principle adopted by M. R. is, that the state, which admits Jews to the privileges of citi zenship, has a right to exact from them all the duties, which belong to that station and his conclusion is, that so long as this people are suffer ed to evade the occupations of agriculture, trades, and regular commerce; so long as they are permit ted to pursue their vagabond irregularities, usury, and traffic; so long will they be miserable as a people, and a dead weight on well organized states. It is truly remarkable, that all the endeavours of the Emperor Joseph, whether by persuasion, encouragement, or even by constraint, effected nothing. Their number in the Austrian territories is estimated at 422,698. At Lemberg, the country of the author, they are so greatly

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A committee of censure is established at Petersburgh over the press, composed of three members and a secretary, receiving together salaries, which amount to 5370 roubles. If a writer thinks they have treated him with injustice, he can appeal to the supreme direction of studies. The censors have not the power to suppress a work on account of some reprehensible passages; but it is their duty to point them out to the author, that he may correct them; but they are forbidden to make the correction themselves.

A splendid embassy is about to be sent from the Russian government to China, from which great advanta ges, both commercial and scientific, are expected.

The emperor has granted to the Jews the privilege of educating their children in any of the schools and universities of the empire; or the es tablishment of schools at their own expense. Christian Ob.

List of New Publications.

The advantages of God's presence with his people in an expedition against their enemies: A sermon preached at Newbury, May 22, 1755, at the desire and in the audience of Col. Moses Titcomb, and many others enlisted under him, and going with him in an expedition against the French. By John Lowell, A. м. pastoy of a church in Newbury. Newbu ryport. E. W. Allen. 1806.

The Messiah's reign; a sermon preached on the 4th of July, before

the Washington Society, and publish.
ed at their request. By James Muir,
D. D. pastor of the Presbyterian
church at Alexandria. Alexandria.
S. Snowden.

A sermon preached in Sharon, Ver-
mont, March 12, 1806, at the ordina-
tion of the Rev. Samuel Bascom. By
the Rev. Tilton Eastman, pastor of
the Congregational church in Ran-
dolph, Vt. Hanover, N. H. 1806.
Moses Davis.

The Commonwealth's Man, in a

I

S

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series of letters, addressed to the citizens of New York. By James Smith, M. D. New York. A. For

man. 1806.

The Young Convert's Companion, being a selection of hymns for the use of Conference Meetings. Original and Selected. With music adapted to a variety of Particular Metres. Boston. E. Lincoln.

The Contrast: or, the Death Bed of a Freethinker and the Death Bed of a Christian, exemplified in the last hours of the Hon. Francis Newport, and Dr. Samuel Finley. pp. 16 8vo. Boston. E. Lincoln.

An apology for the rite of infant baptism, and for the usual modes of baptizing; in which an attempt is made to state fairly and elearly the arguments or proof of these doctrines; and also to refute the objections and reasonings alleged against them by the Rev. Daniel Merrill, and by the Baptists in general. By John Read, D. D. pastor of a church and congregation in Bridgewater.

A sermon delivered to the First Church in Boston, on the Lord's day after the calamitous death of Mr. Charles Austin, member of the senior class in the university of Cambridge, which happened Aug. 4, 1806, in the 19th year of his age. By William Emerson, pastor of the church. Second Edition. Boston. Belcher and Armstrong.

A discourse delivered before the Humane Society of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, June 10,

1806. By Thaddeus Mason Harris, minister of the church in Dorchester. Boston. E. Lincoln.

IN THE PRESS.

Home, a poem. Boston. Samuel H. Parker.

Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language in miniature. Boston. William Andrews.

The Wife. Boston. A. Newell. The works of the Right Honorable Edmund Burke. Boston. J. West and O. C. Greenleaf.

The baptism of believers only, and the particular communion of the Baptist churches explained and vindicated. By Thomas Baldwin, D. D. Boston. Manning and Loring.

WORKS PROPOSED TO BE PUBLISHED.

Means of preserving health, and preventing diseases; founded principally on an attention to air and climate, drink, food, sleep, exercise, clothing, passions of the mind, and retentions and excretions. With an appendix, containing observations on bathing, cleanliness, ventilation, and medical electricity; and, on the abuse of medicine. Enriched with apposite extracts from the best authors. Designed not merely for physicians, but for the information of others. New York. Shadrach Ricketson.

Philosophical remarks on the Christian religion; by the Rev. J. Moir, M. A. Philadelphia. Robert Mills. Subscriptions received by E. Lincoln.

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