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Cambridge. The young gentleman had em- | a coachman without white gloves. The clerbraced the profession of architect, and fur- gyman, with a suitable party of the best comthermore was an author; for it was he, he pany to meet the literary visitor, waited dinasserted, who had written the work, published by Weale and by Ackerman, on the ner next day for the son of his old friend, and • Towers and Spires of England.' He was in
author of the “ Towers and Spires of Engthat neighborhood sketching the collegiate land,” and the Bilston Bank will wait stiil church of Wolverhampton, with a view to longer for its £40. Mark what a convenient the publication of his sketch in another work tool for a knave was that uninquiring parson, which he was preparing; but he was without so readily taking all on trust, and vouching ready cash, and desired an introduction to one for an utter stranger. And the bank beof the banks in the district. He not only ob- lieved the credentials, and the story of the tained the note of introduction, but also an invitation to dinner on the following day.”
purchase of the catate and the rich wife, it
believed all this because of the £2,000 cheque, Thus easily was made dupe minor No. 1, which made it desirable and pleasant to bewho was, in turn, to make dupe major No. 2. lieve. A rogue who had less understood his The rev. gudgeon was the bait caught for business, and what he had to do with, than the great fish. Mr. Wickes of Woodlands, Mr. Wickes of Woodlands, would have drawn Spring Grove, and the Carlton Club, Pall- either for some more modest or more magnifimall, armed with the clergyman's introduc- cent sum, but Mr. Wickes knew exactly the tion (of a person of whom he knew nothing), size and feather of the fly that would catch goes to the Bilston District Bank in Wolver- his trout. It was altogether a fine piece of hampton, presents the letter of credence of art, from the white gloves, to the parsonage, the clergyman, and proposes to open an ac- the bank, the purchase of the estate, the count with a cheque on the Southampton wife, and the small advance on the large Bank for £2,000. He is in the neighbor- cheque. How a rogue like this must chuckle hood to purchase an estate, for which he has over his dupes, and amuse himself with all agreed, and intends to bring down to it his the littlenesses and blind cupidities upon wife, a lady of large fortune he has recently which he practises. married. In his hurry about the estate he As for the good easy parson concerned in had not supplied himself with money for cur- this roguish little drama, we must ask, as we rent purposes, and wants some cash, a mere are often tempted to do in similar cases, has trifle, on the account of the £2,000 cheque, any man a right to be such a fool? He should £40 will suffice. The thing is done of course, be committed to a reformatory for a year or for one who promises to be so good a cus- so, to take lessons in common sense and prutomer, and who begins his account so hand- dence, not that he would ever learn them, somely. By the time the cheque for no ef- but that point has nothing to do with the fects is returned as filched, Mr. Wickes, of uses of reformatories, about the effects of Woodlands, Spring Grove, has disappeared, which we must not be too curious, but take having consented for once to be driven off by the will for the deed.
THE SUNDAY AND OTHER QUESTIONS.—A gar- bor-in-the-Bo—tanic (hiccup)-Gardens,” dener having to receive his wages a few weeks ago, etc., concluded with a thunderbolt about “ divine on a Saturday, from a lady, the wife of one of wrath on profane Sabbath breakers.” This is a the memorialists in favor of opening the Botanic match for the ower true story of a lady who was Gardens on Sunday, after church hours, pre- giving herself and her pet dog an airing on Sunsented himself in such a guise, or rather disguise, day morning in Heriot Row before church time, mentally, that the servants of the establishment and found her companion was straying too far. expelled him from the kitchen. Pitying his Having forgot her dog-whistle, she hastily asked drunken condition the lady, when paying him a man she met to whistle him back. In her what was due, kindly advised him to act the part hurry, however, she had not remarked his unof a good husband and take the money at once to steady gait and bloated face, and was not a little his wife without stopping at a dram shop on the surprised when, instead of giving a “whistle loud way, whereupon, with a sanctimonious leer of and shrill," he hiccupped out with severe gravity superior piety, he replied that he “had-a -“This is no day for whistling, mem!”-Scotscomplaint-agen-her-husband—for seeking- man. the-desecration-of God's holy day-by-la-!
From The Spectator. simple reason that as fast as converts are made MORMONISM IN WALES.
they are sent off to Utah. A perpetual emiThe rapid growth of Mormonism in Wales gration fund is in existence for this purpose, seems to be entirely escaping the attention of and as the people are taught that Christ himthose who ought to have done all that was self will certainly come to establish his kingpossible to prevent it. Ministers of all per- dom in Utah or Missouri, they go out with suasions seem to be agreed in considering the an unchangeable belief that happiness here subject scarcely worth a thought. A Wes- and high rewards hereafter await them. The leyan, living at Cardiff, told us the other day Book of Mormon has been translated into the that there were very few Mormons left in the Welsh language, and finds ready--almost Principality. If there are not, it is owing eager-acceptance among the poor ignorant to the regular stream of emigration kept up people of the hills. The women, young and from Wales to Utah. A few days after this old, adopt Mormonism greedily. The case very remark was made, about eighty men and has been mentioned of a woman of sixty, women--the latter nearly all young, good- who left her home in Wales to be married in looking, robust girls—left Cardiff station en Utah, leaving behind her a husband of evroute for the Salt Lake. They had been gath- enty. The favorite toast in Utah, “ More ered from the surrounding country, and many Women," seems to guarantee that even this were very respectable in appearance. One wretched creature would be welcomed by the young man had been assistant to a surgeon horde of profligates who let loose the reins of of Cardiff. We remember many such em- their passions, and practice habitual infamy barkations from the ports of South Wales, in the name of the Almighty. and yet, in the very heart of this district, the The spread of this sect in the Principality notion is general that Mormonism is dying recalls to recollection those miserable huts out. The truth is, that it is subtly and which make their appearance in a single Burely extending. The Mormon agents are night on some of the Welsh commons. The ever watchful and active, while the Estab- people are under the delusion that any
dwelllished Church and Dissent make the fatal ing which can be erected in a night cannot mistake of treating them as members of a de- afterwards be removed, and the fact that the caying sect, and as impostors unworthy of owner of the land does not in some cases care regard. No course could suit the Mormons to interfere favors the notion. The progress better, except actual persecution. They have of the Mormons is something analogous to modified some of their principles of late years, this. They work in the dark, and no one 80 as to divert the attention of unbelievers. seems to think the result of their labors worth Very few now profess to perform miracles, interfering with. Nearly all their great because they found it difficult to produce gatherings are held at night, and it rarely marvels enough to satisfy their votaries. happens that even the local police hear of This was their weakest point, and they gave them till they are over. Their baptisms are it up. Joseph Smith-than whom a more always conducted by the light of the moon, abandoned debauchee and astonishing liar or by torchlight when the night is dark. and hypocrite has never appeared, even among Upon a spot on the banks of the river Ebbw, his own followers-held and practised certain between Crumlin and Newbridge, . many a doctrines, such as that of the expediency of wild gathering of this kind has taken place, systematic seduction, which his disciples have the men and women dressing and undressing since been compelled to disavow in public, by the banks, as we once saw a party of Morhowever closely they may adhere to them in mons doing in Derbyshire. Up in the hiels, secret. The result is that the creed makes where the success of the preachers is greater way among the lower classes in the Princi- than in the towns, the meetings are held so pality. In Liverpool, where there are many secretly that it is almost impossible for a Welsh, there are also many Mormons. Let stranger to gain admittance. It is at these it be remembered that the sect is little more private gatherings that the temptations are than thirty years old, and it will at once be held out which induce young women to forseen that it has assumed formidable propor- sake their homes and kindred for a life which tions. Statistics and census returns do not they would revolt at here. It is at these also give the full measure of its progress, for the that miracles are occasionally performed.
We heard of several of these miracles, but | blind, unhesitating, unwavering acceptance could not succeed in seeing one, although of whatever they are taught. It is rarely there is a man in Monmouthshire who de- indeed that they change their religion. They clares that he is ready to move one of the are obstinate in all things—it is part of their largest mountains in the county, called Twm national character ; but in religious opinions Barlwm, down miles away to the moors ; and they are simply immovable. If you reason that he not merely could, but would do it, with them they look upon you as an appointed only that he does not like to injure Lord agent of the tempter of souls. A lady in Tredegar, whose property it partly is. The Newport had an excellent servant who became reluctance of this man to remove his neigh- a Mormon. She was a good girl, and her bor's landmark is much appreciated in the mistress took a deal of trouble to convince her district. An actual miracle was performed of her folly, and to explain to her what life by another elder a little time ago. A certain in Utah actually is. These efforts seemed man who had a hump upon his back was in- but to confirm the girl in her intention, and troduced to a Mormon meeting. The elders her mother professed her joy at her daughpresent announced that they had taken pity ter’s firmness, and hoped •ó that she would on their brother's deformity, and as a reward become one of the wives of Brigham Young, of his fidelity to the faith they had made up as she was a pretty girl.' These were the their minds to remove the hump. Even mother's own words. These characteristics when achieved by a miracle, such an opera- of the Welsh-boundless credulity and an tion must necessarily cause a mess, and they unalterable fidelity to their religion-render consequently took the man behind a curtain Wales a chosen land for men of the Wycherley to save the feelings of the congregation. class, and preaching is as common an occupaTheir prayers were long and boisterous, and tion as that of shoemaking. Promises which the audience soon began to see the effect of an English workman would laugh at as the them. For the curtain scarcely reached down dreams of a madman are received implicitly to the heels of the party, and the people in by the poor Welsh collier or haulier as sober front distinctly saw a stream run down the realities. They are like plastic clay in the legs of the hunchback. But if the operation hands of Mormon agents. The very origin was a miracle, the hump itself was no less of the new revelation exactly suits them. marvellous, for the stream that ran down was The miracle of the golden plates, committed not of blood, but of sawdust, and a hump of to the charge of a poor ignorant man like one sawdust is not usual even in these “ last of themselves, is a story possessing unspeakdays.” Presently the man came forth straight able fascination for them. They never tire and smiling, and a solemn thanksgiving was of hearing about it, and they hope that they held for his deliverance.
in their turn may one day be selected as the On another occasion—this occurred in Car- instruments of communicating fresh messages diff—a husband urged his wife, who was not from Heaven to man. The true story of a Mormon, to go to a meeting, and promised Smith's imposture they look upon as the inher that she should see there “ the angels of vention of the devil. They would brave any the Lord.” She went, and during the ser- danger, and endure any torture for the sake vice the lights were turned out, and she saw of their religion. Nor is it inconsistent, perfigures in white moving about. Close by her haps, with human nature, that the more defeet she discerned strange small figures mov- basing the superstition to which an untrained ing slowly, and rustling as they moved. She mind links itself, the more ardent is its atwas probably expected to faint here, but she tachment to it, and the more firmly does it seized one of the figures at her feet instead, take hold of it. and put it in her pocket. When she got It is only in the towns that a stranger can home she found that it consisted of a few hope to get inside a Mormon meeting-house, frogs in a white paper bag. The elders de- and it was not without some trouble that, clared that these were miracles, and their even in Newport, we could ascertain where dupes believed them. There is nothing that the sect assembled. At last a small public a Welsh enthusiast will not believe. Their house was pointed out, and there two or three devotion to their creed, whatever that creed Sunday evenings ago we went to hear the promay be, is wonderful. It is shown in a ceedings. The room was apparently used for
an Odd Fellows' lodge, and there were not the women have some excuse for being in above forty persons present-for the exporta- such baste to get to Utah. tion to Utah a few days before had thinned The first elder (whose name was Webb) the ranks. They were all of the working sat down, and another rose to succeed himclase, some very respectably dressed, and the a mean, yellow, dirty man, who spoke a women generally clean and well looking. north-country dialect with a Yankee twang, Two or three women had children in arms, and looked the incarnation of a vulgar bypoand there were other children of five or six crite. There was nothing whatever in his years of age among the congregation. There manner indicative of sincerity of purpose. were also a few young men in the room, lank He spoke in a bullying tone, using great reand gaunt, and having a self-satisfied smirk hemence and very Mormon-like language. on their countenances, as if they were look- He began by remarking, “ the people's minds ing forward to the bliss of having a dozen is a good deal more enlightened now than it wives. The elders were worn, haggard men, were." There was much ignorance and suwho looked as though they actually had the perstition in high places, which prevented wives, and did not find it a bliss at all, but the new gospel finding its way to the people. quite the contrary. There were two or three Men refused to believe the message of the very old men there, and some boys who are Prophet Joseph Smith, but he would remind not yet eligible for Utah. The whole group them that every inspired messenger had been had gathered round a little dark grubby man, received with doubt, including the Saviour who was preaching to them with much ear- bimself. Smith's followers were reviled, bat nestness and volubility.
" I tell you,” shrieked the harsh grating He was insisting upon the divine inspira- voice, " that gods and angels look down upon tion of the Book of Mormon. Rude, unpol- you with approval, and that you are acceptished, and unlettered as he was, he impressed able to them.” Working himself into a parus as being a thoroughly earnest man. His oxysm of wrath, his emaciated sensual face argument was that fresh revelation from God on fire with anger, he denounced all revilers was necessary to convert the present age. of “ God's chosen people,” future and to The Scriptures are not sufficient for this pur- come, and particularly warned the strangers pose, for they fail even to convince. Schol- present that they would suffer dreadful punars and divines are always wrangling about ishments if they came there to mock. Some the meaning of this and the other passage, of the women, however, having perhaps aland many of the laws laid down in the Bible ready marked the elder stranger for their were intended for a people and a state of so-lown, looked at him in a spirit of gentleness, ciety now passed away. Moreover, God has and were evidently inclined to deal more merconstantly held direct communication with cifully with him than was the saint. This his servants. An instance, the speaker said, yellow, dirty man then pulled what looked might be found in St. Mark (he should have like a window rag from his pocket and rubbed said St. Matthew) where the Saviour ad- his oily face with it, and resumed his speech dresses Peter in the words, “ Blessed art in a lower key. Joseph Smith was merely, thou, Simon Bar-Jona, for flesh and blood he said, like an errand-boy who had received bath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father a message from God to deliver to mankind. which is in Heaven.” It was a similar rev- " I myself," he added, “ have received the elation that God made to his servant Joseph gift of the Holy Spirit, and there is many Smith. The speaker dwelt upon this point here as knows it.” Then he waxed wrath at some length, but his line of argument bad again at the strangers (who had been listenevidently been disturbed by the entry of ing throughout with the utmost gravity and strangers. He talked at the strangers—there patience) and said that others before them were three of them-a good deal, and the had mocked the Lord's anointed and suffered young women also carefully surveyed them, for it. This last objurgation lasted several perhaps mentally calculating the possibility minutes, and made the elder hotter and of their making proposals to them by and by greasier than ever, insomuch that the winas true Mormons. And it must be owned dow-rag was fished out again and applied to that if the Mormon men in Wales are all of his forehead. Finding that his denunciations the type who were present at that meeting, did not disconcert the strangers, the elder
suddenly brought his exhortation to a close, / upon the happiness his belief afforded him, and said, in a low, quick voice," there will and in the vague melancholy search after hapbe a meeting afterwards for our own people piness which all men make this peculiar form only.” A hymn was sung,-it was a strange of religion steps in and professes to lead the unmeaning doggrel,-a prayer was offered, way. It undertakes to realize our hopes, not and the people, evidently puzzled, rose to de- hereafter only, but on this earth, where hithpart. But the yellow man, probably not erto we have been taught to expect disaphaving exhausted his store of ribaldry and pointment. Christ is shortly coming to his blasphemy, called out to them to stay, desir- kingdom, and looks down upon the labors of ing that strangers only should leave. As it his “ Latter-day Saints” with peculiar favor. was evidently useless to stay, the strangers Their reward is sure. Then, so far as matedid leave, and were presently followed by rial circumstances are concerned, their dethree women, who had possibly been told off sires will be provided for. To men they offer by the elders to try what they could do with a piece of land, with the prospect of indethe unbelievers.
pendence—that great ambition of the workThe strangers got into conversation with ing classes, which it is nearly impossible for these women. All were young, and two of them to gratify in this country. Here they them were going to Utah with the next batch must drudge and toil on, with little hope of of emigrants. They particularly wished to bettering their condition ; there they may be krov what the strangers thought of the meet- landed proprietors at once, working for their ing, and unanimously agreed with them in own profit, their children (which are here an thinking that the yellow, dirty man, made a encumbrance)a help and a blessing to them, mistake in abusing persons who happened to and the encouraging thought in their minds drop in at the service, since he might drive that while thus enjoying the fruits of their away those who would become converts. labor they are performing a religious duty, Being asked whether they expected to be and helping to set up the last kingdom of married in Utah, they said « Yes” with God upon the earth. Women are taught to alacrity. In reply to a further question, one believe that in that favored land beyond the acknowledged that she should not like to be Rocky Mountains, they may marry and have apportioned a twelfth part of a husband's children without the fear of their being love and attention : “ I hope to keep my hus- brought to want or shame; while the sensual band to myself, as you hope to keep your find a Mohammedan Paradise prepared for wife, I suppose.” “Yes, but your religion them, and their favorite vices encouraged as allows a man to have several wives.” “ That a religious obligation. The man who has the is only what is said of us. Don't you be- largest number of children is the most honlieve it. Only some of the elders have more ored in Utah, for he does most to strengthen wives than one.” This girl further said that the kingdom. Mothers gladly give up their her age was twenty, that she had been brought daughters for what they deem a sacred cause. up to Mormonism from a child, and that she Their imaginations are enraptured by the would not change her religion for all the stories of peace and contentment and happiworld. Her father was a Mormon, she said, ness to be enjoyed by the Great Salt Lake. and sometimes preached. She was good- No wonder that the ignorant believe, and belooking, and so sincere that the tears started lieve gladly, in representations which cheer to her eyes when she spoke of her religion. their hearts and promise an alleviation of She was exactly the kind of person the Mor- their hardships--no wonder that when Church mons seek to entrap—they invariably work and Dissent are alike passive, the poison is their ministrations upon the best looking widely distributed and absorbed, and that young women they can find.
thousands fall victims to that mirage which It may seem extraordinary to some that a lures them to fresh scenes in the vain hope Creed such as that of Mormonism should make of finding a happier lot—the hollow chimera the progress it does, but after attending this which has wrecked so many, and against meeting we were little surprised at the cir- which the high and eternal truths of Chriscumstance. The first speaker dwelt much tianity alone can and ought to prevail.