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problems are finer and more ingenious, or, more confidently to his “ Suspiria de Profunwhat is more, whose conclusions are more dis." There is no doubt that he was right. distinct and trustworthy than De Quincey's. and that from these and other writings of De He reminds us here, both in matter and in Quincey specimens may be cited of what may manner, of Coleridge-whom, indeed, in the be called prose-rhapsody or rich and weirdly main, he resembled more than he resembled prose-phantasy, such as can be cited from no any other of his predecessors; and we would other English prose-writer. Nor, wbatever say of him, as we would say of Coleridge, may be the intrinsic value of this style of that whoever is investigating any question writing, is that value abated by the fact that ought to make a point of seeing whether this De Quincey, as a critic of his own writings, thinker has said anything about it-confident was aware of the peculiarity of this portion that, if he has, he has gone into the very of them. crevices of the subject, and made deep and All in all, since Coleridge s death, we know exquisite incisions in the right direction. In of no English writer, speculative in the cast all matters relating, in particular, to literary of his genius, without being expressly syscriticism, and the philosophy of style and tematic, whose remains are a more valuable literature, De Quincey, like Coleridge, is bequest to British literature than those of De masterly; and his essays on such subjects Quincey. He died in the same year with are worth a score of the older English treat- Lord Macaulay ; and, while all Britain was ises on Rhetoric. Nor, though De Quincey's ringing with proclamations of the national method is subtle, are his conclusions unsound loss sustained by Lord Macaulay's death, the or merely ingenious. His ** Letters to a young sole tribute to poor old De Quincey was the man whose education has been neglected ”tribute of a few short and scattered obituary are replete with good sense, and are about notices in the newspapers. The difference the wisest advices on the subject of literary was proper as regarded the relative social culture we have ever read. III. Imaginative importance of the two lives. And yet, perProse- Writings. De Quincey claimed to be haps, the worth of Lord Macaulay's literary a practitioner of a style of imaginative and remains, as compared with those of De Quinrhythmical, or highly impassioned prose, of cey, is as the worth of some highly burnished which, in universal literature, there had been mass of a metal of gold and copper mixed, few precedents; and, as examples of such compared with the worth of an equal mass prose-poetry, he pointed to passages in his of pure white silver worked into foliage and “ Confessions of an Opium-Eater,'' and still frosted filagree.
MESSRS. TRUBNER & Co. have just ready M. | libraries of Normandy are possessed of most valFrolich's “ Lord's Prayer" (with an etched dedi- uable collections of ancient documents, not a few cation plate and prefatory plate and ten etched of them relating to the early connection between designs illustrative of the text), dedicated to the France and England. Princess Alexandra. In all these designs the subject proper is combined with arabesques of appropriate foliage. Thus, in the Lord's Prayer, The long-expected correspondence of Goethe the pimpernel and small corn-flower frame the with Duke Charles Augustus of Saxe-Weimar, design for “Give us this day our daily bread ;” containing, it is stated, matter of the very highest the palms of triumphant beatitude support the interest, is now definitely announced to appear at design for “ Thy kingdom come ; ” thorns and the beginning of June. The work will be in two brambles hedge in the designs appropriated to volumes, published by Voigt and Gunther, Leipthe averting temptation and the deliverance from zig. evil. The plates are exquisitely executed from graceful designs.
THE fint-hatchet difficulty is at last settled. A
popular curate in Hertfordshire, in a lecture lately A LITERARY association, under the title of on the connection between geology and the Bible, " Society of Norman Bibliophiles,” has just been said that these flint hatchets had been a difficulty established at Rouen. Its object is to collect and to some people, but for his part he had not the print rare works and manuscripts relating to slightest difficulty in the matter; he had no doubt Normandy. It is stated that many of the private that they were made by the Fallen Angels.
From The Saturday Review, 23 May. of art, and the delights of form and color,
as accessories—could enhance the effect, we LONDON saw a very strange sight last Satur- have them. The gay clothing, the blazing day. It saw carriage after carriage of ladies, jewelry, the personal grace of Orientals old and young, in the brightest and gayest would be eclipsed by the splendor of English dresses possible, waiting quietly in a block dresses and the loveliness of English faces. far away towards Kensington and Regent's The respectful homage which Orientals pay Park, in order that, at the end of a May to their sovereign is repeated in England, spring afternoon, they might reach the Pal- but it has the additional worth of a selface of St. James. There they sat, like sheep respect felt by those who pay it, and of the decked out for a sacrifice, smiling vaguely on genuine emotion of affection and regard which the crowds that stared at them, bleating per- an English sovereign awakens so easily. A haps in an undertone to each other, but with- drawing-room might be a delight to the eve. out power to move, losing gradually, first pa- and a gratification to the sense of beauty and tience, and then hope. These ladies were all perfection-a link between the sovereign and going to court, and this is what going to the subject, and a tribute to the excellence of court is practically like in England. They English charms. It is a crash, a dim battle were the flower of beauty and wealth and of worn-out sufferers, an ugly, heart-rending fashion, on their way to pay their first hom- disappointment. age to a bride. At last, after hours of ex- The fact is, that the times have changed, haustion, they reached the dingy, shabby and the habits of the people are changed, but little mansion where it is the fancy of English the ways of the court have remained the sovereigns to receive their subjects. They same A hundred years ago, the Palace of had then to squeeze, and to be squeezed, to St. James's suited the sovereigns of the house lose temper and finery, to vent their feelings of Hanover very well. They saw a limited in those looks of fire which are to women a number of people, and saw them in a friendly facile substitute for oaths. They had to fight way. They knew something of the history as the wild eager outlaws from society fight of those presented to them, and were not to get a good place at an execution, and at above a taste for the gossip and scandal of last they reached the presence of the Princess. an idle, sociable circle. They were like a She, too, shared the pleasures of an English family great enough to go on in their own Court Reception. She had to stand bowing way, and to expect that their neighbors for hours until at last she could stand no lon- should be pleased to drop in upon them. ger. Etiquette tried to turn out nature with The days of the court pageantry which suited a fork, but nature came back. This was what the tastes brought with them by the Stuarts all the state and ceremony and wealth and from the old connection of Scotland with loveliness of England ended in. It is only France, were no objects of envy to royalty in England that could have had so much to the early days of the Georges. Royalty had throw away, and only England that would have come from Germany, and in Germany royalty thrown it away. There could scarcely be any considers that the truly royal thing is to be sight more beautiful than the sight of an Eng- simply the first family in the country--the lish drawing-room as it might be; and there richest, and the best-born and the most powis scarcely any sight so aggravating and ludi- erful, but still perhaps one of the homeliest, crous as an English drawing-room as it is. simply because a family that is past rivalry The spectacle of an Eastern durbar has ap- is past affectation. The fashion in such matpealed to the imagination and gratified the ters was soon set; and England was quite taste of every successive generation of Eng- content that its sovereigns should keep court lishmen in India. The harmony of colors, as German princes are wont to do. So St. the blaze of jewels, the repose and dignity of James's was pronounced to do very well. The those there, the quiet, the order, the gran- aristocracy and a few adroit people at the top deur of the whole, have never failed to charm of professions made their way into the presthose who have seen the spectacle. But Eng-ence of the king and queen, and ate and land could gather a durbar of which India chatted with them, as in these days country has never dreamed. If vast halls, and mag- neighbors eat and chat in the great house of pificence, and palatial state-if the treasures the district. Those old days are gone by,
and the court has changed in some degree, should scarcely wish to encourage this pasand its relations to the people have also sion for going to court in people who have changed. There is no longer a small priv- no official reason for going, and who have not ileged set which is born to go to court, and been born in the court circles. It lowers the which alone presumes to go there. Now, i sition of the sovereign that royalty should every lady goes that is a little ambitious and be treated as it was in Paris, when the citizencan afford the dress. England is much more king was expected to behave as a citizen to before the world; and a royal spectacle is a his fellow-citizens. Nor is it by any means matter of far more than local interest. The a duty to encourage the abandonment of the sovereign is now the head of the nation, and, old distinctions of station, the love for show, in matters of show and magnificence is to a the silly pretences involved in a general rush great extent expected to lead the nation and to court of nobodies of ladies who are not represent it properly. The court and the in court circles, nor the wives or daughters upper society of England is daily more and of distinguished men. It is a very moderate more brought into intimate relations with the estimate to say that at least a fourth of those courts and the society of continental capitals; who go would be much better at home. and although there is little of the old fa- Even if the sovereign is not entitled actually miliarity which was natural in the meetings to exclude them, the sovereign is not bound of members of small circles in frequent com- to facilitate their trying to blow themselves munication with each other, yet there is a out to the size of the proper court visitor. much more extended acquaintanceship than Many families, perhaps, will date the beginthere used to be, and the court is looked to ning of the pretensions that will harass and as a basis for this widely spread connection. cripple them for years, from the evil day The court has more to do than formerly, and when vanity prompted the desire to sit in has to do it for people who are not nearly so one of those blocked carriages, and fight in intimately bound up with its daily life. that disastrous crush. The conservatism of
And yet drawing-rooms are still held at the English court in this respect has thereSt. James's and ladies are crushed and wor-fore not been without its use and its justificaried to death, and royal brides fatigued to tion. Only the time has come when things exhaustion, rather than change the manners cannot go on as they are. It may be desirwith the times, and listen to the whisperings able that the English court should forego of common sense and the dictates of a proper some of the magnificence which it could so pride. But it must not be supposed that the easily command. Some sort of check may be English court acts without a settled purpose, pardonably imposed on presentations by hunor without reasons entitled to considerable dreds and hundreds at a time. But it is a weight. The court clings, at the cost of all great pity that the business should be done so this inconvenience, to old customs, because absurdly ill as at present. These are not bad they are linked with something which it is times for royalty, and especially for royalty thought ought not to pass away. The royal in England; and the little drawbacks of happy family has lived for a century and a half in tiines must be taken with the advantages. It England on the plan of German royalty. It is a drawback on being lovable and pretty has been simply a family, but a royal one, and good, that the world likes to look at you and the only exception is certainly not one to sometimes when you had much rather not make it seem very desirable to abandon the have the bore of being looked at. It would old order for a new one. The court of the re- be pleasanter, perhaps, to have the glory gency was of the sort of brilliancy which is and the respect of royalty without the duties not liked by the English court or the Eng- often so unavoidably tedious. But it cannot lish people. It might not be safe to change. be; and an English sovereign has, if duty The constitution, to say the least, harmonizes is done, a very busy time of it. It is now a very well with the German theory of royal piece of necessary business to arrange the life. It might not be quite so well if our drawing-room properly, and a very little consovereign were like the sovereign of the sideration, once for all, and a very little exTuileries, and spent miflions in state shows tra trouble every summer would suffice to and in fites and pageants for the world. And carry out all that is wanted. then, again, it is very natural that royalty
THIRD SERIES. LIVING AGE. 1043
From The Reader. I should take place immediately upon the anA CONFEDERATE APOCALYPSE. ticipated election of Mr. Lincoln. But there Anticipations of the Future, to Serve as Les
are, unfortunately, numerous “submissionsons for the Present Time. In the Form of
ists” in the South-souls so mean and dasExtracts of Letters from an English Resi tardly as to be positively unwilling to take dent in the United States to the London up arms against their countrymen till they Times,'' from 1864 to 1870. With an Ap- have received some injury at their bands. pendix on the Causes and Consequences of Magnanimously according these mean spirits the Independence of the South. (Richmond, eight years to arrive at a sense of propriety, Va., 1860.)
he fixes the meeting of the secessionist conAmid the emotions produced by the intel- vention at Atlanta, Ga., for January 20, ligence now in course of transmission from 1868. Always, be it remembered, under America, it might appear almost preposterous protest. And, in fact, his views of Southern to bestow any attention on an attempt to fore- reasonableness reflect so much credit upon cast the lineaments of the Great Civil War his discernment that it is a pity to find them on a scale as petty as if it rather concerned coupled with a strong opinion that the North the squabbles of two principalities than the would never dare to engage in hostilites at destinies of two continents. Yet this singu- all--a conviction which underlies the whole lar work before us deserves notice, both as a book. curiosity and as a valuable testimony to the Let us suppose ourselves, then, promoted motives and feelings which impelled the to A.D. 1868, and able to bestow a hasty Southern Americans to a conflict of the ex- glance on the path by which we have traytent and seriousness of which they had evi- elled to Secessia. President Lincoln, it seems, dently a very inadequate conception. Pub. was elected in 1860 “ by a small majority. lished in June, 1860, six months before the Public indignation would not permit a Southsecession of South Carolina, the book is a de- ern vote to be offered for him ”-a pretty liberate anticipation of the step, and a minute comment on freedom of election south of Madetail of its progress and results as visible to son and Dixon. It is interesting to observe the prophetic eye of a fanatic and exasperated the improvement in the president's appcarSoutherner. The writer, however, is evi-ance when brought into the light of prophecy. dently a man of intelligence and cultivation, “ He was courteous to all, conciliatory to his accustomed to political life, of mature years personal enemies, and did not show any re-be remembers the blockade of 1812-15- sentment against those who had been his and of good standing among his countrymen, loudest vilifiers. . . . His policy and adminas may be inferred from the fact that his ap-istration were praiseworthy, and respected pendix is reprinted from “ De Bow's Review," for probity, wisdom, and firmness. . . . He almost the only respectable literary organ maintained the dignity of the Government they possess. The machinery employed is abroad and its respectability at home.” So, unexceptionable enough, being peither vision at last, we have found a Southerner speaking nor trance, but simply the correspondence of well of President Lincoln. But the serpent an imaginary Times reporter at Washington. entered Eden in the shape of President SewHad we seen this volume on its first appear- ard, elected in 1864. The first step of the ance, we might have objected to the improb- new ruler was to offer increased inducements ability inherent in the character of an Eng. to immigrants, who,“ being mostly low and lishman represented as the thorough-going ignorant,"naturally reinforced the Abolitionapologist of slavery. It is needless to observe lists. Everybody connected with John Brown that we are now fully convinced of our mis- got a place, more particularly " the notoritake.
lous Helper," who “ was made one of the At first sight, confidence in the discernment new Receivers of the Land Office.” General of our prophet would seem impaired by his Fremont became commander-in-chief; “ the fixing the foreboded disruption for 1868. But rabid abolitionist, Joshua Giddings," was we learn, on consulting his preface, that this appropriately despatched to Hayti-the Govis but a condescending accommodation of the ernment of which state returned the complimens divinior to the timidity of unbelievers. ment by sending the Duke of Marmalade to His own conviction is that secession will and Washington. Traffic on the" underground
railway” increased notably; and slavery abolition ?" Another invasion, under a son disappeared altogether from the District of of John Brown, is similarly discomfited, notColumbia. The naval and military forces withstanding the ingenious stratagem of the were augmented; six Northern States were commander, who, “ because of the manifest divided for the purpose of manufacturing selection of the whites as marks for the Kennew senators: President Seward was re- tucky rifles," had ordered that every white elected ; and the Gulf States .seceded, elect- should blacken his face and had himself set ing Mr. M. of South Carolina (Memminger, the example.” After the execution of this we presume) President, and Mr. C. of Ala- tactician and his officers—which the failure bama (whom we fail to identify) Vice-Presi- of the North to capture a single prisoner aldent.
lowed to take place without any fear of reViewed by the light of actual events, the prisals--the Confederates had only to sit still military anticipations of our Southerner seem and enjoy the spectacle of the total destructhe perfection of comicality. Operations tion of New York by the work-people-Boscommence by the capture of Fort Sumter- ton and Philadelphia escaping with a slight not a very difficult operation, inasmuch as singeing, as it were. After this it is hardly the garrison consists of “ one old sergeant."' necessary to add that the North-Western Fort Moultrie is next blockaded, and in due States conclude a separate peace, that the course reduced to submission, though not be- European powers refuse to acknowledge the fore the seceders have had time to achieve a ineffective blockade, and that the curtain great moral triumph by unanimously repudi- drops upon Secessia at the threshold of her ating their debts. In consequence whereof, millennium, and the Free States considering before the war had lasted three months," as how best to get rid of “ the predaceous and many as one-fourth of all the usually labor- troublesome New England States, with their ing and self-supporting poor of the great pestilent fanaticism," and their “ political northern cities, and throughout the manu- and economical position scarcely superior to facturing rural districts, were paupers and those conditions of the present Republic of beggars." This being the case, it seems sur- Hayti.". prising that the Northern Government could All this seems sufficiently ludicrous; but, not collect more than seven thousand men for before joining in a laugh at our Southerner's the invasion of the South. After the de- expense, it may be as well to consider how struction of this force by the brave General far we can afford to do so. Have we, as a S., the rest of the Slave States secede, Wash- nation, given evidence of a inuch more enington is taken and made the seat of Govern- lightened appreciation of the contest, the ment, a Federal army is demolished in Mis- principles it involves, its probable duration sissippi, the Confederates win a naval battle, and issue? Have not the determination and and their wicked enemies are reduced to their resources of the Free States proved as great. last resort of exciting a servile insurrection. a surprise to most of us as to this unlucky Need it be said that this also results in fail- Virginian vaticinator? Has not our policy ure, or that “ the prisoners were all hung as been shaped by the conviction that the tersoon as a gallows could be erected”-among mination of the struggle might be looked for them “the notorious abolition-leader and from one week to another? And has not apostle of insurrection and massacre, William this delusion ruined our most important L. Garrison, and with him seven negro and branch of industry by paralyzing every rapine white public lecturers on slavery and tional effort for its relief?