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by stratagem, as, no European nor Asiatic says, that the good understanding between could compete with them in swiftness of foot. him and his comparions was momentarily Their running over the entangled roots of disturbed. Just sufficient had been collected mangrove swamps, with which their coasts to excite an interest in the subject-no more ; abound, is described as an extraordinary feat. and an additional couple of months would
The popular belief is that they are canni- have materially enhanced the value of previbals ; but Dr. Mouat did not succeed in colous and hasty observations. Fortunately, lecting any evidence in confirmation. Nor, the expedition captured a native boy, who indeed, did he and his party add much posi- was taken to Calcutta, and supplied many tive knowledge to the few data we possess for links in the scanty ethnological information establishing their relationship and position collected. The boy, to whom the sailors gave in the great human family. We know, as the generic name of Jack, became the lion of yet, nothing definite of their inner life, and the Calcutta season, and brought great crowds it is absolutely premature to speculate on the around Dr. Mouat's house, eager to have a slender materials at hand. The few ascer look at the monster-for such the popular tained facts about their customs and man- belief pictured him. To have some peace it ners, their hostility to strangers, their abso- was found expedient to dress up a lay figure, lute state of nudity, their fondness of covering somewhat coming up to the popular conceptheir bodies with mud and a mixture of red tion of an Andaman Islander, and place it at earth and oil, their canoes and peculiarly another house from that the young pigmy inconstructed outrigger, their teetotalism, their habited. Civilization, however, did not agree eagerness to possess themselves of the skull with poor Jack. He was taken seriously ill, and bones of deceased friends, their disuse of and, though his life was saved, it was conidols--all these agree better with what is sidered necessary to send him back to his known of some of the Papuan races than with native isles. To guard against his being what we know of any other people. Dr. mistaken for a foreigner and shot by his own Mouat evidently knew but little of the dark-countrymen, he resumed his Adamite cosskinned races we have compared the Anda- tume, tied his clothes in a bundle, and, as man Islanders with, and does not dwell suffi- long as the ship that took him home was in ciently on the striking coincidences, not to sight, it was observed that none of his councall them more, we have pointed out. Not trymen ventured near him; he was silently all Papuans are men of large proportions; in standing on the beach, watching with evident some of the smaller islands they are quite be- emotion the departure of those, who, after low the middle stature. Nor have all of them capturing him, had showered upon him nothfrizzled hair. Indeed, it is now well known ing but kindness. that many tribes give their hair a frizzled ap- Dr. Mouat's book will probably induce pearance by the application of lime.
others to take up the interesting subject After Dr. Mouat had completed his survey where he has left it. The chief merit of the he at once returned to Calcutta, much to the volume is that it has drawn general attention annoyance of his companions, who were most to one of the most remarkable races on earth; anxious to collect further information about and it is written with such ease and in such the singular islanders they found themselves a pleasing style that it will doubtless secure amongst. This was the only time, Dr. Mouat for itself a wide circulation.
ANDREW HALL FOOTE.
And none of all who've nobly fought and bled, What time our armies fought at Donelson,
Have fairer, brighter record kept than he. And round Fort Henry wound in snake-like To-day that hero-gentleman lies dead coils,
· A Christian soldier lost to liberty! We owed to one man's never-ceasing toils Mid solemn bells and reverent guns, well may Much of the victories which there were won
the nation weep Long and with honor had he served the land, Above the honored dust of him who calmly lies At home, and more abroad-on sea and shore ; ! asleep.
• J. H. E. And when fierce war stretched out its bloody hand New York, June 27, 1863. He stood alert-eager to do yet more ;
-N. Y. Evening Post.
From The Reader. as if she had died in convulsions. The form POMPEII.
of the head-dress and the hair are quite disA CORRESPONDENT of The Times, writing tinct. On the bone of the little finger were from Pompeii, gives the following graphic two silver rings; and with this body were the picture of the horrors of that fearful 24th of remains of the purse above mentioned with August, seventeen hundred and forty-four the money and keys. The girl was found years ago, when a fearful eruption swallowed in an adjoining room, and the plaster mould up Herculaneum and Pompeii, the latter taken of the cavity clearly shows the tissue within sisteen years of its rebuilding: “There of her dress. By her side lay an elderly woare now boulevards around Pompeii, and a man, who had an iron ring on her little finger. road is being made for the carts which convey The last personage I shall describe was a tall, the rubbish in the direction of the amphithe- well-made man, lying full length. The plasatre. From the top of those boulevards the ter distinctly shows his form, the folds of his visitor has a view of the whole city, and can garment, his torn sandals, his beard and hair. form a tolerably correct idea of the interior I contemplated these human forms with an of the houses uncovered. Excavations are interest which defies expression. It is evinow going on on two eminences near the dent that all these unfortunates had made Temple of Isis, and the house called Abon-great efforts to escape destruction. The man donza. Our inspection was chiefly confined appears to have perished in a vain attempt to the former site, where, in a house situated to rescue the terrified women, who thought in a narrow street recently opened, we saw they could be nowhere 80 safe as in their own several bodies, or rather forms of bodies, home, and hoped that the fiery tempest would which now attract universal attention. The soon cease. From the money and keys found unfortunate inhabitants of this house fell, with the body of the first woman, she was not on the bare ground, but on heaps of probably the mistress of the house and the pumice stones, and were covered to a great mother of the girl. The slender bones of her depth by torrents of ashes and scoria, under arms and legs and the richness of her headwhich they have lain for nearly two thou- dress seem to indicate a woman of noble race. sand years. One day, inside a house, amid From the manner in which her hands were fallen roofs and ashes, the outline of a hu- clenched she evidently died in great pain. man body was perceived, and M. Fiorelli, The girl' does not appear to have suffered the chief of the works for excavation, soon much. From the appearance of the plaster ascertained that there was a hollow under mould it would seem that she fell from terror the surface. He accordingly made a sinall as she was running with her skirts pulled hole through its covering, and filled it up over head. The other woman, from the with liquid plaster of Paris, as if it were a largeness of her ear, which is well shown by mould. The result was that he obtained the plaster, and the iron ring on her finger, a complete plaster statue of a Roman lady of evidently belonged to a lower class, and was the first century of the Christian era. Close probably a servant of the family. The man by were found the remains of a man, another appears to have been struck by lightning, for woman, and a girl, with ninety-one pieces of his straitened limbs show no signs of a deathsilver money; four ear-rings and a finger-ring, struggle. It is impossible to imagine a more all gold ; two iron keys, and evident remains affecting scene than the one suggested by of a linen bag or purse. The whole of those these silent figures; nor have I ever heard of bodies have been carefully moulded in plaster. a drama so heart-rending as the story of this The first body discovered was a woman lying family of the last days of Pompeii.” on her right side, with her limbs contracted,
From The Spectator, 27 June. practical independence. Till Gaeta fell we RECOGNITION AND MEDIATION AGAIN. did not recognize the Neapolitan revolution ;
The friends of the South, as we fear we till many years after Spain had ceased to inmust call them, rather than the friends of vade Buenos Ayres we did not recognize that peace, Mr. Roebuck and Mr. Lindsay, have or the other Spanish republics. Peaceful prudently provided themselves with two recognition of revolted States, as has been strings to their bow. Mr. Roebuck's motion fifty times proved, implies practical indepenfor a recognition of the South is to be dis- dence, the practical cessation of all serious cussed in the House of Commons on Tuesday effort on the part of the Government against next, and lest that should fail, as it will do, which they revolted to subdue them. Now, they have sagaciously endeavored to win over of course, to talk of recognition in this sense to their view that shrewd imperial politician is simply absurd. No one doubts that the on the other side of the Channel, with whom, armies of the North are at present both relaas Lord Palmerston tells us, his Government tively more important and more painfully is in such profound accord on all weighty and effective on Southern soil than they have ever difficult political questions, " whether in the yet been. The South is more exhausted, the far East or the far West," and who has al- North is less unsuccessful, and much more ready shown so much political magnanimity progressive than at any previous period of the in forgiving Mr. Roebuck an invective as fool- war. It would be about as foolish to recogish, as violent, and more personal against nize the South now, on the plea that effectual himself than that which he is now launching Northern invasion has ceased, as it would be at the heads of the North American Admin- to recognize Poland's independence on the istration. The first of these steps, which plea that effectual Russian invasion has ceased. contemplates simple recognition, is, we need No one would probably advocate such a step scarcely say, quite inconsistent with the sec- as that. The second use of recognition ond, which offers mediation. We do not has been the use of it as a weapon for politigive any power a violent blow in the face as cal purposes, practically equivalent to an a preliminary to offering our services. Lord adoption of the side of the weaker party for Palmerston would have been thought insane reasons so important as to justify subsequent to recognize the independence of Poland first, intervention, should it be needed,-as in the and present his diplomatic suggestions to case of the recognition of Greece. This is Russia afterwards. This, no doubt, the Em- we suppose, if he is politically sane, the peror of the French sees clearly enough, though ground on which Mr. Roebuck will press recthe self-elected English advocates of the South-ognition. He will speak of the outpouring ern cause, who have been taking sweet coun- of blood, of the disturbance of commerce, of sel with him, appear to forget it. Of Mr. the ruin of a manufacture, and argue that Roebuck's two irons in the political fire he something must be done to aid the weaker can only use one; and we suspect that his party in order to arrest a war of exterminamotion for recognition is no more than a feint tion. But all that he can urge on this head to elicit a parliamentary discussion which is so far more pertinent to the French plan may encourage the ministers to follow their of mediation, that we do not see what he can great ally in the political use of the other. say in favor of the abrupter, the more disMediation might deserve at least the name of courteous, and therefore, necessarily the more an expedient to smooth away the troubles of desperate course. If he prefers war to a meAmerica. Recognition is only a singularly diation for peace, of course he would launch well-contrived expedient to aggravate them. his bolt at the North, as the more likely to
This is 80 certain that we need scarcely re- cause it. How would Russia reply to a reccall to our readers the well-worn reasons ognition of the independence of Poland ? which substantiate this view of the case. We Surely, with a declaration of war, unless she have recognized revolted States in two distinct saw reason to despise the futility of the measclasses of cases,-first, and in accordance with ure, and apprehended no attempt at forcible international principles, when the effort to intervention. Mr. Roebuck must advocate subdue them was no more than nominal, - recognition in preference to mediation, if he when no armies threatened, and no practical does advocate it, expressly as a war measure, menace endangered the assertion of their and as no one will go with him in that wise course, we may pass at once to the consider- precedent for the American, let us just reation of the wiser French policy of pressing member what would be the laughter of Euon the North to accept their mediation with rope if we seriously demanded of the North the South,-a step which, as it is based on to proclaim to the South, on condition of subno pre-judgment of the rights of the question, mission (1), an Amnesty; (2), Representais not, at least, like the other, self-condemned. tive Institutions ; (3), the employment of
And now, as to the policy of mediation. It none but Southerners in the government of is not only not necessarily mischievous, but the South; (4), Liberty of Conscience; (5), at certain conjunctures, and if really offered the enactment of a legal recruiting law. in a manner courteous and friendly to the Would not the South reply that not only this, North, might possibly be beneficial. We do but far more than this, they had always posnot think the time is yet arrived when it sessed ; and that what they revolted to ob could be so. But in the event of the North tain was not privileges of this kind, but the recovering completely the line of the Missis- five points of unlimited right to oppress their sippi, and not gaining any fresh advantage in own slaves, and of propogating that system Virginia, we do conceive it possible that a of oppression to all the four points of the friendly offer from France and England to compass ? A more unfortunate notion than mediate on a basis that would give hopes of to quote the precedent of intervention in Popeace without any hope of unlimited exten- land as warranting an intervention in Amersion to the slave power, might possibly be ac- ica probably never yet occurred to a literary ceptable, and could not in any case prove in- advocate writing at high pressure. jurious. But this is assuredly not the spirit In truth, the only conceivable ground for or the wish of friends of mediation in this mediation is to arrest the prosecution of a country. The Times does not hesitate to contest, in the abstract perfectly justifiable on quote the case of Poland as one exactly par- the part of the North, but almost hopeless, allel to the case of the Southern States, and and if hopeless, then and therefore only, practo argue that the treaty intervention of the tically unjustifiable. But no mediation of Three Powers to demand the fulfilment by this kind either can answer or ought to anRussia of a violated diplomatic engagement, swer unless based on this ground, and this on behalf of men struggling for their free- alone, and unless contemplating the great dom, is a precedent for intervening to enforce State policy which renders it not only necesthe right to break a solemn obligation on be- sary for the North, but expedient for the half of men struggling for a wider area of whole world to arrest with a stroug hand the slavery. A more unfortunate precedent for development of the new slave power for the mediation than the mediation in Poland- foundation of which the South is fighting. itself unwise enough, unless the powers have If we could go to the North and express our made up their mind to declare war in case of strong sense that the war was in its purpose refusal-could scarcely be imagined. The and commencement absolutely just, that it technical ground of that intervention is a contemplates an end not only politically deEuropean treaty conferring on Russian Sov- fensible on the part of the Federal Governereigns the crown of Poland. Have we any ment, but morally identified with the interBuch technical ground for intervention in ests of the whole earth, but nevertheless America ? The moral ground for some inter-pointed out that, looking to the actual power vention-we will not say for Lord Palmer- and insane ambition of the South, and to the ston's-in Poland is, that a great nation far passions which had been roused by the conmore fit for freedom than the power which Aict, their actual subjugation seems at once governs it is manacled together in cruel servi- hopeless and scarcely consistent, even if actude with another people in a much lower complished, with any restoration to them of stage of political development, and has been their civil liberties for a generation to come, deprived of all the rights of free speech, -further, that a great part of the aim of the honest tribunals, and native administration, war might be effectually gained by a peace as well as oppressed with a conscription law which should narrowly limit the area of the which English statesmen have called a pro- slave power,-then we do think it possible scription law. To test this great discovery of that mediation might prove beneficial. But the Times, that the Polish intervention is alto mediate in Mr. Roebuck's or Mr. Lindsay's sense, in order to obtain a virtual tri-| giance, a new war, a new prohibition of umph for the South, to encourage France to debate, a new device of some kind which threaten forcible aid to the South if the Fed- would make them realize once more that eral Government should not accede to her they were sheltered by a strong hand. Just proposals, and to involve ourselves in a cer- as their counsels were sternest came the tain, though it might be, reluctant war with news of the fall of Peubla, news which asthe Federal Government, which would have sured them that, repress as they would, the same effect,--this would be a proceeding the danger of discontent in the army was to which we might, perhaps, find a very in- for the present over. The power for a heavy adequate precedent in the intervention of blow came sharply after the provocation to Russia in Hungary, in 1849, but to the spirit strike, and half the born kings of Europe of which our present interference with the would have yielded to the temptation. The affairs of Poland, unwise though it may be, Orleanists expected with annoyance that all is diametrically antagonistic.
their sacrifices in taking the oath might have been made in vain ; the Republicans antici
pated with amazed hope some blunder which From The Spectator, 27 June. I should wound the amour propre of France. NAPOLEON'S LAST COUP D'ETAT. Fortunately for Louis Napoleon he has lived FRANCE is one step nearer to constitutional many lives, and in the midst of the riot the government. The doctrine of ministerial re- emperor, whom any man seems to rule while sponsibility is not admitted by the empire, he is silent, and no man can change when he but a defeat on the hustings has sufficed to bas spoken, suddenly opened his mind. The drive a ministry from their seats. Of the reproof of Paris was to be met by concession, many acts by which Louis Napoleon has es- and not by new coups d'état; the ministry tablished his claim to a place in the front must resign, and the Government must be rank of statesmen, few have been wiser or defended in the Legislature by cabinet minbetter timed than the decree issued 24th June. isters instead of ministers' clerks. In other That decree is not one of the sensation kind, words, the ministry, in whom France has has not effected rentes, or disturbed Europe, lost confidence, was dismissed ; the Legislaor given any party or nation cause for imme- ture which she had strengthened received a diate hope or alarm, but the circumstances new mark of respect; and the despotism under which it was issued make it still a against which she had protested was modified coup d'état. The elections were but just by a new constitutional right. over, and the cities of France, without an ex- The protest of Paris is met upon every ception, had pronounced against the existing point by concession, and though in each case régime. Paris especially, which claims to be the emperor yields as little as possible, still France, and which is really its brain, had it is much that he yields at all. If a minoremphatically declared her weariness alike of ity of thirty-five suffices to change the personM. de Persigny and of a system which offered nel of a ministry, may not a majority one day her order instead of excitement, high rents change the party from which it is selected ? instead of great thoughts, new streets and If the rebuke of Paris has abolished the minsquares and fountains instead of vivid intel- isters without portfolio, may not the rebuke lectual life. The entourage of the Tuileries of France abolish ministers without responwas wild with chagrin and disappointment. sibility? If a small opposition is entitled to The minister of the interior a man who for explanations from ministers instead of clerks, twenty years had been the emperor's trusted may not a large one be held worthy to confriend—was said to have recommended that trol those ministers' action? The concession, the elections should be annulled, and cer- however small, looks like obedience to the tainly did attack Paris in language her citi- popular vote, and if a vote is to be obeyed, zens will not forget. The swarm of little instead of being met with grapeshot, the desmen who cling to the imperial throne like tiny of France has once more passed from the barnacles to a keel, and by whom the em- hands of the emperor into her own. That is peror usually chooses to seem to be swayed, the main significance of the change, though were all clamoring for further repression,- in itself it is not so contemptible as French for a new coup d'état, & new oath of alle-Liberals may believe. The importance of the