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times it is a Frenchman, who from the streets of vials, and nameless articles employed in tries to strike up a friendship with a native ladies' toilet, but they are not worth talking woman, seated at her small window ; and about. But now to introduce you to the there are also men singing, in the hope of mistress of the house. touching the heart of their beloved, and the M. Feydeau confesses, with a sigh of rebeloved often replies from the other side of gret, that though he can remember an infinithe wall, without showing herself. The ef- tude of oorish women, very fe of them fect of these duets is rather graceful ; here is were pretty, say two or three in fifty. The one which our author overheard sung by two one he selects for a type, however, is young, lovers who could not see each other : and may pass for agreeable. Seated, in her

".. Deprived of my reason,' the Arab said gala costume, with legs crossed like a fakir, in the street, despised in the towns where her naked foot resting on her knee, and hold I wander, tortured by the pains of love.' ing the guitar under her arm, she torments

“I live in despair, the Moorish girl took the cords of the instrument with a reed. It up the strain inside her house— I live in is almost needless to tell you that her arms despair at not having two hearts ; one would are the color of oranges, that her toe-nails serve for my private existence, the other would be surrendered to the torments of love.' satin gold-Powered trousers spread out on the

blackened with henna, and that her white “ The Arab continued immediately –

"But, alas! I have only one, which love divan around her, and, fastened at the knee, has seized on, so that I can neither hope for fall back to the middle of the leg. Her transa peaceful existence nor a speedy death.' parent chemisette covers her bust without

19. And I am,' the girl replied, • like the concealing it, and falls below her hips, with. bird which a boy holds in his hands and which two long bands of crimson silk. A yellow he causes to feel the agonies of death while ribbon is fastened around her neck, with a playing with it.""

necklace of eight rows of fine pearls; a blue, Let us enter one of these native houses. gold-striped handkerchief is fastened across In the first place, the reader must not expect her forehead, its long fringe hanging down to find here—or, indeed, anywhere in Algiers to the middle of her back. The delicate skin -sumptuous and noble furniture. That of of her face, which has never been assailed by the principal room, in which strangers are the sunbeams, is pink on her cheek-bones, received, consists of three mattresses, spread and' derives a marvellous lustre from a patch on the ground, and forming three sides of a on the temple or chin. Lastly, she has red rectangle. Very common carpets are laid on lips, very white teeth, black eyes overshadthe mattresses ; and in the centre of the rec- owed by heavy lashes, and painted eyebrows; tangle, a large pewter salver supports a cup- and there is something timid and resigned ful of pomegranate seeds, or a large nosegay. about her whole face, which resembles the There is only one very small window, and expression of a wild beast caught in a trap. the little light in the room reaches it through We must not omit one charming detáil of her the

open door. This room, however, like the costume. A garland of jessamine flowers, whole house indeed, is exquisitely clean, be- threaded like the beads of a rosary, describes ing carefully whitewashed, and the floor com- an elegant spiral round her head, half conposed of colored tiles. At one of the ends cealing a diadem of diamonds, and falling on of the room, a white muslin curtain with a either side down her cheek. She also wears fringe of gold, half raised, enables you to a broad, loose girdle of silk, embroidered with catch a glimpse of an iron bedstead, such as gold thread, round her waist. Moorish women are usual in colleges and hospitals. At the adore the marriage of fine clothes, flowers, other end is a clumsy chest of drawers, by and jewelry. They never wear mosaic, and the side of a gaily painted Turkish trunk. from their leg-rings up to their ear-rings, The rest of the furniture hangs rather hap- everything that glistens about them is made hazard along the walls, and consists of a set of good, fine gold. of painted shelves, on which amber, necklaces, The native races of Algiers are divided into and handkerchiefs, are hung, a mirror with a two classes, the hadars, or citizens, consticarved frame, a big-bellied guitar, and straw tuting the fixed population ; and the berranis, fly-disturbers, in the shape of small flags. or foreigners, composed of artisans and traThere is also here and there on shelves a pile ders, temporarily dwelling in the city. At

the time of the conquest the berranis formed the necessary element for renovation. At the a certain number of corporations, managəd time of the French conquest, the Moors formed by the amins, or syndics. The French, how- the largest part of the Algerian population, ever, speedily altered all this, and every ber- but at the present day they are not more nurani coming to Algiers to carry on his calling merous than the Jews. They have disapis obliged to go before the representative of peared; some have gone away to seek a govthe administration. He receives a ticket, ernment less offensive than the French for bearing the name of his corporation, and a their habits and religion, while others have book, in which his name, origin, and descrip- died of privation and misery. Those who tion are entered. The different masters who remain, after pledging their most valuable employ him record their remarks in this articles, at times select a trade the easiest book, and when he wishes to leave the town, possible. On the other hand, they have their he must change his book for a permit to de- good qualities; respect for the aged, absolute part. Any disputes that arise between them submission to paternal authority, and resigare settled by the assembled council of the nation, are the virtues which they transmit amins, and M. Feydeau took a delight in from generation to generation. They have paying visits to the court, which was held in lost their sobriety, it is true, but they have a garden. The charges were very amusing. retained a host of traditions ; and this is At one moment it was a Biskri, who came to something, at a period when traditions are complain of a Moorish woman, whose furni- dying out to make way for hypocritical merture he had moved ; and the woman, thrust- cantilism. Lastly, they are most religious ing her hand, red with henna, from under her in the highest sense of the term ; never tryhaik, explained to the court, with a multi- ing to make proselytes, and contenting themtude of gestures, that the Biskri had injured selves with personal humiliation before the her furniture, and it was only fair that she Deity, who has rudely chastised them durshould stop the cost of repairing it out of the ing the last three centuries. Among them price agreed on. Another time it was a ne- expiation entirely absolves the crime. When gress accusing a Laghouati of spilling a jar a robber leaves the galleys, his whole family of oil over her melaïa. The Laghouati claimed go to meet him ; they lead him home, and his the value of his oil; the negress that of her friends assemble to greet him with songs and garment. Again, it was a negro whom a dances. They say of him, He has expiated ; Kabyle had beaten, or a Kabyle whom a ne- he is, therefore, absolved from his crime, and gro had smashed, and both demanded money no one thinks of alluding to it. Suicide does as a consolation for the blows they had re- not exist among the Moors after our fashion ; ceived. Or, again, it was a Jewish woman that is to say, when a man is crushed by misaccusing a M'zabite of stealing her rings, fortune, he does not seek relief from a pistol. which she had forgotten at the bath ; and the He flies to haschisch, and hence happy peoM'zabite, to prove that he had not stolen, ple never smoke it. Here is an affecting story displayed to the court his ten fingers bare of as told by our author :rings, with an ingenuous air.

"I wished to see one of these self-conPuerile enough the cases were, but they demned men, and that was not difficult in a enabled M. Feydeau to form a good notion town where there is no lack of unfortunates. of the home-life of Algiers, by which he has Mohammed was a clever barber, but for his profited. He has arrived at the conclusion sins he married a woman who ran off with a that the Moors, formerly so powerful, are at did not even attempt to discover where his

colonist, and died of fever at Aumale. He the present day a very little people of arti- wife had gone; he loved her, she had left his sans, scribes, and merchants. The younger house with another, and that was enough for become barbers, embroiderers, coffee-shop him. For some days he was seen wandering keepers, flower-sellers, servants, farriers, about the upper town like a ghost; he neglected cobblers, and fanmakers; the elder become his customers, and his shop remained closed. tobacco-sellers, bakers, buttonmakers, musi

At length, one morning he took his seat in a cians, or grocers. There is nothing manly

Moorish café close to the Cathedral Square, and

was seen to produce a small pipe of red clay. about these turban-bearers ; by the side of Everybody in the café knew the meaning of Arabs they appear bastardized, and are so, this pipe, and even the calvedji addressed a indeed, as they no longer have in their blood | few friendly remonstrances to Mohammed;

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but he did not listen to him. He filled his fuls of gold on her naked feet. Caids and
pipe calmly with a greyish substance, which Aghas thus ruined themselves at Algiers in
was powdered hempleaf, and then began smok- one night, for women whom their grooms
ing. This took place two years ago. Now he would not have looked at. At length, a
passes every day in the same café, and seated
at the same spot. Each customer that enters dance girl returning home one night was fol-
offers him a cup of coffee ; he takes it in his lowed by two Arabs, who quarrelled about
hand without saying a word, and drinks it her. Knives were drawn, and the next day
slowly. At night he goes up the Marabout one of the gallants was found ripped up in the
of Si-Mohammed-el-Cherif, and lies down, street. This put an end to public festivals.
still dressed, across the threshold ; but he another amusement greatly appreciated at
does not sleep-he has not done so for two
years. He lives on alms. Once a week he

native parties is ventriloquism. Formerly,
holds out his hand in the street to the first the most indecent and disgusting spectacle
Arab who passes ; the Arab gives him two of the Kara-gouz formed the delight of the
sous, with which Mohammed buys a loaf, and Moors, but it was suppressed by the French,
eats. For his dress he is satisfied with the —not for its indecency, be assured, but be-
old clothes the Moors offer him without his cause it was found a convenient medium for
asking for them. He does not perform his saying biting things against the invaders.
ablutions, nor go to the mosque ; he has for-
gotten everything. Thin, sunburnt, with an

Another peculiar custom, which we should ecstatic glance, trembling hands, and uplifted not regret personally to see introduced in this head, he really sees the world which men do country, is the “ Derdebah.” It happens, not know. He has the look of a blessed man, at times, that a respected native is short of and Paradise is resplendent on his face. His cash, and this is how he procures it. He countrymen regard him with curiosity, with sends round to all his friends to tell them he compassion, and some with envy. They treat will have the honor of receiving them at such him gently, as a lunatic, for they know that. his mind is no longer his own, that he is not

a spot on such a day. He then hires a large conscious of his actions, and that he is con

house, has it illuminated, and installs the demned to death. One day, a French dealer, nearest cahvedji in the kitchen. This is the exasperated by his serenity of face, suddenly way in which the Chaoush of the M'zabites cried to him · Mohammed, thy wife is dead!" obtained the sum he needed at a derdebah to Mohammed looked down at the cruel man, which the author was invited. A Turko and then began smiling again with delight, stepped into the centre of the ring, and imias if no earthly thing could now affect him. tated all the contortions of a dance girl, after The Frenchman did not understand the feeling, and lefi the café, saying, “Such a brute tying two handkerchiefs over his uniform. ought to be smothered.”»;

The audience rose in turn, and stuck five

franc pieces on his forehead, one of the Caids From M. Feydeau's description, we should going so far as to throw a handful of gold judge that the fêtes given by the Moors are over his feet. All this money was intended rather slow, as the only amusement consists to help the Chaoush out of his difficulties, of dancing girls. They perform the whole and we can only say that we would give our night through, restoring their energies with numerous friends a ball on the same condiglasses of rum and absinthe, until they fall tions. into corners, to sleep off their intoxication. The Jews constitute an important factor in Public fêtes of this description used formerly the aboriginal population of Algiers. As a to be given at Algiers, but the authorities rule, they are well to do, and have profited have now prohibited them, for the following greatly by the French conquest. They are valid reason : it was the fashion to stick small the same as they are everywhere, and are gold coins on the forehead of the dancing cqually willing to sell you an orange, or lend girls, while they pranced about, and those you any sum you want, on good security. who were well trained could contrive to go on By this prudent course they have managed to dancing with twenty or thirty coins between get into their hands all the best houses in the thc hair and the cyebrows. The Arabs who city, and nearly the whole of the Rue Napoattended the public fêtes began by producing léon belongs to them. Their wives heartily fivc-franc, then ten-franc, and lastly twenty- help them in making money, and many of franc picccs, and if the dancer were pretty, them lend out their diamonds by the night to and scvcral chicss fell in love with her bright Moorish ladies who wish to make a display. cycs simultaneously, they would throw hand-'Since the conquest, the Jews have given up

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their traditional costume, and now dress like jewelry, sheets bordered with embroidery, Europeans,--not because they have a liking and then, as if to form a sad contrast with for the tight garments, but they secure them these fine things, very common carpets,

shawls, Balmoral boots, gloves, and even a respect. The Moors detest them as much as

parasol ? The latter article made me turn ever; and an Agha, indignant at seeing our

away author shake a Jew's hand, said to him," And share my anger. He was very busy twisting

in horror, but my companion did not yet it was this people that killed thy God ! ” his moustache, and smiling agreeably at the Such a remark was certainly unanswerable. little bride. And truth compels me to allow The Jews, however, have learned to resist, that she blushed a little while taking a side and at the slightest insult offered them ap- well what she was thinking of, and what

glance at his handsome face. I know very peal to the authorities. As, too, they are considerably petted by the French officials (per- head. Her stumpy, vulgar husband, occu

comparison she must be making in her little haps for valid reasons), there is every reason pied in counting all the articles of the trousto believe that they will flourish in Algiers seau on his fingers, paid no attention to her.” like the green bay tree. One extract is suffi

The remaining population of Algiers is cient to characterize them :

made up of Arabs, negroes, and foreigners “I was walking down the Rue Staoueli who have come to make a fortune. Thus with a friend, a good-looking young staff nearly all the fishermen are Neapolitans or officer, when a sound of native music afflicted Maltese : the dealers in earthenware and fruit our ears, and we saw a crowd assembled be- are also Maltese, and most of the gardeners fore an open door. After inquiring the rea- are Mahon Spaniards. The latter, through son, we asked leave to enter, which was a spirit of national rancor, detest the Moors, granted most politely, and we were invited and the Moors are not at all fond of thera. to ascend to the first floor gallery. Here They generally live in the narrow lanes of were a dozen Jews walking about and smok- the lower town, near the port, and you may ing cigars, and children gorging themselves frequently see their daughters and wives with bonbons. But the real sight was not combing their long auburn hair in the doorhere, and we leant over the balcony to see it; ways. These people are fond of an open air it consisted of a large body of women assem- life, and maintain the customs of their counbled round the courtyard. They were in full try in Africa. M. Feydeau at nights heard dress, drawn up in three lines, and their the young men serenading their belles, but gowns of satin, velvet, and taffetas, embroi- prudently kept away, for he had heard that dered with gold, displayed the strangest they had sharp knives at the service of cavesand most violent colors. Nearly all wore droppers. Of course, like all sea ports in the pearl necklaces, and diamonds on their fore- Mediterranean, Algiers has its own Ratcliff head. But, alas! they also displayed big Highway; but we need not visit it, for it is feet, thrust into kid boots, and their hands the same all over the world. were covered with cabbage-green gloves. Op And here we will stop for the present, while posite the door two Moorish singers were awaiting another volume connected with the strumming their instruments, and near them colony, which M. Feydeau promises us. The the young and pretty bride was sitting mo- subject is an interesting one, for it has often tionless in an arm-chair, like a painted wooden been said that the French have no talent statue. I never saw a woman more covered for colonizing, and the case of Algeria has with jewelry, and I believe she had borrowed been appealed to in confirmation. This

, howfor the day all belonging to the members of ever, is scarcely fair. During the two-andher family. Her head disappeared under dia- thirty years the French have held the colony, dems of diamonds; she had a sort of tall cra- they have been fighting almost constantly, vat of fine pearls, triple drops in her cars, and it must not be forgotten that they have and enormous bracelets covered her arms up no race, like the Irish, to act as the pioneers to the elbow. In the centre of the yard of civilization. It is with great difficulty that was two parallel tables, one covered with pas- the Frenchman can be induced to expatriate try, preserves, bonbons, bottles of liqueurs, himself, and the reluctance is increased when and large bouquets of roses ; the other with he knows that he will have to fight without a the articles composing the bride's trousseau. chance of acquiring glory. And yet the A Jew raised each article in turn from the French, in spite of all these obstacles, have eftable, held it in the air above his head, so fected great things in Algeria ; and now that that all might see it, and then carefully the cotton question demands a final settledeposited it in a basket. And thus the ment, it is very probable that the Emperor most diverse objects defiled in succession past Napoleon will concentrate his energies on the us; rich fabrics of Morocco and Tunis, silver-colony, and render it the cotton emporium at framed mirrors, large plated salvers, lace and least for Francc.

From All The Year Round. middle of the night with the whole of it, UNDEVELOPED IMPRESSIONS. from the first note to the last, “ running in Beyond the region of positive ideas and our heads.” Persons have been known to emotions, there lies, in the minds of all per- remember facts in their sleep which they had sons who have any sensitiveness of perception, tried hard to recover when awake, but had a strange ghostly tract of unexplored country, never succeeded in doing. Coleridge comfull of shadowy suggestions of thoughts and posed a poem in his sleep, and Tartani a piece feelings, and lit by the faint spectral light of of music, which he conceived was far superior what may perchance be the Aurora of some to anything he had written or heard at other higher knowledge now on its way to us. De- times ; so that it would appear that the state based by charlatanism and absurdity as the so- of somnolency has sometimes a stimulating, called " spiritualism ” of the present day un- as well as a sedative, effect on the mental doubtedly is, some service may be done by powers. But this is not so astonishing and hinting to the thoughtless that there may be beyond explanation as the sudden and grapossible associations which give an appar- tuitous recollection of events which have long ently supernatural color to the ordinary trans- passed out of view, and which are in themactions of life.

selves too unimportant to have made any deep Has the reader never experienced the impression at the time of their occurrence. Is strange tricks which memory occasionally it that every experience in life, even the most plays with him? He is engaged on some frivolous, leaves an indelible print on the thing which utterly engrosses his mental mental organism, and that, although this powers. Perhaps it is a very serious subject print may seemingly fade out, it is still such as necessarily precludes any levity of there, like writing in invisible ink, and only ideas ; perhaps he is working, and thinking awaits some exciting cause to bring it out of nothing but his work; perhaps he is writ- clearly and legibly? But, if so, what is the ing, with a concentration of intellect. Sud- exciting cause, none being cognizable? What denly there bursts into the middle of his mysterious hand touches the spring that opens thoughts some recollection of an incident those forgotten doors ? that happened five-and-twenty or thirty years That every impression remains, seems cerago; a reminiscence of his childhood; a trivial tain, if we can depend on what is recorded circumstance, which was forgotten the day of the experiences of persons on the threshold after it happened, and which has never once of death. Those who have been recovered crossed his mind since. It may be said that from drowning or hanging say that, previous a connecting link exists between the subject to the advent of unconsciousness, they have occupying the mind at the time, and the rec- seen a species of panorama of their whole ollection which suddenly arises out of the previous existence, of which not the smallest long sealed-up vaults and catacombs of the incident, thought, or feeling has been lost ; past. But, if so, the link is of such ex- and it is thence inferred that all human bequisite fineness as to defy detection. No ings at the moment of dissolution experience analogy of the most distant or fantastic kind this awful resurrection of the dead past. can be traced between the two sets of ideas. Yet that the phenomenon does not invariably The unbidden recollection starts up with a attend the act of drowning, is manifest from sort of goblin wilfulness and inappropriate- the very interesting and detailed account left

It is wonderful that you should think us by Dr. Adam Clarke, in his Autobiograof the circumstance at all; still more won- phy, of his narrow escape from death in the derful that you should think of it at that river Ban, when a boy. He states that his particular moment. Yet there it is ; un- feeling was simply one of intense happiness accountably obtruding itself into the midst and placidity, combined with“ a general imof thoughts to which it bears no relation- pression of a green color, such as of fields or ship, or none which can be traced by mortal gardens,” and that his first and only pain wit.

was when he was taken out of the water, Analogous to this is that freak of the brain and his lungs were once more inflated with which probably all of us have experienced, atmospheric air. But he may not have when, after vainly endeavoring for a long reached the point at which the memory is while to recollect some tune, we wake in the preternaturally excited. It is not difficult


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