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From The Saturday Review. sufficient numbers to enable a careful observer HEIR HUNTING.

to watch their habits in every stage of their The sufferings which people who have any troubled existence. The change that comes thing that can be dunned out of them by im- over them in the course of it is both striking portunity are condemned to undergo at the and melancholy. The length of time during hands of those who are impudent enough to which any one of them has been the object dun them, have long been the subject of gen- for which some dowager has spread her toile eral commiseration. The system of Com- may in general be inferred from the extent of petitive Examination is believed to owe its timidity and caution he displays. On his first origin chiefly to the anxiety of statesmen to entrance into society, the elder son is cheerrid themselves of the intolerable throng of ful, conversable, and trustful in his manner. applicants who were gathered round them by He betrays no consciousness that his every the hopes of patronage. The Mendieity So-gesture is watched, or that every phrase that ciety owes its existence to the absolute neces. falls from him is carefully analyzed, to find sity of providing some protection against the whether a latent or embryo proposal can be swarm of beggars whom the merest rumor detected in its composition. He does not even will draw round any man who has had the know his enemies as yet. He will talk and weakness to be guilty of an act of benevo- | laugh with a dowager, and listen to her comlence. It is said that a distinguished phi- pliments, and accept her invitations, and will lanthropist, who has had the misfortune to speak of her to his friends as though she make his name famous by an act of singular were nothing else to him but a rather ugly munificence, has been fairly driven into a for- old woman, with a large development of skirt eign country by the levée of piteous cases and head-dress. But the great sign that an that has taken to assembling round his street clder son is still enjoying the bliss of youthful door. There are better-dressed beggars also, ignorance is the ease and composure with who do not beg less valiantly, though it is for which he practises the manly accomplishment other things. The great people who have the of flirting. He will plunge into a family of reputation of giving agreeable or splendid maiden daughters, if pheasants should lead parties are severe sufferers from the imper- him there, without a tinge of fear. He will sit turbable assurance with which those who are by a young lady at dinner, if chance should laboring up the lower rounds of the fashion- thrust him into such a position, and his appeable ladder petition for a card. But of all the tite will never be blunted by a thought upon sufferers of this kind, there is no set of people the dangers that surround him. Nay, he will so deserving of pity as elder sons. The men- devote himself to her all the evening, will dicants by whom they are beset are not of bank with her at the round game, and turn

the outcast class, who can be got rid of by an over her leaves at the pianoforte ; and at the . appeal to a police magistrate or a mendicity end of it all, he will hand a candle to her officer ; nor is the favor for which they are mother, without a suspicion that those maimportuned a very small matter. Turbaned ternal eyes are already glancing at him that dowagers, of awful presence and remorseless question about “ Intentions ” which in a few tongues, laden with unmarketable daughters, days will send him a scared and breatbless and with the word " Intentions" trembling fugitive from the hall-door. Very different on their lips, are the lazzaroni by whom their is the bearing of the elder son who has learnt footseps are dogged; and, like their Neapol- wisdom in the bitter school of experience. itan prototypes, these persecutors are always He no longer ventures willingly into danger. ready to turn to and abuse their victim if he After a score of hairbreadth escapes, like the refuses them the trilling dole of title and es- partridges in November, he is decidedly wild. tates for which they are asking.

He is mentally scarred all over with the Happily for themselves, the hunted ani- wounds he has received. Good-natured mals in question are comparatively rare. friends have confided to him more than once London ball-rooms and country-houses are that Lady So-and-So is saying all over Lonthe spots in which their persecutors generally don that “ he has behaved infamously ;” and find them ; but, like the Alpine chamois, ex- his manner shows that be is no longer insencessive hunting has made them scarce in their sible to the constructions which may be placed ancient haunts. They survive, however, in on the ordinary politenesses which are only practised with impunity by younger sons. (fast or luncheon table you may be quite sure Something of his former self still remains to there is a young lady at the other. him as long as only married women are in After a time, this phase, too, in the elder the room. He speaks and laughs at his case, son's career passes away. The dowagers sits down wherever inclined, and does not whose toils he has constantly eluded give him shrink even from a tête-à-tête. But the mo- up in despair at last. He is beyond the age ment the form of a marriageable female dark when he can be expected to believe in the ens the doorway, a cloud comes over him. If fracture of a young lady's peace of mind ; and he can, he flees from the open plain by the it is of no use asking for intentions when fire, and hides himself in distant corners or there are no intentions forthcoming. Nothbehind impregnable writing tables. If he ing remains of his many hazards and narrow cannot make bis escape to a place of security, deliverances, but a quarrel with two or three he throws himself upon the defensive by families to whom he is supposed to have bemaking hard love to the nearest married lady, haved infamously. He has not resumed, or by taking a sudden but absorbing interest however, the unsuspecting gaiety of youth. in the agricultural prospects of a country He has acquired a precautionary habit of neighbor. Sometimes hard fate forces hiin sheering off at the approach of a young lady, to sit through a whole meal next to the ob- to which he probably adheres. He has also ject of his terrors, and then it is very pretty contracted a practice of keeping his hands in to watch his coy and maidenly einbarrass- his pockets, which has attracted the observament. He is evidently puzzling himself the tion of the naturalists by whom the species whole time how to draw the narrow imper-has been studied. The reason is supposed by ceptible line which, in the case of elder sons, many to be analogous to that which induces separates rudences from love-making. He is the Persians who live in disturbed districts to calculating how many observations upon the cut their beards short, in order that their adweather it will be safe to make, and whether versarios may have nothing to take hold of. he can dare to desert that innocent subject of This explanation, however, requires to be criticism without exposing himself to the risk verified. It is needless to say that, in this of being supposed to have “ behaved in- advanced stage of elder-sonship, be does not famously" six months hence. His manner dream of marriage. To propose it to him becomes very like that of a witness who has would be like proposing amalgamation to been put forward to prove an alibi, and is Federals and Confederates, or to Poles and undergoing a severe cross-examination. At Russians. A long course of social hardships last, of course, he attains to a wonderful and privations has made such an idea abhordexterity in the use of a glacial politeness, rent to him. The results--at least those rein wbich nothing matrimonial can be scented sults which we can examine without lifting even by the keenest dowager nose. It is not up the veil of our decorous social system all elder sons, however, who attain to this -are curious enough, not only with respect conversational agility. Many are taken in to the elder sons, strictly so called, but wit'ı the process of learning how to elude their respect to all who are in any degree worth pursuers. In spite of all his care, many a being hunted down. Refined female society one finds himself at last undergoing that they will, as a rule, have, though they candreaded interview in which the dexterous not have it in the conversation of young dowager drives in her last harpoon, by telling ladies, the greater number of whom are him in a broken voice, from behind her brought up to look on them with a purely poeket-handkerchief, that she fears her dear commercial eye. The demand from such a daughter's peace of mind is gone forever. quarter is pretty sure to create a supply; and Conscious of their weakness, the elder sons as the young unmarried ladies are shut out seldom run too close to danger. They prefer by the mancouvres of their mothers, it must to flock together out of its reach. Just as a be furnished by those who have removed that sboal of herrings indicates the ncighborhood disqualification. Snake-charming is a perilof a dog-fish, and as the terror among the ous amusement except with snakes whose small birds betrays the presence of a hawk fangs are drawn. The arrangement is, no in the air above, so if you sec a number of doubt, a very pleasant one for the young inen. elder sons congregated at one end of a break- Married women are in themselves more practised, and, therefore, more agrecable talkers whom it exists. For the present the game than young ladies : and even if they were appears to go on merrily. Skating on thin ice not, a friendship which does not lead up to is a delightful amusement until the ice breaks a question about intentions is necessarily a -and, perhaps, for some time after. But if very much pleasanter and more comfortable the pastime should result in extensive scan. kind of intimacy than one that does. But it dal, no small share of the blame will belong is not to be expected that the prevalence of to the dowager-system, and especially to the such a state of things should be free from vigorous practitioners who have pushed it to consequences of a more serious kind upon the such a length in our day. morality and the repute of the classes among

THE NILE.—Deeper in human interest than old correspondents, the Brothers D’Abbadie. At the reported discovery of the source of the White length, the mystery is solved ; and the source of Nile, the geographical secret of many ages, by the Nile is found, by a couple of Englishmen, to Messrs. Speke and Grant, is the intelligence from be a lake about four degrees south of the EquaEgypt that Mr. Petherick is not dead, as late tor, very near the position which Dr. Beke, so news from that country represented him to be. long ago as 1846, assigned to it theoretically. He is alive and well, at Gondocoro. We now It is curious that the fact has been discovered know that all the gallant men whom we have not by following the waters of the river upwards sent out into the great African desert, to extend from its mouth, the natural course of discovery, the bounds of knowledge - Baker, Petherick, but by descending upon it from above.- AtheGrant, and Speke-have, so far, escaped the næum. fate which has followed so many of our noblest explorers in every part of the world-Franklin,

MESSRS. BACON AND Co. have published some Leichardt, Burke, and many others-over whose

interesting engravings of the Northern and graves we have had to write the glories of discovery. In gratitude for their safety, we can tell

Southern American statesmen and generals. Of the story of their trials, and reckon up the gains

course, the series contains General Washington, of science. Our conjecture, made on the 9th of

who, like the British king here, is an immortal May, that Mr. Baker must have fallen in with

institution in America, but whether as being a Messrs. Grant and Speke on the upper waters of

| Virginian he is to be considered Southern, or as the White Nile, and rendered them

being cager for the Union, Northern, we do not

important aid, turns out to have been correct.

know. The most striking head by far is that of

This adventurous traveller was the first European whom

the Confederate President Jefferson Davis, whose they met on their descent from the tropics; and

nd perfectly calm and commanding face expresses from him they obtained aid in money, stores, and

a more power of self-denial, more rest in its own boats. To him they communicated their discor

strength, though not a more clear-cut purpose ery that the Balr el Abiad, the main stream of

than even his public acts would enable us to exthe White Nile, has its source in the Victoria. pect. There is power of intrigue in it rather than Nyanza lake ; information which induced him to

the love of intrigue, but endless and unscruputurn his face in another direction, towards the

Olous ambition. General Jackson's face is disap

pointing; it is rather young, fat, and encumbered south-east, in search of another inland lake, which pou is supposed to feed a second branch of the White)

with padding in the lower part, and altogether Nile. He will be lost to us for a year ; though

gives the idea of a character that has not burnt the public need not doubt that he will, in due

itself clear, the fuel smothering the fire. Gentime, turn up again. Lower down the stream

eral Lee's is, probably, not a good likeness, as it they fell in with Consul Petherick and his gallant

is a comnion-form military face. Of the Northern wife. The news which Captains Speke and Grant

Generals' likenesses, General Hooker's has far bring to London will excite attention in every city

the most character and ability ; General Burnof the civilized globe. The source of the Nile was

side's forehead has run to seed, and General a puzzle in the time of Moses, and long before the

Scott's head looks simply thick. The head of time of Moses. The enigma is suggested on the

General Banks has power and honesty ; General

M'Clellan's is that of an earnest youth anxious most ancient monuments of Egypt ; it excited the curiosity of Rameses and Sesostris ; confounded

to learn.- Spectator. the wisdom of the Ptolemies ; won attention during the Roman occupation ; amused the leisure An artificial slate, for use in schools, etc., is of the Schoolmen ; tantalized the Portuguese spoken of as invented by a Mr. J. N. Pierce. AlJesuits in the sixteenth century; engaged the most any material may be coated with this slate, adventurous spirit of Bruce ; aroused the wonder, as with a wash, and then written or drawn on. and baffled the researches of Mohammed Ali; and The wash may be put on paper or linen, which defied the zeal, the ability, and endurance of our may be rolled up.

From The Reader. | French or English husbands; and the reply MISS POWER'S “ARABIAN DAYS AND to the question “ Do such matches answer?NIGHTS."

isArabian Days and Nights; or, Rays from the "Cela dépend : if the man wants a doll to

East. By Marguerite A. Power. (Samp-l play with ;'a child who can barely read or son Low & Co.)

write, and never does either if she can help FROM Lulu, the monkey-who ate the it; who talks nonsense in three or four langreater part of a composition-candle, a pot guages ; who is not without a talent for cookof pomatum, a quantity of tooth-powder, and ery, and who dotes u pon dress--for which she the remains of an unfinished dose of rhubarb,

has not a talent-he may get on well enough

with her. Unfortunately, in a very few years all without the slightest inconvenience-up

.P there comes to be so very much of her!" to the coarse, easy-going pasha who lets his favorites supply him with sham kid gloves at At Cairo Miss Power and her friends are £5 a dozen, and £700 mirrors at £10,000 asked to a Turkish wedding, that is, betrotheach, all Miss Power's characters are sketchel ment. The bridegroom is a boy of fourteen, with a firm clear hand that does great credit son of the late Selim Pacha Titurigi; and his to the artist. There the hot-headed little tutor gives him a week's holiday to get marhorses, dirty lazy fellabs, fat prize-pig-like ried in. The bride is sixteen, a woman in matrons, udder-guarded goats, sore-eyed chil-body though not in mind, and her chief duty dren, etc., etc., clearly struggle, crouch, seems to be to sit on a table and be looked at. squat, browse, and beg under the glorious The visitors are received by a set of ladies-Egyptian sun and sky, or in the mysterious of all colors, from black to fair, few young, hareem, as scene after scene passes before the and fewer still good-looking, a few handreader's eye, with unwearying interest to somely attired, others mere bundles of old him though he may have read dozens of books clothes—of whom one quietly takes off Mrs. of Eastern travel before. And yet, though Ross's pretty bracelet and asks her to make the picture glows with the warm light of that her a present of it. Pipes and chat go on Eastern sun, and the memories of those old from five till twilight, and then they are led Arabian Nights that rejoiced our youth, the into the presence of impression left by Miss Power's book is a sad |" what appeared to me at the first glance one. For, with the instinct of her race, she some glittering image or idol, seated in the has tried to get at the facts of the daily life corner of the room on a high triangular divan of the people among whom she sojourned ; of state, covered with crimson satin embroiand these facts provo not cheering ones, spe- dered in gold. This was the bride. Round cially those concerning the women, as well

tell her neck was a gorgeous necklace of pearls,

m emeralds, and diamonds, and, strange to say, Levantine and Turk as Arab. Leaving the

on her obin, and on either cheek, diamonds many other topics of interest in the book, we

were stuck in little clusters- I suppose with propose to extract an account of the feminine some paste or gum." inhabitants of the land. Introduced by her friend Mrs. Ross, who has settled at Alex

For an hour and a half the poor bride sits andria, our authoress goes to a fête at this

at this to be stared at, taking no notice of any one. town, where she sees the fat Levantine belles

Afterwards, leaving the bride, they adjourn and their fatter once-belle chaperones. One

to dinner ; a slave tears off strips from a Tur

dinner of the latter she sketches thus :

key's breast for them, and numerous nonde

script dishes are tasted. A determined-look" She can hardly be forty, and her smoothing dame takes possession of Miss Power's face yet bears traces of considerable comeli-ceketahrose

s of considerable comeli- locket-bracelet, and asks her for a lock of her ness. But the bright dark eyes are im- l hair to put in it and keep for a keepsake bedded, the nose is sunk, the smiling mouth is buried in swelling flesh ; of neck there is and no symptom; the head rests behind on a hump a message from Mr. Ross that it is time to of fat, in front on a proturberance like the go, and the ladies depart. Setting aside the crop of a router pigeon. ... Yet she does Turkish woman's fancy for their visitors' not seem to mind it; there she sits, smiling bracelets, Miss Power says :benignly, the picture of serene contentment.”

“ The manners of these women are preThese fatties have a special preference for cisely those of children ; children who lived



a life of perpetual idleness, who were for the women in the East, and the dread “indomost part considerably bored thereby, and lence, indifference, immutability fatalismwho were pleased and amused to get hold of those great curses that lie on the heads of all, anything in the way of novelty, and disposed and never, never will be shaken off”: --are to be kind and courteous to the strangers who

fully brought out in Miss Power's book, yet brought them a new sensation.”

the variety of beings and topics treated in it, Of course the blame for their present posi- and its admirable style, render it one of the tion is laid on their shoulders—as here, too, most interesting books we have seen for a long the weak are always blamed for the faults time. We have Cairo with “ the sense it of the strong; and

gives of a new phase of life, of totally new 66 Halim Pacha, brother to the Viceroy,

sensations, of vastness, of immutableness, of said to a friend of mine, . Some of our women

the past and present blended into one, of the complain that we care little for them individ-' thousand years as one day, the one day as ually, and ask why European husbands are a thousand years; '" Buckle, the most brilcontent with one wife, to whom they can be liant, inexhaustible, and versatile of talkers ; fond and faithful. But how is it possible whirling dervishes in their maddened rockfor us to attach ourselves seriously to one of ling: the English travelling-snobs, Brown and our women? They have nothing to win respect and regard ; they know nothing, they

Browness; the hero Outram; the Italian do nothing, they understand nothing, they

assassins in Alexandria ; Turkish dealers; think of nothing; they are mere children, flame-winged flamingoes; gorgeous pointutterly foolish, ignorant, and uncompanion setias ; trees of roses; convolvuli vast in size, able; we cannot love them in your sense of divine in color ; camels, dromedaries, lions, the word.' True, O Pasha ! but whose fault Jews, and giraffes ; a princess always smokis it?"

| ing; her adopted daughter in a pink satin Of the Arab women our authoress sees only tunic and a cage; the Prince of Wales ; the outward wave: they are only fellah-ahs, I lovely-eyed Maltese girls, etc., etc., etc.; and, fellaba' or working men's wives, and « about at last, the hurry of Paris, and the cold, as ugly a set of women, looking only at their plashy streets of London. Certainly our fogs faces, as I was ever among." But their gen- and mud are not a pleasant change from a eral bearing is highly graceful, their make scene like this :slender, and they are seen to perfection when - The brilliancy and clearness of the at. carrying their large water-pots, or goullas, on mosphere are beyond all description, partictheir heads. They seem, however, to be ularly of an evening, just before the brief greatly in want of that famous tract of the twilight veils the world. Often as we reLadies' Sanitary Association, “ How to Man- turned from our drive, about half-past fivexor age Baby,” for “ the children are generally six o'clock, I used to gaze in rapture on the very ugly and dirty, with lean limbs and sigbt presented to us. Unspeakably clear great stomachs, and they seldom escape oph-ridges, dark against a " daffodil sky.' varying

and distinct lies the outline of the low sand thalmia, which not unfrequently causes the into rose, blue, and pale lilac ; black, and loss of at least one cye. You may often see still, and sharp, as though out in metal, stand them wrapped in a few rags lying on the wet up the bare stems and plumed summits of the ground outside the mud hut, while the woman palms on a background of burning gold, like is engaged in washing, cooking, or winnow- the heads of saints in the old Byzantine p... ing beans or barley, all of which operations tures; and presently, out of the dark blue

above, grows into brilliance a glittering cresshe performs squatted on the earth. She

She cent, with one large diamond of a star. All never either site or stands at any employ- the East is in that picture (p. 86). F. ment." But though the sad condition of

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