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From The Saturday Review. we can say is, that the gypsies are hardly DARKNESS IN HIGH PLACES. dealt with. They are not Christians; they The Bishop of London is now making a do not pretend to be able to calculate an fervid appeal to the wealth and intelligence eclipse ; they do not write books or sign themof the country in behalf of the ignorance and selves Zadkiel-Tao-Sze; they do not attend spiritual destitution of what are called the dinners and soirées, or consort with carls, masses of London. The bishop, of course, viscountesses, and bishops ; but, if it comes to uses sombre tints when he describes the irre- a matter of honesty, they are quite as much ligion and crime and foul ignorance, which entitled to the defence urged by the chief are sweltering in the lanes and alleys and justice in behalf of unconscious impostors as suburbs of the capital; and he proposes to is Lieutenant Morrison. They take sixpences raise a million of money and to send an army for expounding the mystic lines of life; the of missionaries bearing the lamps of truth and learned lieutenant receives pounds for anknowledge into the murky corners of the me- nouncing the aspects of the stars, together tropolis. This great work must, however, with the untold profits of a work, the inbe supplemented and expanded. A recent creased circulation of which in a single year trial in the Queen's Bench shows that mis- / is reckoned at eleven thousand, the whole cirsions to high life are quite as much needed culation being fifty-five thousand. No gallant as missions to the slums. The case of Mor- admiral may say that the gallant lieutenant rison v. Belcher seems to display the exist- has ever been guilty of imposture, at least of ence among fashionable and educated people wilful imposture for the purposes of profit; of an amount of credulity and superstition but any police constable may arrest, and any which we thought was confined to servant- magistrate may convict to fine and imprisonmaids and village crones. Occasionally, a ment, the poor Pagan under the hedge whose gypsy fortune-teller is sent to the house of belief in necromancy and stellar influences correction as a vulgar rogue and vagabond has descended to her through the traditions for only a moderate use of palmistry; and of two thousand years. We trust that the though the sordid Egyptian may be suspected day is not distant when the great principle of a desire to appropriate the spoons, she is of immunity from censure and criticism laid imprisoned merely for appropriating the hand-down in Campbell v. Spottiswoode will be apmaiden's loose silver. But a professor of the plied to the case of every thief and rogue art of Horary Astrology, if he calls himself and vagabond, whom society has hitherto Lieutenant Morrison, R.N., author of “ The called by these apparently appropriate, but Solar System as it is,” by virtue of his sci- in law most libellous, names. ence and philosophy becomes a companion of This is a matter of serious interest to sopeers, peeresses, bishops, archdeacons, and ciety. The essence of the alleged libel was leaders of fashionable society, and is taken Sir Edward Belcher's specific charge that under the protection of the law. The Chief Lieutenant Morrison had exhibited a certain Justice of England lays it down that Lieu- crystal ball in public for money, and that, in tenant Morrison is not to be denounced as a so exhibiting it, and in accrediting certain wilful impostor. It may be proved by his wonderful visions said to have been seen in own evidence that Lieutenant Morrison - an- the crystal ball, Lieutenant Morrison was swered questions as to nativities, and received guilty of a wilful imposture for purposes of money from the wealthy, that he gave advice gain. As to the matter of fact, it was shown to those who were uneasy in their minds, that no money was taken at the séances of the when the mind is truly anxious on any sub- Magic Crystal ; and as to the allegation of ject,' and that the aspects of the stars would conscious imposture, the chief justice, as on be taught at £1 a head.” But though all another occasion, ruled that no writer or this may be essentially imposture, the man speaker had a right to attribute motives, or who profits by it is not to be called an impos- could be justified, under any pretext of pubtor, at least not a fraudulent impostor ; for, lic duty, in attempting to read the human as Lord Chief Justice Cockburn remarks, heart. Morrison, like Maohmet, or Joe Smith, with admirable subtlety, " it is one thing to or Cagliostro, might be an unconscious imbe an impostor, and another thing to be a postor ; and though he might be living by the fraudulent impostor.” All, therefore, that black art, and selling his knowledge of the

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stars every day of the week, yet, as he did | ing with farmers and old folk, and the 13th not take money for showing the crystal for planting and building--moreover, if he (though he did for ruling the planets), he can allege, in the case of his 1862 prophecy was entitled to damages. It is curious enough (we mean prediction) for the August of that that both in this case and in Campbell v. year, " there would be great destruction to Spottiswoode, the libellous word should be fish,” that this was exactly fulfilled, because the same.

It had better be expunged from the seal fishery had failed in Newfoundland" the dictionary, as it certainly will be from all then such a man, in publishing such trash, newspapers. Henceforth there is no such is not guilty of the least intention to deceive, thing as an “impostor.” Imposture may but must be assumed fully and candidly to survive and flourish and enjoy its income ; believe in his own predictions, and to publish but impostors are impossible. The accidents them only for the benefit of mankind, and in still live and make fortunes—the substance is the interests of humanity and science. This annihilated. Abstract imposture may cozen, is what we must say according to law. This lie, cheat, and deceive-it may do all that the is the result to which social interests and the concrete impostor has hitherto been supposed necessity for restraining malicious comment to do. But the concrete is not. The sub-have brought what is oddly called the liberty jective lives and moves, and goes into soci- of the press, and the duty of public instructors. ety, eats and drinks, writes books, keeps a No doubt there is much to justify this state brougham and a gig, takes fees, reads the of the law. Society does not want astrolostars, and gets into a witness-book ; but the gers and wizards to be put down, because soobjective is impossible. It is the old story ciety believes in astrology and witchcraft. of Crambe's abstract Lord Mayor. Sir Ed- The copies sold of Moore's Almanac are six ward Belcher has got to pay his own costs, hundred thousand; those of Partridge, two and twenty shillings to boot, for an undoubted hundred and ninety thousand; of Zadkiel, misstatement of facts, that Zadkiel Morrison fifty-six thousand, and of other prophetic anexhibited his ball for hire ; but Zadkiel Mor- nuals fifty thousand, making in all close upon rison will get swinging damages against any one million of astrological almanacs sold in body who presumes to impute motives and to this country alone. These numbers imply say that he writes his Almanac for purposes perhaps eight millions of readers, of whom it of profit, knowing all the time that the pub- is charitable to suppose that only one in eight lication, now in its thirty-third yearly edi- puts any confidence in the soothsayers. But, tion, is, and has been from first to last, a tis- without much doubt there are a million of sue of absurdities and profanities.

English people who have some sort of confiThe conclusion is not unimportant. If a dence in Zadkiel, and the like of him. And man but believes, or says that he believes, certainly there is ample encouragement to that at some time last year (say in October, them in the countenance afforded to Zadkiel when Zadkiel is published) he was able to by the many great and wise and learned of predict, by reading the stars, that in this the land, who at least feel curious as to the month just past, of June, 1863, “ there will revelations found by the adepts in the crystal be warlike doings against France on the sphere. If Earl Wilton and the Bishop of 19th, that the Emperor of Austria at the Lichfield, the Master of the Temple, and Lady same time will have a grievous loss, which Harry Vane, amongst a multitude of other may be the decease of his wife, and that idle and fashionable folks, can spend an imSaturn, stationary on the 2d, within the mid- proving evening of " scientific amusement," heaven of the natal figure of the Prince of in asking, or listening to others asking, quesPrussia, afflicts him and injures his credit” tions of Judas Iscariot, Eve, Titania, Sir John

-moreover, that in the same month, the 2d, Franklin, and St. Luke, talking out of a glass 6th, 15th, 20th, and 25th days, are lucky ball, or appearing on it with labels in their days for trading, the 9th, 14th, 20th, 25th, mouths, all written in English, Turkish, Heand 29th, for wooing, and hiring female ser- brew, and Latin, then the million purchasers vants, the 5th, 10th, 21st, and 26th, for ask- of prophetic almanacs have a solid justificaing favors, the 6th, 15th, 20th, and 25th for tion of their credulity. No doubt the temptadealing with lawyers, printers, and booksel- tion to have a glance into the unseen was lers, the 4th, 13th, 18th, and 28th for deal- great. If the consecrated crystal displays

such visions as that of Judas Iscariot, who, emonies with which peasants worship the old like Le Sage's devil, was only too happy to Baal are venial cunu pared with the attention, get back to hell, finding earth and the master if not worship, which is paid by the intelof the crystal much hotter and more unpleas-lectual society of London to Zadkiel's crystal ant than the devil and his demesnes -or if or the séances of Home and Forster, Morrithe crystal is such a firm Protestant as to set- son’s almanac or Morrison's pills, judicial astle Mariolatrous Christendom by a single trology or the Spiritual Magazine. twinkle, and so skilled in Scriptural exegesis as to decide the question of St. Luke's knowledge of the English language, the dialect

From the Reader. talked in Paradise, and the scenery of all the

A WINTER'S CRUISE ON THE NILE. New Testament miracles--we can quite un- Four Months in a Dahabëéh; or, Narrative derstand the Episcopal and clerical interest of a Winter's Cruise on the Nile. By M. displayed in this portable expositor, and the L. M. Carey. (L. Booth.) apparent blasphemy of the proceeding may It was on Saturday, the 17th of Novembe pardoned for its convenience. Such a con-ber, 1860, when a boat, displaying in its densed Summa Theologica deserves to be pop-distinguishing flag the figure of a crocodile, ular with the clergy. A Urim and Thum- might be seen leaving the busy port of Cairo, mim so ready and so infallible would certainly and slowly making her way against the excuse even bishops for consulting the oracle, stream. The boat, known on the Nile by the which was at once orthodox and gratuitous in generic name of a dahabëéh, was one of the its answers. To be sure, bishops and arch- largest of its class — measuring ninety-seven deacons might have been expected to have feet in length, from bow to stern, and fourheard of Dr. Dee, and Kelley and Lilly, the teen feet in width. It was one of those Sidrophel of Butler ; and they might have built specially for carrying excursionists up known that Dee's showstone, which Lieuten- the Nile, being provided with a saloon of ant Morrison thinks that he purchased out twelve feet, with divans on either side and of Lady Blessington's effects, is not a crystal large drawers, with locks and keys, under sphere, but a piece of polished coal, and is them, two looking-glasses, four book-shelves, said to be now in the British Museum, and and a table in the middle, at which six pertherefore not in Zadkiel's hands at all; and sons might dine under difficulties. There they might have heard that necromancy and were, besides, four sleeping-cabins; and a auguries and soothsaying are forbidden, not stern-cabin, twelve feet in length, for dressalone by common sense and common feeling, ing. Plenty of windows all round — probut especially by religion. But probably the vided with curtains, shutters, and venetians clergy who were present at these exhibitions - insured the necessary ventilation and light, could

or admitted the mosquitoes, the flies, and “ Prove the sai have freedom the dust. Over all this was the 66 quarterTo go to sorcerers when they need 'em ; deck," with divans on either side, a table, a and that

chair or two, and an awning to be spread in “ The godly may allege

calm weather. At the further end of the For anything their privilege, boat might you observe a large filter for puAnd to the devil himself may go,

rifying the pea-soup-like Nile water for If they have notions thereunto.”

drinking, and the cook-boy's primitive Anyhow, the dupes who believe in Zadkiel kitchen-apparatus for the crew. Beyond, are not more culpable than the fools who in the bow, was “ the kitchen” for the excountenance him by their presence at his ex- cursion party. The large mast and lateen hibitions. The curious thing to consider is, yard was fixed towards the bow of the boatthat this little revelation and the roaring the smaller one in the stern. Twelve oars trade which “ mediums ” drive in England were provided for rowing, and a number of and America show that an age of reason and long poles for pushing off from the sandknowledge is also an age of abject credulity and banks. The whole dahaböéh - to give a stupid superstition. It is said that, in the little local coloring, we had better keep to wild West of Ireland and in Brittany, Pa- that name - the oars, and the small rowganism and its rites still linger; but the cer- | boat were gaily painted in green, red, and

1059

THIRD SERIES.

LIVING AGE.

ance.

- we seem

white; and, with the flags flying aloft, the to hear once more tidings from all their old whole presented altogether a pretty appear- friends and favorite haunts. The panorama

unfolded is so grand and picturesque that it The “ Cairo,” for such was the name of bears repeated inspection. The moment Althe boat on this occasion - on a former it exandria heaves in sight - with its busy had been the “Fairy Queen,” famous in shipping, Pompey's pillar, and innumerable Nilotic waters for herds of rats— has twenty- windmills, seeming to crawl like so many five souls on board : four passengers, a drago- huge spiders over the sand-hills – man and waiter, a reis or captain, steers- to dream a delightful dream, to breathe the man, fourteen men as crew, a cook and a air of the “ Arabian Nights' Entertaincook-boy. The passengers were English, ments.” The noisy donkey-boys, the waterand the cldest a gentleman of " seventy- carriers, the long strings of camels with the five years

of age; he is crippled and para- dust of the desert upon them, the strange lyzed, but still hale and hearty,” and “is houses, and forests of date-palms waving unable to move without crutches, or a stick their graceful foliage in the air — all are on one side and the arm of his faithful ser- features never to be forgotten. Then there vant Thomas on the other.” He is accom- is the first sight of the Nile, the pyramids, panied by “ two charming young ladies” and Cairo with its innumerable minarets, to use an expression applied to them on quickly followed by the actual ascent of board the P. O. Steamer — whose “ Euro- Cheops, a visit to the Sphinx, the tombs, the pean costume, surmounted by the knowing obelisks of Heliopolis, the petrified forest, little felt hat and scarlet-tipped black feather, and the place where Moses is said to have contrasts strangely with the flowing robes” been put in the bulrushes. Finally, there of the Arabs. One of the ladies is Selina, is the actual navigation of the Nile in a the old gentleman's daughter — “she is very dahabëéh, and the continued succession of delicate, and the M.D.'s have said that she some of the grandest works of man, supplymust be kept warm ; " the other his cousin, ing an endless source of study and speculawhose Christian name can only be guessed tion to the learned few, and being a never from the initials on the title-page of her re- failing cause of surprise and wonder to the cently written " Winter's Cruise." The vulgar many. two are waited upon by Sarah, the ladies' When we say that the party, whose excurmaid - a “regular treasure on such a sion Mrs. Carey has described, saw all that trip, when washing and mangling and iron- was to be seen as far as the second cataracts, ing had to be done on board. The party, and that she made copious notes and sketches bent upon going as high up as the second on the spot, now published by desire of her cataracts, had placed itself under the guid- friends, our readers will have a fair idea ance of an Egyptian Dragoman, Mahomet of what they may expect in this volume. el Adleéh — " a stout, strong-looking man, " Phil,” her cousin, and Selina are very with handsome bronzed features, who spoke much kept in the background; and our auEnglish tolerably well and knew every inch thoress and the dragoman are the principal of the ground to be explored.

talking and acting figures. The lady does Such were the boat and its inmates, whose not seem to have very distinct opinions on four months' winter cruise on the Nile one anything; but she shows a good deal of inof the ladies with “ the knowing little felt tolerance in the terms in which she speaks hat and the scarlet-tipped black feather" has of the Mahometans. We may regret that just published. From the very composition other monotheistic beliefs do not agree with of the party, and the familiarity of the our own in points we consider es ential; but country they visited, no new facts could be we should not forget that half a loaf is better expected ; and the work can therefore rank than no bread at all, and that proselytists no higher than the ephemeral production of would do much better to reserve their enera tourist. There is not a scene that bas not gies for the millions of benighted heathens been described before either in works of than perhaps to at least waste then on peotravel or regular guide-books. Yet such is ple already acknowledging the cxistence of the strange fascination of the subject that a supreme Creator and Controller of the even those most familiar with Egypt are glad / world. Mrs. Carey does not seem to have

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been very successful in her attempts at con- | the idea that he could cry

had never entered verting her dragoman :

our heads." " In a conversation with Mahomet on the administered on board :

This was not the only time the bastinado was subject of his religion, we gathered that he looked upon Jesus Christ as one of the three

The dahabëéhs, like royal courts in olden thousand prophets whom God had sent into times, are, in general, provided with one the world from the beginning, and some of member who acts in the character of fool' whom were in it still. He denied the divine to the rest of the party, in order to keep them nature of Christ, simply, he said, because

alive and in good humor. • Hassan the • It is impossible. How can man be God?' Comic,' who was thus designated on account There was a dogged obstinacy of manner

of the tricks and buffoonery with which he about him, which would seem to repel all was forever amusing the company, seemed to idea of the possibility of persuading him of stand in this position to our crew. His voice any error in his creed, and a sadly curious had not been heard for some time, when we self-confidence when he concluded the sub- suddenly discovered him, lying comfortably ject with these words, Very well, Mrs. in the small boat alongside, with a magnifiC- When come the end of the world, cent turban twisted round his head, and comthen you be there, and I be there, and then posed of the-strip of carpet which formed our 'we'll see,

and then I tell you how it is true.' divan. There he lay, with a most comic exThey do not pray to their saints, he said, al- pression of grandeur and independence, waitthough they are perpetually singing out their ing till we should turn round to have a look names in their songs, whether in times of at him. . Poor fellow! he had certainly fordanger or otherwise. The basis of the Mos- gotten himself; and, in the eyes of the draglem faith is the first grand truth, that there oman, had exceeded even the bounds of " f007is but one God, and that he orders all ery.' Mahomet ordered him and his turban things, even to the most trifling circum- off, with a reprimand, when, to our regret stances in life, to which order man must im- and astonishment, a small stick was produced, plicitly submit. Mahomet seemed to know and the bastinado 'was inflicted. The culno other article of faith ; and the imperfect prit was ordered to hold up bis naked feet, knowledge of the Moslem converted this one

which he did instantly, sitting on the side of into the mere idea of a destiny, to which it the boat, and two sharp strokes were laid was his duty wholly to resign himself. All across the soles, which must have been exwas destiny, carried to such an extent that tremely painful, though not a muscle in his Mahomet frequently would not venture an countenance betrayed it. We remarked upon opinion on the merest trifles; even he would what we considered unnecessary severity; not say at what hour we were likely to reach but Mahomet said, ' No, he never remember our destination. More than once he begged

only words.'

And as Mahomet, though of us not to ask him such questions, be passionate, was certainly tender-hearted, we cause, 'if I say we get there by five o'clock. believe he may have been right. The poor the wind sure to rise, and we not get half feet were rubhed for an instant by a sympaway there to-night. Swearing and drink- thizing hand, but no other sign of feeling was ing are wholly forbidden by their law; the shown upon the subject by either party. former vice had one day met with condign

After their return to Cairo from the second punishment in the person of the unfortunate cataracts, our party proceeded by rail to Suez, cook-boy, who cried like a real child after and thought of going as far as Mount Sinai the shame of his beating. We looked up — but that was not to be. 6. Cousin Phil,” from our work and book in astonishisent at who was generally carried in an invalid chair, hearing the familiar sounds proceeding from 80 unfamiliar a form, for I do think that our

borne by stout Arabs, was upset at this part cook-boy, though a very good boy in gen- of the journey, and, though fortunately not eral, was the most unlike specimen of the hu- seriously hurt, considered it more prudent to man race that could have been produced, and labstain from further explorations.

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