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“ And the blear-eyed filmy sea did boom “ Now, lay thine ear against this golden sand, With his old mysterious hungering sound.” * And thou shalt hear the music of the sea,
Those hollow tunes it plays against the land, All sailors, it is notorious, as Mr. de Quincey Is’t not a rich and wonderous melody? remarks, are superstitious; partly, he sappos I have lain hours, and fancied in its tone es from looking out so much upon the wilder I heard the languages of ages gone." ness of waves, empty of all human life--for But how part with Thomas Hood, upon any mighty solitudes are generally fear-haunted subject, without a snatch of the grotesque ? and fear-peopled. “ Now the sea is often peo- Be our last excerpt from him, then, that pled, amidst its ravings, with what seem innu- stanza which tells how his jolly mariner, the merable human voices—such voices, or as om- tallest man of the three, who stood away inous, as what were heard by Kubla Khan- from land trusting to a charm, now ancestral voices prophesying war;' oftentimes laughter mixes, from a distance (seem
- heard, upon the sandy bank,
The distant breakers roaring,– ing to come also from distant times, as well
A groaning, intermitting sound, as distant places), with the uproar of wa Like Gog and Magog snoring !” + ters.”+ Hood's Hero says to her Leander,
Or how close even so fragmentary a cold “ Or bid me speak, and I will tell thee tales collation as this, of scraps and sundries, all Which I have framed out of the noise of waves."
however with a flavor, more or less, of (as One other bit of marine word-painting, or Godfrey Moss would say) the briny,-some word music, or both in one, we must give of them possibly redolent, like Trinculo's from Owen Meredith :
monster, of a very ancient fishlike smell, stale “ And when the dull sky darkened down to the and sickly,-how wind it up without a dip edges,
into Tennyson, already, but quite cursorily, And the keen frost kindled in star and spar, used for the nonce ? Roam through the picThe sea might be known by a noise on the ledges
ture-galleries of his Palace of Art, and one of the long crags, gathering power from afar mystic picture in chiaro’scuro you will noThrough his roaring bays, and crawling back tice of, in strange lands, à traveller walking Hissing as o’cr the wet pebbles he dragg'd
slow, in doubt and great perplexity, who, His skirt of foam fray'd, dripping, and jagg’d, And reluctantly fell down the smooth hollow shortly before moonrise, hears the low moan shell
of an unknown sea ; and knows not if it be Of the night."
thunder, or a sound of rocks thrown down, For relief by contrast, glance at a fragment or one deep cry of great wild beasts. I Around by the author of “ Violenzia,”-in which we his Ulysses the deep moans “ with many see him stand on the reedy margin of a waste voices.” His mad-lover in “ Maud ” is seen and shallow shore, listening to “ far Ocean's
“ Listening now to the tide in its broad-fung low continuous roar over the flats and sand.”
ship-wrecking roar, “ The wide, gray sky hangs low above the verge Now to the scream of a madden'd beach dragg'd No white-winged sea-bird flies ;
down by the wave." § No sound, save the eternal-sounding surge, With equal fall and rise.” şi
Elsewhere, standing by Maud's garden-gate, From Thomas Hood the élder we might be hears no sound but “the voice of the long
sea-wave as it swell’d Now and then in the cite passages to the point more than we may: As where he describes a certain mystic and dim-gray dawn.”| Or-again he asks, “ Is “hollow," hollow, hollow sound, as is that that enchanted moan only the swell of the dreamy roar when distant billows boil and long waves that roll in yonder bay?". But bound along a shingly shore.”'||
Or where turn rather to the 56
pleasant shore, and in his Hero (italicised as a distinction with a the hearing of the wave,” where they laid difference from Mons. Rattisbonne’s, in the him of whom the poet in memoriam,—when chuchotements de la mer drame, previously the Danube to the Severn gave the darkened
heart that beat no more : quoted) thus importunes her dead Leander :* The Earl's Return, 32.
* Hero and Leander, st. 68. † De Quincy, Autobiographic Sketches, vol. i. p.
+ The Sea-Spell. 333.
* The Palace of Art. | Thc Earl's Return, IV.
☆ Maud, III. & Poems by W. C. Roscoe, I. 68.
|| Ibid, XIV. 4. i The Elm Tree.
T Ibid., XVIII. 8.
• There twice a day the Severn fills ; Another dramatis personâ suggests, after a The salt sea-water passes by,
“ The garrulous sea is talking to the shore
Let us go down and hear the graybeard's speech.” And in the same pathetic strains it is that we hear " the moanings of the homeless sea." + They go, accordingly. And presently one of
In Mr. Alexander Smith the stars in their the auditors remarks : courses seem to fight against the sea for re
Our friend, the sea has left dundancy in store of similitudes. Star-stud- His paramour the shore, ; naked she lies, ded and bespangled, regardless of expense, The pain is in his heart. Inconstant fool !
Ugly and black and bare. Hark how he moans ! was his earliest poem ; nor is it quite certain He will that the Sea is distanced in the competition. When autumn nights are dark and moonless, but what he will, is better left unquoted. In to the level sands his hero betakes him, “ there another poem of Mr. Smith's, a youth steps to hear, o'erawed,
forth, bright-haired as a star, who récites “ The old Sea moaning like a monster pained,
the various places and objects in which he
has seen beauty, -"and oft on moonless The lady had a cousin once, whom she de- nights, has heard it in the white and wailing scribes as having been "unlanguaged.”
fringe that runs along the coast from end to like the earnest sea,
end." + And in the first of his Sonnets the Which strives to gain an utterance on the shore, same poet has it, though more as man than But ne'er can shape unto the listening hills The lore it gathered in its awful age ;
poet, The crime for which 'tis lashed by cruel winds,
“ The Sea complains upon a thousand shores : To shrieks, mad spoomings to the frighted stars ; Sea-like we moan forever.” The thought, pain, grief, within its labouring
* A Life-Drama, by Alex. Smith, pp. 45, 62, 115, * In Memorian, XIX.
120. + Ibid., XXXV.
+ An Evening at Home.
THE perforation of the Mount Cenis Tunnel is In an extraordinary general meeting of the Inprogressing most vigorously. The new machines, stitute of France, held last week, M. Oppert has first introduced in 1861, worked, in the month been declared the successful candidate for the of March of that year, a distance of 9 mètres great prize of the emperor, awarded to M. Thiers and 70 centimètres. In April the figures rose to two years ago. His unsuccessful rival was M. 17 mètres, 50 centimètres. The result of the Mariette. whole year 1861 was 170 mètres, 54 centimètres, in 209 work-days. In 1862 the engines were so far improved as to be able to be worked for 325 days, during which a progress of 380 mètres was BULWER LYTTON'S “Strange Story," in French, achievent. It thus follows that the whole work, forms the 580th to the 585th volumes of the supposed at the outset to take five-and-twenty : Bibliothèque Choisie," published at Naumyears, will be accomplished in much less than | burg. twelve. With respect to the cost, the mètre does not exceed an outlay of 4,000 lire, which, for the whole gallery-12,220 mètres long-will make about 50,000,000. At the end of last year the
The Prize Essay (Latin verse) for the Paris gallery had reached the length of 2199 mètres— Lyceums will, we understand, have for its subject i. e. 1,274 mètres, on the side of Bardonnèdre,
« Poland in the year 1863.” and 925 on that of Mondane ; but on the latter only the ordinary instruments had hitherto been employed.
The director of Imperial Printing-office, Paris,
has, through the intermission of the Minister of The ninth volume of the “Monuments de l'His- Foreign Affairs, been ordered to prepare a special toire de France: a Catalogue of Sculptures, Paint- printing-office for the use of the Abyssinian Misings, and Engravings, referring to the History of sionaries ; and the casting of new type for the France and Frenchmen, from 1559–1589,” has new establishment—to be taken from the Impejust left the press.
rial types—is vigorously proceeded with.
From the Saturday Review, 1 Aug. on the treatment of prisoners, would indicate
disposition to negotiate; but the temper of The ignorant and implacable animosity of the North is not at present favorable to any the Northern Americans to England furnishes moderate arrangement. It is possible that no excuse for corresponding' injustice, or for General Lee's advance into Pennsylvania may misrepresentation of current history. The have been a final effort to conquer an advanrecent victories have occasioned, as might tageous peace before the impending fall of have been expected, a recrudescence of cal- Vicksburg revived Federal confidence; and umny and malignity; but nevertheless they Mr. Jefferson Davis might, perhaps, now be are great, if not decisive victories. General willing to accept fair conditions, while his Lee has recrossed the Potomac; Vicksburg Virginian army is stili entire and formidable. and Port Hudson have surrendered uncondi Notwithstanding the triumphs of the Northtionally ; Charleston is in danger of cap- ern arms, the maintenance of the war on its ture; and General Rosencranz has advanced present scale depends entirely on the success into the heart of the Southern States. If the of the conscription. Unless 300,000 men can war were commencing, all the advantages be procured to fill up the ranks of the army, which have accrued to the Federal armies the South may once more find it possible to might probably be reversed; but the signifi- continue the contest with equal numbers. It cance of the recent successes consists in the is difficult to judge of the effect of the New proof that the Confederates are comparatively York riots, which may either render the conweak in numbers. Their wonderful energy scription impracticable or rally the enemies and unanimous devotion to the national cause of mob-rule and disorder to its support. The had almost taught bystanders to forget that outbreak was attended with all the melanfour millions were engaged in a desperate choly circumstances which everywhere de contest with twenty millions. The inability note the ill-omened supremacy of the rabble. of Johnstone to relieve Vicksburg showed The mere opponents of the conscription found that his department was almost denuded of themselves reinforced by the malcontents who
ops; and the Confederates have since lost, object to the institution of property, and by at Gettysburg, at Vicksburg, and at Port the theives who only make it their business Hudson, forty or fifty thousand trained sol- partially to correct its unequal distribution. diers. The continuance of the war has The draft raised a dangerous question of sotaught the Northern armies to fight, and a cialist policy, by providing for the personal gradual process of elimination has brought exemption of those who could pay three hunforward more than one competent general. dred dollars for a substitute. It was easy for The rapid advance to Vicksburg, and the ob- demagogues to persuade the lowest. classes stinate prosecution of the siege, prove Grant that the law had provided a special privilege to be an able soldier. General Rosencranz for those who, according to the American seems to deserve the confidence of his troops ; doctrine, are not to be called their betters. and General Meade is the first Federal gen- One of the rioters wrote to a newspaper to eral who has encountered Lee on equal terms complain that the poor rabble were oppressed without incurring disaster. If the occupa- by the rich rabble, and it was useless to extion of the strongholds on the Mississippi cuts plain that the right of purchasing a substioff the communication of the Confederacy tute is strictly analogous to the right of purwith Texas and Arkansas, the proportions of chasing any other commodity which its owner the war will henceforth be largely curtailed. is willing to exchange for money. It would The possible capture of Charleston would be grossly unjust to fix the price of exemprelieve the blockading squadrons of a trouble- tion below the sum for which the services of some duty, and it would at the same time a competent volunteer can be secured ; but close to the Confederates one of their principal if, on the other hand, a fit substitute is willchannels of supply. It remains to be seen ing to take the place of a wealthy tradesman, whether Southern resolution will yield to ac- the community would gain nothing by procumulated misfortunes so far as to accept any hibiting the bargain. Unfortunately, the terms of peace which involve a return to the mob of New York is familiar with revoluUnion. The proposed mission of Mr. Steph- tionary theories, which are everywhere diens, if it had any object beyond a negotiation rected against property when there is no po
litical inequality to attack. The Democrats, more characteristic than the arguments which . though they assume the title of Conservatives, he addressed to an abnormal condition of unhave always allied themselves with the rab- derstanding and of feeling. As his audience ble of the city; and consequently they have had been engaged in murdering unoffending found it convenient to flatter the vulgar pre-negroes and in resisting the execution of Fedjudices against social distinctions.
eral laws, the archbishop entertained them Governor Seymour, who seems to hold that with a disquisition on the iniquities of Engthe conscription is illegal, endeavored in vain land, while he carefully abstained from the to persuade the populace into provisional ac- unpopular topic of any immunities from quiescence in the measure. He was perhaps slaughter which might be claimed for the justified by necessity in obtaining authority colored population by enthusiastic advocates. from Washington to suspend the draft; but If the archbishop had been a Republican it is not surprising that his enemies should Abolitionist instead of a Democrat, he could suspect him of complicity with a movement not have appealed more confidently to the which was probably organized by some of the hatred of England which is the common propsubordinate agents of his party. The rioters erty of all American or semi-American demplaced their own interpretation on the legal agogues. There can be no doubt that, in scruples of the Government, and it was suffi- common with all but the lowest class of the cient for their purpose to procure the admis- community, he desired to put a stop to the sion that the conscription was possibly irreg. disturbances, and perhaps he took the readiular. Their own objection was not founded est course to obtain a favorable bearing. The on any interpretation of the Federal Consti- commotion was, however, too serious to be tution, but on the supposed injustice and in- ended by persuasion, and happily, in the equality of the permission to pay for sub- long run, military force is almost always stitutes ; and having compelled the local available in defence of property. The secuGovernment to submit to their dictation, rity of New York from plunder and anarchy they will be more than ever determined to will probably be increased by the forcible enforce the supremacy which General Butler suppression of the riots, but it is still uncerand politicians of his stamp are accustomed tain whether the conscription can be continto claim for the poor over the rich. It re- ued. mains to be seen whether painful experience of mob-rule will induce the respectable classes to combine for the vindication of order. Be
From the Economist, 1 Aug. yond the limits of the great cities, genuine
AMERICA. Americans are reasonably proud of the na THE late news from America has been of a tional reverence for law.
very mixed character, with respect both to The mob behaved, as mobs behave in all what we expect to be the result of the Amerparts of the world, with the wisdom and con- ican civil war, and what we wish to be the duct of wild beasts escaped from their cages. result of it. The end which has ever been They burned offices, they plundered stores, .wished for by us has been one singularly difthey hung an obnoxious colonel to a lamp- ferent from that desired by the zealots for the post, and they took especial delight in hunt- Federals, or the zealots for the Confederates. ing down unoffending negroes who had the We could produce rather strong invectives misfortune of showing themselves in the from our contemporaries who entirely sympastreets. The colored race is guilty of having thize with the Federals, charging us with been used by politicians as a pretext for the Confederate predilections, and equally strong war; and it is more directly obnoxious to invectives from our contemporaries on the opthe working classes, because its competition posite side charging us with Federal sympain the humbler forms of employment some- thies. What we have always wished is times tends to reduce the rate of wages. First. That the South should be indepenArchbishop Hughes, who ought to be ac- dent. We desire that the unwilling people quainted with his countrymen and co-re- of the South should not be forced into a unligionists, assumed probably on sufficient ion with the North which they dislike and grounds, that the Irish had taken a promi- hate. We know that a restoration of real nent part in the riots. Nothing could be union, of voluntary union by arms is impos
sible. We wish that the North should never I would have shown the arrogant aim of the be enabled by conquest to attempt a tyran- stronger claimant to be untenable. But now nical, a forcible, an unreal reunion; we wish every such hope is at an end. The victory to save the North from the danger of military of General Meade must tend to prolong the pre-eminence, as well as the South from the war for a considerable period. While Mr. disgrace and pain of military subjugation. Lincoln remains in office, as we have often
Secondly, "Though we wish the South to shown, there was little hope for peace. Unbe independent, we wish it to be weak. We til there seems no longer any possibility of have no sympathy with, we most strongly military success, until the people of the condemn, the fanatics at the South who have North in general, and by a great majority, hoped, and perhaps yet hope, to found a great admit the conquest of the South to be imempire on the basis of slavery. We do not possible, we do not believe that the Demobelieve that predial slavery such as exists in cratic party or any other party will stake the Slave States is a possible basis for a good their hopes of success upon an avowed and and enduring commonwealth ; and we have declared peace policy. They would incur a. no words to express our abhorrence of the no- great and obvious risk of defeat if they did so. tion which the advocates of the South, in the The mention of a peace, which is thought to South, advance so freely — that it is the only be degrading during a war which is thought good basis of a commonwealth. We wish to be glorious, must always be unpopular, that the area of slavery should be so small, and is apt to be deemed a sort of treason. that, by the sure operation of economical For a long period to come, the North will causes, and especially by the inevitable ex- now have a sufficient store of plausible hope, haustion of the soil which it always pro- and while that is the case in a country like duces, slavery should, within a reasonable America, where the spirit of electioneering time, be gradually extinguished.
is the spirit of politics, no great peace party Thirdly. For obvious reasons, we wish will ever be possible. hat these results should be obtained as soon, We do not think that the riots at New and that civil war should cease as soon, as York materially modify these conclusions. possible.
They show the extreme unpopularity of the If we compare the recent news with these conscription in that city, the weakness of fixed wishes as with a sort of standard, the the Municipal Government, the disposition result is plain. First. We shall rejoice at of the Democratic State Governor to tempothe reduction of Vicksburg and Port Hudson rize with a Democratic mob rather than to by the Federal armies. The best mode of support a Republic Federal Administration. confining slavery within fixed limits is the But they hardly show more than this. They conquest by the North of the line of the Mis- do not prove Mr. Lincoln to be unable to sissippi. If that great river could bound raise for a considerable time many men and slavery on the west, and sea on the east, its some money. In New York he may not enextinction could not be delayed for very force the conscription, but elsewhere he can many years — not longer, probably, than it and will; and while a war Government has would be desirable that so great and prevad- sufficient men, sufficient money, and plausiing a social change should be delayed. The ble hope, any peace is beyond probability. gradual and felt approach of such an event The feeling of a calm observer of these is almost as great a benefit as the event itself. great events will, therefore, we believe, be a
But we must regret the defeat of General very mingled one. He will rejoice at the Lee's invasion of the North. If, as we not prospect of limiting the area of slavery, but long since proved at some length, the South he will regret the stimulus given to the warhad been able to acquire and retain a con- like passion of the North, the prolongation siderable portion of Northern territory, the of the civil war, the continuance also of sufNorth could not have believed that it was fering in Lancashire, and the opportunity possible for it to conquer the South. The which has been given to the people of New war would have ceased for the simplest of all York to expose the weakness of their Municcauses,—from the winning of such a success ipal Government, their hatred of the Negro, on the part of the weaker combatant as and their turbulence.