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petted and magnified by the mass of Ger-1 of the greatest elements of Prussian ascendmans, although its proper eminence has been ancy in Northern Germany. Nor could his 80 small. The puerility of minor dandies and neighbors reckon on King William being able exquisites is exactly the quality which M. to protect them in war or to preserve peace Von Bismark and his friends display and de- for them. He can scarcely go to war withlight in displaying. General Von Roon be- out the consent of his subjects, for war costs haved, and claimed to behave unquestioned, money, and the money is not to be got at very much as the vulgar type of provincial easily. Of course all this calculation supmagnate goes on at a county ball, where snobs poses that the courts of law would do their of all sorts are to be astonished and put down. duty, and that, if a tax were illegal, judges. This does not lessen the bitterness with which would boldly pronounce that the law forbade the conduct of the Prussian ministers has its being levied. The Prussians feel sure of inspired those who have suffered under it; their judges. They think them an honorabut, as they are sensible men, they know that ble, upright, fearless set of men, and several patience is the best weapon in such a case of the highest and most eminent Prussian They are aware that nothing brings down the judges are members of the Lower House and affectations and insolence of a sham aristocracy have taken a leading part in the opposition so much as the quick, punctual, methodical to the unconstitutional action of the minisdischarge of the duties of business. If they ters. Nor is it very likely that the judges play carefully, they are sure of the game; would go out of their way to please the for no aristocracy that has not got in it qual court; for judges, if warped by anything, ities and a capacity of which Prussian nobles are much more likely to be influenced by the never dream can stand long against the at- general opinion of the society in which they tacks of men possessing wealth, and educa- live than by a vague wish to stand well with tion, and political fame, and national esteem. ministers ; and the judges belong to that
And, politically as well as socially, the class of society which is fighting its battle Prussians think themselves sure to win. against the old privileged order. It is true They have told the king a simple truth. They that if the king were resolved to set up a tyrhave bid him understand that, unless he anny, he need care very little for law courts. sends his present advisers away, the Chamber He could treat judges as they are treated in and the sovereign must remain separated. France, and the Federal States, and Turkey. There is no other alternative. Either the He could make martial law supersede every king must do without a Parliament, or he other. But this is exactly what those who must get a set of ministers who will be de- have watched him most closely feel sure he cently civil to the representatives of the peo- will never do. He will shrink from that ple. The king has replied that he prefers abyss which yawns at the feet of every govto do without a Parliament; and so the dep- ernment and dynasty that places itself in open uties are sent away, and the Government is opposition to law. He will stick by his aristo see what it can do by itself. The Prus- tocratical friends when they merely bully and sians say that they are confident the attempt hector in a legal and peaceable way, but he must be a failure. For some time, a Prus- will not do anything that will make him feel sian king can do very well without a Parlia- that his position is entirely altered, and that ment. The ordinary revenue of the crown he reigns altogether as a despot. Whether does not depend on a yearly vote, and the this is a true prophecy time alone can slow, ordinary revenue is nearly enough to go on but it has no absurdity on the face of it which with. The army can be recruited and kept should make us refuse to listen to it. up, and officials can get their salaries, without any public grant. It is true that the ordinary revenue would not quite suffice, and that this must lead to a deficit, while no loan
From The Press, 6 June. could be negotiated without the sanction of Prussia has at last completely thrown off Parliament. No new legislation could be the mask. The unwisest sovereign of these made on any subject, and although the ne- times, encouraged by his ministers, who are cessity for new laws is not a pressing one in proving themselves the greatest enemies of Prussia, yet a sovereign who is incapable of their country, has determined to rule henceintroducing any recognized change into any forth without a Parliament. From its very great department of affairs begins aftera time origin the constitution was a farce. By it to feel himself in a very pitiable condition. were granted powers which it was never inThe position of Prussia, too, in Germany, tended should be fairly exercised. It was apwould soon alter for the worse if the king parently thought by the king that the Chamstood alone. It could make no new arrange- ber of Deputies would entertain so deep a ments with regard to the Zollverein, and the reverence for his “ divine” office that it commercial leadership of the Zollverein is one would never think of seriously opposing his
wishes. So long as the decrees of the Gov-power. This is the necessary consequence ernment were obediently registered by the of ruling without a Parliament. Chamber all went on swimmingly. But a During the Budget dispute the expression Constitutional Government is not to be car-of opinion in the newspapers of the country ried on in such a milk-and-water fashion. was unfettered. But it is useless to silence If the deputies had the right of approving the representatives c the people in Parliament what was brought before them, they thought without also silencing their supporters, who it only a necessary and natural consequence made themselves heard throughout the length that they might also disapprove, and give and breadth of the land. Hence the decree, free expression to their views, showing the based on the 63d article of the Constitution, grounds upon which they differed in opinion which at a stroke makes every newspaper from the Administration. This, however, either the slave of the ministry, or its victim. did not suit the ministers nor their kingly Article 63, upon which this is alleged to be master. It was absurd to think, according founded, empowers the ministry, when the to their view of the case, that a Budget, for Chambers are not assembled, and under cirexample, should be modified to please the cumstances of unusual urgency, to issue deChamber of Deputies. It is true the Consti- crees which shall have the force of law, protution required that the Lower Chamber vided that such are si not in opposition to the should approve of the Budget before taxes Constitution." The devil can quote scripture were collected under its authority—but such to suit his own purposes ; but not more cleyopposition was never apparently contem- erly can the King of Jesuits plead his cause plated, and when it arose the Chamber was from Holy Writ than the King of Prussia treated as a nullity, and the consent of the and his ministers when taking the ConstituUpper House was deemed sufficient. Several tion for their text. Upon the authority of other collisions occurred, and last of all took the article alluded to they have issued a deplace the personal dispute regarding the cree which empowers the administrative privilege of the ministers to insult the Lower authorities to prohibit, temporarily or altoChamber, and to occupy in it a position gether, after two warnings, the publication above its control. This, if anything, showed of newspapers whose attitude is, on the whole, a much greater contempt for the representa- dangerous to the public welfare.” The mintives of the people than the previous differ- istry is also empowered “ to forbid the intrồ– ence regarding the Budget. The result is duction of foreign newspapers into Prussia, that the Chamber has been dismissed, with-on similar grounds, when thought advisable." out apparently the least intention of re- In short, the press is at the mercy of the Govassembling it for the discharge of its duties, ernment, which is determined henceforth to or of dissolving it and electing another in its rule with despotic power. But what utter stead. It is felt to be useless to try the tem- absurdity it is to think of ruling such an inper of the people any longer. If a dissolu- telligent people as the Prussians upon printion took place, the same deputies, or others ciples which would disgrace a barbaric age. pledged to support their policy, would in- It is useless to prevent the expression of opinfalliby be returned. So the king is deter- ion. The people will in consequence give a mined to rule without a Parliament, and to hundred-fold worse character to the Governenforce measures which are known to be di- ment than any writer would ever think of rectly against the wishes and feelings of the attributing to it. The unwise men who are nation. This is a dangerous game to play. thus seeking to coerce a whole people may as To levy taxes without authority
, is an as- well endeavor to prevent them from thinking sumption of power which, after their recent -or to shut out the light of the sun—as atconstitutional experience, the Prussians may tempt to suppress public opinion in so enthink it worth their while to oppose by pas- lightened a nation. The age is too advanced sive if not active resistance. “A legion of for such measures. We confidently believe German Hampdens may be forthcoming that the Prussians will emerge from the diffitest the prerogative of the monarch in the culties by which they are surrounded withcourts of law. But the Prussian Govern- out giving their enemies the opportunity ment has determined to go any length in sup- which they desire of overwhelming them. port of its unwise and arbitrary proceedings. Passive resistance can conquer armed force. It has now gagged the press. In the name And such, we trust, will be the opinion of of the Constitution, which was framed to pre- the friends of Constitutional Government in serve and promote the liberties of the people, Prussia. it has done its utmost to instal despotic
IN WAR TIME.
BY JOHN G. WHITTIER.
A clouded sky ;
Of war floats by.
Nor pain from chance ;
Of peace have trod,
Led up to God.
Are made our own ;
By others sown.
Of long ago ;
Have dropped below.
On us is laid,
Our faith is weighed.
Is calling down
From Heaven's dark frown.
Stands guiltless forth ?
To Heaven and Earth?
And count of gain,
Of souls in pain !
To each and all ;
The bugle's call.
Round us in vain,
Through patient pain.
The levelled gup, the battle brand
We may not take ;
For conscience sake.
Shall we alone
The trump is blown?
Safe in our Lord
Its smiting sword.
And joy with grief ;
In sweet relief.
By word and deed,
The hearts that bleed !
Where all our powers
THE SLAVE IS OURS.
Which make the race
Of Christian grace.
Where strong men pine,
The oil and wine.
His lot is cast ?
Shall rise at last.
Nor stint, nor stay ;
As ours to-day.
Of man's despair,
Upraised in prayer.
And pain and loss,
The crown for cross.
WHEN THOU SLEEPEST.
While the ruffled current smoothing,
Thought rolled on hier startled stream, BY CHARLOTTE BRONTE.
I have felt this cherished feeling, Wuen thou sleepest, lulled in night,
Sweet and known to none but me ; Art thou lost in vacancy?
Still I felt it nightly healing
Each dark day's despondency.
Float a moment mid that ray,
THE FLOWER. Wake a note and pass away?
BY GEORGE HERBERT. When thou watchest, as the hours,
How fresh, O Lord, how sweet and clean Mute and blind, are speeding on, Are thy returns! er'n as the flowers in spring; O'er that rayless path, where lowers
To which, besides their own demean, Muffled midnight, black and lone ; The late past frosts tributes of pleasure bring. Comes there nothing hovering near,
Grief melts away, Thought or half reality,
Like snow in May, Whispering marvels in thine ear,
As if there were no such cold thing. Every Ford a mystery
Who would have thought my shrivel'd heart Chanting low an ancient lay,
Could have recovered greennesse? It was gone Every plaintive pote a spell,
Quite undergound ; as flowers depart Clearing memory's clouds away,
To see their mother-root, when they have blown; Showing scenes thy heart loves well ?
Where they together Songs forgot, in childhood sung,
All the hard weather
Dead to the world, keep house unknown.
These are thy wonders, Lord of power !
Killing and quickening, bringing down to hell, Be it dream in haunted sleep,
And up to heaven in an houre; Be it thought in vigil lone,
Making a chiming of a passing bell. Drink'st thou not a rapture deep
We say amisse From the feeling, 'tis thine own?
This or that is ;
Thy word is alle, if we could spell.
Oh, that I once past changing were,
Fast in Thy paradise, where no flower can wither! Nothing looked upon thy bed
Many a spring, I shoot up fair, Save the lonely watchlight's gleam ;
Off’ring at heav'n, growing and groning thither :
Nor doth my flower
Want a spring-showre,
My sinnes and I joining together. Sometimes, when the midnight gale,
Breathed a moan and then was still, Seemed the spell of thought to fail,
But while I grow in a straight line ; Checked by one ecstatic thrill ;
Still upward bent, as if heaven were mine own,
Thy anger comes, and I decline : Felt as all external things,
| What frost to that? what pole is not the zone Robed in moonlight, smote thino eye;
Where all things burn, Then thy spirit's waiting wings
When Thou dost turn,
And the least frown of Thine is sbown?
And now in age I bud again,
After so many deaths I live and write ; Heaven's resolve and fate's decree.
I once more smell the dew and rain,
And relish versing ; Oh, my onely light, Oh, it longed for holier fire
It cannot be Than this spark in earthly shrine;
That I am he
On whom Thy tempests fell at night.
These are thy wonders, Lord of Love, Flagged the pinion, drooped the plume, To make us see we are but flowers that glide, And again in sadness dreary
Which when we once can finde and prove Came the baffled wanderer home.
Thou hast a garden for us, where to bide.
Who would be more
Swelling through store,
Forfeit their paradise by their pride.
POETRY.—The Itinerant's Wife, 50. Ballad on a Bishop, 65. Shakspeare on Copperheads, 65. The Nile Song, 77. Spring at the Capital, 96. 66 Out in the Cold,” 96.
SHORT ARTICLES.-Source of the Nile, 77. The Many Mansions in the House of the
Sorry that we cannot go so far out of our line as to copy from the Knickerbocker for July the leading article, from which our correspondent has derived so much advantage. We have read it with interest. It is on the Movement Cure ; the curative effects of special bodily exercise. It is, we see, by our friend Mr. Henry C. Williston, one of whose California articles was copied into The Living Age from an English Magazine. Mr. W. when we saw him last, ten or fifteen years ago, was in full health and vigor ; but we can hardly entirely regret a change which has given occasion for so much fortitude and perseverance.
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