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went back once more in company with the turf laid down, the dust of Schiller would joiner, who twenty years before had made be lost for over. He determined to proceed. the coffin ; there was a chance that he might His position of Mayor put the means in his recognize one of those which they had not power, and this time he was resolved to keep ventured to lift. But this glimmer of hope his secret. To find the skull was now his faded like all the rest. The man remembered utmost hope, but for that he should make a very well what sort of chest he had made for final struggle. The keys were still in the the Hofrath von Schiller, and he certainly hands of Bielke the sexton, and the sexton, saw nothing like it here. It had been of the of course, stood under his control. He sent plainest sort-he believed without even a for him, bound him over to silence, and orplate; and in such damp as this it could dered him to be at the churchyard at midhave lasted but a few years.

night on the 19th of March. In like manThe fame of this second expedition got ner he summoned three day-laborers in whom abroad like that of the first, and the com- he confided, pledged them to secrecy, and enments of the public were louder than before. gaged them to be at the same place at the Invectives of no measured sort fell on the same hour, but singly and without lanterns. mayor in torrents. Not only did society in Attention should not be attracted if he could general take offence, but a variety of persons help it. in authority, particularly ecclesiastical digni- When the night came, he himself, with a taries, used great freedom in criticism, and trusty servant, proceeded to the entrance of began to talk of interfering. There was, be- Kassengewölbe. The four men were already sides the Landschaftscollegium, a variety of there. In darkness they all entered, raised high-learned-wise-and-reverend boards and the trap-door, adjusted the ladder, and decommissions-an Oberconsistorium, an Ober- scended to the abode of the dead. Not till baudirection, and a grossherzogliche Kirchen- then were lanterns lighted; it was just posund-Gotteskastencommission, with a whole sible that some late wanderer might, even at battalion of commissioners, directors, and that hour, cross the churchyard. councillors-all united in one fellowship of Schwabe seated himself on a step of the ladred-tape, and all, in different degrees, in pos- der and directed the workmen. He smoked session of certain rights of visitation and in- hard all the time; it made the horrible atspection in regard of churchyards, which mosphere less intolerable. Fragments of rights they were doubtless capable, when broken coffins they piled up in one corner, much provoked, of putting in force. Schwabe and bones in another. Skulls as they were in commencing had asked nobody's permis- found were placed in a heap by themselves. sion but Weyland's, well knowing that the The hideous work went on for three succesmere question would have involved a delay of sive nights, from twelve o'clock till about months, while a favorable answer would have three, at the end of which time twenty-three been very doubtful. But, by acting as a pri- skulls had been found. These the Bürgervate individual, while making use of his po- meister caused to be put in a sack and carsition of Bürgermeister to carry out his ried home to his house, where he himself schemes, he bad wounded every official feel- took them out and placed them in rows on a ing in Weimar. On an after occasion the table. chief Church authority found an opportunity It was bardly done ere he exclaimed, “ That to rebuke the chief civic authority in a some must be Schiller’s !” There was one skull what pungent fashion. In fact, Schwabe that differed enormously from all the rest could hardly have ventured on such irregu- both in size and shape. It was remarkable, larities, had he not been assured of support, too, in another way: alone of all those on in case of need, in the highest quarters. the table it retained an entire set of the finest

He was now much disappointed. He had to teeth, and Schiller's teeth had been noted for acknowledge that hope was at an end. Yet their beauty. But there were other means he could not and would not submit even to of identification at band. Schwabe possessed what was inevitable. The idea of the “ clear-the cast of Schiller's head, taken after death, ing out," now close at hand, haunted and by Klauer, and with this he undertook carehorrified him. That dismal hole in the cor-ful comparison and measurement. The two ner of the churchyard once closed and the seemed to him to correspond ; and of the twenty-two others, not one would bear jux-to the spot, and found them satisfied with taposition with the cast. Unfortunately the his plan. The remaining members of Schillower jaw was wanting to obtain which a ler's family-all of whom had left Weimarfourth nocturnal expedition had to be under


signified their assent. They did not de

sire," as one of themselves expressed it, “ to taken. The skull was carried back to Ge

strive against Nature's appointment that wölbe, and many jaws were tried ere one was man's earthly remains should be reunited found which fitted, and for beauty of teeth with herself ; " they would prefer that their corresponded with the upper jaw. When father's dust should rest in the ground than brought home, on the other hand, it refused anywhere else. to fit any other cranium. One tooth alone But the Grand Duke and Goethe decided was wanting, and this tooth, an old servant

otherwise. Dannecker's colossal bust of

Schiller had recently been acquired for the of Schiller's afterwards declared, had been

Grand Ducal library, where it had been extracted at Jena in his presence.

placed on a lofty pedestal opposite the bust Having got thus far, Schwabe invited three of Goethe ; and in this pedestal, which was of the chief medical authorities to inspect his hollow, it was resolved to deposit the skull. discovery. After careful measurements, they The consent of the family having been obdeclared that amongst the twenty-three skulls tained, the solemn deposition was delayed there was but one from which the cast could

only till the arrival of Ernst von Schiller, have been taken. He then invited every per-On September the 17th, the ceremony took

who could not reach Weimar before autumn. son in Weimar and its neighborhood, who had place." A few persons had been invited, been on terms of intimacy with Schiller, and amongst whom, of course, was the Bürgeradmitted them to the room one by one. The meister. Goethe dreaded the agitation and result was surprising. Without an excep- remained at home, but sent his son to repretion they pointed to the same skull as that sent him as chief librarian. A cantata haywhich must have been the poet's. The only ing been sung, Ernst von Schiller, in a short

speech, thanked all persons present, but esremaining chance of mistake seemed to be 2

pecially the Bürgermeister, for the love they the possibility of other skulls having eluded had shown to the memory of his father. He the search, and being yet in the vault. To then formally delivered his father's head into put this to rest, Schwabe applied to the Land- the hands of the younger Goethe, who, revschaftscollegium, in whose records was kept erently receiving it, thanked his friend in a list of all persons buried in the Kassenge- | Goethe's name, and having dwelt on the afwölbe. It was ascertained that since the

infection that had subsisted between their fa

thers, vowed and guaranteed that the precious last “ clearing out” there had been exactly

relic should henceforward be guarded with twenty-three interments.

anxious care. Up to this moment the skull At this stage the Bürgemeister saw himself had been wrapped in a cloth and sealed ; the in a position to inform the Grand Duke and younger Goethe now made it over to the liGoetbe of his search and success. From brarian, Professor Riemer, to be unpacked both he received grateful acknowledcments and placed in its receptacle. All present

a subscribed their names, on which, the pedesGoethe unhesitatingly recognized the head,

tal baving been locked, the key was carried and laid stress on the peculiar beauty and home to Goethe. Any one who is curious flatness of the teeth. The Oberconsistori- may read the speeches and proceedings at um thought proper to protest, and, as one length. Chancellor von Müller spoke most good effect of what had happened, to direct to the point. After tarrying so long amid that the Kassengewölbe should in future be the cerements and corruption of the tomb, kept in better order.

bis quotation of the poet's own words must

have refreshed his hcarers like the dew of the The new cemetery lay on a gentle ris-morning :ing-ground on the south side of the town. Schwabe's favorite plan was to deposit what

“ Nur der Korper eignet jenen Mächten, he had found-all that he now ever dreamed

Die das dunkle Schicksal flechten; of finding- of his beloved poet on the highest

Aber frei von jeder Zeitgewalt, point of the slope, and to mark the spot by a

Die Gespielin seliger Naturen simple monument conspicuous far and near;

Wandelt oben in des Lichtes Fluren, 80 that travellers, at their first approach,

Gottlich unter Gottern, die Gestalt.” might know where Schiller lay. One fore- None doubted that Schiller's head was now noon in early spring he led Frau von Wol- at rest for many years. But it had already zogen and the Chancellor, Herr von Müller, occurred to Goethe, who bad more osteologi


cal knowledge than the excellent Burgermeis- Grand Duke wrote Goethe a note, proposing ter, that, the skull being in their possession, for his approval that the skull and skeleton it must be possible to find the skeleton. A of Scbiller should be reunited and provisvery few days after the ceremony in the li-ionally” deposited in the vault which the brary, he sent to Jena, begging the Professor Grand Duke had built for himself and his of Anatomy, Dr. Schröter, to have the kind-house, “ until Schiller's family should otherness to spend a day or two at Weimar, and wise determine." No better plan seeming to bring with him if possible, a functionary feasible, Goethe himself gave orders for the of the Jena Museum, Färber by name, who construction of a durable sarcophagus. On had at one time been Schiller's servant. As November 17th, 1827, in presence of the soon as they arrived, Goethe placed the mat- younger Goethe, Coudray, and Riemer, the ter in Schröter's hands. Again the head head was finally removed from the pedestal, was raised from its pillow and carried back and Professor Schröter reconstructed the ento the dismal Kassengewölbe, where the bones tire skeleton in this new and more sumptustill lay in a heap. The chief difficulty was ous abode, which we are told was seven feet to find the first vertebra ; after that all was in length, and bore at its upper end the name easy enough. With some exceptions, com

SCHILLER paratively trifling, Schröter succeeded in re- in letters of cast-iron. That same afternoon producing the skeleton, which then was laid Goethe went himself to the library and exin a new coffin - lined with blue merino,'' pressed his satisfaction with all that had and would seem (though we are not distinctly been done. told) to have been deposited in the library. At last, on December 16th, 1827, at half Professor Schröler's register of bones recov- past five in the morning, a few persons again ered and bones missing has been both pre- met at the same place. The Grand Duke served and printed. The skull was restored had desired--for what reason we know notto its place in the pedestal. There was an- to avoid observation ; it was Schiller's fate other shriek from the public at these repeated that his remains should be carried hither and violations of the tomb; and the odd position thither by stealth and in the night. Some chosen for Schiller's head apart from his tapers burned round the bier : the recesses body, called forth, not without reason, abun- of the hall were in darkness. Not a word dant criticism.

was spoken, but those present bent for an Schwabe's idea of a mouument in the new instant in silent prayer, on which the bearers cemetery was, after a while, revived by Carl raised the coffin and carried it away. They August, but with an important alteration, walked along through the park: the night which was, that on the spot indicated at the was cold and cloudy: some of the party had head of the rising-ground there should be lanterns. When they reached the avenue erected a common sepulchre for Goethe and that led up to the cemetery, the moon shone Schiller, in which the latter's remains would out as she had done twenty-two years before. at once be deposited the mausoleum to be At the vault itself some other friends had finally closed when, in the course of nature, assembled, amongst whom was the mayor. Goethe should have been laid there too. The Ere the lid was finally secured, Schwabe idea was, doubtless, very noble, and found placed himself at the head of the coffin and great favor with Goethe himself, who, enter- recognized the skull to be that which he had ing into it, commissioned Coudray, the archi-rescued from the Kassengewölbe. The sarcotect, to sketch the plan of a simple mauso-phagus having then been closed, and a laurel leum, in which the sarcophagi were to be wreath laid on it, formal possession, in name visible from without. There was some delay of the Grand Duke, was taken by the marshal, in clearing the ground-a nursery of young Freiherr von Spiegel. The key was removed trees had to be removed so that at Midsum- to be kept in possession of his excellency, the mer, 1827, nothing had been done. It is said Geheimerath von Goethe, Chief of the Instithat the intrigues of certain persons, who stutions for Art and Science. This key, in made a point of opposing Goethe at all times, an envelop addressed by Goethe, is said to be prevailed so far with the Grand Duke that he preserved in the Grand Ducal Library, where, beeame indifferent about the whole scheme. however, we have no recollection of baying Meanwhile it was necessary to provide for the seen it. remains of Schiller. The public voice was The provisional ” deposition has proved loud in condemning their present location, more permanent than any other. Whoever and in August, 1827, Louis of Bavaria again would see the resting-place of Goethe and appeared as a Deus ex machina to hasten on Schiller must descend into the Grand Ducal the last act. He expressed surprise that the vault, where, through a grating, in the twibones of Germany's best-beloved should be light beyond, he will catch a glimpse of their kept like rare coins, or other curiosities, in a sarcophagi. The monument on the summit public museum. In these circumstances, the of the cemetery would have been better.

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POETRY.- The Retirement, 530. Seeing, Unseen, 630. Where are the Copperheads ? 575. The Land's End, 575. Lead Us, o Father, 575. Warning, 575. New England's Dead, 576. Praying for Rain, 576. In God's Hand, 576.

STORT ARTICLES.-Seeing an Avalanche go by, 550. Death of Dr. Bartlett, former Editor and Proprietor of the New York Albion, 550. The form of a Drop, 562. Electricity in the Circulation of the Blood, 572. The Star Spangled Banner Parodied, 572.



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O my beloved caves ! from dog-star's heat,
FAREWELL, thou busy world, and may

And all anxieties, my safe retreat ;
We never meet again :

What safety, privacy, what true delight,
Here I can eat and sleep and pray,

In the artificial night And do more good in one short day,

Your gloomy entrails make, Than he who his whole age out-wears

Have I taken, do I take ! Upon the most conspicuous theatres,

How oft, when grief has made me fly, Where nought but vanity and vice appears.

To bide me from society

E’en of my dearest friends, have I, Good God ! how sweet are all things here !

In your recesses' friendly shade,
How beautiful the fields appear !

All my sorrows open laid,
How cleanly do we feed and lie !

And my most secret woes intrusted to your privacy!
Lord ! what good hours do we keep !
How quietly we sleep!

Lord ! would men let me alone,
What peace, what unanimity!

What an over-happy one
How innocent from the lewd fashion,

Should I think myself to beIs all our business, all our recreation !

Might I in this desert place, Oh, how happy here's our leisure !

(Which most men in discourse disgrace), Oh, how innocent our pleasure !

Live but undisturbed and free! O ye valleys! O ye mountains !

Here, in this despised recess, () ye groves, and crystal fountains !

Would I, maugre winter's cold, How I love, at liberty,

And the summer's worst excess, By turns to come and visit ye!

Try to live out to sixty full years old ;

And, all the while,
Dear solitude, the soul's best friend,

Without an envious eye
That man acquainted with himself dost make, 1 On any thriving under Fortune's smile,
And all his Maker's wonders to intend. Contented live, and then contented die.
With thee I here converse at will,

And would be glad to do so still,
For it is thou alone that keep'st the soul awake.
How calm and quiet a delight

Is it, alone

When I was dead, my spirit turned
To read, and meditate, and write,

To seek the much-frequented house ;
By none offended, and offending none !

I passed the door and saw my friends
To walk, ride, sit, or sleep at one's own ease ;

Feasting beneath green orange boughs; And, pleasing a man's self, none other to displease. From hand to hand they pushed the wine, O my beloved nymph, fair Dove,

They sucked the pulp of plum and peach; Princess of rivers, how I love

They sang, they jested, and they laughed, Upon thy flowery banks to lie,

For each was loved of each.
And view thy silver stream,

I listened to their honest chat;
When gilded by a summer's beam !
And in it all thy wanton fry

Said one : “ To-morrow we shall be
Playing at liberty,

Plodding along the featureless sands
And, with my angle, upon them,

And coasting miles and miles of sea.”
The all of treachery,

Said one: “ Before the turn of tide
I ever learned industriously to try !

We will achieve the eyrie-seat.”.

Said one : “ To-morrow shall be like
Such streams Rome's yellow Tiber cannot show, To-day, but much more sweet.”
The Iberian Tagus, or Ligurian Po ;
The Waese, the Danube, and the Rhine,

« To-morrow," said they, strong with hope, Are puddle-water, all, compared with thine ;

And dwelt upon the pleasant way; • And Loire's pure streams yet too polluted are “ To-morrow,” cried they, one and all, With thine, much purer, to compare ;

While no one spoke of yesterday.
The rapid Garonne and the winding Seine

Then life stood full at blessed noon,
Are both too mean,

I, only I, had passed away :
Beloved Dore, with thee

“ To-morrow and to-day,” they criedTo vie priority ;

I was of yesterday. Nay, Tame and Isis, when conjoined, submit,

I shivered comfortless, but cast And lay their trophies at thy silver feet.

No chill across the table-cloth; O my beloved rocks, that rise

1, all-forgotton, shivered, sad To awe the earth and brave the skies !

To stay, and yet to part how loth :
From some aspiring mountain's crown

I passed from the familiar room,
How dearly do I love,

I, who from love had passed away,
Giddy with pleasure, to look down ;

Like the remembrance of a guest Aud, from the vales, to view the noble heights That tarrieth but a day. above ;


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