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company, that I am not married, nor did I fair“ Ethelind,” and lastly proceeded to read ever make the acquaintance of any lady re- aloud two letters. This was the first :joicing in the romantic name of . Etbelind.'

DEAR BESSIE,--All is well here. A. M. is I now understand why Aunt Penelope wrote going on as usual. I received your letter, off to me to come home in such a hurry that and I burned it as agreed. I got a letter to I concluded you must be all dead, or the post from A. M. to his mother, and burned house have fallen at least; and also, I sup- it also, as agreed. I hope all is going well. pose, why she was so urgent to know all par-se is getting cross about her money.

Don't forget to send me the envelopes. Old ticulars of my habit as to the posting of my Your faithful friend, Sarah GREEN. letters home ; and also as much as possible about the servants at my lodging in Bromp

A chorus of exclamations hailed this letton. If it will throw any light on this affair, ter. Aunt Mac was by this time growing I will state that it has been my custom to very white and blue in the face. Archie was write my letters for Glenrig during the eve-in agonies of laughter ; Uncle Randal was lisning at Brompton, and to leave them on the tening with all his might; Aunt Janette was table for the servant; for whose sake I had in a hopeless maze of bewilderment; Mary been led to understand an obliging milkman and Rachel were trying to understand ; Letook them away and posted them early in the titia was still invisible. Aunt Pen proceeded morping. Of the servants I can tell very lit- with the next letter. tle. The maid who attended upon me until DEAR SARAH,—Why did you send me a about a month ago was a rather nice-looking, sheet of blank paper? You know I am so fair-haired girl ; but I did not like her much, anxious for news. Write quickly and tell me as I suspected her more than once of meddling here and very troublesome. I did not count

what is going on.

The two old aunts are still with my loose

papers. She left, and another came in her place, a quiet-looking young wo- goes spying about the house at night, and

on having them to deal with. One of them man, of whom I had never any reason to I know she suspects me.

The other one complain. It was rather strange, however, watches her as well as she watches me. I that when I told her, the night before last, have found the place, however, and will search that I should start for Ireland in the morn- it whenever I can. I locked up the two old ing, and must be wakened early, she dropped aunts the other night, and had the field to my slippers in a panic and ran out of the myself. One of the panels in the end wall

of the dining-room slides back, as granny said. And the next morning, as I was leav- I must try and get out of this as soon as I can. ing, my landlady was in great trouble, as it I can't tell yet what I shall have with me. I seemed Sarah had left the house suddenly, enclose the envelopes. Use the most carelessly and not returned.”

written one first. Be sure you watch well, and “ The best thing she could do, I think ! " don't forget to burn this. said Aunt Pen. And then she, on her side,

BESSIE ANDERSON. proceeded to make a speech, in which she “I being the suspicious old aunt," said triumphantly informed the company, with Aunt Pen, folding the paper with mock solmany a laughing pause, and many an ener-emnity, "stole these letters, and inside the getic nod of her brilliant cap, of how she had, iast I found these envelopes, enclosed all from the first, recognized in the would-be ready for the purpose of covering the epistles Mrs. Archie, her former protégée, Bessie An- received by Mass Bessie from her disinterderson, the grandchild of old Nannie, who ested friend, Miss Green. This evening I knew the secret hiding-place of the supposed gave her a hint of my nephew's expected artreasure; and how, recollecting the grand- rival here before to-morrow night, and I think mother's boast, and Bessie's cleverness and it has hastened her movements a little. And covetous disposition, she had found no diffi- now, I believe, we have nearly got to the culty in arriving at the motive of the hoax; bottom of it.” also that on calling to mind the fact that Bes Here Aunt Mac, having probably got a resie had been sent from Glenrig in disgrace ten turn of that toothache from which she had years ago for cleverly forging a letter, she had suffered so much ten years ago, got up and hardly been surprised at the successful decep- left the room. And after the shrieks of tion she had been enabled to attempt. Then laughter, which had rung through the drawshe recounted her nightly adventures with the ing-room, had somewhat subsided, Aunt Pen

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THIRD SERIES.

LIVING AGE.

went off to free the fair“ Ethelind” from her | the old yellow satin gown. It was very heavy captivity. But lo! the bird bad flown! On and thick, and being ripped up, proved to be discovering which fact, Aunt Pen looked nei- filled, between the lining and the satin, with ther surprised nor displeased. The blue a quantity of old-fashioned jewels of valuable crape dress and many other articles (value description, and goodly guineas to a large for old S—'s money, possibly) were after- amount. wards found in her room, but “Mrs. Ar A slab in Cushlake church covers good chie” was never seen again by any of the old Uncle Randal—“ Also, Janette his wife.”' inhabitants of Glenrig. A merry country. The two aunts their “ warfare o’er,” sleep dance concluded the evening, Letitia and soundly, hard by. Mary and Rachel have Archie leading off; and Aunt Mac having grown-up sons and daughters. And Letitia departed in her “shanderadan,” Aunt Pen- and Archie, when they come to Glenrig for elope ventured to join. We have only now the summer, tell their children the merry to add that on the next day, Letitia, creeping story of that clever Bessie who gave them so into the wonderful closet to see what manner merry a laugh, and found for them the wonof place it might be, laughingly dragged forth derful hidden closet.

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THE FORM OF A DROP.-We are accustomed | each a form peculiar to its own kind of liquid, by to see substances of all kinds, each in some pecu- which it may be known and identified. A drop liar and characteristic shape or form, and we rec- of otto of lavender puts on one shape, a drop of ognize them all by their shape-in fact, we know turpentine another. Drops of sperm oil, olive oil, them as we know persons, by their features. colza oil, naptha, creosote-indeed each individThroughout all substances there is some one gen- ual drop, be the fluid what it may-can be easily eral feature peculiar to each class, no less than an recognized by its form. In order to test any of individual character to each subdivision of its these forms or shapes, we have but to place a class, by which we can identify and individual- drop of the fluid under examination upon water, ize them. Thus, there is a general form of coal, For this purpose we must employ a glass to hold by which it is recognized as coal, and an indivi- the water, taking the greatest care that it is quite dual form by which each kind is known from clean. It must even be rinsed after being wiped, other varieties. No two pieces of chalk-flint are lest there be the least fluff from the cloth adheralike; yet all flints have a form by which they ing to the vessel. The glass being then filled with are known from other stones. There is gray distilled or clean filtered river water, we let fall granite and red granite ; but no one will mistake upon it a drop of the fluid, and watch the shape granite for Portland stone.

or form it puts on. A very little practice will All metals have a general metallic lustre, but show how easy it is thus to distinguish a drop of though one may be heavy and yellow, as is gold, one fluid from that of another. Even more ; if and another lighter than water, and white, as in one fluid be mixed with another, for any sinister potassium, we still know them as metals. The motive or design, we can thus detect the mixture, stars, whether fixed stars or planets, have all the because we can see each fluid in one drop of the same globular form ; yet, when minutely exam- mixture. Thus, by the examination of one drop ined, there is not much difficulty to identify each of sperm oil adulterated with one-twentieth of individual star. Thus, by its generic outward colza oil, the mixture is instantly discovered. form, and its own individual character, exhibited So, if turpentine be mixid with otto of lemons, in its various parts, everything may be recognized or otto of lavender, we have now a ready mode as readily as a shepherd knows each individual of discovering the cheat. sheep of his flock.

How useful may not this knowledge become to Without examination of a close and careful manufacturers and others, now that we are enacharacter, we are apt to assume that a drop of bled to recognize the individuality of each fluid any known fluid has one form. It is round ; and from one single drop.— Septimus Piesse. whether it be a drop of oil, a drop of water, a drop of æther, or any other of the innumerable fluids which are known, they all appear to be round. Now, however, comes the ingenious dis The latest in photographical publications is the covery of Professor Tomlinson, of King's College, “ Animal-Album of the International Exhibition London, to bear upon the subject. The finds, if at Hamburg, 1863 : Photographs by Schnaebeli : we do but examine a drop of any known liquid Edited by Hermann von Nathusius-Hundisburg under certain conditions, that fluid drops assume and A. Krocker.”

From The Saturday Review, 8 Aug. peace will be largely modified by the power
AMERICA.

of the weaker belligerent to offer further re

sistance. It is possible that the Confederates may Mr. Seward is again reported to have disrally from their heavy disasters; but those played, in his advice to the president, a good among them who talk of continuing a guerilla sense and moderation which could not have warfare after the dissolution of their great been anticipated from his public speeches or armies virtually acknowledge defeat. If the from his foreign despatches. If he has really Southern population is resolved to persevere proposed that the Southern States should be in its heroic resistance to the invader, its invited to return to the Union, with a guarenergies will be most advantageously em- antee for their institutions and their propployed in the ranks of the regular army. As erty, he has shown that he understands the yet, the Confederacy is only weakened by the true interests of the North and the only real loss of men in the long and unequal struggle. value of the recent victories. If the presiThere is probably a larger supply of artillery, dent were to adopt the councils attributed to of small arms, and of ammunition than at the Mr. Seward, the North, even if offers of peace commencement of the war; and numerous were peremptorily rejected, would derive officers of experience and ability are ready to great advantage from such a proof of its modtrain and command any new levies which eration. Prudent Northern Americans must may be forthcoming. The principal army, be aware that the resistance of the South may, under the commander-in-chief, still holds in in any case, be indefinitely prolonged. It is force the north-western frontier of Virginia ; generally admitted that the great armies canand Johnstone and Bragg, though they are not be maintained without the conscription, not strong enough to cope with the enemy in and experience has not yet shown whether the field, must be able to dispose of a consid- compulsory service can be made acceptable to erable force. The Confederate Government, the most considerable Northern States. The and the States which are immediately threat- New York riots have, for the moment, united eped, have called all able-bodied men to arms, the respectable classes in support of the Govin the extreme peril of the country. The ernment, and they have discredited the Demstatesmen and generals of the South are too ocratic party, which was previously increaswell acquainted with the theory and history ing in numbers and in influence; yet it will of war to rely on the desultory efforts of be difficult to renew the conscription after its guerilla bands; and it is evidently their ob- temporary suspension, cspecially as it is disject to husband their resources, by declining, countenanced by the Governor of New York, as far as possible, all decisive actions. Gen- who is supported by the legal authority of eral Lee prudently wishes to cover the retreat one of the State Judges. "The Americans of his baggage, and also to occupy the main have neither sympathy nor respect for Irish Federal army, while his Government is en- rioters, but, in the present instance, the New gaged in measures for immediate defence. York quota can only be made up of Irish conEven if he were certain of success, he could scripts. The imported Helots of New York, scarcely, at this moment, afford to fight a among the few advantages of their situation, pitched battle in which he might lose ten or enjoy the privilege of a large proportionate twenty-thousand men. A fresh advance into representation in the municipality of the city: the Federal States would once more bring an The corporation has consequently voted half innumerable militia into the field, and event- a million sterling to purchase substitutes for ually it might be necessary again to retreat unwilling conscripts, and, of course, every behind the Potomac with diminished num- conscript will take advantage of the grant. bers. It seems strange, if the report be true, The Republicans argue, with much force, that reinforcements from Southern Virginia that the measute is illegal, as it is deliber, should have been forwarded to Lee's army, ately intended to thwart the policy of an Act while Charleston is in danger from the opera- of Congress; but it will be difficult for the War tions of a small land force, acting in concert Department to refuse the regulated price of with the gunboats. We have not the means exemption, when it is tendered on behalf of of accurately estimating the present strength any conscript from any quarter whatever. and resources of Beauregard, but he may still The respectable inhabitants of New York be able to save the principal port of the Con- will have the pleasure of paying for the exfederacy, and to baflle the expected triumph emption of their Irish neighbors as well as of the North over the capture of Fort Sum- for their own, and the corporation will have ter. Whatever may be the necessities of the furnished a precedent which, if it were genfuture, the Southern Government displays its erally followed, would render the creation of wisdom in maintaining its defiant attitude a Federal army altogether impossible. under the pressure of ill fortune. Should The announcement of immediate war with negotiation become inevitable, the terms of England has always been the favorite resort

of American factions when they found them- | bellion against a Government which usurped selves in a difficulty ; but the device was too its undoubted rights. The zealous advocates stale and too irrelevant to bear upon the im- of centralized Government might possibly pediments to the conscription. The Irish suppress resistance for a time, if Mr. Lincoln, rioters were as willing to listen to the dis- in compliance with their earnest recommendacreditable twaddle of their archbishop when tions, were to make General Butler dictator he stimulated their bad passions against Eng- of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. land, as when he assured them, with shame- Such an appointment would gratify the party less mendacity, that they were not even riot- passions of the Republicans, but it would be ers. There is a great difference, however, regarded with deeper satisfaction by the Govbetween applauding a sycophantic demagogue ernment of Richmond. It would be highly and submitting to compulsory enlistment in inconvenient to attempt in the Northern the army. Even a disciple of Archbishop States, during the continuance of the war, Hughes can understand that, if the Act of the experiment which, in the event of conCongress is unconstitutional, its defects can quest, must ultimately be tried throughout by no means be cured by the employment of the Confederacy. It may be found possible an army illegally raised in the most wanton to govern South Carolina as a subject provand wicked of quarrels. The Irish intellect ince, but New York is not prepared to bemay also perceive that a contingent war, for come a dependency of Washington. The which a pretext has yet to be discovered, can hope of dissensions among their enemies will scarcely require so urgent a measure as a con- perhaps encourage and console the Confedscription. If American patriots of all par- erates in their distress and danger. ties are to be trusted, a war with England would fill the ranks with volunteers eager to wreak their vengeance, according to the prov

From The Saturday Review, 15 Aug. erb, for insults and offences which they have themselves offered to the object of their en

THE MEXICAN EMPIRE. mity. A forced levy to represent the national The appointment of Archduke Maximilian animosity is too paradoxical a provision to to occupy an imperial throne in Mexico is a impose on the most unsophisticated mind. surprising event, both in itself and as the The Irishmen of New York believe, with accomplishment of a project which seemed much reason, that they are to be expended in wholly chimerical. Napoleon III. belongs to the Southern States, and not, for the present, the highest order of thaumaturgic performin Canada. If the untoward Polish question ers. Not contented with the mere display should issue in a European war, there can be of unexpected skill, he challenges the skeplittle doubt that the Government of the ticism of his audience by announcing beforeUnited States will take the opportunity of hand the almost incredible feat which be assisting Russia, and of venting its hatred afterwards proceeds to perform. When Mr. against England. In the more probable con- Disraeli became a leader in the House of Comtingency of a merely diplomatic controversy mons, when Prince Louis Napoleon ascended between England and Russia, the President the throne of France, the adroitness of both and his advisers will not be so insane as to achievements was enhanced by the recollectake any step which would more than com- tion that neither aspirant to power had ever pensate to the Confederacy for the loss of a doubted of his own ultimate triumph. The dozen Vicksburgs.

Emperor of the French has since that time The Republicans are beginning to accuse ventured upon many enterprises, without Governor Seymour of treasonable intentions, wearing out his astonishing good fortune. because he discourages the conscription, and When he embarked, against the wish of his resists the encroachments of the Federal subjects, in the Mexican speculation, and power. Where there are two conflicting au- more especially during the long delay of his thorities, the special champion of either is forces on their way to the capital," it was always liable to be denounced as a traitor. thought by many that his demon or guardian To foreign observers, the Federal Government angel had at last deserted him. It is still by seems to have strained its prerogative to the no means obvious that any solid advantage utmost, but it is for Americans themselves to will accrue to France from the expenditure reconcile or distinguish the pretensions of of treasure and life in a superfluous conWashington and of New York. It may be quest; but the army and the people will essafely assumed that Governor Seymour'is only ult in the power of a sovereign who can a traitor so far as his supporters, who are the create and give away empires. It was as unmajority in a population of four millions, are likely that an Austrain Archduke should acalsó traitors. "If he were violently deprived cept a crown from a Napoleon as that a French of the command of the armed force of the garrison should occupy the chief city of SpanState, New York would not be far from re- ish America. The splendor of the transaction

4

will compensate for its inutility or improvi- Rome, be, in virtue of his office, viceroy over dence, and new strength will be added to the the nominal ruler. It is possible that even popular belief that civilization is borne round Mexicans, if they are regularly paid and the world on the wings of the imperial eagles. strictly disciplined, may learn to perform the The new monarchy must necessarily rely on proper duties of soldiers ; but, for the presthe protecting power of France, as Austria ent, it will be necessary to maintain an army has neither ships nor money to send on cru- either of auxiliaries or of foreign mercenasading errands across the Atlantic. It is ries. By some means or other, the new Govsaid, indeed, that Frenchmen hope to be re-ernment will almost certainly attain such a lieved by an Austrian force from the burden condition as to justify the recognition which of the Mexican occupation; but even if the awaits all established or existing authorities. Emperor Francis Joseph and the Council of It is not at all improbable that a monarchy the Empire were disposed to undertake the may really suit a semi-barbarous country task, the appearance of a German army in better than a republic. England can have Mexico would be a curious mode of commenc- no special predilection or dislike for either ing that establishment of a great Latin and form of government, and the inconveniences Celtic state, which Napoleon III. proposed in which may hereafter result from the arrangehis letter to General Forey as the main ob- ment concern France alone. It is, perhaps, ject of the war. It is not by Austrians that irritating to jealous or ambitious tempers that the Teutonic supremecy of the United States the ancient rival of England should have succan be balanced on the Western Continent. ceeded in monopolizing the attention or the The Archduke or Emperor Maxmilian must wonder of the world; but modest politicians be content to acknowledge the patronage of are well content with the withdrawal of the the real founder of the new dynasty. English Government from the joint campaign

As soon as the new government is estab- which began as a distraint for debt and ended lished, there can be no reason for withholding with the creation of an empire. The retirthe recognition of England. The machinery ing partner has the mixed feeling of comfort by which an invading general causes a con- and humiliation of an ordinary tourist on his quered province to obey his directions mat- return from a walk, after parting with a comters little either to natives or to foreigners. panion who has suddenly announced that he Marshal Forey has, it seems, convoked a is on his way to the peak of the Matterhorn. Council of Notables, or persons of his own

Whether Mexico is to be an Austrain monway of thinking, and his nominees have, archy, a Latin empire, or a French depenwith instructive unanimity, coincided in the dency, it will probably be necessary, sooner or judgement which the Emperor Napoleon had later, to deal with the hostility of the United formed two years ago. The Archduke Max- States. For the present, Federal agitators imilian has since accepted their invitation to will doubtless attribute the obnoxious event assume the Government of Mexico, with the to the perfidy, the cowardice, or some other title of emperor and with a constitution bor- of the vicious qualities which are commonly rowed from France. The modern substitute attributed to England. The Americans like for the consecrating oil will be probably sup- the French, because they believe them to be plied by universal suffrage, or, as Frenchmen the natural enemies of their own favorite obpedantically say, by a plebiscité. A salute of ject of hatred ; and they also admire the Ema hundred guns would be an equally impos- peror Napoleon, because they know him to ing form, and it would represent public be powerful and despotic, and because they opinion not less accurately ; but as the cost believe him to be unscrupulous. Nevertheand trouble of the whole performance have less, they are obliged to affect a regard for fallen on the Emperor Napoleon, it would be the doctrine to which they have attached the hard if the author and paymaster of the fes- name of President Monroe. The protest tivities were not allowed to regulate the dec- against European interference on the Ameriorations. For the future administration of can Continent was first directed, on the sugthe country an efficient army and a regular gestion of Mr. Canning, against the supBudget are the only indispensable requisites. posed projects of the Holy Alliance in South Prefects may be easily found, and laws may

America. The doctrine afterwards became be imported in bulk, but the first want of popular because it furnished pretexts for inMexico is a force which will maintain order solence to England, and it was largely used without paying itself for its services by plun- in the obscure negotiations about the Mosder or oppression. The new emperor must quito Coast and the islands in the Bay of have a revenue and an army, and it will be Honduras. The Emperor Napoleon was in well if he insists on re-establishing the credit no way bound to respect an arbitrary rule of Mexico. A French auxiliary force would propounded by a single power, and never yet effectually suppress robbery and violence, but incorporated into the code of international its commander would, like his colleague at law. " It is probable, however, that, but for

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