« EelmineJätka »
Rarey's hand, and the Mexican council of ada and Central America respectively by the notables, now that the experiment is over, separation,-all would alike unite in oppoand the evil passions of their country have sing an increase of European influence on the been eradicated, go about like the stars in American continent. The reason that the Addison's poem,
South are now willing to affirm Napoleon's “ Forever singing as they shine,
occupation is purely a military one. It is, The hand that made us is e."
therefore, of a temporary and passing nature,
and their dislike to French interference in The French emperor's turn for doctering, Mexico would revive when the emergency amiable as it is, seems likely this time to bring was past. Whatever be the issue of the him into collision with Mexico's most pow- present civil war-and it is possible that erful neighbor. It is clear that the atten- issue may be the one of all others the least tion of the Americans has been at last thor- expected by English critics——the policy of oughly aroused by the amateur operation that the French emperor with respect to Mexico is performing in their immediate vicinity. and the Latin Sea is and must remain unpopSo flagrant an interference with the princi- ular all through America. ples laid down in the famous Monroe declar The seizure of the Mexican capital and the ation, would never have been tolerated at all flight of Juarez is, then, a success which may but for the struggle between South and North. cost Napoleon dear, if it encourages him to The capture of the capital of Mexico is an enter upon a systematic policy of Mexican event of such novelty and importance that, renovation. The late victories of the North by common consent, both South and North render his tenure of Mexico precarious. It have fixed their cyes simultaneously on the may be questioned whether the North are not bold invader. In ordinary times it would be too strong for France in this matter. Grantthe interest of both alike to protest against ing even that the South achieve their indethe French invasion of Mexican territory. pendence, and that French frigates were to The South, however, now seem willing to raise the blockade, the South cannot give sacrifice the Monroe doctrine for the unsub- Mexico away, were they even desirous to do stantial advantage of French recognition. so. The policy would be too short-sighted to There overtures are, perhaps, less important last beyond the duration of the war fever; for the reason that they come at a moment but, at all events, the Southern Confederawhen clouds seem to be gathering over the tion while the Mississippi is in the hands of Southern cause. The sudden accession of the North, can at best be only powerful for power which the North, owing to their re- defensive purposes. It will never be a forcent successes, have obtained, gives, on the midable belligerent until, in course of time, other hand, an ominous weight to the re- it has created a navy and a maritime life for · monstrances which, by this time, their di- itself. From this point of view the imporplomatists have lodged with the French em- tance of the capture of Vicksburg cannot be peror. Unless the statesmen of Washington overrated. The South, in gaining indepenrecede from all the traditional policy of the dence, will have to relinquish all bope of emUnited States, or unless Napoleon III. re- pire ; and a permanent French alliance would cedes from his plan for converting the Mex- be productive of little beyond embarrassican Republic into a Latin empire, a collision ment to France. This is why, the French between France and America seems inevita- emperor's Mexican scheme is dangerous and ble. Disguise the object of the Mexican ex- chimerical. It can only succeed it the wings pedition as we may, it is what this journal of the North are thoroughly clipped. All the has stated from the first, a bold and Utopian gallantry of the South will not effect this ; design to create a balance of power on the and the moment is coming when Napoleon other side of the Atlantic, and to erect a bar- III. may find that, in relying on the quiesrier to the progress of the Anglo-Saxon race. cence of the North, he is leaning on a broken The project may be chimerical, but it is cer- reed. tainly serious ; and a fitting time has been The interests of England are neither diselected for its execution. With the cun- rectly nor indirectly concerned. Arguing ning of Achitophel, Napoleon III. has seen, abstractedly, the prosperity of the transatin the civil war in the United States, an op- lantic Anglo-Saxon race should be to Engportunity for his purpose, which never would land a political advantage, yet the history of have fallen to him if the Union had been un. the century has shown that is is only an addivided, or indeed if it had been peaceably vantage in theory. The Radical party in dissolved. If North and South were peace- this country have doubtless suffered in presable and friendly rivals, far more if the United tige by the faults and follies of the American States were to resolve itself into a tripartite Republic, and they have not much to gain by Confederation,-whatever might be the vari- its disruption. But within the range of ety of interests created with regard to Can-proximate calculation, we have nothing either
to hope or fear from the imperial trans- to be seen whether he has not been playing a formations of Mexico. The French-if it game of hazardous speculation. The Archamuses them -are welcome to embroil them- duke Maximilian might be willing conceivaselves there as they please. They will find bly to accept a precarious crown, for he is interfering for the Latin race an expensive young, and the young do not dislike advenrecreation. Touching, America will be as ture. The pope may even bless him, and pleasant and as fruitful as touching a hedge the French eagles may protect him. But hog. The emperor would not have ventured in settling the destinies of Mexico without to do it were it not that he is a dreamer, and regard to the traditions of America, the pope, imagines that the American struggle gives him the archduke, and the emperor are settling a chance of realizing his dreams. It remains without their host.
THE STAR SPANGLED BANNER PARODIED.— Then gladly “to arms," while we hurl in our The rebels cannot get along without the old na- pride, tional airs, which have become endeared by old Defiance to tyrants, and death to their minions! associations. In a rebel camp in Virginia was With our front in the field, swearing never to yield, found the following parody on the Star Spangled Or return like the Spartan in death on our shield! Banner, which has been transmitted to us for And the Cross of the South shall triumphantly publication. It is a very poor imitation of the spirit-stirring lyric so familiar to loyal Amer. As the flag of the free or the pall of the brave ! icans ; but then “ The Southern Cross” is a feeble substitute for the Star Spangled Banner. - Boston Journal. THE SOUTHERN CROSS.
ELECTRICITY OF THE CIRCULATION OF THE Oh! say can you see through the gloom and the BLOOD.-M. Scoutetten has reported to the Acad
storm, More bright for the darkness, that pure constel-emy of Sciences at Paris an account of some exlation ?
periments made upon horses who were previ. Like the symbol of love and redemption its form, ously made insensible to pain. le found that As it points to the haven of hope for the nation.
the electric positive sign, indicate the direction How radiant each star, as the beacon afar,
of the current, was constantly from the red, or
arterial, to the black, or venous, blood. He Giving promise of peace, or assurance in war ! 'Tis the Cross of the South, which shall ever re- demonstrated that the red blood and the black
concludes his memoir by saying that, since it is main To light us to freedom and glory again !
blood, in their contact through the walls of the
vessels, which act as true porous vases, give How peaceful and blest was America's soil, stated electric reactions to the galvanometer, we Till betrayed by the guile of the Puritan demon, must admit, that as all the parts of our body are Which lurks ander virtue and springs from its coil, traversed by sanguineous fluids, there must necTo fasten its fangs in the lite-blood of freemen. essarily be a constant disengagement of electricThen boldly appeal to each heart that can feel, ity in the most relaxed tissues of our bodies. And crush the foul viper 'neath Liberty's heel ! Thus each organic molecule is incessantly stimuAnd the Cross of the South shall in triumph related by the electric fluid, and thus under the main
influence of this excitement, all the functions of To light us to freedom and glory again ! the body are performed. The oxygen contained 'Tis the emblem of peace, 'tis the day-star of hope, with which it is in contact, and produces heat,
in the red blood burns up the organic molecules Like the sacred Labarum that guided the Roman; without which life is impossible. Under the inFrom the shore of the Gulf to the Delaware's Auence of electricity is effected, during digestion,
slope 'Tis the trust of the free, and the terror of foemen. assimilation. The same action takes place in res.
the selection of the nutritive molecules and their Fling its folls to the air, which we boldly declare, The rights we demand, or the deeds that we dare ? piration, and in all the other functions. These While the Cross of the South shall in triumph re- of combustion. The carbon takes the negative
facts perfectly agree with the electric phenomena main To light us to freedom and glory again !
electricity and the surrounding air the positive,
or rather, the current is established between the And if peace should be hopeless, and justice de carbon and the oxygen of the air. Now, the prin nied,
cipal action of the red blood, by reason of the And war's bloody vulture should flap its black oxygen in it, is the producing a true combustion pinions,
in our tissues.
From The Spectator, 22 Aug. dell Holmes. The readers of “i Elsie Venner,” BOSTON ON THE WAR.
—and who has not read that weird graceful It is not often that on this side the Atlan- story ?-would find it hard to believe that tic we can catch a glimpse of what educated its author was a man of active life. In this Americans think about the great contest in impression they would not be mistaken. Till which their country is involved. Our news- the war broke out, we believe that Dr. paper correspondents, able as they are, write Holmes never wrote a line about politics, and as Englishmen for an English public. The held aloof from a pursuit for which his refined communications which come addressed to us and speculative nature almost disqualified from the States are all impregnated with the him. In the bygone days, so near in time, feelings of men who know they are pleading so distant in fact, when“ Quieta non movere before an unfriendly audience, and who, was the maxim by which educated men in therefore, involuntarily put what they con- America guided their conduct, he was looked sider the best face upon their case ; while the upon by the Abolitionist party as the most American papers, and especially the New timid of anti-slavery men. And probably, York papers—the only ones ever seen or three years ago, the last thing which either quoted in England-are all infected with the friends or enemies would have expected of love of exaggeration inseparable from a sen- Wendell Holmes was that he would come forsation press. On this account it is of real ward as an anti-slavery political speaker. value to get hearing of the utterances ad But the war has wrought already many dressed by an American of intelligence to changes in the United States. It has done Americans, to study the language intended away with the apathy of wealth and the diletfor home consumption, not for foreign ex- tante indifferentism of education. For good portation. Such an opportunity has been or bad, it has brought all classes together afforded us recently. On the 4th of last into an union never known before, and has July, Dr. Holmes was selected by the City shown men in characters new to the world, authorities of Boston to deliver the anuual and newer still, përhaps, to themselves. The oration in commemoration of the anniversary enthusiasm for the Union has appealed to all of American independence. From that ora- classes alike, to old and young, rich and poor, tion we may gather a fair estimate of how learned and ignorant. It may—as Englishthe war is judged by the cultivated intellect men forgetful of their own antecedents are of the United States. It was delivered at, wont to assume be a wicked and a foolish perhaps, the gloomiest moment of the Fed- enthusiasm. But, like all genuine enthusieral fortunes. General Lee was encamped in asm, it ennobles those whose minds are awakthe heart of Pennsylvania ; the struggle be- ened by it. Dr. Holmes himself is no longer tween him and Meade was being waged with of the age when men go out to fight. But varying success; and it was possible that any his only son has gone forth in his stead; and hour might bring the tidings that the North- it in parts the orator's language seems ern armies had been routed, and that strained and exaggerated to us, we must rethe Confederates were marching upon Wash- member it was spoken by a father who knew ington. No doubt, at the very moment the any minute might bring him tidings that he, harangue was being delivered, Lee was re- like so many of those whose faces he saw treating as rapidly as he could seeking safety around him while he spoke, was left childless in an inglorious flight, and General Pember- by the cruel fate of war. However, in his ton was arranging with Grant the terms of address there is nothing of the stereotyped the capitulation of Vicksburg. But no news American self-glorification. Scarce an alluof these great successes had reached Boston, sion is found in it to the glories of that Revand the orator had as yet no gleam of victory olution in honor of which Independence Day with which to encourage his audience, wait- is kept sacred. Poor George III. was allowed ing, doubtless, more impatiently for the tid- to sleep in peace without any recital of his ings expected hourly than for any studied sins; and probably for the first time in any outburst of declamation. Moreover, if there of the eighty-seven Fourth of July orations is one man in America who represents the which have been delivered in Boston, no meneducated unpolitical class more especially tion is made of Bunker's Hill, or of the tea than any other, it is, perhaps, Oliver Wen- which was thrown into the waters of the
Charles Riter, in sight, by the way, of the land. “There are those,” he remarks,“ who windows of Dr. Holmes's house. The present profess to fear that our Government is becomhas obscured the past, and with General Lee ing a mere irresponsible tyranny. If there encamped at Gettysburg it was not the time are any who really believe that our present for idle glorifications of American magnitude for himself and family, that a coup d' état is
chief magistrate means to found a dynasty and prowess:
in preparation by which he is to become AbraThe whole oration deals with the war, and ham, Dei gratia Rex, they cannot have duly the war alone. Its one cause Dr. Holmes pondered his letter of the 12th of June, in acknowledges to have been the institution of which he unbosoms himself with the simplicslavery. “ The antagonism,” he says, “ of ity of a rustic lover called upon by an anxious the two sections of the Union was not the parent to explain his intentions. . . An army work of this or that enthusiast or fanatic. It its political privileges, and the idea of a des
of legislators is not very likely to throw away was the consequence of a movement in mass potism, resting on an open ballot-box is, like of two different forms of civilization in differ- that of Bunker Hill Monument, built on the ent directions, and the men to whom it was waves of Boston Harbor.” With regard to attributed were only those who represented this country, we need hardly say that Dr. it most completely, or who talked longest and Holmes speaks severely, rather, we must adloudest about it.” On the other hand, he mit--as any one who knows his kindly nature makes no attempt to represent the war as a His real complaint he puts fairly enough.
would suppose— in reproach than in anger. crusade undertaken on behalf of the negro. "We had, no doubt, reckoned very generally “It was waged,” he admits, “primarily, on the sympathy of England, at least, in a and is waged to this moment, for the preser- strife which, whatever pretexts were alleged vation of our national existence.” The chain as to its cause, arrayed upon one side the of argument which runs through his discourse supporters of an institution she was supposed is that the principle of self-government in- to hate in earnest, and on the other its assailvolves ipso facto the right of free discussion ants." When, however, he tells us further,
“ That three bending statues cover up that and free political action; that the existence gilded seat, which, in spite of the time-halof free discussion and action brought on the lowed usurpations and consecrated wrongs so * irresistible conflict ” between slavery and long associated with its history, is still venfreedom ; and that, therefore, in striving to crated as the throne,-one of ese supports preserve the Union the North vindicates a is the pensioned Church, the second is the principle fatal to the existence of slavery. purchased army, the third is the long suffer"What is meant,” he truly remarks, “ by, ing people, we are reminded unpleasantly,
of Mr. Jefferson Brick. self-government, is that a man shall make his
However, we could pardon much more unconvictions of what is right and expedient kind things than Dr. Holmes has said of us regulate the community, so far as his frac- on account of the manly, stirring, Englishtional share of the Government extends. If like patriotism which marks every page of one has come to the conclusion, be it right or his address. We talk of American sentiwrong, that any particular institution or ment as high-flown and stilted. Let an Engstatute is a violation of the sovereign law of ular passion would be if the integrity of our
lishman consider candidly what our own popGod, it is to be expected that he will choose country were assailed. Should we think lanto be represented by those who share his be- guage like this exaggerated in the hour of lief, and who will, in their wider sphere, do England's peril? “By those wounds of livall they legitimately can to get rid of the ing beroes, by those graves of fallen martyrs, wrong in which they find themselves and their by the corpses of your children, and the constituents involved. To prevent opinion claims of your children's children yet unfrom organizing itself under political forms born, in the name of outraged honor, in the
interest of violated sovereignty, for the life may be very desirable, but it is not according of an imperilled nation, for the sake of men to the theory or practice of self-government.”' everywhere, and of our common humanity, This is all that Dr. Holmes claims for the for the glory of God and the advancement war with reference to slavery, and doubtless of his kingdom on earth, your country calls he might have claimed even more with jus- upon you to stand by her through good retice.
port and through evil report, in triumph and It is curious to see how an educated Amer- in defent.” Words such as these would seem can regards the alleged infractions of his lib- natural enough applied to England, and what erty of which we have heard so much in Eng- England is to us the Union is to an American.
WHERE ARE THE COPPERHEADS ?
THE LAND'S END.
BY THE DEAN OF CANTERBURY.
This world of wonders, where our lot is cast, Is heard upon the blast:
Hath far more ends than one. A man may stan1 Go where the lifted sabres flash,
On the bluff rocks that stretch from Sennen And fall on traitor's crests,
church, Where Southern bayonets are dim
And watch the rude Atlantic hurling in With blood from Northern breasts :
The mighty billows, thus his land may end. Go search amid the loyal ranks, Among the glorious dead
Another lies with gasping breath, and sees Among them all you will not find
The mightier billows of Eternity A single copperhead.
Dashing upon the outmost rocks of life ;
And his Länd's End is near. Go search the gunboat’s bloody deck
And so, one day, When the dread conflict's done ;
Will the Lord's flock, close on Time's limit, stand The traitor's banner in the dust,
On the last headland of the travelled world, And silenced every gun;
And watch, like sun-streak on the ocean's waste, While o'er the hard-won ramparts floats
His advent drawing nigh. Our flag, yet, oh! what pain, 'Neath that dear flag since morning light
Thus shall the church How many have been slain !
Her Land's End reach : and then may you and we, Among the heroes of the fight,
Dear Cornish friends, once more in company, The living and the dead
Look out upon the glorious realms of hope, Go search among them there is not
And find the last of earth,-the first of God. A single copperhead.
-Macmillan's Magazine. Go search the crowded hospital,
Where ghastly wounds are seen, Which tell through what a struggle fierce Those noble men have been ;
LEAD US, O FATHER! But look upon their faces, lo!
LEAD us, O Father! in the paths of peace ; They smile through all their pain;
Without Thy guiding hand we go astray, The scars they bear were nobly won
And doubts appall and Zorrows still increase, Their honor has no stain.
Lead us, through Christ, the true and living Soft hands are ministering-kind words
Unhelped by Thee, in Error's maze we grope,
While passion stains and folly dims our youth, Go where the look can scarce conceal
And age comes on uncheered by faith or hope. The treason of the heart, And where the tongue would willingly
Lead us, O Father! in the paths of right. Defend the traitor's part :
Blindly we stumble when we walk alone,
Only with Thee we journey safely on.
Lead us, O Father ! to thy heavenly rest,
However steep and rough the path may be, Where loyalty is dead
Through joy or sorrow, as Thou deemest best, Where sad disaster gives no pain :
Until our lives are perfected in Thee. There is the copperhead.
W. H. BURLEIGH.
-Christian Inquirer. Go where foul scorn is heaped upon
Our noble boys, who go
Wind the clock-it striketh ten; Where Burnside is defamed :
Heed the alarum, fools and sages, Where Banks and Butler-noble names !
Clicking out the lives of men-
Marching down the road of ages.
Soon the “ eleventh hour" will chime,
Stilling all the wheels of men. There is the copperhead.
Lay new hold of life and time- Harper's Weekly.
Wind the clock-it striketh ten ?