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arise ;


IN GOD'S HAND. Oh! chant a requiem for the brave, the brave “Go to, then ! henceforth it shall no longer rex who are no more,

me, New England's dead ! in honored rest, they sleep Because as I wish the world goes not alway; on hill and shore,

The turmoils of life shall no longer perplex me From where the Mississippi now, in freedom, Nor my heart be worn out with the grief of proudly rolls,

to-day. To waves that sigh on Georgia's isles, a death

Woe is Time's blight;
hymn for their souls.

The seed of delight
Shall spring up and bloom in heaven's islands of

Oh ! first of all, the noble blood that traitorous
band has shed ;

“ Then pain shall inherit a rich over-payment; It dyed the streets of Baltimore, New England's Then tears shall be wiped from all sorrowing heroes bled :

eyes ; And still the mystic number “ THREE ” will live The poor be clothed then in the fairest of raiment, for aye in song,

And the sick with the vigor of health, shall While history tells, with glowing pen, of PUTNAM, Shaw, and STRONG.

Hatred shall cease ;

All shall be peace,

For in heaven alone doth good ever increase. Immortal names. Oh! noble THREE,” a na

tion's heart will throb For ye who fell, in manly prime, for Freedom and “Oh! let, then, my lot and my life be appointed for God !

Just as my God and my Lord seeth meet ; And women's eyes grow dim with tears, and Hopes laid up in heaven are ne'er disappointed, manhood bows its head

Let the world have its way till the end is comBefore your deeds of valor done, new England's

plete ; honored dead !

Time's tree will cast

Its leaves on the blast,

And heaven makes everything right at the last.” But not alone for those who die a soldier's death

-From the Danish by Mary Howitt. of glory, Full many a brave, heroic soul has sighed its

mournful story, Down in the sultry swamps and plains, where

fever's subtle breath Has drained the life-blood from their hearts, and

laid them low in death.

We heard a dozen men complain
When Wednesday it began to rain ;

Just as before, when it was dry, As proud a memory yours, oh! ye who mur- They mourned a draught with many a sigh, mured no complaint,

And seemed most strangely to forget Who saw Hope's vision, day by day, grow indis- That water generally is wet ! tinct and faint ;

If all man's prayers were heard together Who, far from home and loving hearts, from all The world would have the queerest weather.

ye hold most dear, Have died ! Oh noble, unknown dead, ye leave a

My mill stands still !-0 Lord, give rain!” record here !

• My grain is down-O Lord, refrain ?”

• My corn is parched !"_"Ah, Susan's bonnet, New England ! on thy spotless shield, inscribe Don't let a drop of water on it!" thine honored dead,

O, not to-day, our washing's out !” Oh! keep their memory fresh and green, when

“ Roll up ye clouds I go for trout!”

“ The hen's come off—the brood is drowned !” turf blooms o'er their head; Aud coming nations yet unborn will read, with

“ Ah, let it pour ! my boat's aground !” glowing pride, Of those who bore thy conquering arms, and suf- So, 'mid the murmurs of the world, fering, fought and died ;

The clouds, like banners are unfurled ; Who, foremost in the gallant van, laid life and The rains descend, the bow is bent, honor down ;

The sky smiles clear, God's azure tent ; Oh! deck with fadeless bays their names, who've Sweet springs and robins sing together, won the martyr's crown!

And, rain or shine, 'tis pleasant weather ;

J. S. G. The sower's hopeful seed is flung, -Home Journal.

And harvest songs are always sung.

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No. 1008.—26 September, 1863.




PAGE 1. Bacon's Essays and Colors of Good and Evil, British Quarterly Review, 579 2. The Fisherman of Lake Sunapee,

Once a Week,

590 3. Tom Morland's Preferment,

597 4. Anglophobia,

Saturday Review,

611 5. Col. Delancy's Final Departure,

Historical Magazine,

613 6. Slavery after the Rebellion,

Boston Journal,

614 7. Designs of Napoleon III.,

Philadelphia Press,

615 8. Deficient Armament of British Ships,


616 *** Title Page and Index of Volume 78. POETRY.—Here is my Heart, 578. Firsi Metric Lesson, 578.

SHORT ARTICLES.-Tents of Kedar, 589. English Neutrality, 589. Vitality of Seeds, 596. Prof. Lane and his Arabic Lexicon,

LIT TELL, SON & & Co.,


For Six Dollars a year, in advance, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded free of postage.

Complete sets of the First Series, in thirty-six volumes, and of the Second Series, in twenty volumes, handsomely bound, packed in neat boxes, and delivered in all the principal cities, free of expense of freight, are for sale at two dollars a volume.

ANY VOLUME may be had separately, at two dollars, bound, or a dollar and a half in numbers.

ANY NUMBER may be had for 13 cents; and it is well worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly enhance their value.

From the German of Ehrenfried Liedich. You shall count your coins and treasures,

Weigh your goods, and sell your land

By the metric weights and measures, Here is my heart—my God, I give it thee ;

Which I'll make you understand. I heard thee call and

say, “ Not to the world, my child, but unto me”— "Twere beginning in the wrong key I heard, and will obey.

To explain the system's use ; Here is love's offerivg to my ing

You are much too great a donkey, Which in glad sacrifice I bring

Much too bigoted a goose.
Here is my heart !

You shall learn it, and hereafter
Here is my heart--surely the gift, though poor,

When you find what toil it saves, My God will not despise ;

You will say, with scornful laughter,

That its foes were fools or knaves. Vainly and long I sought to make it pure,

To meet thy searching eyes ; Corrupted once in Adam's fall,

First, for length. Now mind. The unit The stains of sin pollute it all

Is the metre, a Gallic term :
My guilty heart !

Best for English tongues to tune it

Into METER, round and firm. Here is my heart—my heart so sad before,

"Tis ten millionth of the distance Now by Thy grace made meet ;

From the equator to the pole ; Yet bruised and wearied, it can only pour

Astronomical assistance lis anguish at Thy feet ;

Measures ribbons—ain't it droll ? It gruns beneath the weight of sin, It siy'is Salvation's joy to win-

With this word we make formation My mourning heart. .

Of Long Measure-here's your guide, Here is my heart-in Christ its longings end,

GREEK precedes MUL-TI-PLI-CA-TION : Near to the cross it draws ;

LATIN tells you to DIVIDE.

'Tis so easy, British blockhead ; It says, “ Thou art my portion, O my Friend ! Thy blood my ransom was.

When you come to make it out And in the Saviour it has found

You'll be most severely shocked What blessedness and peace abound

At your present blethering rout. My trusting heart,

Now, ur pearl of bricksiwicksies, Here is my heart-ah ! Holy Spirit, come,

As Paul Bedford would remark, Its nature to renew,

You must learn the Greek prefixes, And consecrate it wholly as thy home,

Greek, our bloater, what a lark A temple fair and true.

Deca (ten times) put to meter, Teach it to love and serve Thee more,

And ten meters you'll express,
To fear Thee, trust Thee, and adorem

Hecto next observe, you creetur,
My cleansed heart!

Makes a hundred meters-yes. Here is my heart-it trembles to draw near

Kilometer, that's a thousand : The glory of Thy throne;

Myria makes ten thousand. See? Give it the shining robe Thy servants wear,

Come, my British blockhead, rouse and Of righteousness Thine own;

Show your mental energy: Its pride and folly chase away,

Now, we'll take and try division ; And Thou art wise, and just and true

Here the words we Latinize,
My waiting heart !

For “ Divide and conquer” is an Here is my heart—0 Friend of friends, be near

Ancient Latin saying wise.
To make the tempter fly ;
And when my latest foe I wait with fear,

For a tenth part of a meter
Give me the victory

Deci-meter you must say. Gladly on Thy love reposing,

Centi-meter (what is neater ?) Let me say, when life is closing,

Doth a hundredth part convey. “ Here is my heart !”

Then a thousandth comes with milli

There, you've got it neat and pat, Don't you think the folks are silly

Who make faces over that?

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COME, you little British blockhead,

Come you here and stand by me,
And your blockhead shall be knocked

If you don't attend, you see.

More to-day I will not ask you

In your knowledge-box to stow, For I would not over-task you,

Little British blockhead, no. But we'll have the metric system,

Punch has sworn it, by his hunch, And the folks who dare resist him

Shall be trampled down by Punch.

From The British Quarterly Review. alterations, and were inserted in the third 1. Bacon's Essays and Colors of Good chapter of the sixth book of the “ De Aug

and Evil. With Notes and Glossarial mentis Scientiarum,” where they are called Index. By W. Aldis Wright, M.A. Second Edition. Macmillan and Co.

Sophismata Rhetorica." 2. Bacon's Essays. With Annotations. By

The ten essays printed in 1597 had been Richard W hately, D.D., Archbishop of written long before that time, and had been Dublin. Fifth Edition. Parker and read in manuscript by many of the author's Son.

friends, having been circulated long before For more than two centuries these essays their publication, as were the Sonnets of have been popular among thoughtful prac- Shakspeare, Sir Philip Sidney’s “ Arcadia” tical men.

Archbishop Whately by his ad- and “ Defence of Poesie," and the poems of mirable edition introduced them to a larger Sir Walter Raleigh. They had thus become circle of readers, and his annotations formed, widely known; thoughts were borrowed from as it were, a precious setting for those jewels them, and words stolen; and at length some of rare value.

bookseller was about to print them without With those annotations Mr. Wright's the leave of their author, who therefore, in Notes do not enter into competition : they order to prevent “ the wrong they might rehave an object entirely different; namely, to ceive by untrue copies, or by some garnishafford evidence of the patient, careful labor ment, which it might please any that should and oft-repeated revision, bestowed by Fran- set them forth to bestow upon them,” himcis Bacon upon the essays, and to show how self directed their publication as they had he wove them into the best of ancient prov- passed from his pen, though without the furerbs, and his own wisest thoughts and weight- ther revision and the additions which he had iest words.

intended. The first edition of the essays seems to

The name by which he called them was have been published in the beginning of the new in English speech. He may have bormonth of February, 1596-7. “ The Epistle rowed it from Montaigne, whose - Essa is " Dedicatorie,” addressed by Francis Bacon had been first printed at Bordeaux in 1580, " to M. Anthony Bacon, his deare brother,” about which time Anthony Bacon was lodgis dated “ from my Chamber at Graies Inne, ing in that town. The word “s essay this 30. of Januarie, 1597.” But on the not then the meaning, which it has since actitle-page of a copy in the British Museum quired, of a finished, though brief, treatise or is a note written by the first purchaser of the dissertation. Pronounced always with the volume : “ Septimo die ffebrurye 39 E. (I paid accent on the last syllable, it signified only a xx pence).” The reign of Elizabeth com- trial or attempt. 6. Franciscus Baconus in menced on the 17th November, 1558, and tentamentis suis Ethico-politicis is the February, 39 Eliz., would therefore be Feb- phrase used in a Latin letter, dated the 14th ruary, 1596–7. The book, a small, thin uly, 1619, quoted by Mr. Aldis Wright in octavo, is entitled, 66 Essayes: Religious his Preface. In the Dedication to Prince Meditations : Places of perswasion and dis- Henry, intended to have been prefixed to the swasion." It contains ten essays :. 1, Of second edition, published in 1612, Sir Francis Studie; 2, Of Discourse ; 3, Of Ceremonies Bacon styles his work “ certain brief notes, and Respects ; 4, Of Followers and Friends ; set down rather significantly than curiously, 5, Sutors ; 6, Of Expence; 7, of Regiment of which I have called Essaies,” and adds, " The Health ; 8, Of Ilonour and Reputation ; 9, word is late, but the thing is ancient. For Of Faction ; 10, Of Negociating.”

Seneca's Epistles to Lucilius, if one mark The 66

Religious Meditations” are in them well, are but Essaies ; that is, dispersed Latin. With the tenth Meditation, entitled meditations, though conveyed the form of “ De Atheismo,” very nearly corresponds the Epistles.” But the title soon became popuEnglish Essay, “ of Atheism,” first printed lar, and the name “Essayists," is applied in 1612. The “ Places of perswasion and by Ben Jonson, in his “ Discoveries,” to a disswasion” are entitled, “Of the Coulers class of writers whose master, he says, is of Good and Evill : a Fragment,” and are Montaigne. generally known by this name. They were At the time of the publication of the first afterwards translated into Latin, with some edition of the essays Francis Bacon was thirty

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age. For ten years he had been from the same letters--the sickliness of the a Bencher of Gray's Inn, and for twelve years brothers, who bought a coach because Anhe had sat in Parliament. When his friend thony was too lame to walk to court, and Sir Thomas Egerton, the attorney-general tried to cure themselves by a prescribed was appointed Master of the Rolls in 1593, diet” and “ new-in-hand physic," of which he became a suitor for the vacant office. But Lady Anne heard, and wrote,it was given to Edward Coke, in whose place

" My lord treasurer about five years past Mr. Sergeant Fleming was made solicitor was greatly pressed by the great vaunt of a general. The queen knew that Francis Ba- sudden start-up glorious stranger, that would con was witty, eloquent, and possessed of needs cure him of the gout by boast ; · But,' much good learning, but in law she rather quoth my lord, · bave you cured any? Let

me know and see them.' thought that he could “ make show to the ut

Nay,' saith the fellow, • but I am sure I can.'

i Well,' contermost of his knowledge” than that he was cluded my lord, and said, Go, go and cure deep. His uncle, Lord Burleigh, and cousin, first, and then come again, or else. not. I Sir Robert Cecil, the newly appointed secre- would you had so done. But I pray God to tary of State, had a grudge against him as bless it to you, aud pray heartily to God for one of the ablest of the adherents of Essex, your good recovery and sound.” and were perhaps jealous of his fame But A second edition of the essays was pubhe was from year to year admitted to more lished in the year 1612. In 1598 the first frequent and familiar intercourse with the edition had been reprinted by Humfrey queen, and his loyalty to her was neither Hooper, with the “ Religious Meditations” affected by the refusal of his suit, nor lessened in English and the “ Colours of Good and after her death by his desire to please a king Evil,” and a pirated edition had been pubwho delighted to disparage the acts and dis- lished in 1606 by John Jaggard. grace the servants of his predecessor. By the The edition of 1612 is a small octavo volgood fortune or by the art of Elizabeth, the ume, entitled “ The Essaies of Sir Francis odium of such disappointments as those ex- Bacon, Knight, the Kings Solliciter Geneperienced by Francis Bacon fell chiefly upon rall.” The “ Religious Meditations” and her counsellors, and thus she retained un • Places of Persuasion and Dissuasion abated the devotion of the courtiers ; a devo- omitted. The book contains thirty-eight estion all the more remarkable because rendered says, which are printed in a large, clear type, by those who to one another were proud, in- each page having a ruled margin. The table solent, and overhearing; a devotion the ful- of contents names forty essays ; but the ness and constancy of which are quite inex-thirty-ninth and fortieth, ** Of the Publike" plicable on any other supposition than that it and “Of Warre and Peace,” were never was a voluntary homage to her mental and printed. Of the ten original essays, the moral excellence.

eighth, that of " Honor and Reputation," It is not improbable that the essay " Of was omitted in this edition ; the rest were Sutors" may have been composed in the year more or less altered and enlarged. Twenty1594, perhaps in the park at Twickenhamn, nine new essays were added. where Francis Bacon went in the autumn of The alterations made by the author, though that year, to be alone, and whence he wrote in many cases important, were in some into his brother Anthony that “ solitariness stances exceedingly minute ; being such as collecteth the mind as shutting the eyes doth the insertion or change of a particle, the subthe sight.” Two other essays, 5. Of Ex-stitution for one word of another entirely or pence”, and “Of Regiment of Health,” nearly synonymous, or the addition of a word were probably written about the same time. for the purpose of rendering a sentence The first reminds 18 of the letters of Lady clearer or more forcible. Such alterations in Anne Lacon, the careful, anxious mother, to new editions, and even in reprints of the same her sons Anthony and Francis, chiding them edition, were far more common in the sixfor their wastefulness and extravagance, and teenth and seventeenth centuries than at warning them of the deceitfulness of their present. The printing of a book, having beservants, who would " all seek to abuse" come more cominon, is now more lightly retheir « want of experience.” The second garded ; and the prospect of a wide present affords further evidence of what we learn circulation and a speedy oblivion has ren


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