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Elizabeth, are such, as not in boasting or in " I have often observed that if perchance confidence of ourselves, but in praise of his in conversation an opportunity occurred of holy name, are worthy to be both considered quoting another person's opinion, by the and confessed, yea, and registered in perpet- power with which his mind was gifted he - Observations on a Libel. brought it forth arrayed in new and better
dress, so that the author himself would see Let this be compared with a passage from that his own opinion was more elegantly exthe first edition of the Essays :
pressed, and yet not the least injured in mean
ing or matter. “ He that questioneth much, shall learn much, and content much, especially if he ap: Bible and from the Latin writers, especially
Bacon quoted most frequently from the ply his questions to the skill of the party of whom he asketh : for he shall give them oc- Tacitus, Lucretius, and Cicero. In the third casion to please themselves in speaking, and edition of the essays, are forty-nine quotations himself shall continually gather knowledge : from the Bible, of which fifteen are from the if sometimes you dissemble your knowledge books of Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes, and twenof that you are thought to know, you shall ty from the New Testament. The greater be thought another time to know that which number of the quotations do not correspond you know not.”—Essay of Discourse.
with any printed texts; and it is probable It would be hard to select from the latest that in these instances, as in many others, works of the Lord St. Alban a more finished Bacon quoted from memory. In some cases period than that which we have quoted from he may have himself translated from the the “ Observations on a Libel ; " and there Latin of the Vulgate ; for his English quotaare in the same pamphlet many of equal if tions generally resemble the Rhemish version not superior beauty. The second quotation more nearly than any other. is a fair specimen of the style of the essays Bacon repeated favorite quotations or illusprinted in the first edition ; and we think trations in many of his works, sometimes that a comparison of the two passages can using them more than once in the same tract leave no doubt that the style of the second or book. The fable of Atlanta and the golden was voluntarily adopted by a practised and apples, which is related and explained in the skilful writer.
- Wisdom of the Ancients,” is used also in It is impossible by means of the ordinary the “ Advancement of Learning,” twice in the editions to judge of the difference in style be- first book of the “ Novum Organum,” twice tween the earlier and later essays, because in the tract on the “Interpretation of Nathe new matter added from time to time was ture," and in several other places. In the es80 interlaced with the original text that it say “Of the Unity of the Church,” Bacon cannot be distinguished without careful com- quotes from St. Bernard the expression, “In parison of the different editions published by veste ecclesiæ varietas sit, scissura non sit.” the auther. But in Mr. Wright's edition Mr. Wright enumerates seven other instances all the information may be found which in which this quotation is used or alluded to, could be obtained by such comparison. Ex- and there are two or three more not menamination of the early editions enables us to tioned by him. bear witness not only to the general skill and For the essays, as we have already said, care with which Mr. Wright has performed Francis Bacon gathered from his other works his task, but also to the accuracy with which his wisest thoughts and happiest illustrations. he has noted the most minute particulars In them he displays a keenness and accutending to illustrate the history of the essays. racy of observation, a soundness of judgment, He has collected much information concerning equalling, and very frequently surpassing, the sources of Bacon's quotations and his that shown in his philosophical works. For, manner of quoting. In the ten original es- although upon his natural philosophy the says there are but three quotations, all of fame of “ this great prince of knowledge” is which are proverbs. Many quotations, were chiefly based, his political and moral observainserted in the edition of 1612, and a yet tions and speculations are marked by little larger number in that of 1625. Strict verbal or none of that credulity, inconsiderateness, accuracy is found in very few of Bacon's and bastiness of conclusion, which render quotations, a fact which is alluded to by Dr. worthless the “Centuries of Natural HisRawley, who says,
tory,” and make the second book of the
, Novum Organum" a piece of ingenious tri- | from the stumbling-blocks of habit. Francis fing. It is the union in himself of the active Bacon alone, pursuing these studies in hours and the contemplative life which gives to stolen from the wrangle of the law and the Francis Bacon a position singular and un- toils of statecraft, attained an excellency for rivalled amomg the most illustrious philos- which many who gave to them an entire deophers. Aristotle had labored before him votion never dared to hope, and at the same in the collection of materials for a great nat- time spoke and wrote of the work of daily ural history. Plato had reasoned inductively life, the business of the market and the shop, of the functions of the mind. Schoolmen the passions and joys of common men, with had taught that the foundations of knowl- as much shrewdness and precision as if his edge must be laid by investigation and ex- only book had been a ledger and his beart periment. The monk, his namesake, had had never wandered out of the round of ordistriven to purge the human mind from the il-nary duties. lusions of the market-place, and to deliver it
TAE TENTS OF KEDAR.—The goats of the East | bered, give an almost prismatic effect to every are commonly black, and a species of cloth is object. made from their skins, having the same color. I add, for the sake of explanation, that Kedar This is the article commonly used by the Arabs was the name of an Arabian or Ishmaelitish for covering their tents. In approaching Bethle-tribe, who, like nomadic wanderers in general, hem from the direction of the desert, I passed an appear to have dwelt in different places at differencampment of this people, whose tents were all ent times. They are mentioned repeatedly in made of this black cloth, and which presented a the Old Testament. The Psalmist, for instance striking appearance, especially as contrasted with (120, 5), alludes to them in the expression, the white canvas tents to which I had been ac- “ Woe is me that I dwell in the tents of Kedar !" customed hitherto, and which travellers so gener- They seem to have had a bad pre-eminence above ally employ in that country. At Tekoa, Amos's others of their race as a quarrelsome, belligerent birth-place, six miles south of Bethlehem, I be- people.--Hacket. held a similar scene. The settlement there consisted of two separate groups of tents, one larger than the other; they were covered with the black cloth before mentioned, supported on several poles, and turned up in part on one side, so that a per- ONE most striking instance of the imperial benson from without could look into the interior. efits derivable from a colony - a colony, too, The Arab tents which I saw on the Phænician which could, under no circumstances, adequately plain, between Tyre and Sidon, were covered with defend itself—is furnished by the now noted Bam the same material. In crossing the mountains hamas. We believe we may justly estimate at of Lebanon, the path of the traveller leads him millions of pounds sterling the value of the comoften along the brow of lofty summits, overlook- merce which, through this medium, has been ing deep valleys, at the bottom of which may carried on within the last two years between be seen the long, black tents of migratory shep- England and the Southern States. Nassau has, herds.
in fact, supplemented the ports of Liverpool, BrisIt is this aspeet of Bedouin encampment that tol, Cardiff, and Glasgow. The vigilance of a belsupplies the comparison in Solomon's song (1, ligerent force has been in a great degree neutral5): “I am black, but comely, 0 ye daughters ized by the convenient contiguity of this obof Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the scure little harbor to the blockaded harbors of curtains of Solomon.” It is the just remark of Charleston and Savannah. Half the advana certain traveller that “ It would be often diffi- tages of the existing trade between England cult to ascribe the epithet comely' to the tents and the Confederate States, England owes to this of the orientals, viewed singly; but as forming little community of Bahamian wreckers and part of a prospect they are a very beautiful ob- storekeepers. Without its aid the English goods ject.” Being pitched often in the midst of ver- shipped to the South, and Southern cotton shipped dant meadows, watered by a running brook, their to England, could in no instance have escaped appearance, as beheld by the distant observer, capture. No cost of military defence could be is the more pleasing, from the contrast of colors considered as too great for the maintenance of which strikes the eye. The pure atmosphere and a colony enjoying so advantageous a position. brilliant sunshine of the East, it will be remem-1 -Quarterly Review.
From Once a Week. though much might be told of it that is THE FISHERMAN OF LAKE SUNAPEE.
marvellous, when we consider that it is no Some years ago I had occasion to leave Cin- longer ago than in 1788 that its first white cinnati, which had been my temporary resi- settlers were a little party of emigrants from dence during some months, in order to meet New England, and that, forty years after a friend at Steubenville, a busy thriving town their arrival, towns and villages had sprung on the eastern side of the State of Ohio, and up amongst the smiling valleys and rich standing on the river from which the State plains, while the growth of the population, takes its name. Apparently the distance be- now considerably more than a million and tween these two places would not be much a half, is such as has never been paralleled. more than two hundred miles, but the tortu I was always fond of fishing, and after ous course of the river makes it at least three having spent two or three days on horseback, hundred, when the journey is performed by leaving the choice of road very much to my water, as indeed it of necessity must be. horse's discretion, as, the country was all
I had no business whatever of my own at new to me, and apparently equally beautiful Steubenville, but in compliance with my whichever way I roamed, I borrowed a rod friend's request that I should accompany him and line from my host, and set out towards in a visit to some of the salt-works in the a little stream, from which I had observed a neighborhood, in which he was largely con- man catching fish at a great rate the day becerned, I had agreed to meet him on a cer- fore. My way lay through the edge of a tain day, at a certa in hotel in this town. forest-one of those magnificent forests of
I reached Steubenville about noon, and gigantic trees that stretch back from the proceeded at once to the hotel where I ex- river for miles, and which are now and then pected to find my friend. He was not there, broken by a fertile prairie, or, as we should but, in his stead, I found a letter from him, call it, a natural meadow. in which he told me that he had met with an I soon found the place I was in quest of accident which would render his leaving a narrow opening in the forest, through which home impossible for another week. This ran a clear, rippling stream, not more than was rather annoying. I deliberated for a thirty or forty feet in breadth. Almost at few minutes, uncertain whether to take the the same spot in which I had seen him the next Cincinnati boat and return immediately, preceding day, stood the same figure, with or to wait patiently a whole week in a place his rod in hand, and the rest of his tackle in which I had no acquaintances and no oc- lying by his side on the short smooth turf. cupation. I wanted recreation, the hotel I also noticed that a book, which from its apseemed comfortable, and I soon decided to pearance I felt almost sure was the Bible, lay make it my head-quarters till my friend's on a blue cotton handkerchief by the side of arrival, and to spend my leisure time in ram- his fishing-basket. He looked up and took bling about the neighboring country. a scrutinizing survey of me from head to foot,
Whoever has travelled in Ohio has seen as I approached, and was making my mental one of the most exuberantly fertile regions observations on him ; his countenance was of the great American continent; there in- grave and even melancholy, but not forbiddeed does the earth bring forth abundantly, ding, or in any degree unpleasant, so I ventnot only corn and fruits, but it is rich in ured to address him, and, English fashion, some of the most useful minerals, iron and made some commonplace remark upon the coal.
state of the weather. There are no mountains in Ohio, but much - You are from the old country, I guess," high table land, rising to about a thousand said my new acquaintance. feet above the level of the sea, and even these “ You guess right. But what makes you hills are covered with a fertile soil to their think so ?” summits, The whole country is watered by «« Because you told me it was a fine day. navigable rivers of great beauty, which bear We Americans are so used to fine weather on their gentle currents the products of this that we don't think much of it. I guess you hig!ıly-cultivated region.
don't get much of it in your country.' But I am not about to give either a geo
Of course I defended our country from graphical or statistical account of this State, such an injurious imputation, while gener
ously admitted that we had not, either in frequently heard the epithet applied to young summer or winter, anything like the bright, wives as to those who were really aged. clear atmosphere of America.
We packed up our traps, and I saw the I had seen enough of New England and Bible carefully wrapped in the blue handkerthe New Englanders to enable me to recog- chief, and deposited in one of my friend's nize a Yankee as soon as I heard him speak, capacious pockets. He then conducted me and I was well aware that this man was from through a little opening on the outskirt of one of the Eastern States ; probably, thought the forest—bush he always called it, which 1, he is a settler, who has migrated from led to his humble dwelling. It was a log some bleak, rocky district, in hopes of better- house of the best description, built entirely ing his fortunes in this land flowing with by himself he told me, and certainly not withmilk and honey.
out considerable regard to taste, both as to There is nothing like a community of situation, and as to external appearance. It tastes for furnishing subjects of conversation, stood in the midst, not of a clearance, but of even between strangers ; so, in five minutes a natural opening of about fifty acres in exfrom the time of our first meeting, we were tent, which was surrounded by the most beaudeep in the mysteries of fly-fishing. My com- tiful shrubs and forest trees. Kalmias and panion who was evidently an experienced an- Rhododendrons, of dimensions such as are gler, caught at least two fish to my one, for never seen in England, grewamongst the clean, he had greatly the advantage over me, inas- straight stems of the oaks, hickory, sugarmuch as he was thoroughly acquainted with maples, and I know not what besides, whilst the peculiarities of fish, of which I did not in many places the wild grape-vines hung in even know the names, for they, like the birds, graceful festoons from the branches of the the plants, and many other things pertaining forest trees which formed their support. to natural history, are different from those On two sides of the house ran, what in of England.
England would be called a verandah, but Though very grave, I did not find my com- what in New England, as well as in New panion either taciturn or reserved ; on the York State, in which they were doubtless first contrary, he seemed ready to converse on any introduced by the Dutch settlers, are known subject that was started. Once or twice, in- by no other name than the Stoup. in these deed, he answered me in a strange, abrupt pleasant, wide stoups, the floors of which are manner, and instantly turned the conversa- generally very nicely boarded and painted, tion, as if what I said had offended him, or the women of the family sit to sew or knit in in some way given him pain, though I could warm weather, the children play in them not imagine how that could be.
when the sun is too hot, or the weather too After enjoying several hours' good sport, wet for them to go out of doors; and the I thought it time to return to my inn, but men not unfrequently solace themselves with my companion would not bear of it. a pipe. At the back of the house, the stoup
“ You must not go back to-night,” said serves for larder, store-room, laundry, gardenhe. ! You' must come home with me; the house, and a vast many other purposes. I old woman will find you a bed, and I will have seen joints of frozen ineat hanging in the show you my little farm, out in the bush,“ back stoup” for weeks together, along with yonder. I guess you could not match it for frozen fowls, dry salt fish, and venison. At beauty in your country.”
other seasons, strings of apple chips, or peach I felt no inclination to throw doubts on chips, are hanging to dry, or the household this point. Why should I? I like to see a linen, which would be injured by the great man prefer his own country, as he would his heat of the sun in summer, or covered with own wife and his own children, to any other snow in the winter, if exposed without shelin the world ; so I thanked him, and after ter. In short, the stoup is the most ornamaking some apologies for the trouble an un- mental, agreeable, and useful addition to a expected guest might give his wife, I accept-country house. ed his friendly invitation. I had been in We went through the stoup into a goodAmerica long enough to ạnderstand what sized, comfortable looking room : no one was was meant by “ the old woman,” having as in it, but the “ women's litters," as my com
panion called the various signs of industry as well as ingenuity. The inscription under that lay about, showed that it had been occu- the piece of print nowise assisted me in formpied very recently.
ing any conjecture as to what this strange “I guess my wife is busy at the back,” | looking affair could be, for it was only the said the master, as he stepped out again, and word — shouted Esther! Esther! in a voice that might
" FAITHFUL" have been heard half a mile off.
printed in capital letters, and apparently by I took the opportunity which his absence some unpractised hand. gave me of looking round the room. The The sound of footsteps reminded me that I furniture was such as I had seen in numbers had not yet been introduced to the mistress of New England farmhouses; the same flar- of the house, who now entered the room with ingly painted time-piece; the same light, her husband.
She was a tall, spare,
very bass-wood chairs, so different to the heavy good-looking woman, of about forty-five years oaken ones of an English farmhouse; and the of age,—not so much, perhaps, for American same thrifty, home-made rag carpet. A gaudy women look quite as old at thirty, as English tea-tray, and some common looking china women do at forty. The mode of introducgraced a set of corner shelves, and the inevi- tion was more practical than ceremonious. table rocking-chair stood by the side of the This was it: “Here, Esther, here's the genstore. A few old-fashioned looking books, tleman from the old country that I've been ranged on a single shelf between the windows, telling you about, I don't know his name.” attracted my attention, as I have often ob • My name is George Laurence,” said I, served, that from the character of the books bowing to the lady. we see in a house, we may form some idea of “ And my name is Reuben Baldwin, from the tastes, if not of the character, of its inhab- New Hampshire. Do you know New Hampitants. The collection was small but rather shire, sir?” curious.
- I have travelled through some parts of “ New England's Memorial, a brief relation it; I have been through the Notch in the of the providence of God manifested to plant- White Mountains; we havo nothing like that ers, 1669." "The Day-breaking of the Gos in England," said I, thinking to propitiate pel in New England." - Good news from Mr. Baldwin by the generous admission, for England, concerning the painful labor- I had again seen the strange, dreamy look en in that vineyard of the Lord, and who be which I had noticed while we were fishing in the preachers to them, 1647." All very edi- the morning. fying works no doubt. Added to these were “ No, sir, you've nothing like it in EngBunyan's “ Pilgrim's Progress,” his “ Holy land; and I've read that there's nothing like War," and some other books of which I do it in the whole world.” not recollect the names.
It is very grand—very wonderful,” said Two colored engravings adorned the wall I: “noble scenery amongst the Wbite Mounopposite the windows. Both were from Script- tains, and capital fishing in your New Eng. ure subjects, one representing - The raising land lakes, as no doubt you know.” of Jairus’ Daughter,” the other, “ Our Sav If I had doubled my fist and given Reuben iour stilling the Tempest. .” One glance at Baldwin a knock-down blow with it, he these works of art was sufficient, but my eye could hardly have looked more amazed than rested with much curiosity upon the object when I uttered these apparently inoffensive which hung between them.
words. Under a glass, smoothed out, and tacked at “ Lake!” he exclaimed, in an excited the corners with four or five very small, neatly tone, “what lake? you don't mean to say cut, wooden pegs, to a cedar shingle of about that you have been fishing ... in that eight inches wide, and six deep, was a torn, lake. irregularly shaped piece of common-looking " I never fished in any lake or in any stream calico print, and around this picture, as I in New England,” replied I. "I was fremust call it, for want of a more appropriate quently told that fish were very plentiful in name, was a deep frame, made of some kind those beautiful lakes ; that's all I know about of pine cones, sawn in halves, and arranged the matter." in a manner that showed considerable taste Whilst this short dialogue had been going