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From the Saturday Review, 18 Aug. revived the habitual declamations against
English perfidy and selfishness. It is well Ir the vanity of Englishmen requires a known that England is disinclined to permit corrective, they have only to ascertain the the extension of the French dominions in feelings with which their country is regarded Europe, and perhaps there is a sincere disby neighboring and rival nations. Wise men belief in the enthusiasm of Englishmen for arc content to know, and, if possible, to for- the independence of Poland. In this case, get, that they are the subjects of censorious also, the immediate pretext of offence is but comment to their friends and to strangers. the symbol and utterance of a long standing Good breeding and good feeling forbid un- prejudice. For centuries French opinion has favorable criticism in the presence of its ob- been, on the whole, unfriendly to England, ject; but nations are compelled to be listeners, and the Continent habitually looks through and England, at least, never hears any good the eyes of France. It has been lately stated of herself. At present, the discordant cho-that the Russians consider it natural that rus of abuse has swelled into an unprece- France should protect the Poles, but that dented volume, and it seems worth while to they are bitterly offended by the diplomatic inquire wby a community which seems to it- interference of England. In the same manself peaceable and inoffensive has become, ner, they attributed to England their misforeven more conspicuously than in ordinary tunes in the Crimean war, while they bastimes, the victim of universal calumny and tened, as soon as peace was restored, to vituperation. The furious hatred of Federal cement a fresh alliance with France. The America to England is, perhaps, the most Poles, while they are soliciting the aid of discreditable instance on record of a prevail- England, are unable to suppress the hatred ing and malignant delusion; but there is, which they have been taught by their French unfortunately, no doubt that it is at present patrons to feel for the country which is falsely the dominant feeling of the North. The accused of complicity with the infamous parcomplaints which are founded on the doubt-titions of the last century. In one of the ful case of the Alabama are mere excuses for most plausible of their recent pamphlets, the gratification of animosity. The Ameri- the Polish writer asserts that the centre of can press was as hostile before a Confederate the Russian conspiracy is in London ; and vessel had sailed from Liverpool as in its he repeatedly declares that England is the hundredth reiteration of the false assertion worst enemy of his cause. There is too that the laws of neutrality have been wilfully much reason to fear that in Germany, and violated. From the beginning of the war, especially Prussia, English policy is regarded the Federals have been alternately taught that with suspicion and dislike. The alliance of England was determined to assist the South, the Western Powers has always been unpopand that she was deterred by selfish coward- ular among the Germans; and the Governice from even dreaming of recognition. The ment which is denounced in Paris as backEmperor of the French has scarcely become ward and illiberal is held responsible at Berlin unpopular in the United States, although and Hanover for half the revolutionary dehe has urged recognition on the English Gov- signs which originate in Europe. The former ernment, and although he has taken advan- hatred of the Austrian Government to Engtage of the Secession to establish a monarchy land had some excuse in the strong sympathy in Mexico. Whatever is unpalatable in his which had been felt for the Hungarian cause acts is systematically attributed to English and for the independence of Italy. The offiinfluence, because the anger which has been cial antipathy has, perhaps, recently relaxed, increased by the war is but a flame blown up but the antagonism of policy and sentiment from the ashes of pre-existent and causeless may at any moment revive. In Italy, except animosity against England.
among the ecclesiastical and democratic facThe dislike which is felt for the English tions, the hearty good will of England to the name and character in France is perhaps less national cause may have produced a favorable outrageous, as it is modified by self-respect, impression. Greece has recently shown an but it is unfortunately equally genuine. The unexpected appreciation of the English charhesitation of the English Government in sup- acter, and the Turks can scarcely be wantporting the Emperor's policy in Poland has ing in a certain respect for their only friend and protector. With these exceptions, the licly discussed even by a friendly neighbor; opinion of Europe is mortifying to a patriotic nor can it be denied that members of ParliaEnglishman. The greedy vanity which is ment, and even ministers, have often been gratified even by dislike may find some con- imprudently forward in the expression of unsolation in the belief that hatred partakes palatable criticisms. Yet if the press were largely of envy; but, on the whole, it would to silence all foreign correspondence, and to be far more agreeable to meet with good will impose on itself a total ignorance of foreign and appreciation among foreigners.
affairs, the chief causes of prejudice and mis Political influence is widely though un- understanding would still be untouched. As equally distributed in England, and every long as the religion and institutions of the educated man who concerns himself with pol- country remain the same, England will be itics may contribute a share to the formation hated by Roman Catholic priests, and by of public opinion. Those who find their those whom they can influence, and by demopinions and habits of thought approximately 1 ocrats throughout the world. As the classes represented in Parliament and in the Govern- which determine the opinion and poliey of ment are certain that they are themselves ex- England belong, with few exceptions, to the empt from the vices which foreigners attrib- Established Church, they are not compensated ute to their country; and, to the best of their by the support of Protestant sects for the hosjudgment, their neighbors appear to be as tility of Rome. The late Count Nesselrode well-meaning as themselves. It is impossible was, perhaps, the only foreign member of to persuade them that Lord Palmerston, Lord the Anglican communion on the continent of Russell, or Lord Derby spend their lives in Europe. There is, therefore, no ecclesiastiplotting against the greatness of allied na- cal sympathy with foreigners, and the polititions, and against the happiness and tranquil- cal characteristics of England are almost lity of the world. In modern times, all Eng- equally insular and remarkable. The combilish parties are sincerely desirous of peace, pation of unlimited freedom with general inand they are firmly convinced that the pros- equality is revolting to the European demoperity of other nations is advantageous to crat, and unintelligible to the American. their own country. Notwithstanding the The“ principles of 1789” have never found mendacious rant of Federal speakers and writ- acceptance in a country which possessed older ers, almost all Englishmen regretted and dis- and sounder principles of its own. The great approved the Secession ; nor have they at any truth that all men are born free and equal time grudged the extraordinary advance of requires much correction or limitation before the United States in wealth and population. it can become an available truth in England. Englishmen wish to see France increasing in When all the Roman Catholics, all the exmaterial prosperity, and not engaged in waste-treme Protestants, and all the Democrats are ful wars. They would rejoice in the estab- deducted, the possibly friendly residue of the lishment of a great and united Germany, as population is reduced within narrow limits. they cordially welcomed the regeneration of it is remarkable that Italy, which but imperItaly. The rapid progress of Spain has in fectly reflects the general hostility to Engno country been so readily appreciated as in land, also stands alone in the antagonism to England. The emancipation of the Russian Romish usurpation which has been an insular serfs was unanimously applauded, and the characteristic for a thousand years.' States general interest in the cause of the Poles is men and scholars of the order of Cavour and wholly unconnected with any hostile feeling Ricasoli bave a fellow-feeling with the politito Russia. Among all the populations which cal supporters of the English Church. They are taught to detest England, not one is re-wish that priests should be citizens and memgarded in turn with unfriendly feelings, es-bers of society, though they may be unable cept in consequence of some positive cause of to secure the object, as in England, by estab offence.
lishing a clerical order of gentlemen. They Some portion of the unpopularity of. Eng- are probably also aware that political freedom land is undoubtedly occasioned by the free- is identical with the government of an elastic dom of the press, and by the unreserved dis- and undefined minority. A few Frenchmen cussion which expresses a warm interest in and Germans are beginning to understand foreign affairs. It is not agreeable to be pub- that the only alternative of administrative despotism is the gratuitous discharge of pub- | infant for the bosom of its mother, and that lic duties by the wealthier classes. It is not too, long after a further stay had become likely, however, that their teaching will reach dangerous. Of all the Tories, he was nuost the multitude, or that despotism will cease to obnoxious to the ardent Whigs; and when, rely on the congenial institution of universal by common consent, a cessation of active hossuffrage ; and it may, therefore, be feared tilities took place, individual enterprise had that the English Government and nation will made more than one effort to carry him off. continue to be disliked and abused, especially From some of these attempts he had narrowly as all European foreigners read French, while escaped; but the British outposts in Westthe Americans feed their angry passions even chester were now about to be withdrawn, and more fully by the use of a common tongue. personal safety compelled him to seek another As it is not convenient, even for the sake of abode. conciliating general good will, to abolish It was on a brilliant morning, in one of Church and State, it may be respectfully sug- the last days of April, that Colonel James gested to foreign censors that they should Delancey took his final departure from West make some little inquiry into the character Farms. A bright vernal sun gilded hill and and customs which they habitually misrepre- plain, birds sang their matin hymns, and sent.
early flowers were beginning to bloom. All
nature seemed to revel in the freshness of From The Historical Magazine.
infancy. Under such circumstances the
youthful heart beats high. Even the weary COLONEL DELANCEY'S FINAL DEPARTURE FROM WESTCHESTER.
pilgrim of life, while approaching his jour
ney's end, can sometimes pausc to look upon BY J. M. MACDONALD.
a scene like this, and for a moment fancy [Read before the New York Historical Society, 1861]. himself rejuvenated. But the welcome sounds
It had now long been evident (A.D. 1783) and cheerful sights that move in the pageant that the war was drawing to a close, and of spring, awakened no responsive feelings in those Whigs whom civil strife had driven the “ Outlaw of the Bronx," who, with a into voluntary esile, had been for some time heavy heart mounted his horse, and riding to returning. The refugees from above, and the the dwellings of his neighbors, bade them each loyalists in general who had been active sup-farewell. The last upon whom he called, porters of the crown, were busied with prep- though much his senior in years, had been arations to leave their native country, for the a friend and associate from early life, and purpose of seeking new homes in the wilder- was just returned to the farm, which civil ness of Nova Scotia. Although to these the dissension had compelled him for awhile to Government of Great Britain lent its aid with abandon. “ Hunt," said the colonel, “I no stinted hand, yet when they came to aban- have called to bid you good-by. I hope you don the land of their fathers, it was with may prosper." "I don't know how that will suddened spirits and lingering looks be- be," answered the husbandman. "Prace, it hind,” like those who underwent the pri- is true, has come at last, but I am now a poor meval banishment from Eden.
man with a large family to provide for. My Among the most reluctant of the exiles, cattle have all been stolen, my negroes have was the celebrated commander of the “ West-run away, my fences are burnt up, and my chester Refugecs.” The Commonwealth of house and barn in ruin. Of all my propNew York, by a formal act of her Legisla- erty, nothing now remains but naked fields ; turo, had withdrawn from him her protection, I don't know how I shall get along." "Say had declared his estate, real and personal, to no more," replied Delancey. “ Look at me. be forfeited to the people ; had banished him You can remain here and cultivate your
forever, and in case of his return to the State lands in quiet, wbile I must leave my native * at any future time, declared him thereby country, never to return!” As he spoke
guilty of felony, and sentenced him to death these prophetic words, he turned in the sadwithout benefit of clergy. Yet notwithstand- dle and gazed once more on Bronxdale, which ing his attainder and the approaching relin- in all its beauty, lay full before him. Iris quishment of royal authority, he had clung paternal fields, and every object presented to to his early home with all the fondness of an his view, were associated with recollections of early life. The consciousness that he beheld / ancholy one that this political consummathem all for the last time, and the uncertain- tion is yet so far off and requires so much to ties to be encountered in the strange country be done for its fulfilment, that ample scope to which banishment was consigning him, will be given in the meantime for the removal conspired to awaken emotions, such as the of many of those difficulties with which they sternest bosom is sometimes compelled to en- now invest the subject. They are troubled, tertain. It was in vain that he struggled to for instance, with the thought of either consuppress feelings which shook his iron heart. tinuing slavery or abolishing it in a State Nature soon obtained the mastery, and he which shall voluntarily return to the Union, buret into tears. After weeping with un- expecting to save her “ peculiar institution." controllable bitterness for a few moments, he Now, no such case has arisen, nor is there any shook his ancient friend by the hand, ejacu- immediate probability of seeing such. On the lated with difficulty, the words of benedic- contrary, the probability rather is, that the tion: “God bless you, Theophilus !” and rebellion will have to be so ground out of each spurring forward, turned his back forever State that slavery will go with it, according upon his native valley.
to the actual experience of the war. This would remove the whole practical difficulty.
And herein is the great lesson derived from SLAVERY AFTER THE REBELLION.
our national experience during the last two Toe problems of the rebellion, all along, years, which we cannot overlook when we sit have proved rather in imagination than in down to think of the future. Before reunion, fact. It has been with us as a nation—to use slavery will have totally disappeared, or have an old comparison--as it often is with the been put in a recognized course of extinction. traveller in a mountain region. As he looks This does not result actively from the Presiahead, his course at no great distance seems dent's emancipation proclamation, but from to be absolutely barred from all further ad- the necessary operation of the war, which vance. But steadily going on, he finds the the proclamation recognized and applied. path as steadily unlocking itself, leaving this The national troops advance, slavery disaphill on the right, that on the left, crossing the pears that has been the law of our whole stream by a bridge before unperceived, and military progress. If we are to overrun penetrating a gorge, until the tourist arrives and occupy the whole South, as we have at his destination with no more difficulty than large parts of it, the result is obvious. if he had been journeying on a plain. In the On the other hand, if this result should be same way, we have already left behind us anticipated by several States and they should many of the obstacles which, at the outbreak yield in advance, and thus close up the rebelof the rebellion, seemed well nigh insur- lion, it is possible that the institution, almountable. It was, for instance, a very puz- though morally condemned as the cause of zling question as to what we should do with the conspiracy, and irretrievably shattered by the swarins of negroes that we encountered in the national victory, might be allowed its the early invasion of Virginia. After a while choice of gradual extinction, as is now the Gen. Butler suggested the term “ contra- case in Missouri. But this is not a probable band," and thus earned the public gratitude, event, as compared with the other that is, for he turned the first corner in the dark the substantial disappearance of slavery in labyrinth. Then came the organizing plans, the progress of the war. This will preclude the plans for employment, and finally the sys- all difficulties at the North, and will leave no tem of arming, until now the whole question lasting enmity at the South. It will there, is felt to be disposed of.
sooner or later, be felt to be one of the ineviAnd yet, in spite of this satisfactory expe-table effects of the war, one of the penalrience, realized in so many respects, there are ties which the leaders of the rebellion delibthose who are laboriously distressing them- erately took the risk of when they began the selves over the future condition of slavery, war. The Government, if it destroys the rethat is when the rebellion shall have been bellion, cannot repair the ruin of slavery if it Bubdued and all the States restored to the would. As well might it covenant with Gen. Union. It surely ought to afford somc satis- Lcc to replace in a season the great oaks faction to these gentlemen-although a mel- which grew about Arlington Ileights, and
which the rebellion of their owner compelled dent belief that he has for some time had a to be leveled, to be used in our fortifications, secret understanding with the rebels at Richor to permit a range for our cannon. They mond, by which the cession of Texas to the fell like slavery, to rise no more. A distant emperor was to be received as an equivalent generation might gradually train up their for recognition and substantial aid to the successors, but this generation is not likely " Confederacy." While it may be doubtful to be called upon to restore either tree or in- whether the Emperor of the French would stitution.-Boston Journal, 1 Sept.
enter into any " secret understanding” with a so-called government not yet certain of establishing itself, and which had neither the
right nor the power to cede Texas or any DESIGNS OF NAPOLEON III.
other State, it is by no means improbable It is not probable that the Government that Louis Napoleon secretly entertained the will at any early day proclaim to the country purpose of acquiring Texas, by some means, what policy it intends to pursue with respect as a cotton growing country; and that the to the occupation of Mexico by the army of steps he has taken in Mexico were but preFrance and the overthrow of its republican paratory to the fact of such acquisition, the form of government by the same instrumen- manner thereof to be regulated by the relatality. Our domestic affairs are in that con- tive positions of the rebels and the Governdition that the extremest caution and reti- ment of the United States. A further probcence become the duty of the Administration ability is that the crumbling down of the where a question of such gravity and magni- confederacy will partially defeat the scheme tude is involved. If the truth of half the evil of the calculating "nephew of his uncle," machinations and flagitious schemes attrib- inasmuch as it will cut off all hope of negouted to Louis Napoleon be conceded, the re- tiating for Texas, either with that State itself, lations of France and the United States are as an independent sovereignty, or with any far from promising permanent friendship or other power than the United States as having peace between the two countries. Nay, if jurisdiction in the premises. Had the “Conthe sinister motives and purposes of which federacy” established its sovereignity, the the emperor is so generally suspected have right of a State to separate itself from the real existence, this country must either sub- others would have been established also, and mit to dishonor or resort to war. Even sup- it would have been easy for the emperor to posing that the unprincipled ambition which intrigue for the secession of Texas from the is known to govern that potentate stops at confederacy, to recognize her sovereignty, the point it has reached, it is no light thing and to take ber under the protection of Mexthat a European despot strikes down our ico. A very pretty game has been spoiled sister republic and enthrones a monarchy by the victories at Vicksburg, Port Hudson, upon our very threshold, accompanied by the Gettysburg, and Charleston. declaration that his object in doing so is to The questions remain : Will Louis Napoarrest the progress of this republic, and shut leon now push forward his original scheme it out from all acquisitions on this continent, and annex Texas to Mexico, even while it is south of its present boundaries, whether those still claimed as a State of the Union? Or acquisitions shall be by peace or by war. He will be announce that his whole purpose is may seize by force, we may not obtain by accomplished, and leave the emperor Maxipurchase, territory on our own continent. milian to his fate? We incline to believe This is a strange and defiant kind of logic that he will adopt the latter course. If the which the American people will find it hard reports we have from Europe are truc, the work to be quiescent under.
| Austrian Archduke himself would rather It is morally certain that had the “South-await further developments of Louis Napoern Confederacy” maintained for a little leon's policy than immediately assume the while longer a fair show of power to acquire honor that has been thrust upon him. It is its independence, that would have had an im- announced that he has expressed his determiportant bearing upon Louis Napoleon's policy nation, while accepting the proffered crown, in connection with his occupancy of Mexico. to wait twelve months before entering upon A New York contemporary expresses a confi- his sovereignty. The throneless princes of