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dained by God to be judge of quick and dead," and they shall all stand before the judgment-seat of Christ, both small
Power shall not exempt the kings of the earth and the great men, neither shall meanness excuse the poorest slave.'
Q. For what shall we be judged ?
A. We shall be judged for all things which we have done in the body, whether they be good or bad. All our thoughts, words, and actions, shall then undergo the severest scrutiny.
Q. By what meusures shall the sentence of the great day pass upon men ?
A. The sentence of the last day shall pass upon men according to the nature and quality of their actions. The wicked shall go into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into life eternal."
Q. But will the degrees of their good and bad actions by considered, as well as the nature and quality of them?
A. The Scripture plainly and expressly asserts, that the rewards and punishments of the next life shall bear a proportion to the good or evil men have done in this. That servant which knew his master's will, and did not according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes; but he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be bcaten with few stripes; for to whomsoever much is given, of him shall much be required :" he that soweth sparingly, shall reap sparingly; and he that soweth bountifully, shall reap bountifully. In the parable of the talents, our Saviour plainly teaches us, that men are rewarded according to the improvements they make. He that had gained ten talents, is made ruler over ten cities; and he that had gained five talents, ruler over five cities."
St. Paul expressly affirms, that the glory of the saints shall be different at the resurrection. The more conformed any man is to the divine image, the greater capacity he has for the enjoyment of God; and the more advanced he is in wickedness, the more susceptible he is of torment, the more deserving of divine wrath.
Q. Is the time fixed for our Saviour's coming to judgment?
A. The time and season for that great judgment is appointed by God, and reserved as a secret to himself. Of chat day and lour knoweth no man, no not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. The angels, who excel in knowledge, and shall administer in all the solemnities of the last judginent, are yet ignorant of the time fixed for that awful event. Christ, who is himself to be the judge, and who, as God, knows all things, yet, as the Son of man, knows not the time which the Father hath appointed for the judgment of the world.
r Acts x. 42.
s Rev. xi. 18. vi. 15. Job xxxiv. 19.
20 2 Cor. ix. 6.
t 2 Cor. v. 10. a Luke xix. 16, &c
Q. What shall be the manner and the circumstances of Christ's appearing?
A. Christ, the judge of the world, shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels;" he shall descend with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, with the trump of God;' he shall come in his own glory, and in his Father's, and in that of his holy angels; he shall sit upon the throne of his glory, and all nations shall be gathered before him, and he shall separate them, the one from the other, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats. Those that sleep in the grave shall awake, and the dead in Christ shall rise first, and they that are alive shall be changed, and caught up to meet the Lord in the air. Glorious shall be the appearing of the great God, and our Saviour Jesus Christ;' glorious in respect of the brightness and splendour of his celestial body, made still more glorious and majestic by the authority which his Father hath committed to him of universal judge; glorious in his retinue, being accompanied with thousands of holy angels, who shall attend not only to make up the pomp of his appearance, but as ministers of his justice; and glorious, lastly, in that bright throne of glory, from whence he shall dispense life arid death to all the worid.
Q. What may we learn from the certainty of a general judgment ?
A. From the certainty of a general judgment we should learn,—to govern our lives with such care and consideration, that we may be able to give up our account with joy, and not with grief; to keep such strict watch over ourselves, by frequent examination, that our demeanour, in this state of probation and trial, may obtain the favour and acceptance of our Judge at his dreadful tribunal; to restrain ourselves from committing the least sin, because there is none so inconsiderable as to be overlooked by the omniscient Witness and Judge of our actions; not to encourage ourselves, by the greatest secrecy, to the breach of any of God's holy laws, because all our actions shall be then exposed to the view of an assembled universe; not to be dejected by the slanders and calumnies of bad men, because our integrity shall then be cleared by him who cannot err in judgment. The consideration of a final judgment should teach us--to improve all those talents which the providence of God has intrusted to us, because we are but stewards, and must give an account of them; to be sincere in all our words and actions, because, in that day, the secrets of all hearts shall be disclosed; to avoid all rash judging of others, because he that judgeth another, shall not escape the judgment of God; and to abound in all good works, because our labour shall not be in vain in the Lord. CHAPTER III.
b1 Thess. iv. 16.
z Mark xiij. 32.
a 2 Thess. i. 7. c Luke ix. 26.
d Matt. xxv. 31, 32. e 1 Thess. iv. 16, 17. 1 Cor xv 51.
f Tit. ii. 13.
Q. What should we learn from the uncertainty of the time when we shall be judged ?
A. The consideration of the uncertainty of the time when we shall be judged should teach us,- immediately to reconcile ourselves to God by a sincere and hearty repentance, that the terrible day of God's wrath may not find us unprepared; to be always upon our guard, that we may make a daily progress towards Christian perfection, and constantly desend ourselves against the attacks of our spiritual enemies; to be frequent in all acts of piety and devotion, that when we are summoned to appear, we may, if possible, be found employed in religious exercises ; and to implore constantly God's grace, that the day of judgment may not overtake us unawares, but that, by a patient continuance in well-doing, we may wait for glory, honour, and immortality.
ST. ANDREW, NOVEMBER 30.
Q. WHY does the Church celebrate the festival of St. Andrew at the beginning of Advent ?
A. As St. Andrew was the first who found the Messiah, and the first who brought others to him, the Church, for his greater honour, commemorates him first in her anniversary course of holy days, placing his festival at the beginning of Advent, as the most proper to bring the news of our Saviour's coming.
Q. Of what parentage and country was the apostle St. Andrew ?
A. St. Andrew was born at Bethsaida, a city of Galilee; was son to Jonas, a fisherman of that town; and was brother to Simon Peter.
Q. How came our Saviour to choose his disciples out of Galilee?
A. Our Saviour chose his disciples out of Galilee, because it was the chief scene of his ministry. Our Saviour was brought up at Nazareth, a city of Galilee ;' he began his solemn publication of the Gospel at Capernaum, the metropolis of Galilee; he preached all round the region of Galilee ;he began his miracles at Cana, in Galilee ;" he was transfigured at mount Tabor, a mount of Galilee ;' our Saviour's ordinary residence was in Galilee; and he appoints his disciples to come to see him in Galilee, when he was risen from the dead."
Q. Was our Saviour's vouchsafing his principal abode to the province of Galilee, any testimony of his being the Messias ?
d. The prophecy of Isaiah" plainly refers to Galilee, as the place where the Messiah should be born ; and to this purpose it is quoted by St. Matthew, when our Saviour made Capernaum the seat of his preaching. The people of Galilee, or of Zebulun and Naphtali, were carried into captivity by the Assyrians; to comfort them under this calamity, Isaiah assures them, that in recompense of the misery they suffered above the rest of their brethren, they should have the first and chief share of the presence and conversation of the Messiah who was to come.
§ Joho i. 38, 39, &c.
Matt. iv. 13, 23. m Matt. xxvi 32
h John i. 44.
i Luke i. 26. Matt. ii. 23.
Q. How came St. Andrew acquainted with our Saviour ?
A. Being with John the Baptist one day as Jesus passed by, and hearing him say, that he was the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sins of the world, St. Andrew follows our Saviour, upon this testimony, to the place of his abode ; nearing his instructions, and improving his faith by conversing with him.
Q. What was the first effect of his faith in the Messiah ?
A. St. Andrew went to his brother Simon, and imparted to him the joyful news, that he had found the desire of the world,' the Christ who was promised by the prophets, and carried him immediately to Jesus, where, after a short stay, they returned again to their own houses, and exercised their calling.
Q. When did St. Andrew become our Saviour's disciple and constant attendant ?
A. St. Andrew became our Saviour's disciple and constant attendant about a year afterwards, when, being fully convinced of the greatness and divinity of our Saviour's
cdison by the miraculous draught of fishes, our Saviour commanded him, with his brother Peter, to follow him, promising to make them fishers of men. They accordingly left all, and constantly attended our Saviour's person, and were afterwards called by him to the office and honour of the apostolate.
Q. How and where did St. Andrew suffer martyrdom?
A. After this blessed apostle had planted the Gospel in Scythia and the neighbouring countries, and by his indefatigable labours had converted many to the faith, he came at last to Patræ, in Achaia. By his boldness and zeal in proclaiming the Gospel, he enraged the proconsul of Achaia against him, who commanded him to be scourged, and then to be crucified; and that his death might be the more lingering, he was fastened to the cross,* not with nails, but with cords. He endured martyrdom with the greatest cheerful.
p Kings xv. 29. 9 John i. 36, 37.
r John i. 41. s Matt. iv. 19. * The cross was in the form of the letter X; and this cross is hence known by the Dame of St. Andrew's cross