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LONDON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1884. “A stoke is a place stockaded, surrounded with
stocks or piles, like a New Zealand pah” (T., p. 80). CONTENTS.- No 215.
When we find two contiguous places such as Chard NOTES :-Somerset Place-Names, 101-Curiosities of Superstition in Italy, 103-Letter of Henry, Earl of Arundel, 104 -Error of Date in Howell's “Letters"-Lines on a Statue from the other; the colony would probably call Distressed, 105-Alliteration in 1587-Second Centenary of Liberation of Vienna-"Malus ubi bonum," &c.-Northamptonshire Saying-Biography of Lord Lytton, 106.
Rimpton (Rintona ; Rimtún, K., 628).—“Rinia
(m.), No. 550, be wuduriman. The rim, edge or QUERIES:-Battle of Sedgemoor-Nostradamus-Religious Delusion-F. Bruzza-P. or F. Ford-Countess Family
asend” (K., iii. xxxv). Or if it be from a personal Mascoll of Plumsted-Flemish Brasses-Abraham Smith, 107_"Roast-beef” - Royal Surname - Ogier le Danois
(K., S. E., i. 471). Silver Medal-Allusions in Webster - English Exiles in Holland-Marriage Custom-Cock Road - Song Wanted, 108
L 1. Road (Roda); 2. Rode Huish (Radehewis); -"British Soldier's Grave"-Owen Family-Montenegro | 3. Rodden (Reddena).—“Ród, a road ; sealtród, "Open Weather"-Blue-devils - Thomas Lever-Thomas
No. 663 ; súga ród, No. 556. Fairfax-Bosvile and Greenhalgh-Authors Wanted, 109.
This is for rád from
ridan" (K., iii. xxxvi). Rád, (1) a riding, being REPLIES:- Aldine Anchor. 109-Elecampane. 111-Oriental
on horseback, &c.; (2) that on which one travels, & Seal-Heraldic, 112-Aurichalcum-Have-Heraldic Shield -Parallel Passages, 113-Price of Cranmer's Bibles-"Com road, B. parisons are odious"-" Paradisi in Sole"-French Proverb
Rodney Stoke. For the Rodney family see -New Words-Turtle, 114-English Hunting CustomLuther Family - Coleridge at Clevedon, 115 - BowlingHanging in Chains-Erratum in Jer. Taylor-Jer. Taylor's "Holy Dying" - Peter Jackson: Philip Jackson, 116
1. Rowbarton; 2. Rowberrow.–From rúh, Sir F. Burnham - Royal Quarterings - Joly-James and Charles Adams-Impropriations-Inscription on Cleopatra's Needle-English Burial-grounds, 117-Sir Henry Hayes " Itinerary " of Richard of Cirencester-Marrow-Binding at Little Gidding-Sir Walter Manny, 118.
Rough-ham (Norf.), E., p. 275. When row occurs
at the end of a word, it is from rcéve, a row, as NOTES ON BOOKS:-Gomme's "Gentleman's Magazine Library"-Ashton's “Humour, Wit, and Satire of the
hæselræwe, hægrawe, &c. (K., iii. xxxv). Seventeenth Century"-" History of the Year."
Ruishton.-"Risc, a rush ; the marshy ground Notices to Correspondents, &c.
where rushes grow. Wenrisc, Nos. 137, 556 " (K., iii. xxxv). Also Rusce, probably soft, rushy ground
(xxxvi).' Hence the surname Risk (E., p. 276). Notes.
But Rushope (Heref.), formerly Ruiscope =Rua'
hill-top (cop); see E., p. 276. NOTES ON THE NAMES OF PARISHES IN THE
Runnington (Runetona).—“Runingas: Run COUNTY OF SOMERSET.
nington (šom.)” (K., S. E., i. 472). "E. rune, (Continued from p. 44.)
counsel, the town of counsel" (E., p. 276). The names in parentheses are the old forms of Saltford (Sanfort).—"A site near the sea or on a the names of the parishes, taken from Eyton's river where its waters are salt” (E, p. 277). This Domesday Studies and from Collinson's Somerset. place is on the Avon between Bath and Bristol,
Authorities quoted.--Taylor's Words and Places, but not near enough to the sea for the water to be T. Edmunds's Names of Places, E. Bosworth's salt. If the Domesday form is right, Sandford Anglo-Saxon Dict., B. Skeat's Etym. Dict., S. would be the proper explanation. List of A.-S. root-words in vol. iji. of Kemble's 1. Sampford Arundel (Sanfort); 2. Sampford Codec Dip. Ævi Saxonici, and also the list of Brett (Sanforda); 3. Sandford Orcas (Sanford). place-Dames in vol. yi., K.
-From a sandy soil (E., p. 277). Quantoxhead (Cantocheheva ; Cantuctúo, K., 1. For the Arundel family see Marshall's Genea314).- I think the first syllable is Celtic cenn, Ir. logist's Guide. ceann, a head, and the meaning of this having 2. For the Brett family see Collinson, iii. 543. been forgotten, the syllable head was added. Cf. 3. Orchard only occurs in Wilts, Som., and Wansbeckwater, Mountbenjerlaw, T., p. 141. Dorset (E., p. 259). What is the middle syllable, tuc? ' Either (1) the 1. Seaborough (Seueberga); 2. Seavington Sta Celtic termination tach (see Joyce, ii. 8), or (2) Michael (Seuenametona); 3. Seavington St. Mary tore (turk), a wild boar. “Kanturk in Cork is (Suenehamtun). — Probably from Sebba, the written by the Four Masters Ceann-tuirc, the owner's name (E., p. 280). Cf. Sevincote (Glos.), head or hill of the boar” (Joyce, i. 479). This is Sevington (Kent., "Seafingas: Seavington (Som.)” probably the meaning of Turkdean (Glos.). (K., S. E., i. 472).
Raddington (Radingetuna).--"Rædingas: Rad-I Selworthy (Seleurda).-From sal, good. Sældington (Soms.), Reading (Berks), Reading-street wong, o fertile field or plain, B. For worthy (fr. (Kent)" (Kemble's S. E., i. 471). “
weordig) -69 E., p. 131. Radstock (Estoca).—The first syllable is pro- l. Shapwick (Sapæswica); 2. Shepton Beaubably the same as the first syllable in Rædingas. champ (Sceptonu); 3. Shepton Mallet (Sepetona);
4. Shepton Montague ; 6. Shipham (Sipeham).- (Stoca); 6. Stoke Courcy or Stogursey (Stoche); The first syllable in all these names is from A.-S. 7. Stoke-sub-Hamdon ; 8. Stoke Piro ; 9. Stoke sceúp, a sheep.
St. Gregory.–Stock (from stick), a post, &c., E. 2. For Beauchamp see Marshall's Geneal. Guide. The sense is a thing stuck or fixed, s. 3. Mallet, Collinson, i. 32, 90; iii. 496.
"Stock and stoke : when a prefix, indicating the chief 4. Montague or Montacute, Visitation of town of a district; when a suffix, usually pointing out Somerset, p. 151.
a town founded by the person whose name precedes it, Skilgate (Schilegate).—This may be from A.-S.
Ex., Stock-ton, eight places; Grey - stoke (Cumb.),
Grey's stoke. Where the Saxon town became the seat scúld, a shield; ex. scildburh, a shield, fence, or of a Norman lord, his name is usually appended, thuscovering ; scüldweall, a wall or defence of shields, Stoke Say (Salop), Stoke D'Abernon (Surrey), Stoke B. Cf. Skillington, T., p. 98 ; from Scyllingas, Courcy, now Stogursey (Som), &c. Stock occurs ag K., S. E., i. 473. “The hero Scyld, the godlike a prefix in twenty-four places ; Stoke as a prefix in progenitor of the Scyldingas, the royal race of sixty-five places," --E., p. 289. Denmark” (K., S. E., i. 413).
1. “Stockland was surnamed Gaunts alias Sock Dennis (Socca, Soche). —
Bristol. It was part of the Paganel barony: given “Socbourn (Dur.) and Soc-lege, now Suckley (Worc.),
by one of the barons known as Le Gaunt (č.e. of
At the preserve in the root-word the memory of another old Ghent) to endow a hospital in Bristol. English tenure. The soc-men were freemen and tenants, Dissolution the lands were transferred to the corbut were privileged, i.e. they were exempt from the poration of Bristol, in whom they remained till jurisdiction of all courts but that of the district included sold under the Municipal Reform Act, circa 1838" in the soc."-E., p. 127.
(Bp. Hobhouse). See also T., p. 199. For the Denvys or Denys 2, 3. “ Hlinć, a link, a rising ground. Junius family see Marshall's Genealogist's Guide.
| is right in his Etymologicon when he says, 'agger Somerton (Summertone).—This has already been
limitanens, parcechias etc dividens '" (K., iii. xxxi). explained under Midsomer Norton (6th $. viii.
3. Ottersay=otter island. 462). Somerton Early, near Somerton, is so named 4. Anciently Stoke-Gomer, Murray, p. 405. from the Erlegh family.
6. Courcy, see Marshall's Genealogist's Guide. Sparkford (Spercheford).—This is the “ford of 7. Stoke under Ham Hill. the sparrow-hawk.” Bosworth has spear-hafoc, 8. “The surname is from the Piro family, Norsper-hafoc, a sparhawk or sparrowhawk. See also mans who came in the train of the Mohuns, and Bardsley's English Surnames, p. 493 :
beld Stoke, inter alia, of the Honor of Dunster” "Sparrowhawk' or 'sparke,' as it is now more gener (Bp. Hobhouse).
F. W. WEAVER, ally spelt. So early as Chaucer, however, this last was
Milton Vicarage, Evercreech, Bath. written 'spar-hawk,' and that once gained, the further
(To be continued.) contraction in our nomenclature became inevitable.” Spaxton (Espachestona).-A.-S. spéc, speech :
Huntspil (6th S. viii. 403 ; ix. 44). — In Glou. speech-town, town where meetings were held, E., cester
were held E cestershire names pill signifies “the mouth of
a brook," as in Cow Pill, Horse Pill, Oldbury Pill. p. 286. 1. Stanton Drew (Estantona); 2. Stanton Prior
Cf. Archæologia, vol. xxix. p. 10. (Stantona).-Stone-town, sometimes a boundary
R. S. CAARNOCK. stone, E., p. 288.
Norton Malreward (ante, p. 43). — I shall 1. For the Drew family see Marshall's Genealo. be much obliged if MR. WEAVER will tell gist's Guide.
me whether there is any other explanation of “Stanton Drew-'A mile from Pensford, another the name Norton Malreward than that which from Chew'-like Littleton Drew, co. Wilts, derived its occurs in the legend of the founding of the city of name from the family of Drew, owners of the manor Bath. In it the old swineherd, who had been temp. Ed. III.”—Murray, p. 386.
Prince Bladud's master during the time of his 2. The Abbot of Bath was the Domesday exile from his father's (King Lud Hudibras') court "tenant in capite."
on account of leprosy, was so angered at what he 1. Staple Fitzpain (Staple); 2. Staplegrove.- considered the paltry recompense he received, that, A.-S. stapol, a prop, a stake : the site of a market I like Hiram, King of Tyre, he gave the place an ill fixed by law, E., p. 288. See also T., pp. 254, name for ever. 334. Gráf, a grove ; see K., iii. xxvi. For Fitz- |
I may also by anticipation ask for informapain see Marshall's Genealogist's Guide.
I tion as to the probable reason for the name Stawley (Staweia, Stawei). - Stow, a form of of Kingston being given to a small village near stoke, E., p. 289. Cf. Morwenstow (Cornwall).
Ilminster. I know of no tradition connecting it "Stow, a place, cotstow, No. 578; hegstow, No. with the hallowing or crowning of any king. As 570" (K., iii. xxxviii).
I am collecting materials for Legends and Tales of 1. Stockland Bristol (Estochelanda); S. Stock- Somerset and its People, I shall be much obliged linch Magdalen ; 3. Stocklinch tersay; 4. for any assistance. CHARLOTTE G, BOGER. Stogumber (Waverdinestoc); 5. Suke St. Michael St, Saviour's, Southwark,