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They came from Boulogne together for that pur- Amsterdamo, 1692. The work is in two volumes pose. The lady is about seventeen years of age.” or parts. I shall be glad to know if this life Also, vol. Ix. p. 83:"_ Bridgham, Esq., formerly is better known by scholars in England than it is of Boston, late of Prince of Wales American by me, and what is its historical value. Regiment, to Miss Nichols, only daughter of —

G. L. FENTON. Nichols, Esq., of Devonshire, Oct. 9, 1789." I San Remo am extremely anxions to affix, through the descendants of these Bridgbams, some links in the

“A DAY'S JOURNEY OF THE SUN."-I met last still earlier branches of the family, which was here year in a collection of British poetry with verses at an early date in 1644. "H. P. Poor headed something as above. Not finding the Boston, Mass.

book again, nor being helped by any friend to

the work or the author of the verses, I beg the SIR HENRY Hayes. - Mrs. Farrer, in her assistance of your readers. Recollections of Seventy Years, p. 107, mentions

Wyatt Papworth. " Sir Henry Brown Hayes, who ran off with a 33, Bloomsbury Street, W.C. Miss Penrose, of Cork, about 1811." This is an error ; it was Miss Pike, not Miss Penrose. The THE PRISONER OF GISORS.- Who was he? young heiress was of an amatory disposition. After This query has appeared twice in “N. & Q." it flirtation with Mr. Cleburne, of the Bank, a con- (3rd S. i. 329; 4th S. iv. 514). I think no answer nexion of her father's, she excited the attention of has been given. I contribute the little informasuch a host of fortune-hunters, that, to save further tion I possess in the hope of obtaining more. I trouble, Sir Henry ran off with her. He was tried have an engraving with this title from a picture hefore Justice Day at Cork Assizes in 1801. Per- by Wehnert, published by the Art Union in 1848. haps some correspondent will favour me with a In the left-hand bottom corner it has the following copy of the ballad of which, I think, the first explanatory note : "Every one at Gisors has heard stanza was,

of the unknown criminal, whom state reasons, now “Sir Henry kissed, Sir Henry kissed,

forgotten, immured alive in that tomb, which is Sir Henry kissed the Quaker ;

still called the Prisoner's Tower, where he has And what if he did, you ugly thing?

perpetuated his memory in bas-reliefs, executed, it I'm sure he did not ate her."

is said, with a nail on that part of the wall where VIATOR

the solitary sunbeam which entered his cell enCASTLE FOGGIES."_" My company is now abled him to see his work” (Nodier, Normandie, forming into an invalid company, Tell your grand- ii. 141). The prisoner is seen at work on a repremother we will be like the castle foggies" (extract sentation of the Crucifixion. Above it he has from a letter in my possession, written by an shaped the words, “O Mater Dei, miserere mei fficer from Harwich to his son at Edinburgh, Pontani.”

T. G. April 5, 1821). Cl. “N. & Q.,'18S. viii. 154, where there are some interesting remarks on this term

is term CHARLES BANNISTER.- According to report, for the Edinburgh veterans by J. L. I wish to Charles Bannister, the father of Jack Bannister, know the etymology of foggy used in this senge. was born in Gloucestershire in 1738. I shall be

A. L. MAYHEW. much obliged for precise information, if such is ARCHBISHOP's Barge.—Where can I see a pic.


URBAN. ture of the archbishop's barge, which was formerly AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.moored at Lambeth Stairs ?

SENEX. L “Ecce Britannorum mos est laudabilis iste, “ITINERARY” OF RICHARD OF CIRENCESTER.-I

Ut bibat arbitrio pocula quisque suo.'

R. G, DAVIS. see it stated that the Itinerary of Richard of Ciren

| “First you must creep along, then up and go; cester has been proved to be a forgery. I shall be

The proudest old Pope was a Cardinal low, obliged by being referred to the evidence.

First be a courtier, and next be a king; - R. W. C. The more the hoop's bent, so much higher the


spring.' any one tell me whether the above names,

“ Dreams are the interlude which fancy makes ;

When monarch Reason sleeps, this mimic wakes, which occur in the parish registers of St. Mary's

Compounds a medley of disjointed things, Church, Dover, in the seventeenth century, are of A court of cobblers, or a mob of kings." Dutch or foreign origin ? CONSTANCE RUSSELL. I believe they are Dryden's; but where ? C. M. I. Swallowfield Park, Reading.

"The naked Briton here hath paused to gaze “ VITA DI OLIVIERO CROMVEILE." - I have just

Ere bells were chimed picked up an Italian life of Cromwell, entitled

Or the thronged hamlet lit its social fires."

It is. I think, by a Cornish author-at least, so I was Historia e Memorie recondite sopra alla Vita di informed when at Penzance recently. Oliviero Cromvelle, scritto da Gregorio Letti,


show, or seem to show, that in earlier as in later Replies.

centuries a man was represented on his tomb in

armour which he can seldom have worn in his lifeWOODEN TOMBS AND EFFIGIES,

time, and with his legs crossed, though he probably (1st S. vii. 528. 607 ; viii. 19, 179, 255, 454, 601; I never took the cross; for it would appear that the

ix. 17, 62, 111, 457 ; 6th S. vii. 377, 417, 451 ; | two wooden knights (and, indeed, the alabaster viii. 97, 337, 357, 398.)

one also) were members of an undistinguished There are four wooden effigies in the parish family named Reynes, who came from Statherne, church of Clifton Reynes, in Bucks. I do not in Leicestershire, and acquired by marriage the know whether they have been fully described, but, principal manor — there were two manors — ati as I saw them and took notes of them this summer Clifton, in the latter part of the thirteenth century. (1883), it may be convenient to state their present They held it in tho male line till 1556. Joan condition ; and I here transcribe my brief notes Borard, who brought this manor into the family, almost literally, retaining a (1) as to doubtful was a descendant of William de Borard, who in points, for the figures are much worn, though they William I.'s time held the manor under Robert are in fair preservation. The four figures consist de Todeni, and whose descendant, Simon de Borard, of two pairs, each pair a knight and his dame. acquired it in capite from Henry III. after it had All of them are recumbent; they are of small size, been forfeited by William de Albini in the reign not much more than five feet long.

of John. First pair, somewhat the earlier and ruder. This quiet rural parish of Clifton Reynes has at -No. 1, Plain round helm (no vizor) and circlet ; least three points of contact with the old-fashioned chain mail (?) on the arms ; breastplate over sur- glories of England. First, it, or part of it, belonged, coat ; chain mail on the legs, which are crossed : as I have said, to the distinguished house of De feet on a (hound ?) couchant; head on a diagonal Todeni and Do Albini. Secondly, the eminent cushion; right arm drawing sword. No. 2 (separate Serjeant Maynard bought the manor and estate in from No. 1, but adjoining it), Lady in hood and 1672, and was lord of it till his death. Thirdly, wimple and long narrow gown; hands held up in Cowper's friend and would be

Cowper's friend and would be sweetheart, Lady prayer, head on diagonal cushion, feet on bound Austen, lived there, while Cowper lived just across conchant.

the river at Olney. Second pair.-No. 3, Plain round helm, no! I am indebted for some of the foregoing facts, vizor or circlet; surcoat of threefold thickness, the especially for those concerning the families of lower edge of the inmost fold plaited, and that of Börard and Reynes, to a little monograph on the outermost fold embattled; chain mail (1) on Clifton Reynes, which was written in 1821 by the the arms and legs ; legs crossed ; blank shield on Rev. Ed. Cooke, Rector of Haversham, Bucks. the left arm ; right arm drawing sword, but the Mr. Cooke gives no account of the figures which I sword is gone ; feet on a (hound ?) couchant; have numbered 1 and 2. Figure 3, he says, rehead on a square cushion ; wholo figure much presents Ralph de Reynes, who died “ before the wormed. No. 4 (separate from No. 3, but adjoin year 1310.” If so, figure 4 is presumably one of ing it), Lady in hood and wimple, &c., as No. 2; Ralph's two wives, who were, according to Mr. head on diagonal cushion,

| Cooke, Amabel, daughter of Sir Henry Green, of Nos. 1 and 2 lie side by side, only a foot or so Boughton, Northants, by Catharine, daughter of above the floor level, under a plain arched recess Sir John de Drayton; and Amabel, daughter of Sir in the north wall of the north (which is the only) Richard Chamberlain, of Petso. The two alabaster aisle of the chancel. Nos. 3 and 4 lie side by side figures are, says Mr. Cooke, those of John Reynes, under one of the south arches of the samo aisle, / who died in 1428, and of his first wife, Catherine upon a lofty base of stone, decorated on three | Scudamore. sides with quatrefoils and coats of arms. There are The MS. of Mr. Cooke's monograph was handed five of these shields, each different, of course, from by him to his friend the Rev. William Talbot, the others, and most of them showing the alliances Rector of Clifton Reynes, with a written request of one family. I regret that I had not time to take that it might go down to future rectors “with the down the blazons. Under the other and eastern registers of the parish." Mr. Talbot, who died in most of the two south arches is a third tomb. 1832, had the MS. bound, and it has been duly richer and later, whereon lie the figures, in passed on to his successors. The present rector alabaster, of a knight of the same family and his has wisely had it printed (as a pamphlet of twentydame. It may be added that each of the four three pages), and is, I believe, prepared to send a wooden figures is, so far as I could judge, of oak, copy to any one who will furnish one shilling or upand is hollow underneath, and portable, insomuch wards towards the works of repair which have just that a strong man might readily shoulder it and been done-honestly and of pece

been done-honestly and of necessity, so far as an carry it off.

outsider may presume to judge-at the parish To me the chief interest about them is that they church.

A. J. M.

I do not know whether MR. MARKHAM bas which he had copied out. If Mr. Tew is still to included in his list the three elm figures in the the fore, who wrote to “N. & Q.," 4th S. vi. 567, Oglander Chapel, Brading Church, Isle of Wight, dating from Patching, Arundel, he would aid this of members of that family. If not, the following investigation by stating what sort of book is The description may be of service to those interested Portfolio, which is his authority for the statement in the subject. The most ancient of the three that an autobiography exists. I cannot find it in represents a life-size male figure, in complete plate the only book with that title in the Brit. Mus. armour (fifteenth century), reclining on its side, Mr. Walford, Tales of our Great Families, with the face turned to the right, the head leaning first series, vol. i. p. 172, in a story entitled “The on the hand. The second is a small figure, almost Wooing of Sir Heneage Finch," says the said story a counterpart of the first, about, I should say, is taken from one of the old MSS. preserved twenty-four inches long. The third is a life-size among the archives of the Surrenden Derings, a figure, in half armour, recumbent, temp. James I. Sir Ed. Dering having been a suitor for the hand or Elizabeth, wearing a ruff, the head bare, and the of the same lady as Sir Heneage Finch. If the hands raised in the attitude of prayer. They all Derings have such a great collection of MSS., persurmount altar tombs, and the two larger have haps the autobiography may still be discovered their feet to the east end of the chapel. The among them. Finally Mr. Gwynne informs us smaller was placed, I think, when I saw it, north that besides the register entry there are two other and south, under the east window. The chapel, local traditions of Rd. Plantagenet at Eastwell. together with the church, had lately been restored, 1. There is a tomb of Bettenden marble, but not spoilt, and the figures had been repainted under a sepulchral arch on the north side in accordance with the remains of the old colours of the chancel, where, according to popular found on them (after removing whitewash and belief, his remains were laid. This is, perhaps, other abominations), by the order of Lady Oglander. of too early a date to justify the tradition.* Mr. I regret I did not take a note of the inscriptions. Gwynne says that Canon Scott Robertson, the

E. T. Evans.

well-known secretary of the Kent Archæological 63, Fellows Road, South Hampstead.

Society, objects to its being considered his (as

Hasted did consider it) because among the brasses A FORMER ROYAL INHABITANT AT EASTWELL of which it has been stripped appear to have been (6th S. viii, 103, 192, 251).-Since my previous four small scrolls, probably bearing the prayer notes on this subject I have had an obliging com “Jesu, mercy; Lady, help," which would not have munication from the Rev. Gorges E. Gwynne, the been used in Ed. VI.'s reign. (Some antiquarian present rector of Eastwell, and I think it will be contributors will perhaps tell us whether such interesting to many readers to know from so scrolls had so utterly fallen into disuse by 1550 authentic a source that the exact wording and that this should be final.) Canon Robertson seems spelling (hitherto variously quoted) of the entry also inclined to object to the register entry because under discussion are, “Año domini : 1550 | he says there was no such name as Plantagenet Rychard Plantagenet was buryed the xxij's daye in the sixteenth century. But surely the register of Desembor, Anno di supra," and that the is sufficient to prove that there was this one register containing it, dating from 1538 (but he | instance of it. believes copied about sixty years later*), is still 2. There are at Eastwell an ancient cottage extant and in good condition. With regard to inhabited by the estate carpenter) and a disused the “ banker's tick" against this and other names well, both of which still retain the name of Plantain the register, which Mr. P. Parsons (Mr. genet. Gwynne's predecessor) and Burn (History of I cannot pass over a very ingenious piece of Parish Reg., 1829, p. 115) suppose to denote criticism sent me by Mr. D. J. Stewart, who noble birtb, I think Mr. Gwynne's suggestion will remarks that the first printed edition of be allowed to be much more probable, viz. that Horace with date was in 1474, and asks whether it was simply put there by some one of the Finch there was time for the book to become well family to mark off entries interesting to himself | known in England. This, I feel bound to

allow, there hardly was as, according to The * He says the ink is so faded that he cannot make Parallel, Richard parted with his “Latin schoolsure if the day is xxii or xxix, He further tells us that this register is interesting for containing the Solemn

master of Lutterworth" only ten years later. At League and Covenant, the Protestation, the Vow and

the same time it seems to me not improbable that Covenant, 1642-3, with the original signatures of the just because the book was rare this master, whose parishioners; also a list of the rectors, beginning, oddly | taste for classic writers" is specially mentioned, enough, at the year 1550. It has further the entry of Sir Thos. Moyle's burial, Oct. 2, 1560. In 1804 this * There is, however, a large altar tomb to Sir Thomas register was produced at the bar of the House of Lords Moyle on the south side of the chancel, which may have on occasion of the claim of Lord Fitzgerald and Sir H. been so placed to correspond with one erected by him to Hunlock to the barony of Ross.

Rd. Plantagenet.

should have chosen it as a parting gift to one who DATES ON Fonts (6th S. viii. 188, 432). --The might have come to be acknowledged as the king's font here, at Chapel Allerton, bears an inscribed son, nor that Richard should have prized it, both date, and is of somewhat curious design. The for its rarity and for the giver's sake, to the end of original base has disappeared, but the shaft and his days.

R. H. BUSK. bowl remain; the whole is very rudely carved in

stone; so much so that inexperienced critics have MOULD, OR MOLD, OF THE HEAD (6th S. viii. at times supposed that the shaft is a piece of 309).—This does not mean a'" suture of the skull.” Saxon work, appropriated in later times to its In the Cambridge Eng.-Lat. and Lat.-Eng. Dic- present use ; this, however, is not the case. The tionary (1698), the phrase is translated by “ forma bowl of the font is octagonal externally, and is capitis, cavitas sincipitis, bregma." This explana- sloped out apgularly from the shaft. In the comtion is adopted by Littleton and others, but Coles partment now facing the east is a rude repre. has bregma only. This is the Gr. Bpéyuo, which sentation of three rose branches with three roses, means the upper part of the head. Bailey (fol., the two side branches slanting in either direction ed. 1724) has" Mould, mold, a form in which from that in the centre. In the compartment to anything is cast; also, the hollowness in the upper the north of this there is a rudely carved fleur de part of the head.” It is evident, therefore, that the lys, and in that to the south a thistle. The other word mould, as applied to the head, bore three five compartments are filled with nondescript several meanings, probably at successive times. designs of no significance. Round the upper porThese were (1) the general form of the head ; (2) tion of the outside of the bowl is a flat rim, about its upper part, from the forehead to the apex; and two inches in depth, and along this, beginning on (3) as there is often a hollow near the highest the side now facing the south, is very rudely carved point, this hollow part. It is derived from the in raised letters (some of the h's being sideways Fr. moule, which has, however, only the ordinary for want of room), the following inscription : meaning of " form " or "matrix." The Cambridge THER : IS ONE : LORD ONE : FA | ITE : ONE | dictionary referred to is interesting as having been BAPTI | SME. EP | ESIANS | 4.5:1637. The font formed, among other sources, from “a large manu- has been frequently moved, and the church rebuilt script, in three volumes, of Mr. John Milton." | twice since 1637.

T. M. Fallow. This was the poet Milton.

J. D.

Chapel Allerton, Leeds. Belsize Square.

The lead lining of the font of Walsall parish In the old London Bills of Mortality the term church bears the following, in raised letters, &c. :* headmouldshot" long stood as the vernacular

SC C WARD for a form of hydrocephalus, or water on the brain.

R.B 1712, If we read this as a sprained or stretched condition of the mould of the head, we may, I think, be

he and opposite to this the letters Ns. Between the justified in suggesting that the mould was the

lines are placed, opposite each other, a large boss anterior fontanel, as that projects greatly in many

and a cherub's head. The font itself is an ancient, hydrocephalic heads. “Horseshoe head” was,

and a very fine one. It stands on a gothic pedestal, perhaps, the vernacular for cases in which the

octagonal, like the font. On each panel is a small posterior fontanel, which is somewhat of that form pedestal, evidently intended to hold a figure. The was remarkably prominent. For mould or molá upper part exhibits on each face an angel bearing a I would read mole (moles) of the head.

shield charged with the arms of a noble family, CALCUTTENSIS. each being different.

W. C. OWEN. In the London Bill of Mortality for 1784, Your correspondent gives an inscription on a printed at the end of vol. liv, of the Gentleman's | font at Keysoe, Bedfordshire, without explanation, Magazine, fifteen deaths are attributed to “ Head. I perhaps because it may be deemed too easy. At mouldshot, Horshoehead, and Water in the Head." | first it seemed puzzling, but with a little pains I Possibly this may give Dr. NICHOLSON a clue. arrived at it. 'It reads thus : " + Cestui qui par

WALTER HAINES. d'ici passerai, pour Leal Newarel prie, que Dieu de Farringdon.

sa grace vrai merci lui fasse. Amen.” Probably There is some doubt about the exact meaning

Leal Newarel was the donor of the font. of this term. Torriano, in his Vocabolario

J. CARRICK MOORE. Italiano ed Inglese, 1688, has, “ The mould of The font at St. Sennen (The Land's End) Church, the head, cervice." Phillips, in The New World of Cornwall, bears a mutilated inscription, at the Words, ed. 1720, gives, “Mould......the Dent in base or footpace, which I had no time to transcribe the upper Part of the Head.” The Glossographia on the occasion of my visit. It records, however, Anglicana Nova, 1707, has, Mould......the the dedication of the church on the anniversary of Hollowness in the upper part of the Head.” the decollation of St. John the Baptist (Aug. 29),

F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. | 1444 (Murray). T. M. N. Owen, M.A.

I hope that Mr. Holgate's inquiry on the tute Ribble for Thames, as I have heard scores of subject will bring forward more information than times used in everyday life, the dullest clodhopper we are at present able to find in any book, and in the county would want no interpreter, as you that it will come from all parts of the country. I would soon discover by his features or words, if have myself, in the very many churches that I have not by both.

EDWARD KIRK. been into, only found one instance of a date on a Seedley, Manchester, font, and that was at Hascomb, in Surrey, where! In borrowing from us the French have subthere is the name of a former rector (which I have

stituted “ Seine" for Thames. not got down), and the date 1693 carved on one

R. S. CHARNOCK. side. It is a solid square font, and is, I should think, considerably older than this date, which THE WORD "GA" (6th S. viii. 426, 477).—MR. may possibly have been put on after a restoration Taylor's statement that the suffix -gay is the and the incoming of a new rector. S. T. same as the German gau, and his identification of Cambridge.

gau with Kemble's explanation of , cannot be

admitted without proof. They are against all SETTING THE THAMES ON FIRE (6th S. viii.

phonetic laws. The E. day is A.-S. dag, so that 446, 476).-We have now got a little further in this question. It appears that this fable (as I sus

gay would be gæg; or else, since E. hay (in names)

is A.-S. hege, gay would be gege. How E. ay= pect it will turn out to be) can be traced back as

A.-S. á, is a mystery. Again, the G. au= A.-S. far as March 25, 1865, when it was first started by

| éa, as in G. baum=A.-S. béam. Anything can be a correspondent signing himself P. in “N. & Q.,"

| said if phonetic laws are not to count. 3rd S. vii. 239. Observe that P. puts forward his

WALTER W. SKEAT. solution quite as a mere guess, saying that "the

Cambridge. long misuse of the word temse.. may possibly have tended to the substitution of sound for sepse." Mr. “HUNDRED OF LAUNDITCA" (6th S. viii. 368).Hazlitt merely copies what is there said. The In The Genealogist, for 1880, vol. iv. p. 291, will statement made is that "an active fellow, who be found a review of part iii. of the late Mr. worked hard, not un frequently [the italics are mine] Carthew's Hundred of Launditch and Deanery of set the rim of the temse on fire by force of friction | Brisley, which is stated to be published at Norwich against the rim of the flour-barrel." Mr. Hazlitt by Miller & Leavins. Part iii. was dated 1879. improves this into the" iron rim of the temse," it being, of course, quite easy to set iron “ on fire." Now I think we have a right to expect some sort

L A ROMANO-British LITURGY (6th S. viii. 341). of proof of the statement. If" an active fellow"

-If your correspondent H. C. C. had seen the could do this once he can do it now. Well, I

original MS. or the account of it in The Liturgy should like to see him do it. Who can quote the

and Ritual of the Celtic Church, Oxford, 1881, phrase from a book older than 1865 ? See P. |

he would not have entertained those views of Plowman, c. 7, 337. WALTER W. Skeat. I

L its nationality and date which he has based on

some extracts from it in the Academy of Nov. 20, I have seen it stated during this discussion and 1879. It is a genuine Irish MS. in orthography, elsewbere that a tems in North and West Lanca- execution, and ornamentation. Many of the shire means a grain riddle; but this is not exact. rubrics are in the Irish language. There are two A tems proper is a sieve with deep sides, very like handwritings in it, one of which is of the ninth a peck measure, is ten or twelve inches in diameter, century, and the other of the eleventh century at and has a bottom of woven horsehair. It is used the earliest. The intermixture of the Roman for taking small particles of butter out of the canon with passages belonging to a totally different butter-milk just after churning ; one person holds genus of liturgy points to a transition period in the tems over a vessel and another pours in the the history of the services of the Irish Church. It buttermilk, the hair-work passing the milk and is certainly strange that an Irish scribe should catching the particles of butter. This would not have transcribed from & Roman model passages cause a fire, neither is a grain-riddle firing by which must have been perfectly meaningless to an ordinary hand usage more probable. When inhabitant of Ireland; but our wonder is lessened worked at the quickest one man riddles while by the fact that the petition “pro imperio another fills, and the riddle is emptied several Romano” in the Roman Missal only ceased to be times in a minute. The grain also is cold in its used by authority in 1861. Learned conjectures normal state, and there is no chance of it or the as to whether St. Palladius or St. Patrick, &c., riddles getting heated by friction. To a practical brought the missal into Ireland therefore vanish man a riddle firing would sound most absurd. If into air. With regard to the title “Stowe Missal," you say to a Lancashire labourer, “Tha 'll ne'er it has at least the merit of pointing to an episode set th' tems a fire," a hundred to one he would in the later wanderings of the MS. Lord Ashunderstand the river Thames. But if you substi- burnham at the time of its publication pressed me


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