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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 12, 1984. Magn., Dial., lib. ii. cap. viii.). Azzo, Bishop of

Vercelli, in the tenth century, lamented (Muratori CONTENTS.- No 211,

quoted by Moroni, Dizionario di Erudizione StoricoNOTES -Cariosities of Superstition in Italy, 21-Napoleon

ecclesiastico, lxxi. 63) that even down to his day Bonaparte, 22-Church Restoration in Fifteenth Century, 23--Christmas in Monmouthshire --" Double ponies," 24 Curious Inscription-Letter of Burns-Couplet on Bells- magicians, aruspices, augurs, and sorcerers. Remarkable Epitaph-Reputed Centenarians, 25-Cunedda : Ordovices Sir Walter Maddy - Tennysoniana - Singular

It would seem that the dancing propensities of Superstition-Shetland Folk - lore-Curious Epitaph-Can.

non Street, 26. QUERIES: -Church wardens' Accounts - Forfarshire-Ashkey

as the betrayer of the Baptist, caused her to be -William Lloyd, Bishop of St. Asaph-Barre and Kendale, Elizabeth-Pope's Fan, 27-Peasant and Peasantry - Story Wanted -Quotations in Green's “History”-Horn-Secret Society Badge-Salkinson-Craine and Cambie Families Salome does not appear in the Bible), Ratero, Bp. Marks on Silver Coin-Source of Couplet Wanted - James of Verona in the tenth century, deprecated “the Braton-De Buch, 23-Lords Danganmore-Thomas Withipgton-Haswell-Percy-Paid Representatives--Coming of

honour paid as to a queen, or rather as to & Arthur-C. Tanner-J. or T. Loder-Curious Medal-Hodgsop's “Theory of Perspective" - Newcastle Directory

Baptist, by certain little old women and still more Yore-zeit-Statue of Roman Soldier-Dr. Guy Carleton Peter Kenwood, 29-Authors Wanted, 30.

to be blamed men (multum vituperabiliores viri)." REPLIES:- Vegetarianism, 39-"Notes on Phrase and In By a decree of the provincial Council of Trever, in

flection." 32 Error of Humboldt- Parallel Passages * Engrossed in the public," 33-Manx Language-By-and-by

1310, the superstitious regard paid her was con- Portrait of a Lady, 34-Dandy-"Uuua yñs, 35-Me demped, together with that to Diana ; as also by moirs of Pichon - Ecclesiastical Ballads -Goose House another decree of Cardinal Ivo, Bp. of Chartres in Dopole Christian Names, 36-Official Seals of American

the eleventh century, and by one of Angino, Bp. of Bishops-London Customs Bill of Entry-Agnew, McLeroth, &e-While=Until-Gospel for Christmas Day as a Conserano (i.e., St. Lizier, dept. Arière). Not Charm, 37-Number of Ancestors-Dr. Thomas Grey-Cross only are the honours paid to Diana and Herodias on Loaves-Registers of Welsh Churches-List of English

mentioned as demoniacal illusions, but those Localities - Berlin Heraldic Exhibition - Moxley-Pigeon Pair-Cross Passant - Hurly-barly, 38-Cure by Touch also offered to a certain Benzoria, and this still Thomas Bambridge-Authors Wanted, 39.

more at length in the writings of William of Paris, NOTES ON BOOKS:-Ferguson's "Surnames as a Science"

-Ebsworth's "The Roxbarghe Ballads"-Burke's “Peer In many parts of Europe it would seem that meat age"-"Shakspeariana."

and drink were left spread out by the peasants in

the belief that they would serve for these nocturnal Notes.

assemblies, and that such ministrations would bring

abundance to the purveyor, whence arose the CURIOSITIES OF SUPERSTITION IN ITALY.

conception of another president of the feast under (Continued from p. 6.)

the name of Abundantia. This superstition is The identification of pagan divinities with mentioned by Xenophon as practised among the manifestations of the spirit of evil is the common Persians, and by St. Jerome as in existence among theme of all writers on demonology. Pompovaccio the Eyyptians. Lorenzo Auania, who wrote De points out that part of the functions of the witches' | Natura Dæmonum, in the sixteenth century, menSabbath consisted in dancing round a goat, a tions (lib. iii. cap. xv.) that at his native place of remnant of the worship of Pan, and that it is in Taverna, in the kingdom of Naples, “there was a memory of this that the wearing and setting up in superstitious custom among the girls (femellas), as the house of a horn as a counter charm is com- an augury that they may become mothers of happy mon in Italy. Sulpicius Severus, biographer of St. families, to prepare sacrificial feasts (dapibus) for Martin of Tours, famous for destroying the pagan the fairies (fatis), so," he says, “they call these temples in his diocese, which he still found spirits" (I introduce this custom as another instance honoured in the fourth century, says that the devil of the identity, in the popular mind of Italy, beappeared to him under the character of Jupiter, tween the nature of fairies and witches). At other Minerva, Venus, and Mercury; cited in Gianfran- times it was the devil himself who, under various cesco Pico's Libro della Strega, p. 57, with the names and descriptions, was the presiding genius of obvious gloss that the object of the first apparition the feasts. In Italy he seems to have been usually was to tempt him to ambition, of the second to called Martinetto or Martinello, and is described by recall him to the pursuit of arms, in which he had witches, who deposed to having seen him, somegained renown in his younger days, and so on. times as having the hands, feet, and horns of a

St. Gaudentius, Bishop of Brescia (Serm. 13), goat, sometimes going on two feet, sometimes and St. Maximus, Bishop of Turin (apud Mura- on four, sometimes riding on horseback, yet lorium Anecdot., t. iv. p. 99), in the fifth century, having the tail of a serpent. The witch interreproved the landowners of their time that they rogated by Gianfrancesco Pico gave her demon suffered their poor dependents to go on ignorantly worshipping idols. St. Benedict found a temple to Tartarotti, Congresso, dec., lib. ii. cap. x. Siv. Als) Apollo still frequented on Monte Cassino (St. Greg. Del Rio, lib. ii. Q. xvi. p. 81, col, 1 C.

lover the name of Ludovico, and described him upon the clergy to expose these follies, and to as wearing the human form in every respect, but show that any one who believes that any creature in having feet like a goose, which turned in- can be turned or changed into any other form or wards. The “judge” is made in the accompanying similitude by any power but the Creator, by whom fancy dialogue to interrupt the interrogatory with all things were made, procul dubio infidelis est.b the observation that such had been the description Burkhard, Bishop of Worms, a century later on of the devil given in all the cases that had been(Decret., lib. i., cap.“ De Arte Magica ") directs his brought before him (p. 29). Then follow six pages advice similarly against the folly of supposing there (by number, but in reality twelve, for only the are enchanters who, by invoking the devil, can leaves, not the pages, are numbered) of reasons raise tempests or alter the minds of men, cause to suggested for this peculiarity.

love or hate, ride through the air upon beasts by If Tartarotti has been diligent in collecting the night, &c. And John of Salisbury writes of those traditions that lingered from pagan times among who miserrime et mendacissime believe such the vulgar in Italy, he has also, though with some things. He does not treat the assumed powers what less voluminous result, brought together some of witches, &c., as crimes, but as unrealities of the opinions on the subject that have been re- and false follies—vanitates et insanias falsas are corded by the educated among his countrymen at his words — and desires that no one should different dates, and has compared them with those of listen to those falsehoods." William of Paris other lands. It is impossible not to observe in the (De Universo, ii. 2, cap. xxii.), combating the aboveearlier canons and ecclesiastical writings concera- named superstition of the “Abundantia," says ing witchcraft that it is treated as a mere error of that those who aver they have seen such victuals the unlearned, and not as an actuality and a disposed of by spirits must be under a delusion, crime, as it became after the Renaissance. / for“ it is manifest that substantive spirituales In a decree of Pope St. Damasus at the Council cannot make use of corporeal meat and drink." of Rome, mentioned in Rinaldi's Annals, anno He further distinctly ascribes the seeing of such 382, No. 20, those who pretend to exer- apparitions to a bodily infirmity produced by cise diabolic arts are threatened with excom- melancholy.

R. H. Bose. munication, but no temporal penalty. Ago

(To be continued.) bardus, Bishop of Lyons (born circa 780), wbo has also left à treatise against duelling, wrote a

| NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, PRESIDENT OF book De Grandine et Tonitru, in which there is a

THE FRENCH REPUBLIC. great deal about demonology conceived quite in

It has been frequently asserted, and as often this spirit. He gives an account of a special class

denied, that no sooner was Prince Louis Napoleon of alleged magicians popularly called "tempest

Bonaparte elected President of the French Remakers,” who were in league with the inhabitants

public than he aspired to Imperial power. It of a certain mysterious country called Magonia,

seems to be evident from the following correor Magician's Land; and says it was thought that

spondence, which has been placed in my hands the grain which the “tempest-makers" destroyed

for publication, that the Prince had in view the passed into the hands of the men of Magonia. He

possible attainment of the Imperial diguity so mentions an occasion on which he came across three early as the spring of 1849. unlucky strangers whom the people had caught in his an

In “N, & Q.," 3rd S. i. 213, 334, proofs will be own neighbourhood and accused of having dropped I found of Mr. Forbes Campbell's intimacy with down from this Magonia ; but, so far from contri

Prince Louis Bonaparte when an exile in England. buting to their punishment, he delivered tbem out of

The Autographic Mirror, Feb. 17, 1866, conthe hands of the people, who wanted to stone them.

tained a facsimile of a letter from the Prince to He adds this remark :--"With so great fatuity (stultitia) is this wretched world oppressed, that

| Mr. Forbes Campbell, which had appeared in

N. & Q.," March 13, 1862. now absurd things obtain credence of Christians which the very pagans, ignorant of the Creator of

A Son Altesse Impériale le Prince Napoléon Louis

Bonaparte, Palais de l'Elysée. all, could not have been got to believe." Reginone,

Paris, ce 12 Avril, 1849. about a century later, also wrote a great deal about Monseigneur,-Peu de jours aprés votre miraculeuse witches, and just in the same style. He does not délivrance, j'ai eu l'honneur de vous offrir les premiers speak of their being carried through the air, but volumes de mon édition Anglaise de la grande histoire

de Monsieur Thiers, ouvrage immortel comme le Héro says that certain miserable women, believing them.

aat certain miserable women, believing them. I dont il a peint les gigantesques travaux. selves to be carried through the air on the backs of La Providence a voulu que ce soit au Chef Elu de la animals, serve Diana with pagan rites. He goes Nation que je fasse hommage du volume qui vient de on to deplore that an innumerable multitude, de- paraître. ceived by this false opinion, believe it to be true,

te:

DD

De Ecclesiasticis Disciplinis et Religione Chrise and so believing it are led astray from the right tiana, lib. ii, cap. ccclxiv., by Reginone, Abbot of Prum, faith, and turned back into pagan errore. He calls in Hungary, in the tenth century,

Me sera-t-il permis, Monseigneur, d'émettre le rou qu'en offrant à votre Altesse Impériale la fin de l'ou- CHURCH RESTORATION, &c., IN THE Trage, il ne soit donné de vous saluer par un titre plus

FIFTEENTH CENTURY. Auguste ?

I send you a copy of one of the charters at Je suis, Monseigneur, avec le plus profond respect, de Votre Altesse Impériale

Rougham Hall, which will interest some of your le tout dévoué serviteur

readers; first, because instances of a seller of pro(Signée) D, FORBES CAMPBELL. perty giving a tithe of the proceeds of the sale to

the restoration of a church are rare, to say the (Translation)

| least; and, secondly, because it is not very often To His Imperial Highness, Prince Napoleon Louis

that we meet with any mention of church wardens Bonaparte, Palace of the Elysée, Paris. Paris, April 12, 1819.

at this date as officials whose functions were recogMonseigneur.--A few days after your miraculous nized in a manner so marked as in this charter. Escape (from Ham] I had the honour to present to you A third reason exists for drawing the attention the first five] volumes of my English version of M. of the curious to this charter. The present Thiers's History of the Consulate and the Empire, a church of Rougham, a mere fragment of what work worthy of the hero whose prodigious achievements stood there in Roger North’s days. is a structure it records.

By the will of Providence it is to the Elected Head of of the early part of the fifteenth century. I the French Nation that I now offer an early copy of believe it to have been begun, at any rate, by John the volunie which has just appeared.

Yelverton, Recorder of Norwich, who died in May I venture, Monseigneur, to express the hope that

1409; and it is not improbable that the work, or When presenting to your Imperial Highness the sequel

some of the work, was still going on at the of the work, it may be granted me to salute you with a more august titie?

time this charter was executed, and likely to go I am, with the profoundest respect, Monseigneur,

on for some time, and that Mr. Furbichour was Your Imperial Highness's most devoted Servant, quite safe in expecting that when his own nine

(Signed) D. FORBES CAMPBELL. marks should have been puid the church wardens Présidence de la République, Cabinet No. 1163.

would readily find a use for the tenth in the way Paris, le 14 Avril, 1849.

of emendation. Monsieur,-Le Président de la République accepte “Sciant presentes & futuri quod ego Galfridus Fur. votre dernier volume Anglais de l'Histoire du Consulat bichour de Grymston dodi concessi & hac presenti carta et de l'Empire avec les mêmes sentiments qu'il s'est plu mea indentata confirmavi Andree Neve de Rougham à vous témoigner autrefois, quand, dans son exil, vous heredibus & assignatis suis unum messuagium edificatum lui avez offert les premiers.

iacens in villa de Rougbarn predicta inter messuagium Les faits mémorables racontés dans cet ouvrage | Roberti Couper ex parte orientali & regiam viam ex touchent particulièrement le neveu de Napoléon, et le l parte occidentali & capud australe abuttat super regiam digne interpréte de son auteur célèbre en a, à ses yeux, viam & capud aquilonare abuttat super terram quondam accru l'intérêt, en faisant payer par votre langue, un Johannis Riel quod quidem messuagium nuper habui ex nouveau tribut à la grandeur et à la gloire de la France. dono & feoffamento Rogeri Mendham, Habendum &

Il me charge, Monsieur, de vous renouveler l'expres tenendum predictum messuagium cum omnibus perti. sion de tous ses remerciements.

nenciis suis prout iacet sive sit plus sive minus predicto Agréez, Monsieur, l'assurance de ma considération Andree Neve heredibus & assignatis suis de capitalibus distinguée. Le Chef du Cabinet

dominis feodi illius per servicia inde debita & de iure (Signée) MOCQUARD. congueta in perpetuum sub condicione que sequitur A Monsieur Campbell, 38, Rue Laffitte, Paris. videlicet quod predictus Andreas Neve solvet vel solvi

faciet apud Rougbam predicto Galfrido Furbichour vel (Translation.)

eius certo atturnato nonem marcas sterlingorum et Presidency of the Republic, Cabinet No. 1163. unam marcam legalis monete emendacioni ecclesie Sancle

Paris, April 14, 1849.

Marie de Rougham predicla in quinque annis proximis Sir, -The President of the Republic accepts the last sequentibus post datum presentis videlicet in quolibet volume (eightb] of your English translation of The Ilis. festo Pentecostes duas marcas sterlingorum quousque tory of the Consulate and the Empire with the same feel. predicta summa decem marcarum plenarie fuerit solutum ings as he was pleased to express towards you when in his et in ullimo d quinto anno predictus Galfridus fum. days of exile you presented to him the first [five] volumes. bichour vult & concedit perpresentes quod predictus The memorable deeds recorded in that work have

Andreas Neve solvat vel solvi faciat predictam unam & deep interest for the nephew of Napoleon, and the

marcam custodibus catullorum ecclesie parochialis de worthy coadjutor of the illustrious historian has, in the

Rougham qui pro tunc tempore fuerint. Et si predictus President's opinion, increased that interest by paying in

Andreas Neve deficiat in parte vel in toto ad aliquem the English language a fresh tribute to the greatness

terminum prelimitatum de solucionibus predictis, quod and glory of France.

tunc bene liceat predicto Galfrido Furbichour heredibus He directs me again to offer you his best thanks.

& assignatis suis in predictum messuagium cum omnibus Accept, Sir, the assurance of my high consideration. pertinenciis supradictis reintrare et illud retinere in (Signed) MOCQUARD, Chef du Cabinet.

perpetuum sine ullo impedimento predicti Andree, ista To Monsieur Campbell, 38, Rue Laffitte, Paris.

carta indentata & sesina inde liberata ullo modo non

obstantibus. Et ego predictus Galfridus Furbichour C. H. E. CARMICHAEL MICHAEL

& heredes mei predictum mensuagium cum omnibus New University Club, S.W.

pertinenciis suis prefato Andree Neve heredibus & assig. natis suis contra omnes gentes Warrantizabimus & defendemus in perpetuum. In cuius rei testimonium

presentibus cartis indentatis alternatim sigilla nostra de plus haute taille que les bidets ordinaires." apposuimus. Hiis (testibus) Willielmo Fyncham, Roberto But double poney is to be found in Gasc,+ who Covper, Rogero Mendham, Adam (sic) Poltyng, Juhanne

te translates it cob. I write this note not only beGraro [?] & aliis. Data apud Rougham supradicta die Lune proxima post festum Ascencionis Domini. Anno cause I think few Englisbmen know how to render regni Regis Henrici quinti fost conquestum septimo cob in French, but also because this use of the [May 29, 1419].”- Rougham Charters, No. 537.

word double seems to me strange and somewhat AUGUSTUS JESSOPP. ludicrous. Double is, indeed, sometimes used

in English as an augmentative, both physically (as

in double stoutI) and morally, as frequently in CHRISTMAS IN MONMOUTHSHIRE.-It may in

Shakespeare, e.g., “A thrice double ass was I" terest some of the readers of “N. & Q." to

(Temp.; V. ;.),“ Cloten, thou double villain" know that in Monmouthshire a rude play, sub

(Cymb., IV. ii.); but in the first of these cases stantially the same as that performed by the

(the only one applicable here) it implies an Sussex “tipteerers” (see 6th S. viii. 483) is

increase in strength, and not in height, as it still acted by parties of mummers at Christ

does in our case, though from note * it is evident mas, and the custom bas been duly observed

that an increase in bulk and strength is included, this season. In the Monmouthshire play a little

and is probably the more prominent, in spite of mcre prominence is given to the combats, and a

Littré's definition s.v. “Double." To us a double “ Bold Sailor” is introduced as well as a “Valiant

poney, if it conveyed any idea at all, would proSoldier"; but the greater part of the dialogue is

bably convey that of a missbapen animal, after identical, and here, as in Sussex, “King” George

the manner of the Siamese and Pygopagiş twins takes the place of the saint. In Monmouthshire

or the Two-headed Nightingale. However, the small bands of carol-singers go round from house

French are welcome to their expression, round. to house, not only on Christmas Eve and Christmas

| about as it may appear to us, and although it can Day, but also on New Year's Day and on Old

scarcely fail to make an Englishman laugh. Upon Christmas Day, the last named being still observed

the same principle, a triple poney would be a London as a holiday on at least one farm in this neigh

dray-horse; but these are scarcely to be found in bourhood. The favourite carol is known as

France, though one does gee very thick-set horses The Holly and the Ivy, and appears to be local.

there of smaller stature. A double boy, too, would It should be noted that carol-singing is here con

mean a cobby man. In one respect, indeed, the fined exclusively to men and boys, women never

French have the advantage of us in their use of our taking part in it. On New Year's Day the village

word pony. They also write it ponet (they pronounce children carry about a kind of wooden tree, ou

poney very much in the same way), and this lendthe branches of which are cranges and apples, usually gilded, and stuck all over with small sprigs ponette and double ponette (see Gasc), whilst we

ing itself to the formation of a feminine, they use of yew. This custom is now, however, only occa

are obliged to say female or mare pony and cob sionally observed, probably because it has been

mare.

F. CHANCE. found that as many pence may be gained, at far Sydenham Hill. less trouble, by carol-singing.

A. E. Lawson LowF, F.S.A. Shirenewton Hall, near Chepstow, Mon.

we thus see how the double added to poney turns it into a cob, wbich is more conspicuous for substance and con

sequent strength than for any great increase in height. “ DOUBLE PONIES."-I have written this in the This is well shown by the fact that bidet renforcé is English fashion, but it is really a French expres- also used=double bidet, and yet, strictly speaking, consion. Some years ago I heard a French lady of tains no idea of any increase in height. my acquaintance call a pair of cobs des doubles

I † Gasc's Dict., though small (2 vols. 8vo.), is by far ponrys, and then I learned for the first time that

the best Fr.-Eng, and Eng.-Fr. dictionary I know,

particularly the Eng.-Fr. part. in French double poney (the French prefer the I Shakespeare has double beer (2 Henry VI., II, iii.), form poney, which is also sometimes found in whilet in Littré I find double bière, encre double. The English) was equivalent to our cob. Double poney French use it also morally, as double pendard, double is not to be found in Littré, though he gives double

traitre. We say algo treble stout, and in Shakespeare it bidet,* and explains it (s.v. “Double ''), “Bidet

is also found used morally, as treble jars (Taming of Shrew, III. i.) and treble guilt (2 Henry Ty., IV. iv.);

whilst in French we find triple coquin, triple guleux. • Bidet means a small horse, rather bigger than a Duplex and triplex seem also to have been similarly pony, say a nag or galloway. Double bidet is also given used in Latin. "Triple in English, however, seems to be by Littró under this word, and bis explanation varies a used only in its literal sense ; and this is natural, for it little from that given above. It is, “Bidet plus grand is, of course, a more modern form than treble, which is et plus renforcé que les bidets ordinaires "; and I much found also in old French, prefer it to the other, for it shows us that the increase $ Twins (females) recently exhibited at the Egyptian is not only in height, but also in strength and substance Hall, whose bodies are joined together at the lower end (renforcé implies both, for Littré defines étoff'e renforcée, of the back, and then merge into one, though they have " Etoffe plus forte et plus épaisse que d'ordinaire'), and four legs,

g. IX. Jas, 12, '84.)

NOTES AND QUERIES.

25

non

imque Eæpe quod

CURIOUS INSCRIPTION.-A curious epitaph has about it with any of God's creatures; particularly, an been noticed in “N. & Q.” (6th S. viii. 454). I honoured Patron, or a respected Friend. His Lordship cannot recollect having seen the following inscrip

seems to think the piece may appear in print, but desired

| me to send you a copy for your suffrage. I am, with the tion, which forms a puzzle of the same sort, in sincerest gratitude for the notice with which you have “ N. & Q." I cut it from a newspaper forty or so been pleas'd to honour the Rustic Bard, Sir, your most years ago :

devoted bumble Servant,

ROBERT BURNS. “Captain Bart, grandson of the renowned Jean Bart,

arte

1

The letter has just appeared in an Ulster news. during his stay at Malta, where he bad put in from a paper, and there is reason to believe that it was cruise in the Mediterranean, met with a Carmelite who contributed by an accomplished Ayrshire admirer had been into Persia as a missionary. This man told of the poet. The sender declares that it is unhim that he had availed himself of an opportunity which | familiar to him, and probably all students of offered, to gratify his curiosity, by visiting the ruins of the ancient Persepolis. Chance discovered to him a l poetry will agree that this was its first public marble on which were inscribed some Arabic characters. appearance.

T. S. As he was acquainted with the language, he translated them into Latin. The following was the translation: COUPLET ON BELLS.- In my young days I spent dicas ecis dicit scit audit expedit

a good deal of time at the house of an uncle re

siding at Glinton, near Peterborough. The church facias potes facit potest facit credit

in this place had a peal of very sweet-toned bells,

fieri credas audis credit audit credit h while the churches in the neighbouring villages

potest expendas babes

were noted for just the opposite. expendit babet petit habet

This set a wag

to perpetrating the following couplet, which is judices vides judicat videt judicat est

worthy of a place among the curious things of quod. nam quod

| English literature :cuinque qui c umque pepe non."

" Helpstone cracked pippins and Northborough cracked ED. MARSHALL

pang,

Glinton fine organs and Peakirk tin pans." AN UNPUBLISHED LETTER BY Burns tie POET.

Helpstone is the village in which dwelt your un-It may be worth while for “N, & Q.” to save in its columns the following piece of somewhat

fortunate rural poet John Clare, and in North

borough resided one of the daughters of Oliver characteristic letter-writing by Robert Burns, which

Cromwell. She died there, and was buried in or does not seem to have appeared before in his bio

under the church with the "cracked pans." graphies or anywhere else. That it came from his

JOSEPH HOLDICH, Edinburgh period, when he was in his twenty

Morristown, New Jersey, U.S.A. eighth year, is indicated by internal evidence, as well as by the address to "the Hon. Henry Erskine, A REMARKABLE EPITAPH.-In my youth I went Dean of Faculty, Edinburgh." In the prose of Burns to boarding school at Whittlesey. Our school prethere is a hollowness of rhetorical humility that has mises were separated from St. Mary's churchyard no place in his poems, which are finished, as Lord by only a brick wall. I used to wander in this Lytton well said, with the precision of Greek art. yard to read the inscriptions on the gravestones. There are, at any rate, few references of the un-While I was there a young man was buried, on comfortable kind of which this letter has one whose gravestone was inscribed the following, typical example in its "sincerest gratitude for the which I have never seen in print. I think it notice with which you have been pleas'd to honour worth preservation :the Rastic Bard." The famous Scottish poet “ Beneath this stone William Briggs Boyce lies, missed sound manhood by protesting too much He cares not now who laughs or cries. as to its value in verse, and by prostrating him

He laughed when sober, and when mellow self before his practical inferiors in education

Was a harum-ecarum harmless fellow.

He gave to none designed offence, under the consciously assumed guise of rus

So Honi soit qui mal y pense.'' ticity. His character is of such psychological in

JOSEPI HOLDica. terest that it would have drawn great attention Morristown, New Jersey, U.S.A. had he not written a line, and these few sentences show him with considerable clearness on his less

REPUTED CENTENARIANS. -I find the followattractive side :

ing in a note on p. 347 of Warner's Tour through

Cornwall in the Autumn of 1808, published in

Two o'clock -
Sir, -I showed the enclosed political ballad to my

the following year :-Lord Glencairn, to have his opinion whether I should "Carew, who lived in Queen Elizabeth's time, obpublish it; as I suspect my political tenets, such as they serves, touching the temperature of Cornwall, The are, may be rather heretical in the opinion of some of layre thereof is cleansel, as with bellowes, by the billows, my best Friends. I have a few first principles in Reli- and flowing and ebbing of the sea, and therethrough be. gion and Politics which, I believe, I would not easily commeth pure and subtle ; and by consequence healthpart with ; but for all the etiquette of, by whom, in full. So as the inhabitants do seldom take a ruthful what manner, &c., I would not have a dissocial word and reaving experience of those harmes which infectious

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