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but is inconclusive with regard to the point whether These inscriptions might doubtless incline some to the money was paid before or after publication. suppose that we have here & play upon a man's There is thus no discrepancy between my “matter name, viz., “ Hew (Hugh] Sole" (or “ Atte Sole "), of fact” and Walpole's account. The paragraph his wife's name being Eleanor. Still, it should be in the Athenæum is, I submit, admissible as an borne in mind that in early times a knightly authority for the fact in question. In 1851 that family, whose name is written “Hewys” in the paper was, I believe, conducted by the late Mr. Parliamentary Roll of Arms, temp. Edward I. or C. W. Dilke, 'than whom a more conscientious II., held property in the county in which the bells critic never lived, and he was not likely to admit are now located, and also in the contiguous county into the editorial columns & statement for the of Devon. It is possible, therefore, I imagine, truth of which there was not satisfactory evidence. that the inscription may be intended to read

By a slip of the pen, I observe that on p. 54 I “think on Hewys's soul,” &c., and meant to apply refer to the assignment of Tom Jones as having been to a member of the family who had a spouse named purchased by Mr. Forster at Daniel's sale. It was, Eleanor.

JAMES GREENSTREET. of course, the assignment of Joseph Andrews, which is now in the South Kensington Museum.


W. F. PRIDEAUX. 155, 215).-These brasses have been removed from Calcutta,

the hospital in the Place St. Pharailde, at Ghent,

which has been dissolved, to the Bibliothèque in FORFARSHIRE (6th S. ix. 27, 175).—May I be

the same city.

C. R. MANNING. permitted to correct the statement of T. S. that by

Diss Rectory. * Angus and Mearns" is indicated the county of Forfar ? For this, Angus is the old name; by "THE DEAN OF BADAJOS” (6th S. ix. 207).-If Mearns, or “the Mearns," we understand the MR. NORGATE will turn to a famous old German adjacent county of Kincardine. I should have work, entitled “Palmblätter, Erlesene morgenthought it barely needful to point out these facts ländische Erzählungen für die Jugend, von J. G. to one who had reviewed Mr. Jervise's excellent Herder und A. J. Liebeskind," he will find in it book on The History and Traditions of the Land the original of the fable of which he possessed a of the Lindsays in Angus and Mearns. The notes MS. translation. The story narrated in Palmto which W. O. J. refers in his query formed part blätter is probably also the same as the one of of a collection of materials which the late Mr. which Bishop Thirlwall “read some sixty years Jervise made in the course of his journeys as ago " a translation “in some magazine, the title of Examiner of Registers. Much of this collection which he had forgotten." The original edition of has been printed in two quarto volumes, entitled Palmblätter appeared at Jena from 1787 to 1800, Epitaphs and Inscriptions from Burial-grounds in four volumes. Herder died in 1803. N. T. and Old Buildings in the North-East of Scotland (vol. i. published 1875 : vol. ii., 1879. Edinburgh. I have a copy of The Dean of Badajos in a little Douglas). Both volumes were limited in the volume made up of several numbers of “Rose's number of impressions, and are consequently scarce.

Cabinet Edition of Standard Tales of All Nations, J. WOODWARD.

price one halfpenny (Rose, printer, Broadmead, Montrose, Angus.

Bristol).” Each number has a title-page, not dated.

The book was given to me at school fifty years ago. ANCIENT CHURCH-Bells At TRESMEER, CORN- If MR. NORGĂTE cannot by the aid of this clue WALL (6th S. viii. 406).—The Rev. MR. OWEN has find the story, I will lend him the volume; it is not been altogether successful in his attempt to much torn at the beginning and the end, but the upravel the meaning of the inscriptions on these Dean is complete.

J. FoxaLL. bells. Two of them appear to have formerly hung Ryland Road, Edgbaston. in a hunting-tower, and the legend upon the one which MR. Owen styles No. 2 should be read Samian Ware (6th S. ix. 87, 137, 216).—The before that on No. 1. Having been favoured by late Charles Roach Smith published in the Journal Mr. Dunkin with a sight of his rubbings of the of the British Archäological Association, April, lettering, I would suggest the following readings 1848, vol. iv. pt. i., an article on the red-glazed in preference to Mr. Owen's :

pottery of the Romans found in this country and (1) We are [“ beop "] both made to wake Eleanor for to on the Continent. HENRY W. HAYNES. catch game.

Boston, U.S. (2) But (“hac ") do, by my rede, think on Hws soul, and so was his name.

The discovery in England of late years of moulds The two legends stand, literally, thus :

from which the so-called Samian red pottery was

cast, should be conclusive as to its frequent manu(1) + WE : BEVT : IMAKID : BOHE : TO WAKIE : ELIANORE :

facture in different parts of the country. Before FOR: TO : KACHE : GAME. (2) + HAC, DO BI MINE REDE. þENK, ON HVVS SOYLE. / any moulds were known to me to have been

any moulds were known to me to have been found AND (D reversed].80 WAS, HIS NAME,

I came to this conclusion as a certainty from the

first week of August were to have but two pence & day.

very different hardness of the clay, varying ac- in many cases, there was always a higher rate at cording to the place of discovery. The London barvest time. Under the Act of 1444 tbe yearly specimens are hard enough to resist acid, thoso wages of a chief hind or shepherd was 24s., those found about the Medway are almost entirely dis of a common servant in husbandry 188. 4d., both integrated by the action of the water. J. C. J. rates under a penny a day, but with meat and

drink. In 1350 the statute of labourers fixed the MJ.V. (6th S. ix. 229).—The obituary in the wages of reapers at barvest time at 3d. i day, Morning Post of July 12, 1883, bad the same without diet. The statute of 1444 gave reapers potice of Lady Flora Hastings's death, but instead | 5d, and labourers in building 3.d.; but, low as of the initials M.J.V., it had “Mors Janua Vita.” | The 12th may have been the date of burial ; the such that the poor could purchase a relatively

these sums appear, the price of corn and meat was reason for this announcement seems inexplicable. I much larger supply of food than they can now

H. M.

with apparently higher wages. The above explanation is so clearly authoritative we At the end of the Gulielmi Nercbrigensis His. dispense with printing the ingenious conjectures sent us

toria, Tom Hearne has printed, in black letter by many contributors.]

chiefly, his “Notæ et Spicilegium," about GodG. P. R. JAMES (6th S. ix. 227).—The Christian stowe and Binsey more particularly. He has some names of this prolific novelist and historian were interesting remarks on prices and wages for labour. George Payne Rainsford, for which I am a good Speaking of the “graneries or barnes" at Godauthority, his wife being my mother's sister. It is stowe, he says that the men who threshed there strange that the names given to him in joke by had no more than 2d. a quarter for thresbing wheat friends should have been preserved in Chambers's or rye, and ld. for a quarter of barley or oats; and Cyclopædia. In the same manner Alaric Alfred he adds that Watts found it difficult to clear himself from the “in the game King Edward the third's reign it was orimputed name of Alaric Attila Watts.

dained that no haymaker should have more than a penny M. E. Foss.

a day, that the mower should have but five pence an Addiscombe.

acre without meat and drinke, and that reapers in the Some wag dubbed him George Prince Regent, the second week threepence, and so till the end of from a pretentious speech of Mr. James which

August......without meat and drink." had gone the round of the clubs. E. B.

He adds, that in Henry V.'s time Culham Bridge

was built by labourers receiving only ld. a day; Motto WANTED FOR BOOK OF QUOTATIONS “and it seems the best workmen were employed...... 'Tis (6th S. ix. 207, 236).—“By quotation you may a tradition also that when Magdalen College in Oxford grow rich and yet impoverish no man." “ Coin was built (which was in the next Reign, by William of is a quotation from the mint, and so an old

mint and an old Waynflete, who also built Magdalen bridge over the thought circulated quickens the mental currency."

Cherwell) the workmen had only a penny a day.” “ Polished gems that await resetting.” “ Here One would like to know what this bridge cost. you have a temple of images without idolatry." The bridge which replaced it in 1779 cost about « First thoughts breed second, and second thoughts | 9,0001., and is now being much improved, widened, are best." “ Thoughts are eternal as the stars, and and strengthened, at a further cost of, I expect, may be used to decorate the night of Time." Cum nearly 12,0001.

GIBBES RIGAUD. multis aliis.


18, Long Wall, Oxford. Haverstock Hill.

NONSUCH PALACE (6th S. viii. 448; ix. 90, 164, ROMAN LEGION (6th S. ix. 88). - Your corre- | 178, 233). —Before the discussion on this subject spondent will find some information on this sub-| is brought to a close, permit me to note a curious ject in a book published at Bath in 1804, in parallel for the name, which I think has never 3 vols., entitled Memoirs of the Life of Agrippina, been observed. The Assyrian king Sennacherib. the Wife of Germanicus, by Elizabeth Hamilton. speaking of Nineveh, says: “In the midst I placed I have not read the book very lately, but think my royal residence, the palace of Zakdi Nu Isha," that the camp life of the Romans is fairly treated. i. l., “Has-not-an-equal,” or, in one word, Non


| pareil or Nonsuch (see Records of the Past, i, 31;

Kalisch, Bible Studies, pt. ii. 226). Harvest WAGE IN TIME OF OLD (6th S. ix.

A. SMYTHE PALMER. 229). – Perhaps the book read was Hallam's Woodford, Essex, Middle Ages, and a reference to chap. ix. pt. ii., on the “ Value of Money” and “Pay of Labourers," ZERS AND ZEIRS (6th S. ix. 128, 235).-E. B. will give MR. COOKES the information he wants thanks E. B. L., and four other contributors named about the “Statutes of Labour" (1350, Edw. III., by the editor, for correcting the mistake regarding Hen. VI., 1444, and Hen. VII., 1496); and he will zers or weirs. Now that it has been so kindly find that although wages were less than a penny I explained, the sense of the passage in the document is clear, or would be if their neames," &c., were which date the second baronetcy was still extant, altered to “ those neames eftir following," for as it though now extinct. See Wotton's Baronetage, stands it is nonsense. When one sees "atte the 1741, vol. iv. p. 420, for both, and for the epitaph yettis ” for “at the gates," one is prepared for any on Sir William and his wife, which appear to be vagaries in the spelling of documents of the six on the same tablet. At the end of the former are teenth century. One can believe anything when the letters B.M.T.P.I., which I suppose stand for St. John is still called Singeon, and St. Leger “Bene Merenti (or Merito) Tribuno Poni Jussit," Silinger. Both words are evidently so called from viz., “Anna conjux charissima,” whose epitaph the French pronunciation; and E. B. has often follows immediately. He is styled “Tribunus" thought that it is a pity the numerous words of in his epitaph. Of the meaning of the clause in French origin introduced into Scotland during the the will I am not certain. W. E. BUCKLEY. sixteenth century should not be carefully preserved before they become obsolete, as the English

BOWLING (6th S. ix. 48, 116, 178). Perhaps it school teaching may cause them to be, among the may be as well to state that the words "Time, Scottish peasantry. E. B. has met with sinxeour, Money, and Curses,” &c., quoted by MR. JULIAN 80 evidently seigneur or signor.

E. B. MARSHALL at the last reference, are to be found

in the second edition (1680) of the Compleat E. B. L., in correcting E. B.'s “strange error," Gamester, as follows:says that the letter - was often used in the place

“A Bowling-Green, or Bowling - Ally, is a place of y in ancient Scottish documents.” This is in- I where three things aro thrown away besides the Bowls, accurate. The Scotch formerly expresed y by a viz., Time, Money, and Curses, and the last ten for character overy like the % of old black-letter or one." modern German, but it was not meant for %, as

F. A. TOLE. E. B. L. seems to imply. Ignorance as to the SMALL Coats of ARMOUR (6th S. ix. 188). meaning of this character is the reason why we | The Annual Register for 1774 states (p. 117) that now see Zetland used for Yetland. JAYDEE. Edward I.'s tomb was opened on May 2 in that Latin Dustich (6th S. ix. 207).-I should be year by the A

year by the Antiquarian Society, and that the much surprised if any higher authority were found body, in a yellow stone coffin, was six feet two for these lines than the schoolboy who penned |

enned inches long. It seems, therefore, that both Dean them. The pronoun is, ea, id in all its cases is Stanley and Mr. Malcolm are wrong in their dates.

C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. seldom used in classical poetry ; and the collocation of ejus and ea sounds hopelessly bad to a

Treneglos, Kenwyn, Truro. classical ear.

E. WALFORD, M.A. Viscount MONTAGUE, BARON BROWNE OF Hyde Park Mansions, N.W.

COWDRAY (6th S. ix. 209).—My worthy and good SIR WILLIAM PAINEMAN (6th S. viii. 348).

friend the late Mr. Thomas Browne Selby, preThe person meant is Sir William Pennyman, offerred, some thirty years ago or more, a claim to Marske, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, a noted

this title. MR. G. BLACKER-MORGAN may perRoyalist, who maintained two troops of horse and haps obtain information about this and other rival a company of foot at his own expense, and in 1642 claims by applying to Mr. Walford Selby, at the brought to the king's standard a good regiment of Public Record Office.

egiment of | Public Record Office. E. WALFORD, M.A. foot of about six hundred men, and a troop ofl Hyde Park Mansions, N.W. horse. He had been made a baronet in 1628; and PICTURES BY HOGARTH (6th S. ix. 200).-Reat the time of his death, on August 22, 1643, | plying to your answer to A. H. at the above re“ febre epidemicâ correptus," when, as he had | ference, I beg to call your attention to a note of no issue, the title became extinct, he was Governor | mine, published a few years ago in “N. & Q.." of Oxford, an office which he held, as Lord Claren- as to the safety of Hogarth's “ Southwark Fair.” don states,

It was not destroyed at Hafod; it is now at Clum" to the great satisfaction of all men, being a very brave ber, three miles from this place, and is the proand generous person, and who performed all manner of

perty of the Duke of Newcastle. civilities to all sorts of people, as having had & good education, and well understanding the manners of the

ROBERT WAITE. Court." He was educated at Christ Church and buried in + Christ Church ond buried in [The few years of which MR. WHITE speaks are eleven.

| His note appears 4th 8. xii. 36.] the cathedral, “Tumulo potitus in eâdem domo in quâ primum ingenii cultum capessiverat," as his “VIRGO PRONORIS" (6th S. ix, 188, 237).--I agree epitaph informs us. A pedigree of the Pennyman with several respondents, that pronoris must be a family is given by Dugdale in his Visitation of founder's error (many were great blunderers) for Yorkshire, p. 198, Surtees Society, vol. xxxvi. PRO NOBIS, but the rubbing, now before me, is per1859. An account of the first baronetcy is in fectly plain ; it may be read as easily as A B C. Burke's E.ctinct Baronetcies, 405, ed. 1841, at



BELL INSCRIPTION (6th S. ix. 229).- This is find the above on the subject of apple-blooming. probably the blunder of an illiterate founder. The lines used by the rustics in Herefordshire are

H, T. E. as follows :THE MAHDI (6th S. ix. 149, 198).- A passage

“When the apple blooms in March,

You need not for barrels sarch; from Sir Paul Rycaut's History of the Turkish

But when the apple blooms in May, Empire, A.D. 1687, vol. ii. p. 41, may be interest

Sarch for barrels every day." ing at the present juncture. He is chronicling Meaning, of course, that in the latter event apples the year 1638 :

will be so plentiful that there will be a difficulty "Complaints were made of a certain Shegh [sheik), in getting sufficient barrels for the cider. Santone, or Preacher belonging to the Mountains of

SHOLTO VERE HARE. Anatolia, who had refused to do Homage or serve in the War. He was one who by a feigned Sanctity had TRANSLATION OF CIPHER WANTED (6th S. ix. acquired a great Reputation amongst his People; and 70).-The first of the two following lines contains having declared himself to be the Mehedy or the Mediator, which according to the Mohametan Doctrine, is to fore

the puzzle, the second my partial solution :run Antichrist, for reducing all the World to one Unity

“Ri ovaser iar tup oc nox ne rueb." of Faith : he had perswaded his people, that he and

“Savoir traire......en beur,” they under him were by Priviledge of his Office, ex. Lam not confident about the "en beur,for the empted from all Taxes, Contributions, or Impositions by any Secular Power whatsoever. The Grand Signior;

Platter word is not, apparently, good French; but I (Amurath IV.), who could not understand or believe have, I believe, shown how the egg can be this Doctrine, presently detached a strong Body with balanced in the “savoir traire.” BOILEAU. some Cannon under Command of the Captain Pasha to confute the Principles of this Rebel, and to reduce THE TITLE OF MASTER (6th S. ix. 67, 152). — him to Obedience. These Forces being entred on his | MR. CARMICHAEL's reply to my query is satisDominions, Proclamation was made to the People that they should deliver up their Impostor into the hands of

factory, as it shows that there is no foundation for Justice; which if they refused to do, then Fire and the assumption of the title in the case to which I Sword was to be their Portion, and Destruction extend referred. I must apologize for writing vaguely. even unto their Children of seven years of age. This I should have said, instead of certain Scottish peers, terrible Denunciation of the Sultan's sentence struck all that the title was applied to the heirs apparent of the People with cold Fear and Amazement; howsoever, the Shegh availing himself on certain Prophecies, which

Scottish peers below the rank of earl. I refer to he interpreted in his own Favour, adventured to stand a the usage of the present day. But I should like shock with the Grand Signior's Forces; but being over to see some undoubted authority on the subject; come by them the Shegh was taken alive and carried and that was why I put my query in the first into the Grand Signior, who condemned him to be flead Istance

JOAN MACKAY. alive; and in this guise being a horrid Spectacle to all Beholders, he was carried upon an Ass to the Wheel, on

Herriesdale. which he seemed to endure the Remainder of his Punish- Surely the title of Master is not peculiar to ment without any sensible Touches or Pangs in the Scotland. for in England the son of John Torments."


| Smith, Esq., is known as Master Smith. When Westward Ho.

was this designation first applied to the junior

members of English families ? EDWARD LAWS. The question of W. M. M. may be in some

Tenby. measure solved by referring to D'Herbelot, Bibl. Orient., p. 531 ; to Maracci, Alcorani testus uni- GOODWIN SANDS AND (1) STEEPLE (6th S. viii. versus, p. 10, col. i. (Patavii, M.D.CXCVII.); and, 430 ; ix. 15, 73, 158).-The Kentish tradition is for the passages of Scripture said to foretell also to be found noticed in Fuller's Worthies Mohammed, especially to Pocock's Sp. Hist. Ar., (p. 65, Lond., 1662), where it is traced to the notes sectio i. pp. 15, 188, ed. White.

in G. Sandys's translation of Ovid's Metamorphoses

WILLIAM PLATT. (1. xüi. p. 282, Lond., 1626). It is stated that a Callis Court, St. Peter's, Isle of Thanet.

Bishop of Rochester had the care of the money This name means leader, from Arabic hada, to raised in the county for preventing the encroachlead.

R. S. CHARNOCK. ments of the sea at the Goodwin Sands, which

then formed part of the mainland ; and that as Sir GEORGE MACKENZIE (6th S. ix. 227).--MR.

the spot had long been free from any liability to PICKFORD should consult Omond's The Lord Advo.

injury by the incursion of the sea, he diverted cates of Scotland (Edin., 1883).

the money from its original purpose of repairing A. C. Mounsey.

the wall to the building and endowment of TenterJedburgh.

den Church.

ED. MARSHALL. APPLE-TREE FOLK-LORE (6th S. vii. 447, 496 ; COINCIDENCE OF EASTER AND LADY DAY, &c. viii. 157).- I have been from home a long time, | (6th S. vii. 209).—W. S. L. S. says there is in and on my return, on looking over my "N. & Q.," Poland a remarkable superstition about the coin


cidence of Easter Day and St. Mark's Day (which to have read a tale of extremely mediæval character, will occur in 1886). Will he kindly state what written by some one whose fancy had been caught by it is ?

W. M. M.

these long sleeves. An English lady is represented

running away from some place, whether a Turkish barem "MASTER OF THE CALAUNCERY » (6th Six 998). 1or an English nunnery we forget. When faint with

hunger she calls to mind that she has a loaf of bread in - That Masters of Chancery used, under certain the pocket of her sleeve. Though these sleeves were circumstances, to hear causes in former times, is used to carry small objects in, we can hardly believe that pretty clear from Chamberlayne's Angliæ Notitia a loaf of bread could be carried therein without its For 1677 At in 199 of the second partiti je l presence making itself felt. The mediæval credulity as

to relics is curiously illustrated by a present which stated that “the Master of the Rolls, in the

Edward III. made to Westminster Abbey. He gave absence of the Chancellor, hears causes and makes that church, it seems, the vestments in which St. Peter orders, by virtue of a commission, with two Masters, was wont to say mass. One would like to know how he and that jure officii.".

G. F. R. B. had acquired them, and what evidence he thought he

had acquired them, and what

had of their authenticity. HADHAM In Essex (6th S. ix. 170). —An Eng

Early and Imperial Rome; or, Promenade Lectures on LISHMAN makes a mistake, for it is in Herts, about

the Archæology of Rome. By Hodder M. Westropp. four miles from Bishop's Stortford. Latest in (Stock.) formation about it and the hall can be obtained Mi. WESTROPP's Promenade Lectures were, we have by reading Mr. Cussans's Hist. of Herts, Hundred understood, listened to by a large and cultivated audience. of Edwinstree.


He has done well in publishing them. There are many

English men and women who having seen Rome will de. AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (6th S. ix.

rive great pleasure from having their memories refreshed 229). —

by these most useful comments on the objects yet to be « A wealthy cit,” &c.,

seen above ground in the Eternal City. We wish Mr.

Westropp had relied somewhat more upon himself. is the beginning of The Cit's Country Box, a ludicrous With a modesty which seems to us excessive, he tells us poem by Robert Lloyd, the intimate friend of Churchill. the views of other archæologists and historians, and keeps Lloyd was a miscellaneous writer, and in addition to his his own at times too much in the background. The last poems he wrote the Capricious Lovers, an opera, and lecture, entitled “ Ancient Marbles," is extremely valu. four other dramatic pieces. Wilkes said of him, “He able for purposes of reference, as it gives a complete, or was contented to scamper round the foot of Parnassus nearly complete, catalogue of the marbles that were used on his little Welsh pony, wbich seems never to have in Rome, with so much of description of them as to make tired.” Lloyd is said to have died a prisoner in the fragments in most cases easy of identification. The plate Fleet in 1764.

FREDK, RULE, of masons' marks on the wall which is commonly attri

buted to Servius Tullius is interesting. Marks identical

in form are to be found on several of our own Norman Miscellaneous.

buildings. We have noticed one or two rash statements, NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

For example (p. 11), we read : “The Etruscans appear to

have been an original Tauranian race, which formed the Ye Olden Time : English Customs in the Middle Ages.

underlying stratum of population over the whole world." By Emily S. Holt. (Shaw.)

Surely there is no evidence whatever that the populations We have seldom met with a more useful book than that

of Africa were Tauranian, and it is doubtful whether which Miss Holt has presented to the public. She

the natives of America can be so classed. must have been a most diligent student of mediæval records to have got together the highly curious facts she The Yorkshire Archeological and Topographical has put before us. The collecting of mere facts, though Journal, pt. xxx. (vol. viii. pt ii.), throws light on a good by no means a work to be despised, is little in comparison many points of north-country family history and anti. with their arrangement. Miss Holt evidently knows not quities. Mr. H. E. Chetwynd-Stapylton continues his only what facts to observe, but how to classify them 80 elaborate account of the Stapleton family, including that they shall illustrate each other. There is not a pedigrees of the Richmondshire and Bedale and Carlton single chapter in her book which does not contain matter lines. The history of Ribston and the Knights Templars, that will be new to most of her readers. How few

by Rev. R. V. Taylor, is also continued, and the charters persons know what the mediæval law as to marriage

printed are very fully annotated from a genealogical really was! We have known many, clerics as well I point of view

point of view. We only regret that the earlier portions

We oniv ra as lay folk, exclaim in astonished wonder when it of these two papers are not before us. They are both has been explained to them that in mediæval England valuable and interesting, and the same must be said for marriage " per verba de presenti” was held to be good, the paper on York Church Plate, by Mr. T. M. Fallow Miss Holt understands this, and has endeavoured to and Mr. R. C. Hope, which is well illustrated, and should make her readers do so too. So inveterate is prejudice, be read along with the “ Notes on Carlisle and other and so determined are many people to view the past Church Plate” in vol. xxxix, of the Archæological through nineteenth-century spectacles, that we can only Journal for 1882 hold out to her the hope of a moderate degree of success. The chapter on clothing is very good, and contains a

In the Transactions of the Glasgow Archæological great amount of highly condensed information. It was Society, vol. ii. pt. iii. (Glasgow, published for the & happy thought, in describing the pocketing sleeve of Society), we find much matter of interest, proving the the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, to draw attention reality of the revival, which was mainly accomplished to the fact that it still exists in the heraldic charge known through the exertions of the late Alexander Galloway, as the maunch, which is borne by the Hastings family and | A well-known contributor to our columns, Mr. W. G. by those Nortons who suffered so cruelly for their parti- Black, discusses the singularly vexed question of the cipation in the Rising in the North, We remember once etymology of Glasgow, and pronounces in favour of the

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