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diseases use to carry with them,' p. 5; and again, p. 61, lowed” (Alex. Ireland's R. W. Emerson, 1882, he remarks that 'eighty and ninety years of age was p. 42). According to the newspapers, the Poet ordinary in every place,' and among other instances of longevity names one Polzew, who died a little while

Laureate, at the Copenhagen gathering of kings before he way writing aged one hundred and thirty, and queens, read to his royal audience The GrandBorlase also observes that Mr. Scawen, a gentleman of mother. . WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK. no less veracity, in his MS. tells us that in the year 1676 Glasgow died a woman in the parish of Gwythien (the narrowest and, therefore, as to the air to be reckoned among the SINGULAR SUPERSTITION.—The following ap. saltest parts of this county) one hundred and sixty four peared in the Birmingham Daily Post of Novemyears old, of good memory, and healthful at that age;

| ber 26, and should, I think, be recorded in the and at the Lizherd, where (exposed as this promontory is to more sea on the east, west, and south than any part

columns of “N. & Q.”:of Britain) the air must be as salt as anywhere, there are “At the Brierley Hill Police Court yesterday-before three late instances of people living to a great age; the Mr. Firmstone and Mr. Freer-Jane Wootton, a brickfirst is Mr. Cole, late minister of Lindawidnec (in which maker, was charged with an assault upon Ann Lowe. parish the Lizberd is), who by the parish register A.D. The complainant said she was passing along the road when 1683, appears to have been above one hundred and twenty the defendant came up, and, without a word, pinched years old when he died. Michael George, late sexton of her ears and scratched her face with a needle. When the same parish, buried the 20th of March, ibid., was asked for an explanation defendant said, You have bemore than a hundred years old ; and being at the Liz- witched me, and now the spell will leave me.' Yesterherd with the Rey, and wortby Dr. Lyttleton, dean of day she repeated the same words in court, and said a Exeter, in the year 1752, we went to see a venerable old woman had told her that if she drew the 'witch's blood' man called Collins; he was then one hundred and five the spell would go. (Laughter.) The bench remarked years old, of a florid countenance, stood near his door on the folly of the defendant and the trivial nature of leaning on his staff, talked sensibly, was weary of life, be the assault, and dismissed the case." said, and advised us never to wish for old age. He died

W. A. C. in the year 1754.”

Bromsgrove.
BOILEAU.

SHETLAND FOLK-LORE. -Speaking to a very CONEDDA: ORDOVICES. — Many deeds are old lady, aged ninety-three, about eating larks, ascribed to Cunedda in early British history, and she said.' “ No one in Shetland would eat a lark : the name is supposed to be personal. It may be so, there are three black spots on its tongue, and for but it has all the appearance of being an interest- every lark you eat you get three curses." ing relic of the title comes, as dus Saxonici

. I. C. G. littoris, of the Roman occupation, which was first expanded into comtista, and then settled down into

CURIOUS EPITAPH IN LYDD CHURCIYARD, Crinedda. Ordovices have recently been explained

en aynlained Kent.—The following epitaph, which I copied

E to mean "the hammerers," from the Celtic ord, a

from a tombstone in the graveyard attached to hammer, it being supposed by archæologists that

the fine old church at Lydd, Kent, in August last, the stone hammer continued to be in use as a

is, I think, both historically and from its quaintweapon of war down to historical times. This is ness, well worthy to occupy a space in "N. & Q.." clearly wrong, as the word ord is borrowed from

The stone is inscribed to the memory of Lieut. Latin rostrum, which includes among its meanings

Thos. Edgar, R.N., who died 1801, aged fifty-six that of hammer, or something like it, it being a

years. He was present at Adiniral Hawke's rule with Celtic words borrowed from Latin words

| glorious engagement with the French, and sailed beginning with qe either to omit it or to lead up

round the world with Capt. Cook, and was with to it with a prefix.

J. PARRY.

| him when that great circumnavigator was mur. Cambridge.

dered by the natives of Owyhee :-

Tom Edgar at last has sail'd out of this World, Sir WALTER MANNY.— I have long entertained His shroud is put on, and his top-sails are furl'd, a conviction that the accepted spelling of this He lies snug in death's boat without any concern, good knight's name was erroneous, and that in

And is moor'd for a full due ahead and astern.

O'er the Compass of Life he has merrily run, stead of Manny it ought to be Mauny. Having

His Voyage is Completed, his reckoning is done." just found confirmation of my view in the mention

11. A. WELLS. of " Margareta Maresshall, domina de Maweny," allow me to submit the point to the readers of

Cannon Street, City.—Readers of “N. & Q." “N. & Q." It occurs on the Close Roll for may be glad to note the fact that the present fine 50 Edw. III., part 2.

HERMENTRUDE.

wide thoroughfare of Cannon Street, leading from

St. Paul's in the direction of the Tower of London, TENNYSONIANA. — Collectors of Tennysoniana was nearly two centuries in execution. Pepys may note that at the services at Emerson's funeral writes in his Diary, under date May 5, 1667, (April 30, 1882), Dr. Furness" recited Tennyson's “Sir John Robinson tells me he hath now got a Deserted Home, and repeated from Longfellow street ordered to be continued, forty feet broad, words read at that poet's own funeral a few weeks from Paul's through Cannon Street to the Tower, ago. Appropriate quotations from Scripture fol. which will be very fine." E. WALFORD, M.A.

word (which, so far as my personal experience Queries.

goes, is nearly obsolete) is derived from the purpose We must request correspondents desiring information on family matters of only private interest, to affix their

than the shape of this seed-covering. Even, how. names and addresses to their queries, in order that the ever, if this be admitted, some doubt remains. answers may be addressed to them direct.

Our word key comes from the A.-S. cæg, connected

with coeggian=to lock or shut fast, the instrument CHURCHWARDENS' ACCOUNTS. - I have been | being apparently regarded rather as a means of favoured by the Vicar of Cheswardine, near Market enclosing or locking than of opening or unlocking, Drayton, with a sight of a very good book of church as the word generally signifies in a metaphorical wardens' accounts of that parish, ranging from 1554 sense now. On the other hand, the word quay, to 1628. At the beginning is an inventory of the which originally meant enclosure, and is a Celtic vestments (including “one whyt for good friday"), word connected with the Welsh cae, was in Middle

candlesticks.&c.belonging to the church. | English spelt key. This may be the source of the I shall be glad of explanations of the following word used in speaking of the samara of a tree, and entries :

in any case I would submit that ash-key means 1554. (Paid) for a corä noia, ijs. vjd.

that which encloses the seeds of an ash. Whether for the fechynge of the said corā noia, xxiijd.

it is Teutonic or Celtic I desire information. 1555. (Received) for owre ladys nue yeres gyft, ijs. iiijd.

W. T. LYNX. (year after year).

Blackheath. 1562. (Paid) to a peyntour for peynetyng the rode soler, xijd.

WILLIAM LLOYD, BISHOP OF ST. ASAP. for lyme, ijd.

According to Chalmers, this prelate was born in for polyng downe of the rode loft, iijs. for substans to the Com'eneon, xijd.

1627, was entered at Oriel College, Oxon, in 1638, 1567. (Paid) for Substaunce at Easter, vs.

when he was eleven years of age, obtained a 1570. (Paid) to tomas browne for ceruynge the parryse scholarship at Jesus College the following year withe the couppe, iiijd.

(twelve years of age), proceeded B.A., and left the Did they first paint and then destroy the rood-loft ? university in 1642 (6 fteen years of age), returned Does substance mean the bread and wine? Was in 1646, when he commenced M.A., and was Thomas Browne employed to administer the cup chosen fellow of his college, being then nineteen at the Holy Communion; and if so, is it likely that years of age. Are these dates correct; and if so, he was a layman ?

J. T. F. is not this a very unusual and remarkable case of Winterton, Brigg.

going through the college course and taking the

various degrees at such an early age! The bioFORFARSHIRE.-Some few years ago Mr. An- oranhical

graphical account goes on to state that Lloyd was drew Jervise was collecting information for, I ordained deacon in 1649, that he was presented to believe, a more extended county history of Angus the rectory of Bradfield in 1654 (but soon after(or Forfarshire) than his work called Memorials of wards resigned it), and that he was ordained priest

to, Thel in 1656. Could he accept and hold a living while work must have been in a forward state, at least 1 yet only in deacon's orders ? in parts, as he sent me a "pull" of the particulars

J. H. COOKE, F.S.A. of a certain parish and estate belonging to the

Berkeley. head of my family, and received from me a condensed pedigree or "tree," which he acknowledged, BARRE AND KENDALE, ELIZABETH. – This and said would be added to those of other families lady was widow of Edward de Kendale, and under in an appendix which he designed for the work. age May_22, 1376 (Rot. Claus., 50 Edw. III., I am informed that Mr. Jervise, who was then pt. i.). Thomas Barre, Knt., had lately received resident at Brechin, has deceased ; and perhaps royal licence to marry the said Elizabeth, and had some reader of “N. & Q.” could state whether married her accordingly, Feb. 1, 1381 (Ib., 4 the projected work is in the hands of any one else Ric. II.). Of what family was this Elizabeth, and for completion ; or in whose possession the mate-why was it necessary that when she attained her rial collected by Mr. Jervise now is. W. C. J. majority she should release to Alice Perrers her

right in the manor of Hitchin, co. Herts, on · ASHKEY.-What is the derivation of the word account of a debt of 2001. owed to Alice by Sir key as applied to the pericarp of the ash and some William Croyser ? What was her connexion with other trees, called by botanists the samara ? The these persons ?

HERMENTRUDE. Encyclopædic Dictionary says, " their length and lateral compression create the resemblance to keys," POPE's Fan. - Can any reader of “N. & Q." tbas suggesting that the shape is the origin of the tell me what has became of the fan which Pope name. I must confess I cannot see much resem- painted himself for Miss Martha Blount? It blance to a key in the samara of the ash-tree; and afterwards came into the hands of Sir Joshua I would ask whether it is not more likely that the Reynolds and was stolen from his study. Has it

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ever been heard of since ? At a time when there members of the House of Commons that advanced has been brought together at the Grosvenor horses and money for the defence of Parliament Gallery so many of the great master's works, it June, 1642. Henry Craine emigrated from Engcannot be inopportune to ask this question con- land in Cromwell's time, settled at Dorchester cerning this interesting relic. G. F. R. B. Massachusetts, and became an ancestor on the

maternal side of John Quincy Adams (see Savage, Peasant AND PEASANTRY. — Can any reader Geneal. Dict.). How are these Craines connected, of “N. & Q." say at what time these words came and where can I find a detailed account of the into our language, what was the extension of their

family?

VIATOR. application, and whether those to whom the terms applied used these words to describe themselves

MARKS ON Silver Coin. - To what do the and their class, just as a man would describe him- / letters refer that are sometimes found punched on self now as a “laboureror a “labouring man" ? the neck of the sovereign's head on current English

J. C. silver coin ? I have taken fifteen coins so marked STORY WANTED.-Can any of your readers tell

toll within ten years, and subjoin a list of them :

Shilling me where I can obtain a short story of Lover's,

Geo, III, 1817 T.T.
Half-a-crown

IM.P.
Jimmy Hoy's Voyage to America ? I believe it

J.P. was not published in his IV'orks, as it was found

J.I. amongst his papers after his death. J. L. H.

1813 J.P.

1819 QUOTATIONS in Green's “ SHORT HISTORY OF

1820 J.P. THE ENGLISI PEOPLE.”

Crown

Geo. IV. 1821 M.B.
Half-a-crown

M.B. "In every house,' says a shrewd English observer of

“Lion” shilling Wm. IV. the time, strangers who arrived in the morning were

M.B.
Half-a-crown

1834 M.B. entertained tili eventide with the talk of maidens and

Shilling Victoria 1838 the music of the harp.'"---P. 155.

M.B.
Sixpence

1839 M.B. "Children in school,' says a writer of the earlier

Half-a-crown

1844 M.B. reign, against the usage and manner of all other nations,

1845 M.B. be compelled for to leave their own language and for to construe their lessons......in French.'”—Þ.212.

It will be observed that the same letters were Who are the authors referred to ? Ivon. always used since the accession of Geo. IV. In

size they are the same as the capitals to addresses Horn.-Can any of your readers kindly explain at end of queries in “N. & Q." They were not the meaning of this syllable in such place-names stamped at the time of coining, as the letters are as Calhorn, Dreghorn, Distink horn, Kinghorn, &c.? sunk, not raised, and have been done with a punch.

W. M. C. Neither have they been done for mischief, as their Secret SOCIETY Badge. – I have a small

sequence will testify. I have Spanish dollars copper or bronze pendant, shaped like an Orsini

(prize money), which passed current in England, bomb impaled on a dagger, which I believe to be

stamped in a similar manner with the head of the the badge of some secret society. Can any reader

| English sovereign.

MURANO. of “N. & Q." help me to identify it? I obtained | SOURCE OF COUPLET Wanted. — Over the it from a ship captain some twenty years ago, who mantel-piece of a manor house in Kent is the could give me no information about it, except that following couplet, newly carved or painted, I forget he found it in some continental port, but where which :he could not remember. J. M. CAMPBELL. “Welcome by day, welcome by night, Kelvingrove Museum, Glasgow.

The smile of a friend is a ray of light." MR. SALKINSON.-Can you give me any infor- 1.

or. Whence come these lines; are they ancient; and mation regarding Mr. Salkinson, a gentleman who

who is their author ? E. WALFORD, M.A. is mentioned in the Athenceum, Nov. 16, 1878, |

1 Hyde Park Mansions, N.W. as translator into Hebrew of Othello, Romeo and James Bruron.--Can any reader of “N. & Q." Juliet, and Paradise Lost? Is the translator a help me to see a portrait of “ Jimmy" Bruton, & native of England ?

R. Inglis. South London humourist and comic poet? A short CRAINE AND CAMBIE FAMILIES.—Where can

account of his life and performances would be I find a pedigree or account of these Tipperary

gratefully received. .

COLON. families ? Alice, daughter of Henry Crainé, DE HUCH. I have a beautiful and minutely married Solomon Cambie, a major in Cromwell's finished landscape in oils. I believe it to be army. Catharine, widow of Sir Wymond Cary, Italian. It belonged to my grandfather, but bow of Snettisham, co. Norfolk, about 1613-14, married much longer it may have been in the family I Henry, son of Robert Craine, of Chilton, co. Suffolk. cannot say. On a large piece of detached rock in Sir Robert Craine is mentioned in a list of the forground is the name De Huch. Can any of

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your readers give me any information about him ? sim post terga videbis.” On the reverse is a I have searched Walpole, Bryan, and other autho- skeleton, leaning on a table and contemplating rities, but without success.

E. K. an hour-glass. Over the head of the skeleton is

another legend, " Sic nunc, pulcherrima quondam.” LORDS DANGANMORE.-Can any of your readersIn the corner under the table are the words, “ Cum inform me what was the family name of the Lords | privil. Caes.," and, apparently, the initials “ O. M.” Danganmore, the last of whom, I believe, fought | Can any of your readers explain it ? against King William at the battle of the Boyne,

E. WALFORD, M.A. and subsequently forfeited his title and estates ? 2, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W.

W. A. L.
Thomas WITHINGTON.-Can any reader inform

“ THE THEORY OF PERSPECTIVE," BY JAMES me when Thomas Withington was Lord Mayor of

of Hodgson, F.R.S.-Can you give me the date of London! I have a silver medal bearing his name

w the earliest edition of The Theory of Perspective, engraved under the City arms, 'with the royal

iby James Hodgson, F.R.S.? I have a copy witharms on the reverse. Is this practice still con

"Tout date, but the illustrations of which are of the tinued ?

T. W. G. time of Charles II.

ARTHUR R. CARTER, M.A. HASWELL.--Capt. Robert Haswell, R.N., son| NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE DIRECTORY. - Is there of William Haswell, Esq., of London, married

any directory of Newcastle-upon-Tyne of the latter Mary Cordis, Oct. 17, 1797, at Reading, Middlesex

end of the last century to the middle of the preCounty, Massachusetts. I am desirous of obtain

sent? I am searching for particulars of addresses ing particulars of his life, services, and death.

of persons living in the town at that time, but do Any information will greatly oblige.

not find the information I want in any local his. EDWARD WALTER WEST. New York,

tory. Is there a good second-hand bookseller

living in Newcastle at the present time? I can PERCY.-Is there any portrait in existence of get no particulars of any from booksellers in Alan Percy, who was appointed Master of St. John's London.

STRIX.
College, Cambridge, on March 20, 1515--16? He

YORE-ZEIT. -
was the son of one of the Earls of Northum-
berland.

T., B.

I ««Your mother has been a widow a long while, per, Settle.

haps,' said Deronda. Ay, ay, it's a good many yore-zeil

since I had to manage for her and myself,' said Cohen, PAID REPRESENTATIVES. I shall be glad if quickly. I went early to it. It's that makes you a you or any of your correspondents can tell me:

sharp knise.'”- Daniel Deronda, bk, iv, ch, xxxiv. (1) The earliest instance on record of representa

What is this word ? It seems to have a queer tives in deliberative assemblies being paid ; (2)

(l spelling, partly English partly German. Does the countries in which at present such payments

it stand for German Jahr-zeit? I wonder if the are being made ; (3) the amount paid per head,

form is intended to represent the pronunciation of and the number receiving payment.

the German word by a Jew. A. L. MAYHEW. IGNORAMUS.

STATUE OF ROMAN SOLDIER.-I saw the other COMING OF ARTHUR.–Can any one throw light day at the museum at York a stone figure of a Roman on the antecedents of the family which now fur- soldier dug up in or near the city. They call it a nishes a leader to a nation mainly of British origin, statue of Mars. It strikes me as being a good speciPresident Arthur, U.S.A.?

W. M. C. men of the Roman soldier, very broad shouldered, C. TANNER, ANIMAL PaintEn. -Can any of

but of low stature—just the kind of man to have Four readers give me any information respecting

rushed upon the Teutones and Cimbri. In the the above artist, and whether his paintings are

left hand is a shield, and by the side hangs a valaable ? Date about 1832. A. H. W.

sword, eagle-headed; I saw several of the same

pattern the other day, called Roman swords, J. OR T. Loder, Bath, ANIMAL Painter.— at Warwick Castle. I never saw any statue like Any information about the above will be accept- this in Italy. Is anything known about it? able. Date about 1831. A. H. W.

Geo. S. STONE. A CORIOUS MEDAL.-A gentleman from Chard.

DR. Guy CARLETON.-Dr. Carleton was rescued showed me the other day a curious medal, which

ich from the Lollards' Prison at Lambeth by his wife. has been in his family for the best part of a cen

Where shall I find the best account of this incident? tary. It is of silver, very light in weight, oval. | Is there a portrait of the Doctor to be seen ? about an inch in length. One side represents a

J. F. B. lady with a small crown or coronet ; she is rather PETER KENWOOD, OF TOPSHAM.—He resided in decolletée; round her head is the legend, “Quæ Boston, U.S.A., a short time about the year 1740, and

then returned to Topsham, where he was living in Jenyns, Pressavin, Schiller, Bentham, Sinclair, 1761. Can any one give particulars respecting and Byron. him ?

J. P. BAXTER, Similar in form is Springer's Enkarpa, CulturPortland, Me., U.S.A.

geschichte der Menschheit im Lichte der Pytha

goräischen Lehre (Hannover, Seefeld, 1884). In AUTHORS OF Books WANTED.

this the relation of the Pythagorean diet to the Iter ad Astra; or, the Portraiture of a Suffering Chris. older Egyption learning. to Brahminism and tian : with an Introduction of Man's Creation. London,

Buddhism, as well as to the philosophers and printed for John Salusbury, at the Atlas in Cornhil, near the Royal Exchange, 1685. 12mo. Dedication to

writers of the classical ages, is discussed. T'he fathers Algernon, Earl of Essex, signed J. P. “E Museo meo

of the church and the members of the monasticorders Londini, die Maie 25, 1685."

are also brought into view. In addition to several The Kalish Revolution ; containing Observations on

noticed by Williams, there are in Springer's book Man and Manners. By Durus, King of Kalikang ; who was born in the Reign of the Emperor Augustus,

chapters devoted to the composer Wagner and to travelled over most of the Globe, and still exists. Edin

Baltzer. The last named has been a voluminous burgh, Bell and Creech, 1789. 8vo. pp. 448.

advocate of food reform, and a score of books and *C. W. Surton. tracts in German own him as author. Amongst

these may be pamed one on vegetarianism in the

Bible, and biographical and critical sketches of Replies.

Porphyry, Pythagoras, Musonius, and Empedocles.

Balizer has also edited since 1867 the Vereinsblatt VEGETARIANISM.

of the Deutschen Vereins für naturgemässe Lebens(6th S. viii. 496.)

weise. There are other vegetarian periodicals Your correspondent Mr. Hughes asks in par published in Germany. Gustav Schlickheysen's ticular after Shelley's writings on vegetarianism, Obst und Brod has been translated and published and in general after the bibliography of that sub in New York by Dr. Holbrook. Springer's list ject. Shelley was an enthusiastic believer of the includes modern books in German, French, Italian, vegetarian gospel, and has expressed his faith | Russian, Swedish, Spanish, Hungarian, and Engin one of the finest passages of Queen Mab, which lish. Probably the last-named will have the most appeared in 1813. A lengthy note to that poem

interest for your correspondent. The books written was reproduced as a pamphlet, with the title of aby English and American vegetarians are numerous. Vindication of Natural Diet, and was published Dr. W. A. Alcott is the author of several. Sylvesin the same year. This is now excessively rare, ter Graham's Science of Human Life has recently but it is included in the edition of Shelley's Works been issued in a cheap and condensed form, as by Mr. H. Buxton Forman. The proof-sheets of also John Smith's Fruits and Farinacea. Various a cheap edition of the Vindication are now lying papers by Prof. Francis William Newman bave before me, and will shortly be published by the been collected in the past year under the title Vegetarian Society at the instance of Mr. H. s. of Essays on Diet. Dr. T. L. Nichols has written, Salt, of Eton, who has written an introduction. inter alia, How to Live on Siscpence a Day, and

The wider question remains as to the biblio- | Dr. Anna Kingsford has converted the thesis De graphy of vegetarianism. This topic has not l'Alimentation Végétale chez l'Homme (Paris, escaped attention. There is a list in Robert 1880), by which she gained her doctor's diploma Springer's Wegweiser in der Vegetarianischen at the University of Paris, into a compact treatise Literatur (zweite vermebrte Anflige, Nordhausen, on The Perfect Way in Diet. There are several Huschke, 1880), of which the first edition appeared varieties of cookery-books, one by Mrs. Brotherin 1878. Still more important is Mr. Howard

ton, one by Miss Tarrant, one by Miss Baker, &c. Williams's Ethics of Diet, which offers a catena Of periodicals there are two, the Food Reform of authorities against flesh-eating. Mr. Williams Magazine, a quarterly recently started, and the gives critical and biographical sketches of Hesiod, monthly Dietetic Reformer, which, with some Pythagoras, Plato, Ovid, Seneca, Plutarch, Ter

| variation of title, has been advocating vegetullian, Clement of Alexandria, Porphyry, Chry- | tarianism for the last thirty years. It is the organ sostom, Cornaro, Thomas More, Montaigne, Gas

of the Vegetarian Society, which has its headsendi, Ruv, Evelyn, Mandeville, Gay,Cheyne, quarters at 75, Prince's Street, Manchester. It Pope, Thonson, Hartley, Chesterfield, Voltaire, would be a long task to chronicle the minor literaHaller, Cocchi, Rousseau, Linné, Buffon, Hawkes- ture of vegetarianism; but I shall be happy to send worth, Paley, St. Pierre, Oswald, Hufeland, some explanatory papers to any who choose to ask Ritson, Nicholson, Abernethy, Lambe, Newton, I for them.

William E. A. Axox. Gleizes. Shelley, Phillips, Michelet, Cowherd. I Fern Bank, Higher Broughton, Manchester. Metcalfe, Graham, Lamartine, Struve, Daumer, As MR. HOGHES asks for the bibliography of Schopenhauer, the Golden Verses, the Buddhist vegetarianism, I will begin, without any order, Canon, Musonius, Lessio, Cowley, Trgon, Hecquet, by naming books and book-titles, such as John

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