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The treatise “ Of Gaming in General” (pp. 1 to 18) Collation :and the “ Character of a Gamester” (p. 19) are Title, 1 f.; Preface, 2 ff.; Court Gamester, 104 pp.; reinstated. The book is once more rearranged Contents, 1 f.; New Books printed for Mr. Curll in the and enlarged. All the games (except Trucks), Strand, 1 f. omitted from the 1721 edition, reappear here ; but In this the description of chess ends on p. 99, the song at the end of Picquet is omitted. Grand and is followed by a Postscript, in which the Trick-track is added, and also (pp. 162–168) “A author alludes to the frauds exposed in The whole Supplement to the Games upon the Cards, con- | Art and Mystery of Modern Gaming, 4to., 1726, taining some diverting Fancies and Tricks upon and to Rizzetti's work (1725), which he soon afterthe same." At the end comes the “Gentleman's wards translated and appended to his own book. Diversion," as in the edition of 1721, but now (B.M.; and J. M.) paged continuously (pp. 169-224). (B.M.; J. M.). This translation appeared with the following Was there ever a later edition of this work? I title :have never yet seen one.

The | Knowledge of Play, | Written for Public Meanwhile an author, who did not hesitate | Benefit, and the Entertainment of all Fair Players. I to put his name to his compilation, bad produced Wherein | I. It is demonstrated, that | Fortune has not a rival work, but of smaller scope. This appeared | that Power in Play, which is commonly ascribed to Her.

II, The Chances of the Games of Hazard, Pharao, in 1719, under the following title :

and Basset, are calculated and determined; proving, The Court Gamester : 1 or, | Full and Easy | Instruc- that in Games of Judgment, Skill will always get the tions | For | Playing the Games now in | Vogue, after better of Chance. | III. By detecting the Frauds in the best Method; as, they are Play'd at Court, and in Play, that eagerness for Gameing might be suppressed, the Assemblies, viz. l'Ombre, Picquet, , and the | Royal to the Preservation of Estates, and the advancement Game of Chess. Wherein | The Frauds in Play are of the Sciences. | Translated from the Latin original of || detected, and the Laws of each Game annex'd, to John Rizzetti, with Improvements by Ricbard Sey. prevent | Disputes. | Written for the Use of the Young mour, Esq; Author of The Court Gamester, and | DePrincesses. By Richard Seymour, Esq; | London: 1 signed as a Second part of that Work. Addressed to Printed for E. Curll in Fleet-street. M.DCC.XIX. ' (Price the Prince of Wales. | London : 1 Printed for E. Curll 1s. 6d, Stitch'd, 2s. Bound.)

over against Catherine-Street | in the Strand. 1729. Collation :

(Price 2s, Bound.) Title, 1 f.; Dedication (" To Their Royal Highnesses

Collation :the Young Princesses”), 1 f.; Preface, 4 ff. (on verso of Title, 1 f.; Dedication, 1 f.; Rizzetti's letter to Card. p. ix, a table of errata); and 106 pp.

Polignac, Venice, Sep. 30, 1725, N.S., and the Argu. Hombre occupies pp. 1-70, including a quotation ment, 3 ff.; and 86 pp.* from Pope's Rape of the Lock; Picquet, pp. 71-93; The last fourteen pages of part ii. contain “ The and Chess, pp. 94-106, followed by a list of Curll's Journal of a Gameing Lady of Quality, A Tale. publications. Bound up with the book, in this In a letter to a Friend. By Messieurs Swift and and other editions printed by Curll, after the Pope." (B.M.; and H. J.) manner of that publisher, Curlicism Display'd Three years later, we have (1718) and similar tracts are sometimes found. The Court Gamester, in two Parts. London: | Printed, (H. J.; and J. M.)

and Sold by J. Wilford, behind the Chapter-House, Another edition of this appeared in the follow- near St. Paul's. 1732. 1 (Price 28, 6d. Bound). ing year, entitled

Collation of part i., same as of 1728 edition, inThe Court Gamester..... The Second Edition corrected.lcluding the advertisement of “New Books.” Part ü. London, Printed for E. Curll next the Temple 1 Coffee has 86 pp., as in the preceding edition, including, House in Fleet-street. 1720. | (Price ls. 6d. Stitch'd ;

as before, “The Journal of a Gameing Lady of 2s, Bound.)

Quality, &c. By Messieurs Swist and Pope" This is merely a reprint of the first. (B.M.)

(though, on the title, this is attributed to Dr. Two years later, another impression appeared :- I swift alone). (B.M.) The Court Gamester...... The Third Edition corrected. I

We now come to an important edition : London : | Printed for E. Curll at the Dial and Bible overagainst Catherine-street in the Strand, | MDCCXXII.

The Compleat Gamester : In Three Parts. I ...... The (Price ls. 6d. Stitch'd; 28. Bound.)

Fifth Edition. London: | Printed for E. Curll in Rose

Street Covent Garden ; , and J. Wilford behind the Collation : 'L'itle, 1 f.; Preface, 2 ff.; and pp. 102. (B.M.; H. H. G.;

M.J

Chapter-House in | St. Paul's Church-Yard, 1734, Price

.G.: 2s.6d. and H. J.)

Facing the title is a frontispiece, unsigned, which This edition seems to have sufficed, an edition of

has been attributed to Hogarth, and which repreCotton's work (1725) having appeared in the sents a room in which are ten figures, three of interim, until 1728, when Curll again put forth a which, a lady and two gentlemen, are seated at a new

Court Gamester :...... The Fourth Edition Improved. Il * A copy of Rizzetti's work is in the British Museum, London: | Printed for E. Curll, against Catherine-Street li entitled Ludorum | Scientiu | Publico Beneficio | Nlus. in the Strand. 1728. (Price 28. Bound.)

trala. | Venetiis, UDOOXXV., 4to.

three-cornered table in the fore-ground, playing at (1725), reappears here, without the familiar " ExOmbre. Collation :

planation,” and faces the title. Collation : Frontispiece, 1 f.; Title, 1 f.; Proface, 2 ff.; Contents, Frontispiece, 1 f.; Title, 1 f.; Preface and Contents, 2 ff.; Part i. 132 pp.; Parts ii. and iii., 94 pp.; Books of 5 ff.; and 324 pp. (H. J.; and J. M.) Entertainment, Printed for E. Curll, in Burleigh-Street With this ends the series of Compleat Gamesters. in the Strand, and for J. Wilford in St. Paul's Church

Hoyle had taken their place with his Treatise on yard, 1 f.

Whist, in which other games were soon included. This book* contains by far the best account of

A bibliography of Hoyle would be interesting. Ombre as played in Seymour's day. In the pre-mio

Might we hope to get it from the pen of face it is stated (p. viii) that “The Second and“

“ Cavendish" ? None other would be more comThird Parts of this Treatise, were originally written

petent for the task. by Charles Cotton Esq.; some years since, but are

There are a few other English books on games, now rectified according to the present Standard of

as, e.g., the School of Recreation, Annals of Play."

Gaming, &c., as well as the more important French Ombre is said, in a note on p. 1, to be an

manual, called L'Académie des Jeux (otherwise “ Improvement of a Game called Primero," whicb

La Maison Académique, Académie Universelle des is now omitted ; and “Lanterloo " is for the first time called “Lue.”

Jeux, &c.), of which I shall, if agreeable to the The other games are the readers of N. & Q.," be happy to offer a sketch same as in Cotton, somewhat emended and

bibliography.

JULIAN MARSHALL. altered ; but “French Billiards” and “Faro” are added, the latter in a Postscript (pp. 89-94). “ The Gentleman's Diversion ” is wholly omitted.

OLD REGISTERS : GRIMSBY. (B.M.; H. H. G.; H. J.; and J. M.) This book reappeared as

Grimsby, co. Lincoln, although of extremely

ancient foundation, is now essentially a modern The Compleat Gamester....... The Sixth Edition. |

town. It contains splendid docks, a fine waterLondon: Printed for E. Curll, at Pope's Head, in Rose. Street, Covent-Garden; and J. Hodges, at the | Look

tower-handsome when viewed from some miles ing-Glass, on London-Bridge. 1739.

out at sea—a good statue of the Prince Consort, The frontispiece is a coarse copy (by Parr) of the a well-built town hall, and a fine old cruciform original. Collation, same as for 1734 edition, church, together with numerous long straight but the book is now paged continuously, 1-324 ; 1 streets, which house somewhere about 40,000 inFaro is placed after Basset ; Chess is much en habitants. Of the ancient buildings the church larged by the addition of Rules and Instructions of St. James alone remains; the rest are gone by Capt. Joseph Bertin (1735), with a number of utterly, and it would not be easy to point out over examples, so as to occupy 66 pp.; and the “Gen

a dozen old stones worked into other walls. The tleman's Diversion” is reinstated at the end.

site of St. Mary's, with its burial-ground of two (B.M.; H. H. G.; and H. J.)

acres, is now covered by the post office and houses; The next is the

what was the Abbey of Wellow is now a private Seventh Edition, London: | Printed for J. Hodges, at

house; the nunnery is now the Nuns' Farm; the Looking-Glass, | facing St. Magnus Church, London

other institutions, such as Raynor's Chantry, are Bridge. 1750. [Price Three Shillings.]

commemorated only in name; and the traveller This is a mere reprint of the preceding edition, hearing of Carter Gate, Bar Gate, Dean's Gate, with a new date. (B. M.; and H. J.)

Brighow Gate, Wellow Gate, &c., might well ask, We arrive finally at

Where are now the gates themselves and the walls, if The Compleat Gamester: 1 ......First Written for the

ever they existed ? Gervase Holles, the local historian Use of the Young Princesses, By Richard Seymour, belonging to the seventeenth century, wrote of old Esq; | And now carefully revised, very much enlarged Grimsby, “Fuit Ilium.” But the Manchester, Shefand improved, | agreeable to the present Method of field, and Lincolnshire Railway Company have since playing the several Games, | By Charles Johnson, Esg; that time caused a new Ilium to rise over the ruins The Eighth Edition. | London : 1 Printed for J. Hodges, of the ancient town. at the Looking-Glass, facing' | St. Magnus-Church, London-Bridge, 1754. / (Price Three Shillings.]

There is only one old monument in the church, In this edition Chess is reduced to 15 pp., and

the recumbent effigy of a knight in armour (popuWhist is very much more fully treated than before,

larly called “Old Gryme”); and on a pier of the advantage having been taken (without any acknow

tower is an inscription in church text:-“Orate. ledgment) of nearly the whole of Edmond Hoyle's P.

Jamond platlap.aia . iobis Ingson.q. banc, colupnam . fecit.a. treatise on that game, first published in 1743. m.iij. Ix.v.” (1365). This was John Kingston. The book otherwise is the same as before

mayor of Grimsby, who was buried in St. Mary's. The old plate, last seen in Cotton's Gamester

Two years since, in digging the foundations the remains of a British coffin-a hollowed oak The last entries of burial are in 1616, but the trunk-or even, it may be, the last long bed of leaves at the end of the book are very much disOld Gryme himself. This is carefully preserved in coloured and hurt by damp, so that it will require the church.

for the new chancel (a restoration carried out * According to Mr. H. H, Gibbs, a high authority on happily on the pure Early English lines of the the subject.

nave), there were found what are believed to be

some treatment to make them legible. ThroughBy good fortune the old registers have survived out this first register the writing is particularly the general wreck, and still remain in tolerable good, and, with the exception of a few pages only, preservation in the safe. I venture to hope that thoroughly legible. a short description of them may be allowed to No. 2 is not in such good condition as the older occupy the pages of “ N. & Q." They were long one, and as it includes the period of barbarism" preserved in the old parish chest, a strong oak box is not throughout so legible. Some leaves have of rather larger size than most of the Lincolnshire been cut, and, the cover being torn, the first page chests. The three earliest registers are of parch- is much spoilt by damp. Baptisms commence ment.

1616, and average about twenty-five annually till No. I is a book of 130 pages, viz., 51 occupied 1653. During the vicarage of Harbert Hindemarsh with baptisms, 21 with marriages, and 58 with (who ob. 1634) the entries are kept with the burials. It is bound in a limp vellum cover, and greatest neatness, but under his successors much joined with string and leather through all the legs care is taken. Marriages commence Nov. 5, leaves. Though much dog's-eared and at the bottom | 1616, and average about a dozen during that decayed and discoloured by damp, I think it would period. Burials average twenty-five to thirty. be possible, without recourse to chemicals, to tran- Harbert Hindemarsh was vicar 1616 to 1634, scribe all but a very few pages at the end. This William Skelton 1634 to 1636, Liurwell Ramvolume is entitled “A regester booke of all the payne 1636 to 1638, Paul Willett 1638 to 1647. christninges, marriages, and burialls within great They usually sign at the end of each year's entries. Grymsbio from the yeare of our Lorde god 1538." In 1653 a fresh page is begun in all three parts of

Christenings. - October. The first entry is, the register. “ Peter and John ye sonnes of John Wright were | “Grimsbye Magna. A register of such births baptized ye xxxist day.” About fifteen christenings of children as bave beene since the xxixth of take place annually till 1553, when the last is September, 1653, accordinge to an act of parliam on July 19, and from that time there is a blank and their baptizmes." The first entry after this till the end of Mary's reign. On the accession of is, “ Elizabeth, the daughter of George Lambert Elizabeth a fresh start is made, the page being and of Elizabeth his wife, was borne the second headed “Elizabethæ anno primo," though it is day of Octobr and bapt. the 8th.” The writing, added “desunt anni duo," and the first entry is in a copper-plate professional style, is very good April 12, 1560.

and legible for about four years, when it suddenly The baptisms from this time average twenty or gets bad and gradually becomes atrocious. Deaths twenty-five (in some years there are nearly forty) and marriages, burials and births, are mixed up till the last entry Sépt. 6, 1616. At 1603 is with “collections” during this period. Abraham marked “Jacobi anno primo," and from 1595 Bates was vicar 1661 to 1666; Thomas Beatniffe, Robt. Lord, vicar, and two church wardens sign at 1669. At this latter date there is the following: the foot of each page. In 1615 there are thirty “Momorandum yt Tho. Beatniffe, Master of Arts, yo five baptisms.

Vicar of Grimsby magn. in yo county of Lincoln, did read The marriages commence Feb. 1, 1538, and

the 39 articles (appointed to be read within two months average about six annually till May 20, 1553, I church of Grimsby. predict. July 8th, 1669. In ye

after induction) in time of divine service, in ye parish when a fresh start is made, headed as before, I presence of Wm Tod, Wm Beatniffe, Guardians." “Elizabethæ anno primo, a'o d'ni 1558," the first After 1676 the writing is better. The last baptism entry being Sept. 10. From this time they average entry is April 8, 1689; the last marriage April 9, about ten annually till the last entry, July 21, 1689; the last burial apparently Oct. 8, 1670. 1616, when there is a note “See the other regis. Before the recommencement of marriages, 1653, booke,” and “Robt. Lord, vicar ; Paule Cooke the following note appears:-and John Prime, church wardens," sign.

“ These are to certify that Walter Lloyd is elected and “Burialls "commence“ A'o d'ni 1538, 21st Jan

chosen Register for the Burrough of Great Grimsbie for uarye." There are sixty in 1540, but the average the registring of Publications, Marriages, Births of is about twenty till March 4, 1554, when they cease Children, and Burialls, &c., accordinge to an Act of till “ Elizabethæ Anno Secundo, Anno d'ni 1559,"

Parliamt bearinge date the 24th day of August, 1053, and from which time they average about twenty-five

accordinge to the sayd Act was sworne before mee to

discharge the said office according to the purport of the (only five in 1576) till the year 1589, when the

sayd act. -1. Thomas, Maior." mortality increases to forty, and in the next year

The first entry is:– to 103, the following year, 1691, having sixty-1 - Thomas Leake. veoman. and Bridget Stowo. eight. There are sixty in 1596 ; perhaps these Spinster, made entrye of an intended marriage betwixi were years of some common plague or sickness. them, being both of Waltham, upon the third day of December, 1653, in the presence of Theodore Markham sented the Parliament held at Blackfriars on of Waltham, guardian to the sayd Bridget Stowe, whose April 15. 1524, and remarks that if there was any baynes were published at the market place betwixt the howers of eleven and two in the afternoone upon the

| truth in the story that Wolsey lost an eye, it must seventh, the fourteenth, and one and twentieth dayes of have been subsequently to that year. It has, howthe sayd December, being the market dayes (without ever, been pointed out that though the portraits any exceptions), and were marryed tho foure and generally show only one eye, yet sometimes it is twentieth of the same, her sayd Guardian being present." I the right eye and sometimes the left, and this

ly, however, these somewhat widely seems to prove that the profile portraits were not published "baynes” provoked "exceptions," as the result of a lost eye (Gent. Mag., xxv. 346, and in the following case:

“N. & Q.," 1st S. vi. 278). The assertion that "ffrancis Troabis, yeoman, Alice Tenny, spinster, both Wolsey lost one eye, though by many writers very of Ashby, made entry of their intended marriage, the eigh-confidently put forward, appears really to rest on teenth day of Aprill last; whose banes were published the l no evidence, but, in fact, only on the very scurrilous said eighteenth, the five and twentieth dayes of April, and the second of May instant in the open Markett place of

04 | lines of Skelton, who bitterly hated Wolsey, and every the respectiue dayes, at the howers appointed by

said that he wore a patch over bis right eye, and an Acte of Parliament, and upon the third publication would probably lose it. If it is true that he did Edward Maddison of Caster made exceptions to the so lose an eye, it must have been late in life, and same, and sayd he was her guardian, she had no estate,

erdian, she had no estate, subsequently to the time when the portraits were her friends were unwillinge to the savd marriage. she beinge under age, further alleadinge that if shee were

| taken. In Cavendish's Life of Wolsey, edited by above the age of one and twentie, then all her friends Singer in 1825, there are three drawings, respecting could not 'hinder her, since which he sent me word which a little more information is desirable. They he could made it appeare that she is an heire, all which purport to be illustrations copied from a MS. of I leave to consideration, &c. But before the solemnizing

the Life belonging to Francis Douce, and bearing the marriage the sayd Alice Tenny made choyce of a guardian, Thomas Neale of Ashbye, who was consenting

| date as “copied by S. B. 1578.” Two of these — thereunto, and Mr. Charles Wetherall of Bradley did“ Wolsey and the two Dukes demanding the Great confidently affirm that in his and others presence the Seal from him in 1529,” and “ Wolsey ill in bed said Edward Maddison, the pretended guardian, did give and Dr. Butts coming to him with a Message from his ffree consent to the marriage before any publication was made. And were married the fourteenth day of

the King," in the same year—distinctly show May. By Mr. Todd.”

Wolsey with two eyes and no patch. If these

drawings are old they have some kind of authority, No. 3 is a long-shaped book in good preservation

whilst if they are modern it seems natural to ask, (except the cover), the writing throughout is very

Why were they so drawn? And there is yet another clear and legible, and all the entries are carefully made. "It dates from 1690 to 1750, and as

point worthy of remark in both these drawings, there is nothing of particular interest, except a

and also in the third, “Wolsey in Procession, pastoral charge by the Bishop of Lincoln to his

and clearly showing his right eye. The cardinal clergy, and another by the Archbishop of Canter

has a good beard; his early portraits all show &

very smooth chin. Is there anything to show that bury to the bishops of his province, a more particular description is unnecessary.

late in life he appeared bearded ? No doubt there

C. MOOR. 4, Earl Street, Grimsby.

were thousands in his lifetime who hated Wolsey, though probably but few who dared to speak

against him ; but after his fall, and still more after Wolsey's PORTRAITS. — There are very few his death, all that men knew, and also what they portraits of Cardinal Wolsey, yet a great deal has suspected, might be freely said, and it is hard to been said and written about them. What all this believe, if the evil charged against him was true, amounts to may be chiefly summed up in a few that there should have been no one to take up short statements. 1. There is said to be no head Skelton's accusation, and show that there was a of Wolsey which is not in profile. 2. It is said sound foundation for his scandal. that his portraits were done in profile because he

EDWARD SOLLY. had only one eye. 3. The loss of his eye was caused by an infamous disease of an infectious A VETERAN ORGANIST.-The following instance character, affording additional evidence of the of early adoption and lengthy pursuit of the musical depravity of his nature. It has, however, been profession is, I think, deserving of record in the shown that there is at least one full-faced portrait pages of “N. & Q.," and I very much doubt of Wolsey, which, though small, is of some autho- whether a parallel can be found among living rity and considerable interest ; it is a drawing of professional organists in England. Mr. Edward the House of Lords, taken by order of Thomas Simms was born on Feb. 10, 1800, and performed Wriothesley, Garter King-of-Arms, and shows his first service at Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, Wolsey with both eyes on the right hand of the when only ten years old, for his uncle, under king, and is reproduced by Fiddes (Life of Wolsey, whom he received his earlier musical instruction, p. 302). Anstis believed that this drawing repre- and whose assistant he became. Since this date he has continued for the long period of seventy-turbed the early years of Richard II.'s reign. After four years in the constant exercise of an organist's reference to the insurrection headed by Wat Tiler, duties. When thirteen years of age he was ap- there is a description, in the following stanzas, of pointed organist at Wombourne (Staffordshire), a an earthquake :position he held for three years. In 1816 be went And also whon this eorthe quok, to London, and studied the organ under Mr.

Was non so proud he n' as agast, Thomas Adams, organist of St. Dunstan's-in-the

And al his jolite forsok East, and was also a pupil under Kalkbrenner for

And thougt on God whyl that hit last.

And alsone as hit was overpast the pianoforte, to whom he dedicated his first com

Men wor as wel as thei dude are, position for that instrument. In 1821 he filled

Ucho mon in his herte mai cast the office of organist at Holy Trinity Church,

This was a warnyng to beware. Coventry, where he introduced an independent

Forsoth this was a Lord to drede pedal key-board on the German principle, the first

So sodeynly mad mon aghast. instance of its attachment to an organ in that city.

Of gold and selver thei tok non hede The following year he received the appointment to

But out of the houses ful sone thei past,

Chambres, chimeneys, al to barst, a church in Birmingham, and in 1825 was elected

Chirches and castels foul gon fare, organist of St. John Baptist Church, in Coventry.

Pinacles, steples, to ground hit cast, At Easter, 1828, he was appointed organist of St.

And al was warnyng to beware.” Michael's Church, Coventry, a position he con As the description of the earthquake follows the tinues to hold. In 1835 the organ was recon-account of the insurrection (1381), we may reasonstructed, under his superintendence, by Bishop, ably conjecture that it happened after the rebellion, and reopened by him in April the year following and so probably about five hundred years ago. He established the Coventry Choral Society about | We may also suppose, as chambers and chimneys half a century ago, and conducted it for many were burst asunder, churches and castles demoyears on his own responsibility, thus creating and lished, and pinnacles and steeples thrown down, encouraging a musical taste and choral training the that the shock was very severe; seemingly, indeed, effect of which has had some considerable influence more severe than that lately experienced in Essex. on the various choirs in the city and its neighbourhood. I stood beside him recently as he played the concluding voluntary after the morning! THE REGICIDES LUDLOW, PAELPS, BROUGHTON, service, which be had accompanied without assist- LOVE, AND COWLEY.—The new volume of the Proance : and as I watched his rapid execution, Iceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland thought it would be difficult to find another in. (vol. . New Series, Edinburgh, 1883) contains stance of an organist who, at eighty-four years of an interesting paper (pp. 286–289) on the graves in age, is still able to conduct a full choral service

E a full choral service St. Martin's, Vevay. The writer, the Rev. R. R. with like success. Wm. Geo. FRETTON, F.S.A.

Lingard Guthrie, F.S.A.Scot., visited the church in 88, Little Park Street, Coventry.

the summer of 1882, when it was undergoing resto

ration, and after carefully copying the inscriptions LIDDELL AND Scott's LEXICON.-I observe relative to Ludlow, Phelps, and Broughton, he that a mistake, which I already have pointed out prevailed on the workmen to make an opening elsewhere, is retained in the new edition (1883) of in the raised wooden platform which covered the this standard work. This is the citation of Fr. floor of the chapel, and his research was rewarded outarde under the word wris (p. 1773), as if, by discovering in the pavement beneath two graveapparently, it were derived from this througb the stones commemorating Nicholas Love and William Lat. otis tarda, the great bustard. Notwithstand-Cowley. Mr. Guthrie gives exact copies of the ing the spelling of Old French otarde and Ital. five inscriptions. WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK. ottarda, outarde has nothing to do with útis, 1, Alfred Terrace, Glasgow. but stands for autarde, and, like Sp. aoutarda, Prov. austarda, is derived from Lat. avis tarda,

MARRIAGE CUSTOM. - It was the custom in the the slow bird,' a name given to the bustard in

given to the bustard in little village of Thursby, in Cumberland, for the Pliny. Compare French autruche. from avis schoolboys to fasten the church doors during the struthio.

A. SMYTHE PALMER.

wedding ceremony, and not allow the party to come Woodford.

out until they gave money. This was conveyed

through the keyhole, and applied to the purchase AN EARTHQUAKE FIVE CENTURIES AGO.-In of coals for the use of the school during the winter any list of former earthquakes I do not think I months.

E. F. B. have seen mention of one that occurred five centuries ago, which appears to have been exception- THE CONSONANT POWER OF W.-It has in. ally severe. In a volume called the Vernon terested me greatly to read MR. KERSLAKE's Manuscript, in the Bodleian Library, at Oxford, statement as to the pronunciation in Wessex of there is a poem on the unhappy events that dis- words commencing with wr, for the usage he men

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