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at present. That-ever the word should be con Aryan people would involve researches corering the sidered rare "caps me a good up," as the “rascall whole field of Aryan philology. Jf Mr. Ferguson had people” say in these parts.

R. R.

been acquainted with the works of Fick, Heintza, and

other recent German writers upon his subject, he would Boston, Lincolnshire.

| bave been put in pngsegeion of principles which would CORE BY Touch (6th S. vii. 448; viii. 113, 292).

have enabled him to avoid serions crrors. The fault of

his book is that habit of guessing which the scientific -I am informed of another trait of M. Henrici,

man abhors. Finding in a recent English directory the gentleman mentioned at the last reference as names that resemble forms that he encounters in claiming to be " de la famille des guerisseurs," as Kemble's Codex Diplomaticus, or in the Liber Vilce of he expresses it. Though a professed disciple of

Durham, or even in the wide-covering Altdeutsches

Namenbuch of Förstemann, he aegumes, without suffi. “free thought,” he is proud to claim descent from

cient evidence, their identity. He may be right in the family of St. Roch, the patron of the plague

many cases, but the number of instances in which he is stricken, as well as from that of St. Louis, and one | wrong will discredit much of what lie advances. Take, of his relations is possessed of a staff believed to for example, such names as Kennaway, alloway, Galloa be the traditional ope used by the saint when he way, and other similar forms. These he would identify went on his missions of healing the sick, and with

with such ancient names as Kenewi, Alewih, Geilwih,

ignoring the fact that these appellations find a ready which mediæval art always depicts him.

explanation in the corresponding names of pluces (in

R. H. BUSK. Scotland). This ignoring of place-names as the probable THOMAS BAMBRIDGE (6th S. viii. 187, 316, 375).

explanation of many of our famil ar aurnames is the

vice of the book. An examination of Slater's Directory -With reference to the latter part of G. F. R. B.'s

of Scotland would have convinced Mr. Ferguson that query, Mr. John Nicholls, F.S.A., in his explana euch names as Alderdice, Dyce, Full Jove, Hannab, tions of the subjects of Hogarth's works, states: Kinnaird, are not to be traced to the out-of-the-way * This very fine picture, Hogarth himself tells us, was

forms he adduces, but to localities in North Britain, painted in 1729 für Sir Archibald Grant, of Monymusk,

in the neighbourhood of which the families bearing Bart., at that time Knight of the Shire for Aberdeen,

these names are still to be found. Perhaps, too, he

would not liave said what he does about the termination and one of the Committee represented in the painting."

-staff in some English surnames if he had thought of The engraving of this picture which I possess is the localities similarly denominated, and evidently the li by T. Cook from an original picture by W. source of some, if not of all of them, e.g., Bickerstaffe, Hogarth in the possession of Mr. Ray." *

Wagstaffe, &c. The same may be said of his Baldridge C. A. PYNE.

and Hardacre, and other compounds containing -ridge or

-acre. This very numerous class has too many repre. Hampstead, N.W.

sentatives in local nomenclature to warrant the farAUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (6th S. ix.

fetched origins put forward by Mr. Ferguson. This

tendency to ignore the easy explanation of furname 10).

offered by the names of localities often leads Mr. Fer« reams are but interludes which fancy makes," &c. guson to somewhat startling conclusions. From such Dryden's Tales from Chaucer, “ The Cock and the Fox; names as Godsoe and Vergoose he would imply the or, the Tale of the Nun's Priest," 1. 325. C. A. Pyne. existence of a High German element among the in

vaders of England. Godsoe seems to us to be a local

name (Gods-hoe), akin to the forms Godsbe and Godsa Miscellaneous.

croft, and the name Vergnose is most probably Cornish,

and of the same kind as Engoose, Mellangoose, TreNOTES ON BOOKS, &C.

goose, Pencoose, Wildgoose, &c., all to be found in Strnames as a Science. By Robert Ferguson, M.P. | Cornwall, in the first instance as names of places, and (Routledge & Sons.)

afterwards frequently as those of families. The termiWIEX one thinks of the large literature devoted nation -goose is the Cornish form of the Welsh cord= on the Continent, and especially in Germany, to rer- wood, and cognate with English heath. If Mr. Fereonal and surnames, one is surprised that the subject has guson, in another edition of his book, would give excited so little interest on this side of the Channel, Mr. | full credit to the place-name element, and at the Lower's and Mr. Bardsley's works are the only recent same time furnish from trustworthy sources intermediate English publications dealing with the matter, and, links between the early forms he brings forward and valuable as they are in many respects, they lack that those which he attempts to explain, his work would thoroughness and scientific method which distinguish be most valuable. As it is, we fear that its merits will be the researches in nomenclature of our German neighbours. overshadowed by its defecte. Perhaps these defects are Nr. Ferguson has availed himself of many continental the necessary attendants of such a pioneer movement as authorities, and has also gone for information upon Anglo. Mr. Ferguson has inaugurated in this country. At any Saxon names to the founts furnished by our early rate, they will meet with no harsh criticism from any charters. For these reasons his work is a great advance one who knows the nature of the lahours undertaken by upon those of his predecessors. Yet it is too much to Mr. Ferguson and the great difficulties by which they claim for his researches the character of a science. are beset. Apart from the question whether the word science is applicable to name-investigations in any other sense The Rorburghe Ballads, illustrating the Last Years of than that in which it is given to philology generally, we the Stuaris. Edited, with special Introduction and fear big method is far from sanctioning the ambition dig. Notes, by J. Woodfall Ebsworth, M.A., F.S.A. played in bis title. His inductions are far too narrow Part XII. (Ballad Society.) to bear the issues he would force from them. A WITH the thirteenth number of the Roxburche Ballads ecientifie study of the sersorial nomenclature of any Mr. Ebsworth commences the fifth volume of This rapidly progressing series. With it also terminates the second The well-known Italian publishers Bocca Brothers, of group of ballads on the struggle for succession between Turin, Florence, and Rome, announce for commencethe Duke of Monmouth and the Duke of York. The ment with the new year a quarterly review of Italian period covered in the present number extends from the history, under the title of Rivista Storica Italiani. The meeting of the Oxford Parliament, in the March of review, besides dealing critically with Italian history in 1680/1, to the week preceding the discovery of the Rye all its phases, for which, we may add, the materials have House Plot, in June, 1683. The most interesting por. for years past been accumulating through the various tion consists of the ballads on the marriage of Tom Commissioni di Storia Patria, &c., will also notice books Thymne, and on his murder, at the instigation of Count on Italian subjects published beyond the Alps, and give Königsmark, by Capt. Vratz, Lient. Stern, and the Pole a bibliography of works and of articles dealing with the Borolski, who were hanged in Pall Mall, close to the history of Italy. This is a tempting bill of fare for scene of the murder. Bitter lampoons are directed lovers of historical studies, and we hope it will be sucagainst the Duchess of Portsmouth and other royal cessfully carried out. favourites. Through this not too satisfactory epoch in APROPOS to tbe current exhibition in the Grosvenor our annals Mr. Ebsworth progresses, supplying, in the Gallery, Messrs. Remington & Co, will immediately pubshape of preliminary information and illustrative com- lish a second and revised edition of Mr. F. G. Stephens's ment, a complete history of the country from a strongly anecdotic and critical essay on English Children als anti-Monmouth point of view. Few of those who look | Painted by Sir Joshua Reynolds, which has long been at these quick-succeeding volumes can rightly estimate out of print. This volume will range with the annotated the amount of patient labour and active research in

Catalogue of the Grosvenor Exhibition, and comprise a volved in making the requisite references. Few, more.

copious list of pictures of children as engraved after over, calculate how clear a light is cast upon English

Reynolds. history by these fragmentary illustrations. No student

| The Antiqunrian Magazine for January contains, of history should fail to subscribe to the Ballad Society.

inter alia, articles on the recent discovery of a viking's A Genealogical and Ileraldic Dictionary of the Perage

tomb at Taplow and on “Garlands for Christmas." and Baronetage. Together with Memoirs of the Privy MR. ELLIOT Stock announces an edition of Gray's Councillors and Knights. By Sir Bernard Burke, | Elegy, with illustrations taken principally from the C.B., LL.D., Ulster King at Arms. Forty-sixth scenery round Stoke Pogis and with facsimiles of the Edition. (Harrison.)

author's early MS. copies of the poem. So full an account of the forty-fifth edition of this im. portant historical and genealogical work appeared in "N. & Q.," we are spared the necessity of dealing at

Notices ta Correspondents. any length with the present edition. During many con We must call special attention to the following notices: secutive years Burke's Peerage and Baronetage stood, as On all communications must be written the name and regards fulness and accuracy of information, without a address of the gender, not necessarily for publication, but rival. Strenuous efforts have been made of late to as a guarantee of good faith.. undermine its ascendency, but it remains the most | We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. trusted and the most popular dictionary of the titled classes in the United Kingdom. In the fulness of the R. B. (“Republican Calendar').- A reference to the genealogical information supplied a chief claim to con: Handy Book of Rules and Tables for Verifying Dates of sideration in furnished. The procedure of peers, baronets. the late Mr. John James Bond will be found 6th 8. viii. and knights among themselves, military, naval, diplo

1o. 333. matic rank and precedence are supplied, and all orders J. MANUEL ( All rights reserved ).-The words in and decorations, down to the latest, the Royal Red Cross, question, whether used in Great Britaint or the United are given. In the list of those to whom Sir Bernard States, appear to be mere surplusage, and neither confer Burke acknowledges his indebte Iness for maintaining nor declare any rights. All that you have to see to is his work at its present standard of efficiency appears that what you propose doing is fairly done, i.e., in the name of a constant and valued correspondent of moderation. We shall probably bave an article on the “ N. & Q.," Mr. C, H, E. Carmichael.

whole subject shortly, in connexion with recent dis

cussions to which it has given rise, Shakespeariana, Vol. I. No. 1. (New York, Leonard R. H. Busk.-The MS. to which you bid us refer was Scott Publishing Co.; London, Trübner & Co.)

forwarded with the proof which was lost in transmission. OCR enterprising kin beyond sea are, rightly enough, no! HAROLD MALET ("A Mausoleum turned into a Powder doubt, of opinion that the early devotion of “ N. & Q."

| Magazine ").-The date is obviously to be read backto şbakspeare studies helped greatly to lay the foundation of its prosperity. That devotion, which is still

| wards, when it is seen to be 1703. manifest in ús by the well-known names of the contri. C. d. WARD (“Quotation Wanted ").-See 6th S. viii. butors to the ever-fresh subject of “Shakspeariana" | 299. recurring from time to time in our pages, has passed W. G, B. P. ("Hull Portfolio ").-Received too late across the Atlantic. It comes back to us in the hand. | for this week. some shape of the new magazine, which we hail as a ERRATA.-P. 3, col. 1, 1. 13 from bottom, for “ pomaglad omen of increased and increasing appreciation of rum" read pomorum. P. 19, col. 2, 1, 23, for " Cousin " Shakspeare among the cultured classes of our Trans. read Cosin, atlantic kinsfolk. Prose and poetry, things grave and

NOTICE. gay, even strange and unwonted forms of orthography, Editorial Communications sbould be addressed to “The we should say orthografy-combine to form the new Editor of "Notes and Queries'"-- Advertisements and memorial to the Bard of Avon raised in tbe “ Empire | Business Letters to “ The Publisher"-at the Office, 20, City" of the United States. We offer our best wishes to Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. our new cousin, and hope to have frequent intercourse We beg leave to state that we decline to return comwith him on the many topics of interest inseparably con-munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and pected with the name of Shakspeare,

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