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(buried also at Peterborough Cathedral, Feb. 3, In order to avoid such a catastrophe, some in1625/6), daughter of Oliver Warner, of Eversden, genious toper invented the following device. A Cambs., and had issue two sons and three daugh-pocket-handkerchief is passed round the back of ters. William, the eldest, koighted at Whitehall, the neck, and one end is held by a couple of the March 23, 1623/4, married first Frances, daughter fingers of the right hand, whilst the remaining of William Downhall, of Peterborough (she was digits grasp the glass. The other end is then buried in the cathedral, Jan. 13, 1622/3), and had gently pulled by the left hand until the glass and issue seven sons and two daughters. Thomas, the its contents have safely reached the required eldest son of Sir William Dove, born at the palace, altitude. The draught having been imbibed, the Peterborough, Aug. 21, 1606, married first, in empty glass is then lowered to the table. The 1633, Frances, daughter of William Becke,of Castle- | above is a fact, and being altogether so unique acre, Norfolk, Esquire (dead before May 17, 1648). I and curious a proceeding, I consider it merits a He was buried at Castor, April 26, 1654, leaving place in the columns of “ N. & Q.," even although by his first wife six sons and one daughter, Frances, it may have no connexion with the West African who afterwards married Richard Verney, Baron proverb in question. R. STEWART PATTERSON. Willoughby de Broke. JUSTIN SIMPSON. 1 Hale Crescent, Farnbam. Stamford.

BROAD ARROW (6th S. ix. 206, 294). — Mr. I presume that c. has seen the account of this I Clode, in his useful work on The Military Forces family in Gibson's Castor, edited and published

of the Crown (1869), vol. ii. p. 222, speaking of by John Nichols in 1800, and reprinted with

the practice of the Board of Ordnance, says: additions in 1819.

Jos. PHILLIPS. Stamford.

“ The receipt and examination of the supplies rested

with the.........surveyor. It was his duty to make proof PETTY FRANCE : CROOKED USAGE: PIMLICO

of them; if good and serviceable to mark them with the

Crown mark, probably the same as that described in (6th S. ix. 148, 253, 295, 357).—I have little doubt

Rymer and now known as the Broad Arrow.” that usage here stands for user, i. e., “right of

And in the appendix, vol. ii. p. 678, he gives way"; that is, it is equivalent to alley, from the

from Rymer, 18 Foed. 978, a copy of the order of French aller or allem, which is common enough in

Charles I. in 1627 for establishing a crown mark, London and other great towns. The passage is

by which it is appointed that “all muskets and straight from Lower Stewart's Grove to Britton Street. After that it makes an elbow and runs

other arms to be hereafter issued out of His

Majesty's stores, for land service, shall be marked diagonally along the north-west side of Chelsea Workhouse into Arthur Street, King's Road. I

with the mark of C. R., and, for sea service, with

the mark of C. R. and an anchor." The earliest suppose the “right of way" originally included

use which I have yet found of the expression the whole thoroughfare, crooked and straight, as no doubt it does now. In Bacon's Ordnance Map will. III. cap. 41 (1697).

" the broad arrow" is in the statute of 9 & 10

This Act states & it is named “ Crooked Passage," which seems a

difficulty in obtaining convictions for stealing,

: pity, as the quaint old name is worth preserving.

| &c., “His Majesty's stores of war, and naval H. S. G.

stores," when there is no direct proof of the taking, It may be interesting to note that there is a &c., “but only that such goods are marked with hamlet pamed Pimlico in Oxfordshire, near Cottis- the king's mark"; and it goes on to prohibit any ford, and about four miles from the market town person, other than authorized contractors, from of Brackley. Pimlico House, situated here, was making mentioned in connexion with Sir Joba Byron's

"any stores of war or naval stores with the marks affair in 1642.

John R. WODHAMS. usually used to and marked upon His Majesty's......

stores, that is to say (any cordage, &c., with a white The humorous poem, of which MR. H. SCUL

thread laid down the contrary way, &c., or any canvass THORP quotes the first four lines, is given in extenso with a blue streak in the middle), or any other stores in Elegant Extracts in Verse, edit. 1796, p. 773. with the broad arrow by stamp, brand, or otherwise." The title of the poem is “The Choice of a Wife by It is clear from the words of the Act that in 1697 Cheese," and the author is Capt. Thompson. “the broad arrow" had become a recogoized ex

FREDK. RULE. pression, and meant “the king's mark," and I Ashford.

apprehend that, as suggested by Mr. Clode, it is West African PROVERB (6th S. ix. 188, 277).

the mark of an anchor, the crown mark ap-“ Disobedience will drink with his hand tied to

| pointed in the ordinance of 1627.

R. R. DEES. his neck.” In one of our colonies, which shall be

Wallsend. nameless, it is the unfortunate habit of some to driok a great deal more than is good for them. CLERGY ORDAINED FOR THE AMERICAN COLONIES, This, of course, makes the hand shake very much, 1699-1710 (6th S. ix. 221, 352).-As other persons so that there is danger of the liquor being spilled. may fall into the same state of dubiety as DR. HYDE CLARKE through non-observance of the 1579, leaf 22b, Gosson speaks of “The Iew and wording of MR. Mackay's introduction, as well as Ptolome, showne at the Bull, the one representing of the known historical relations between the the greedinesse of worldly chusers, and bloody Church of England and the British colonies in minds of usurers : The other very liuely describing America before the Declaration of Independence, howe seditious estates, with their owne deuises...... I may, perhaps, take occasion to say that the & rebellions commons in their owne snares are clergy in MR. MACRAY's list were certainly and ouerthrowne." The precursor of The Merchant of necessarily Episcopalians. The American planta Venice was then called The Jew. tions were under the jurisdiction of the Bishop

P. ZılLWOOD ROUND. of London, hence the fact of the subscriptions

MILITARY MOURNING (6th S. ix. 388).—There being found in a register-book of that diocese.

are pictures of Wolf, 1759, with a crape armlet. The Scotsmen in the list must either have been

HENRY F. PONSONBY. ordained in Scotland under the last Episcopal establishment there, or in England, or perhaps in Ire

LADY ARABELLA CAURCHILL (6th S. ix. 389).land, subsequently to 1689. It would throw some

Why Lady Arabella ? She was the daughter of light on a difficult period if we could learn in Sir Winston Churchill, and married Col. Godfrey. which country these Scottish or Scoto-Irish clergy

HENRY F. PONSONBY. in America were mainly ordained.

There is a portrait of this lady among the Wal. The “ Scotch-Irish in America ” have, I believe, degrave family pictures, which are now at Dudbeen a recent subject of discussion in the Maga-brook, near Brentwood, in Essex. C. P. F. wine of American History.

By the kindness of a correspondent we are in a posi. O. H. E. CARMICHAEL. tion to procure R. a view of these pictures.] New University Club, S.W. In answer to Dr. HYDE CLARKE's question, I

Hiliscellaneous. would say that there seems no reason to doubt that the Scotchmen ordained and licensed by Bishop

NOTES ON BOOKS, &c. Compton for the colonies were bond fide members | History and Descriplion of Corfe Castle, in the Isle of of the only just disestablished Episcopal Church

Purbeck, Dorset. 'By Thomas Bond, M.A. (Stanford.) of Scotland. It may well be that many who had

CORFE is one of the most interesting castles in England. or cotland. It may well be that many who had | If it cannot compare with Pevensey, which stands beside, before then looked

Iorward to serving in her and may be said to grow out of, the walls of a Roman

forward to serving in her ministry at home thereupon turned their eyes town, nor with the shell keep of Berkeley and the fortiabroad, especially when the Jacobite loyalty of lied hill of Pontefract in historic interest, Corfe has most of her members had brought days of sharp

claims of its own which put it in the very first rank.

Corfe alone of all the castles now remaining can show proscription upon that Church.

within its enclosure fragments which, without violence W. D. MACRAY.

to the understanding, may be held to be of an earlier BARBARA CAIFFINCH (6th S. ix. 328).—There

date than the Norman conquest. This is a point on

which it behoves every one to speak guardedly. King hangs at Middleton Park, Oxfordshire, the seat of

Edward the Martyr was slain at Corie in the year 979, the Earl of Jersey, in the passage leading from the but the account in the Saxon Chronicle gives no reason hall to the private apartments, a portrait of Bar for believing, as some moderns have done, that the bara, first Countess of Jersey. It is by Kneller, murder took place within the castle. We cannot assume, and lettered outside on the canvas, “ Barbara,

indeed, that a castle existed here at the time, though it

is far from improbable that a position with so many 1st C1st of Jersey, d. of Wm. Chiffinch, Closet

natural advantages would be fortified by a stockade from Keeper to K. Car. II." The portrait of her hus- very early times. Three of the manuscripts of the band, Edward, first Earl of Jersey, by the same Chronicle tell us that the martyrdom took place at artist, bangs next to it.

G. L. G.

Corfesgeate or Corfgeate; the fourth does not mention Titsey Place.

the name of the place. The castle does not come into

the clear light of history until the reign of Henry I., SOURCE OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (6th S. ix. when we find it used as the prison of Robert, Duke of

Normandy 387).—MR. BUCKLEY will find “Sed ad magna

We think that Mr. Bond has proved that the site of præmia perveniri non potest nisi per magnos

Corfe Castle was a possession of the Crown when the labores ” in S. Greg. M., In Evangelia Homilice,

Domesday survey was made, although that record cannot lib. ii. hom. xxxvii. § 1. If Mr. Buckley takes be quoted in evidence. A record of the time of Richard an interest in the notes to Hooker, he may see a II. declares it to be an ancient demesne of the Crown. If list of references which have been given to supply

no mistake was made--and we do not see that there is

any reason whatever for imagining that there was any those which are wanting in the Oxford Herald,

we cannot but believe that in very early Norman times Oct. 13, 1883. This is not one of them.

a fortress would be built here, if one was not there ED. MARSHALL already. That the Saxon castles were commonly, if not

universally, mounds fortified with timber fences is now LETTER-BOOK OF GABRIEL HARVEY (6th S. ix.

1x: acknowledged; but Corfe may have been an exception, 399).- The reference wbich MR. SCOTT points out or the stockade, if there were one, may have contained is not quite accurate. In The Schoole of Abuse, buildings of stone and lime inside. There are within

the ruins fragments of very old walls of herring.bone and yearly framed in silver and gold under the Roman work, which have been thought by modern architectural sky. antiquaries to be pre-Norman. Their date is by no means

Parodies of the Works of English and American Authors. certain, but the balance of evidence is in favour of their

| Collected and arranged by Walter Hamilton, F.R.G.S. Suxon origin. Mr. Bond is, on the whole, inclined to

(Reeves & Turner.) think they are the remains of a church. He gives an

Passing from Tennyson to Longfellow, Mr. Hamilton's engraving of a portion, but it will not be much help to

collection of burlesques loses neither its interest nor its those who havo not seen the place, for it has been pur

popularity. Some of the parodies of Excelsior strike us ponely altered so as not to represent the original. We

as better than almost anything in the previous numbers. must describe what Mr. Bond has done or permitted in

It is pleasant to hear that Mr. Hamilton proposes in his own words : “ The original window on the left of the

subsequent numbers to pick up the few Tennysonian engraving is partly ruined, but sufficient of it remains to

parodies that have been omitted. show that it was identical in form and size with the others, which are perfect. The artist, therefore, has transferred one of the latter to this place in the en

Surrey Bells and London Bellfounders is the title of a

tv | work by Mr. J. C. L. Stahlschmidt which will shortly graving." Mr. Bond has acted with praiseworthy honesty work

To ng what has been done, but we are surprised see the light. The work will be limited to 350 copies, that he is not aware that a made-up engraving of this

and will be copiously illustrated. Mr. Stock is the kind is absolutely worthless, and a blot on an otherwise | publisher. useful book.

TAE Antiquarian Magazine for June will contain, Mr. Bond has given a series of extracts from the fabric among other articles, the continuation of a paper by our rolls, which begin in the reign of Henry III. Some of valued contributor Mr. C. A. Ward on “The Forecastings the entries are very interesting. It is much to be desired of Nostradamus." that they should be printed entire. We have the extracts READERS of Dickens may be interested to hear of the bere in a translated form, but the Latin words are given death of Charles Langheimer, on whom Dickens, in his when they are curious. Some of them are amusing American Notes, has conferred immortality by menenough. They would fill with horror any of those old. tioning him as an instance of the terrible effects of solifashioned people who thought all Latin barbarous which tary confinement. Langheimer was seventy-seven years did not come up to the classic standard. We bave, for of age, and was an "unmitigated hypocrite and rascal." instance, such forms as “gistaverunt et planchiaverunt," Twenty-five years of his life were spent in the Eastern used in describing the work of two carpenters who had Penitentiary, in Philadelphia, and twenty-five years been employed to fix joists and lay a wooden floor upon more, it is calculated, in other prisons. He came back them. An ancient customal of the manor of Corfe is to the penitentiary, and applied for permission, which given. Unfortunately, it has no date. Mr. Bond says was granted, to die in what he regarded as his home, that it is in a hand of the sixteenth century. One of the Dickens, it is known, has described the manner in which customs runs thus: “No ilander ought to marye-his he had painted bis cell with the colours of the yarn with daughter oute of the iland without the licence of the which he worked. He was generally known as “ Dickens's lord, constable, or other officer." We are not informed | Dutchman.” For these particulars we are indebted to what course was taken if the lord or his representative our occasional and esteemed correspondent Dr. Horace refused his consent. If the court rolls are preserved | Howard Furness, editor of the American Variorum from an early period, it would be an interesting subject Shakespeare, for inquiry. We believe the ruins of Corse Castle are well cared for

Notices to Correspondents. and much prized by their present owner. Mr. Bond, however, tells us that the luxuriant growth of ivy is in We must call special attention to the following nolices: many places doing serious injury to the masonry.

On all communications must be written the name and

address of the sonder, not necessarily for publication, but Five Great Painters. By Lady Eastlake. 2 vols. (Long. as a guarantee of good faith. mans & Co.)

We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. A SUBJECT old yet ever new, and ever attractive in sym | To secure insertion of communications correspondents pathetic bands, is that of Lady Eastlake's interesting must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, volumes. Reprinted from the Edinburgh and Quarterly, I or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the their main features have already been appreciated by

been appreciated by signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to many of our readers in the reviews in which the essays

appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested originally appeared. But there are yet many to whom

to head the second communication "Duplicate." they will come with all the freshness of a new book, and to all who love Italy and art a fresh treat may be pro

| A. H.-We do not undertako or attempt to answer mised in these studies of great men

legal questions. The Italy of Leonardo, of Michael Angelo, of Titian, L. B. HOLROYDE (" _ Peerage").-Inquiries of this and of Raphael, was a fit cradle for such a group of class are outside the scope of “ N. & Q." leaders of art as perhaps no other country or time has J. D. B. (“Though lost to sight." &c.).-The poem produced in modern Europe. They were many-sided L is quoted in full, and all known particulars concerning men, as befitted leaders of art. Poets were they, in the lit

it are supplied in “ N. & Q.,” 5th $. x. 417. old creative sense of the word, as some were in the later sense of makers of musical verse. Makers of marvellous

- NOTICE. creations in the realms of painting and of sculpture, they Editorial Communications should be addressed to “The also left us domes as renowned in Western architecture Editor of Notes and Queries'"-Advertisements and as the typical dome of St. Sophia is renowned in Eastern Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office, 20, architecture. We bave gone with Lady Eastlake to visit Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, and to lay our wreath We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. on Titian's tomb. We will leave ber with an abiding munications which, for any reason, we do not prips; and memory of a dome seen afar on the Roman Campagna, to this rule we can make no exception.



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