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rules, connected with a gold stick, each end of Shakspeare, who, by printing it in italics, seems to use which was held by a member. We had a special it with timidity; but in nothing is the old English proroom assigned to us in the Freemasons' Tavern,

verb, store is no sore, better verified than in words,

Poetry will find employment for a thousand words not and met there regularly in the evening about once

used in prose, and a nice discernment will scarcely find & fortnight, finishing at night over a bowl of any words entirely useless that are not quite obsolete," specially prepared port-wine negus, and sometimes | The word also has a place in Webster with two punch.

sets of definitions. Illiterateness and illiterature The regalia, consisting of a buck's head with occur in various dictionaries. The latter form bas, antlers, and various paraphernalia richly gilt, were it seems to me, a particularly harsh and grating entrusted to the custody of Mr. Cuff, then master sound.

JAMÈS HOOPER. of the tavern ; but I believe they were mostly, if 7, Streatham Place, Brixton Hill, S.W. not all, burnt at a fire which happened there many years ago. One of Mr. Cuff's sons was a member,

This word is not new, for it is given in an as was also his son-in-law. Mr. Sherriff. and both edition of Chambers's Etymol. Dict. published may possibly be still living, and if so, they would seventeen her would seventeen years ago.

P. J. MULLIN. be able to give a more circumstantial account of l Bonnington Road, Leith, N.B. the order than I have done. I have written the In connexion with this word, may I ask when above currente calamo, in the garrulous spirit of the name of literates was first used of a certain an aged valetudinarian, and leave you to deal class of the clergy? In the Quarterly Review for with it exactly as you please.

March, 1825, p. 514, a speech is quoted, made in

HENRY G. Bohn. I the House of Lords, June 10, 1824, by the Bishop North End House, Twickenham.

of Limerick, wbo said, “We have no literates, none

of that class who in this country prepare themBIRTHPLACE OF MATTHEW PRIOR (6th S. ix.

selves by private study, at a trifling cost, for the 209, 278).-It is quite a modern brass that bears profession of the Church." The reviewer considers the following inscription in Wimborne Minster : it necessary to add a foot-note that literates are To Matthew Prior, Poet and Scholar,

“candidates for holy orders who have not been Born at Eastbrook in this Town

educated at the University."
Anno 1664, died September 18th, 1721,

In the fifty-seventh year of his age.
Weld Taylor, Esq., has placed this brass

To his Memory.

[G. F. R. B. also calls attention to the quotation from Perennis et Fragrans.

Pope supplied by Mr. RANDALL.] There is no record, however, of Matthew Prior's


E. birth in the baptismal registers of Wimborne, as 353)

353).—The Low Latin forms of this have nothing

The Low Latin forms of they are most imperfect about that period. But

to do with its derivation, seeing that in both Galen there is very circumstantial tradition towards

and Celsus it is found written epvoinedas; and establishing Wimborne as his native place, and

I take it that no one who has examined the words the different houses which his father occupied are derived from

ther occupied are derived from or compounded of epvw and epv@pos known to exist. I am leaving home for a few

would say that the word erysipelas can mean“ red days, but on my return I will endeavour to send

skin." I find medical writers are with me, among a little further information on the subject.

others Quain, Cooper, Copland, Erichsen, DungliMARY F. BILLINGTON.

son, and MM. Littré and Robin. Dunglison says, Chalbury Rectory, Wimborne.

“ Erysipelas is a disease so called because it generILLITERACY (6th S. ix. 407).-MR. WALFORD

ally extends gradually to the neighbouring parts”; may find illiteracy in Goodrich and Porter's

and Cooper, who derives it “from épvelv, to draw, Webster, in Hyde Clarke's Comprehensive Dic

and vicinum," adds, “ because of its tendency to tionary (second edition, 1861), in Nuttall, and in

drawing neighbouring parts into the same state,


In the last-menAnnandale's Ogilvie (vol. ii.).

other words, because of its tendency to tioned work two meanings are given: “1. The state

spread.” The derivation from epv@pos may have of being illiterate; want of a knowledge of letters;

been suggested by some of the ancient names of the ignorance. 2. An instance of ignorance ; a literary

malady, viz., icteritia rubra, rosea, rubea icteritia, error. 'The many blunders and illiteracies of the

and the Scottish popular name rose. Donnegan's first publishers of his (Shakspere's) works' (Pope)."

Lexicon gives media, medans (not medas), for

hide. The Greeks would have probably used John RANDALL

| δερμα. I wrote from Athens to correct the popular This word is not the new.comer MR. WALFORD error. I had not then looked out the word in thinks it to be. In Walker's Dictionary of 1842 Prof. Skeat's Dictionary. R. S. CHARNOCK. it is given with the following note :

"I have adopted this word from the learned and “BLIJDSCHAP DOET HET LEUEN VERLANGHEN” ingenious Dr. Farmer, in his essay on the learning of (6th S. ix. 389).—This is an old Dutch proverb, intelligible enough (“ Mirth prolongs life") when

“The old wives get merry, written rightly, as I have here given it. Mr.

With spic'd ale or sherry, ROUND seems to have mistaken the double i in

On Easter, which makes them romance;

And while in a rout the first word for u; and the printer of the first

Their brains whirl about, edition of Fryer Bacon has not only destroyed the

They fancy we caper and dance." last word by making two of it, but made nonsense

Geo. H. BRIERLEY. of the whole by putting a comma after “doet." “Doet verlanghen” (or, according to the more

The learning upon this subject may be found in modern fashion in spelling, verlengen) corresponds | Brand's Popular Antiquities (Bohn's ed. i. 162). to the French "fait prolonger.”


Hastings. If Mr. Round looks again at the title-page he For instances of the existence of this old superwill find that he has copied the Dutch motto in- stition in Devonshire and the south-east of Ireland correctly. The first vowel is not u, but double i see “N. & Q.," 3rd S. v. 394, 448. (written ij). “Blijdschap doet het leven verlangen"

G. F. R. B. means “Oheerfulness lengthens life."

A VETERAN ORGANIST (6th S. ix. 385).-In

J. Dixon. the church of All Saints, Hertford, there is the The phrase ought to be “Blijdschap doet het following epitaph, which may interest Me. leven verlangen,"and means “ Enjoyment lengthens KETTON; life." It is an old Dutch proverb.


Charles Bridgeman 164, Brixton Road, S.W.


Eighty-one years The interpretation of these Dutch words is


of the Church, “Mirth prolongs life" (Blithe-ship doeth life pro

Who died on the 3rd day of long).

A. R.

August, 1873,

In the 95th yr of his age. Sun DANCING AT EASTER (6th S. ix. 390).

He was appointed organist I copy the following from Hone's Every-Day Book,

At the early ago of thirteen years, vol. i., to which it was communicated by Mr.

And being a talented Musician,

Gratuitously effected, T. A :

During a long life, "The day before Easter Day is in some parts called

Much improvement in Holy Saturday.' On the evening of this day in the

The Musical taste of the Town, middle districts of Ireland great preparations are made

His amiable disposition for the finishing of Lent. Many a fat hen and dainty

Endearing him to many piece of bacon is put in the pot by the cotter's wife

Friends, who have about eight or nine o'clock, and woe to the person who

Erected a monument should taste it before the cock crows. At twelve is

In the Churchyard in addition heard the clapping of hands, and the joyous laugh,

To this Tablet,” mixed with 'Sbidth or mogh or corries,' i. e., out with Lent; all is merriment for a few hours, when they re

It is to be hoped that the congregation attending tire, and rise about four o'clock to see the sun dance in this church may for many years enjoy the musical honour of the resurrection. This ignorant custom is not talent of the present organist. M.A.Oxon. confined to the humble labourer and big family, but is scrupulously observed by many highly respectable and

FRANCE (6th S. ix. 330). — The first wife of wealthy families, different members of whom I have heard assert positively that they had seen the sun dance

Hugues Capet is variously described as daughter on Easter Morning."

of Lothaire, King of Italy (Mézeray); of Otho I.,

CELER ET AUDAX. Emperor of Germany (Anderson's Royal GeneaOn the morning of Easter Day it was formerly

| logies); of a Count of Poitou (Dreux du Radier's

| Reines et Régentes de France, Moreri's Hist. a custom for the people to rise early and walk into

Dict.); and of some unknown Italian noble (Hel. the fields to see the sun dance, a superstition then

gaud, Dreux du Radier, Moreri). His second wife firmly believed in, and which, by looking at it

was Blanche, also called Blandine and Alice, steadfastly for some time, it might be fancied to do. In the British Apollo, 1708, a song thus in

daughter of Guillaume, Duke of Aquitaine, and

widow of Louis V., the last king of the previous terrogates Phæbus on the subject:

dynasty. There can be little doubt that Adelaide “Old wives. Phoebus, say

was not the daughter of any Count of Poitou or That on Easter-day, To the music o'th'spheres you do caper;

Duke of Aquitaine, and that those who .80 style If the fact, sir, be true,

her confuse her with Blanche. There is no doubt Pray let the cause know

that Adelaide, not Blanche, was the mother of When you ’ve any room in your paper."

King Robert, as the latest date given for his birth tbis his godship replies:

is 973, and Adelaide did not die before 998, Since Lothaire, King of Italy, was dead in 930, which claim the honour of having secreted she is not likely to have been his daughter. She Charles II. after the battle of Worcester ? Since was, in all probability, a daughter of Otho I., my communication on this subject (Sept. 27) I have Emperor of Germany, whose wife Adelaide was come across the following in Cussans's History of daughter of Rodolpho, King of Burgundy, and Hertfordshire: _“On the southern side of the Bertha, widow of King Lothaire.

house (which side has been allowed to fall into a

HERMENTRUDE. dilapidated state) is a small room in which, ac“KNIGHT OF TOGGENBORG" (6th S. ix. 407). —

cording to local tradition, King Charles II. lay concealed for some days."

ALLAN FEA. I think that the “H. T.” mentioned by MR.

Bank of England. CARMICHAEL represents the Rev. Henry Thonipson, of St. John's, Cambridge, and late Vicar of GEORGE BOLEYN, DEAN OF LICHFIELD (6th S. Chard, a well-known literary man and theological ix. 406).-From a short pedigree I made from writer. He edited Original Ballads by Living Blomefield's Norfolk, it shows that the father of Writers in 1850, and contributed to German Queen Anne Boleyn, Sir Thomas, had five brothers: Ballads in 1845.

William, Archdeacon of Winchester ; Sir James, EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. Lord Mayor of London (who died s.p.); Sir EdThe Library, Claremont, Hastings.

ward ; John; and Anthony. No further particulars

are given of these brothers, except that Sir Edward LONDON PAVED WITH GOLD (6th S. v. 429 ; vi.

| married Anne, the daughter and coheiress of Sir 153, 299, 496 ; ix. 358, 398). -My earliest recol

John Tempest, but does not appear to have left lection of this saying goes back to my nursery

any children. days, full seventy years since ; but the rhymed

The sudden aggrandizement of the family in the form as I know it differs somewhat from any given line of Sir Thomas may have thrown the rest of by your correspondents. It runs thus :

the family more or less into the shade, where they “Oh, London is a fine town, a very famous city, may have been very willing to remain after the Where all the streets are paved with gold, and all the equally sudden downfall of Queen Anne and all maidens pretty."

ber friends. So may it not be possible that George I remember, too, having read about the same time, Boleyn, the Dean of Lichfield, may have been in the renowned History of Sir Richard Whit-l descended from William the archdeacon, from tington, thrice Lord Mayor of London, how the John, or from Anthony ? Any of these descents report which had reached the friendless orphan in

would make him equally the kinsman of Lord the country village where he lived, that the streets

Hunsdon and of Queen Elizabeth, as were also the in the great city of London were paved with gold, Cleres of Ormesby, the Calthorpes, and the Shelinduced him to set off to try his fortune there. I tons by their mothers, the three sisters of Sir do not know when the story of Whittington first Thomas. I only throw this out as a suggestion, appeared in print ; but it would be interesting if for I have not Blomefield's Norfolk by me, or any it could be ascertained whether in the earliest book on that county, and only drew up the short editions of it there is any reference to the saying, Boleyn pedigree to assist me with regard to that of which is clearly the leading idea in the stanza the Clere family.

Strix. quoted from Henry Carey's ballad, and is probably much older than 1734.

P.S.-Since writing the above, I by chance found E. MoO

in “ N. & Q.” (5th S. i. 45) a curious addition to Sir Nathaniel WRAXALL (6th S. ix. 387).- the Boleyn pedigree :The epigram, as I heard it some sixty years ago,

George Bulleyn, son of George Bulleyn, was thus :

Viscount Rochford.
“Mistaking, misstating,

George Bulleyn.
Misquoting, misdating
Men, cbaracters, places, and facts all,

Thomas Bulleyn.
Here lies Sir Nathaniel Wraxall."

J. Carrick Moore. Elizabeth and Mary, found buried at Clonoony I have heard the lines thus, but I do not know

Castle, King's County. their origin:

THE SOLEMN LEAGUE AND Covenant (6th S. “Men, measures, motions, names, and facts all ix. 370, 396, 414).-In a memorandum with which Misquoring, misstating,

Mr. Gorges Gwynne, the rector of Eastwell, Kent,
Misplacing, misdating,
Here lies Sir Nathaniel Wraxall.'

was good enough to supply me at the time of the C. F. S. W.

correspondence in “ N. & Q." about “ The Last of

the Plantagenets," he writes: “Our ancient register CHARLES II.'s HIDING-PLACES (6th S. iv. 207, likewise contains the Solemn League and Covenant, 498, 522 ; vii. 118; viii. 227, 329).—May I add 1642-3, with the original signatures of the parish. The Bury, Rickmansworth, to the list of old houses ioners."


SOURCE OF NURSERY RHYME (6th S. ix. 248, GERMAN HISTORICAL BALLADS (6th S. ix. 428). 292, 373).- This was a nursery rhyme fifty years - The book about which your correspondent ago. Those who quote the last line as hot porridge, inquires was published at Leipzig under the of whatever kind, I humbly submit, lose the fun patronage of the King (Maximilian L.) of Bavaria. of it. The version current in my nursery ran The title is “Die Historischen Volkslieder der thus:

Deutschen vom 13 bis 16 Jahrhundert, gesammelt “The man in the moon came down too soon | und erläutert von R. von Liliencron," 4 vols. 8vo. To ask the way to Norwich ;


The man in the south he burnt his mouth
With eating cold plum-porridge."

Louis XVII. (6th S. ix. 368).—The work which If plum-porridge be the true term, the date must | MR. E. R. VYVYAN remembers was doubtless be relegated to a day when the modern cloth had | Louis XVII.: sa Vie, son Agonie, sa Mort, par not converted that ancient dainty into plum- A. de Beauchesne, which was translated from the pudding

HERMENTRUDE. French and published by Clarke in 1853. The To East Anglian ears the first line as given by

two volumes were copiously illustrated with views, Ritson is simply intolerable. The reading given

I plans, facsimiles, &c., and formed almost a canon. on p. 248 (“came down at noon ") is less offensive,

|ization of the unhappy little Capet. ESTE. inasmuch as noon rhymes with moon, which is

Fillongley. more than can be said for down in our part of the

ANDREW MARVELL AND VALENTINE GREATcountry, although it might pass well enough further

RAKS (6th S. ix. 61). — The once fashionable north. But I believe that both are wrong, and

quack doctor Mr. St. John Long, who undertook that the true reading is—

to cure diseases by subjecting his patients to “The man in the moon came down too soon."

friction or scrubbing, and who at last came to As to the last line, authorities differ, some having grief in a case that proved fatal, and led to an pease-porridge and others plum-porridge. I am inquest and a verdict that put a stoppage to not sure which is right, but rather incline to the his professional practice, no doubt had read latter.

FR. N. of, and had been tempted to imitate, Valentine

Greatrakes, an operator who lived two hundred PICTURES IN BERLIN WOOL (6th S. ix. 328, l years before him. The following account of this 376).—Italy has a kindred and somewhat superior

person is extracted from the Newes, July 13 and art-reproducing line engravings with black silk July 27, 1665:stitches on a white silk ground. There are good

" Dublin, July 5, 1665.-For this month last past bere specimens of it at the Bologna and other public has been great talk of Mr. Valentine Greatrakes, and of galleries, and it is still successfully taught in girls' strange cures he has done, only with touching or stroak. schools. I do not remember meeting it, however, ing; whereof we have received divers letters from Cork, out of Italy.


and of the multitudes that flock about him. He is by

some that know him well, reported for a very civil, The LADY ARABELLA CHURCHILL (6th S. ix.

frank, and well humoured man, conformable to the

discipline of the Church; born in Munster; a gentleman 389, 419).-There is a portrait of this lady, by Sirof English extraction; sometime a lieutenant in Colonel Peter Lely, in the possession of Earl Spencer. It Farr's regiment; master of a competent estate, and he was exhibited by him in the first loan collection takes neither money nor present for his cures. What of national portraits in 1866. and was numbered moved him to this course is not known, but spoken of 1018. In the loan collection of the following year the

| variously. Till of late he kept at his own house ; but

| that being too small for his company, he is now come to the Duke of Marlborough exhibited a portrait of Youghall. We have now received a letter dated the James Fitzjames, Duke of Berwick. It was painted first instant, at Clonmel, from a very intelligent and by Nicholas Cassana, and was numbered 21 in the sober person, a councellor at law, returning homeward catalogue.

G. F. R. B.

after the last term, to the purpose following :- My

curiosity would not permit me to refrain beholding Mr. For references to portraits of Miss Churchill Greatrakes, curing of all diseases in the town, where (not " The Lady," as she was a knight's daughter

he occasionally was, and especially being of my acquaint

ance. In short, the multitudes that follow, and the and a plain colonel's wife) and of her son the Duke

press of people are only for those to believe that see it, of Berwick see Granger's Biographical History of Two or three ships well freighted out of England with England and Evans's Catalogue of Portraits. all diseases, are most returned well home. He is forced

NORMAN CHEVERS. to leave his own house, and lives at Youghall, through

necessity of the throng after him. He admires himself Motto WANTED (6th S. ix. 207, 236, 256).- this strange gift of healing. It's incredible to tell how " Reverence the cheese-like brain that feeds you many he said he cured, and can be proved, and only by with all these jolly maggots” (Rabelais) is perhaps

touching or gently rubbing. I saw a plowman of Mr. scarcely as elegant or classical a quotation as Mr.!

John Mandevilles, in this county, so afflicted with the

j sciatica, that he was for six miles brought hither in a King desires, but it is equally appropriate to his carr, I saw him come very much labouring and limping subject and flattering to himself. H, GIBSON. into the chamber. He chafed his thigh, and asked,

“Where is the pain now?” He said, " In the leg.” He have done this is capable of great exaggeration. We chafed there, and asked, “Where now?" The fellow believe that at least one-half the words which Dr. Mackay cried, “Oh, in the top of my buttock !” There he chafed has commented upon have come to us through a Teutonic also, and asked, " Where now?" Then he said, in his channel, though we would not be understood to affirm foot. And he chafed it there to his great toe, where it that sisters to them are not to be found in the went away. The fellow in my hearing confessed himself Keltic tongues. The author says that as ale means well, and I saw him leap and dance, and go away well. drink, it "does not follow that in the church-ales or 'Tis 80 strange to me, I know now not what to say to it, bride-ales......much or any ale was consumed, but only and his cure is altogether by touch; the French pox and that some kind of drink was provided for the guests." dry inward ptisicks not excepted. The story is every How this may be as to bride ales we will not affirm; but day confirmed by more witnesses, and fresh instances. that ale was consumed plentifully at church-ales wo Several that have been with him make report of the have positive proof from existing churchwardens' acadvantage they have received, and of the multitudes counts. Dr. Mackay is hard upon dictionary makers. that flock to bim both out of curiosity and for relief. We confess to having a fellow feeling with him in this In a letter received from a lady, known to be a prudent respect; but he should bear in mind that all are not and very excellent person, she avers herself to have been equally guilty; and, to speak of the dead only, there are an eye-witness in her own house of above three score some to whom we owe a debt of gratitude. It cannot cured by him in one night, of deafness. blindness. I be too often enforced upon word-derivers tbat because cancers, sciatica, palsies, impostumes, fistulas, and the something of like sound to an English word may be like, who went away by the blessing of God well re-found, either in English or some foreign language, it by covered."

no means follows that the two things have any conTwo works, one entitled Valentine Greatrak's

nexion. For example, mendicant might be a jocose

word, formed from "mend I can't.” Any one who knows' Account of Strange Cures by Stroaking with the

WHO WE even a little Latin will be quite sure that this derivation Hand, and the other entitled Wonders no is preposterous, and yet there are hundreds of equally Miracles; or, Mr. Greatrak's Gift of Stroaking foolish derivations that have passed curront and been Examined, were published in London in 1660. / received into works of authority. I have noted a ludicrous blunder made by the The Pool

The Book of Psalms. Translated by the Rev. T. K. editors of John Ray's works. In Ray's Memorials,

Cheyne, M.A. (Kegan Paul, Trench & Co.) published by the Ray Society, he mentions (at THOUGH designed apparently for a class of readers p. 17) reading "the business about Great Rakes," different from those to which the series as a whole between the years 1663 and 1667. On this his directly appeals, this latest volume of the “ Parchment annotator, George Scott, tells us, “ These great rakes

| Library" of Messrs. Kegan Paul & Co. is likely to be are now (1740] come into general use among the

one of the most popular. It presents for the first time a

version of the Psalms at once poetical and critical. A farmers, and are called drag rakes.” Dr. Edwin thorough Hebrew scholar, Mr. Cheyne supplies & text Lankester, who edited the volume for the society, which may be accepted as authoritative. He furnishes, not being better fitted for the task, did not know also, disquisitions equally erudite and popular upon thó what the reference was to, and therefore allowed

development of psalmody from the Accadian form; upon

the authorship of the Psalms, a very small number of the mistake to pass uncorrected. Unfortunately

which can be attributed to David; upon the chronology the society's Memorials of Ray contain several |

of the Psalter; and upon other kindred subjects, Exeditorial errors.

JAMES H. FENNELL | planations, singularly lucid and acceptable, are supplied 7, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street.

at the end of the volume, and some few conjectural

emendations of tbe Hebrew text are attempted. The CRÉTIN (6th S. ix. 269). I would direct M.'s task set before themselves by the producers of the attention to the article “Chrétien” in the supple

volume- to enable the “ lovers of literature to read the ment to Littré, p. 361, where he will find that in

Psalter intelligently and with pleasure "-bas been fully

accomplished, and the attractive little volume will enjoy the south-west of France lepers or pariahs are still a wide circulation. More, even, may be said. Embody. called chrétiens, as formerly they were called | ing as it does the latest results of scholarship, it is chrestiens; or he may consult Folk-Etymology, I likely to prepare the way for a treatment of the lyrical p. 470. A. SMYTHE PALMER.

portion of the Bible different from anything that has Woodford, Essex.

yet been attempted.
Hints on Catalogue Titles and on Index Entries, with a

Rough Vocabulary of Terms and Abbreviations, &c.

By Charles F. Blackburn. (Sampson Low & Co.)

To a certain extent a trade trentice, intended to assist NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

the professional cataloguer, Mr. Blackburn's volume is New Light on some Obscure Words and Phrases in the likely to commend itself to all lovers of books. There

Works of Shakspeare and his Contemporaries. By are few of these who have not dreamed of some time of Charles Mackay, LL.D. (Reeves & Turner.)

leisure, when the contents of their shelves shall be cataWe do not tbink that Dr. Mackay's pampblet will be logued, and the task of hunting out a volume not in much help either to Sbakspeare students or philologists. daily use sball be robbed of some of its difficulties. A His statements are not very clear ; but, if we read him perusal of Hints on Catalogue Tilles will probably in: a right, he holds that a much greater part of the present duce them to abandon the idea of performing the task English tongue is of Keltic origin than has been conceded themselves, and lead them to seek duly qualified assist. by previous investigators. No one denies that the Keltic ance. In this world there are few things a man can do tongues have influenced not only our local nomenclature, well by the mere use of common sense and with no prebut also our language; but the amount to which they liminary training. There is, in fact, nothing that it is

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