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LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 14, 1884.;

logie is in vol. ii. (ed. 1877), pp. 875-7. In the

appendix, not as yet translated by Mr. StallyCONTENT8.- No 233.

brass (does he intend to translate it ?), this note is NOTES:-Salt in Magical Rites, 461-Bibliography of Chancer, added: 462-From R. Greene to R. G. White, 403-Contradictions

"Ein Salzwerk ist eine geheiligte, unter dem Schutz in History-Judicial Costume, 464-Spurious Editions of Poems-Interval from Father's to Son's Marriage, 465

- des Völkerrechts stehende Gabe Gottes. Rommel, 8, 722. Old Proverbs – Coleridge's “Remorse" - Smuggling and Auf Tische und Altäre legt man Salz: sacras facite menWitchcraft - Knowing Fine, 466 - Romany Language for sas salinorum appositu. Arnobius, 2, 67. Salinum est Coin, 467.

patella, in qua diis primitiæ cum sale offerebantur. Die

Aegypter dagegen hassen das Salz und das Meer, den QUERIES:Edward II.'s "Ordinances"--Literary Fame

Priestern war Salz auf den Tisch zu setzen untersagt. Hole Silver: Wake Silver - Fontenelle, 467-JocoseriaRegpal Years-Thorpe - Cosaque - Reference to Hymn

Plut. de Isid. 32," &c.-D. M., vol, iii., Nachträge und “King's Head” Tavern-Contents of Oak Tree - Earl Fitz Anhang, p. 307. william': Portrait - Academic Heraldry - Bishops' New

We can go far back in tracing the holiness of Testament, 468New Verbs - Paraphrase of Obadiah Particle "do"Beni: Hifác: Calpe-1. Visitation of Somer salt. The cow Audhumla nourished with her milk setshire"-Scutage Rolls, 469- Violation of Henry VIII.'S

Ymir, the first of the giants. She licked the salt Tomb-Prester John's Arms-Isaac Todhunter-Authors Wanted, 470.

mountain of ice and the hero Buri came forth

(Gubernatis, Zoological Mythology, 1872, vol. i. REPLIES:-"Russet-pated choughs,” 470-True date of Birth

p. 224). Simrock, writing of this tale of the of Christ-Etymology of Sulphur-Prince Leopold's Death, 471-Fea Family, 472-N. Scarlett-Hartley Coleridge, 473 giants, says : “Der Urreise ist aus dem Nieder-Tar, 474-Mrs. Godolpbin-"L. E. L."-"Vesica piscis" | schlag der unweltlichen Gewässer entstanden ; -I. Cruikshank-W. Hodgson, M.D., 475_"Ignorance," &c. - Portrait of Nostradamus - Death of Queen Henrietta

die Götter aus den Salzsteinen geleckt, und das Maria-Solemn League and Covenant-Transmogrify, 476 Salz bedeutet das geistige Princip," &c. (Handbuch Rhyming Letter of Cowper-Melancholy--Cerberus, 477

der Deutschen Mythologie, 1878, p. 404). Nork “Sauce for goose,' &c.-Inverted Chevron-Some Obsolete Words, 478-York Canopries - Authors Wanted, 479. says: “Salz ist die treibende und schaffende kraft

der unorganischen Welt, darum leckte die Kuh die NOTES ON BOOKS:-Ingram's "Tales and Poems of Poe" -Younghusband's Witt's "The Trojan War"-"Booke of

salzigen bereisten Steine," &c. (Mythologie der Fishing with Hooke and Line."

Volkssagen und Volksmärchen, 1848, pp. 261-2). Notices to Correspondents, &c.

In a note (p. 261) Nork says:

" Bekannt sind bei den Germanen die heiligen Salz. bache, um deren Besitz blutige Kriege entstanden. Da die Heiligkeit derselben aus heidnischen Begriffen her.

vorging, so suchten die christlichen Bekehrer sie dadurch Notes.

in Misscredit zu bringen, dass sie die Hexen Salz kochen

liessen. Die Germanen glaubten, eine Gegend, wo salzSALT IN MAGICAL RITES.

haltiges Wasser ist, liege dem Himmel nahe, und die

Gebete des Menschen werden von den Göttern nirgends Miss Busk's foot-note (“ N. & Q.," ante, besser vernommen." p. 263) to her tale of the witch of Canemorto who

I have not quoted the whole note. persuaded her husband to attend the Noce di

I need not cite instances of the use of salt as a Benevento, where his pleasure was marred by the

sacred thing in Britain. When a child first leaves absence of salt (which was, however, procured), re

its mother's house, it is in Leicestershire, Lancaminds me of Grimm's note on the popular super

shire, and other counties presented with salt, stitions relative to salt. Salt-springs we know,

among other things (Dyer, English Folk-lore, from Tacitus and others, were highly valued by

p. 176). The custom is common. But salt is the early Teutonic tribes:

not only used as a lucky thing, it is also em“Suppose now that the preparation of salt was ployed in uncanny rites. Traces of this use we managed by women, by priestesses, that the salt-kettle, perhaps see in all cases where salt is burnt. For salt-pan, was under their care and supervision, there example, in the galt spell." as it is called, a pinch would be a connexion established between salt-boiling and the later vulgar opinion about witchcraft : the of salt must be thrown into the fire on three sucwitches gather, say on certain high days, in the holy cessive Friday nights while these lines are rowood, on the mountain, where the salt-springs bubble, peated :carrying with them cooking vessels, ladles, and forks,

" It is not this salt I wish to burn, and at night their salt-pan is aglow......As Cbristians

It is my lover's heart to turn, equally recognized salt as a good and needful thing, it

That he may neither rest nor happy be is conceivable how they might now, inverting the matter,

Until he comes and speaks to me." deny the use of wholesome salt at witches' meetings, and

Henderson, Folk-lore of the Northern come to look upon it as a safeguard against every kind of

Counties, p. 176. sorcery. For it is precisely salt that is lacking in the witches' kitchen and at devila' feasts, the Church having

The charm cited belongs, Mr. Henderson says, to now taken upon herself the hallowing and dedication the South. Another version is given by Dyer, of salt.” — Stallybrass's Teutonic Mythology, vol. iii. | English Folk-lore, p. 275. “When children pp. 1047, 1049.

shaled their teeth,” says Aubrey, “the women The original passage in Grimm's Deutsche Mytho- use to wrap, or put salt about the tooth and so

throw it into a good fire";* and be immediately plete edition of Chaucer's works after Urry's of afterwards refers to a German custom of bidding the 1721. I have not seen a copy of this work, but I child who had lost its tooth go into a dark corner presume it is the first impression of with it and say, "Mouse ! here I give thee a tooth | Jobn Bell's edition of 1782, in 14 vols. 18mo.of bone, But give thou me an Iron-on," a custom A copy is in the British Museum Library. The which seems very suggestive of remembrance of “ Canterbury Tales” are from the text of Tyrdomestic sacrifice (Aubrey, Remains of Gentilisme whitt, 1775; the miscellaneous poems are from and Judaisme, ed. 1881, p. 11). If you do not Urry's edition. Contents : a life of Chaucer ; throw salt into the fire before you begin to churn Tyrwhitt's preface to the “ Tales," and an appendix the butter will not come, say people in North containing some account of the early editions Lincolnshire (“N. & Q." 18€ S. viii. 382 ; Choice of Chaucer ; an essay on the poet's language and Notes, Folk-lore, p. 51). It is unlucky that milk versification ; introduction to the "Tales "; list of should boil over the edge of the pot and run into MSS. consulted by Tyrwhitt; extracts from the fire, it diminishes the quantity of milk given Thomas's preface to Urry ; the usual introductory by the cow; salt should immediately be thrown poems "To the Kinges Grace," &c.; the “Canterinto the fire (Gregor, Folk-lore of the North-Eastbury Tales," and other poems, as in the earlier of Scotland, p. 193). After the victim of the evil editions. These are not critically edited, and the eye had been bathed with salt and water and had poems now regarded as spurious, dubious, and tasted the mixture, it was thrown“ into the hinder genuine are mingled together; there are many espart of the fire," the "skilly" neighbour who gravings by Stothard. For Tyrwhitt's estimate superintended the operations saying at the game of Beli's edition see Gentleman's Magazine, lij. time, “Guid preserve frae a skaith" (Napier, 461, Folk-lore of the West of Scotland, 1879, pp. 36-7). | Anderson's “British Poets," 1793, 810. — The Probably as the repetition backwards of the Lord's first volume contains Chaucer. The “Canterbury Prayer was said to raise the devil, so the un- Tales" are from Tyrwhitt, with certain questionnecessary destruction of the life-necessary salt was able poems, e.g., the “ Plowman's Tale," added ; equivalent to a propitiation of the powers of evil, the minor poems (indiscriminately inserted) are Christian or pagan. Salt in its proper use was, from Urry. There is a glossary and a life of as I have shown, esteemed holy. Aubrey gives Chaucer. his testimony: “ That Salt is inimique to the Evill Chalmers's “English Poets," 8vo., 1810.-Vol. i. spirits is agreed upon by the writers of Magick; as is devoted to Chaucer. The “Tales" are from also perfumes, which is the reason they were used Tyrwhitt, and the other poems from the blackin their temples and sacrifices. Holy water is letter editions ; no “Plowman's Tale” por water wherein fine white Salt hath been dissolved. questionable “Coke's Tale of Gamelyn." The Mdm.- there was no sacrifice without salt" (Re- prose works are kept distinct from the poetry, bat mains, &c., p. 121). So, too, salt was commonly there is no attempt to separate genuine from enough put on the body of a dead man, very pro- merely imputed works. bably to guard him from the evil spirits which Whittingham's edition, with life by Singer, 5 vols. were supposed to seek access to the dead man's 8vo., 1822.-"The Poems of Geoffrey Chaucer. house. See the rite of Disbaloof described in Chiswick, from the press of C. Whitting bam, Henderson, p. 53 ; see also Gregor, p. 207; Choice College House," forms the first six of one hundred Notes, p. 120, &c.

volumes of “British Poets"; the text without This note is already too long to allow me to notes ; no illustrations. Apparently founded on refer to other illustrations of the use of salt in Tyrwhitt, Chalmers, and the black-letter editions, magic or to defeat magical purposes.

After thé " Assemble of Fowles" the minor poems WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK. are in a different order from that of the earlier · I, Alfred Terrace, Glasgow.

editions and the spelling is frequently modernized. There is a glossary, well printed, but not of much

use to the student. BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CHAUCER.

Moxon's edition, 1 vol. 8vo., 1843.-Well printed; (See 6th S. viii. 381 ; ix. 138, 141, 361, 422.) a few good notes ; portrait of Chaucer and view Complete Works, continued from p. 142.

of his tomb; dedicated by the publisher to Alex. John Bell's Edinburgh edition, in 12 vols. 18mo.,

Dyce. The order of the poems is different from 1777.--Bell was a London bookseller who em that of former editions; there is a glossary, but the ployed Edinburgh printers to bring out 109 minia- spelling is often modernized. Follows Tyrwhitt ture volumes of the British Poets, "of which twelve for the "Tales.". Not a critical edition. were devoted to Chaucer. This is the first com

The first Aldine edition, 6 vols, 870., 1845.

“ The Poetical Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. With [* This common custom still lingers in Yorkshire, or Memoir by Sir Harris Nicolas. Lond., 1845." did so in the first half of the century.]

Seems a mere reprint of Tyrwhitt for the “Tales,

and Speght and Urry for the other poems ; por- accepted chronological order. Spurious and questrait of Chaucer ; well printed ; language often tionable poems are placed at the end of the third modernized.

volume. These are “Romaunt of the Rose," Morris's Aldine edition, 6 vols. 8vo., 1866 “Court of Love," "Flower and Leaf," “ Cuckow (Bell & Daldy).-Elegantly got up; without en and Nightingale,” “Goodly Ballad," “ Praise of gravings, except portrait of Chaucer as frontis- Women,” “Chaucer's Dream," " Virelai,” “The piece ; contains Sir H. Nicolas's memoir, but the Prophecy,” and “ Go forth, King." Introduction text of the first Aldine edition of the “ Tales " is valuable, altogether a useful edition. replaced by a new one, based on that of Wright, “There is no good edition of Chaucer, not even a good or on the Harleian MS. 7334, corrected by the text. The only text that the Chaucer scholar should help of Tyrwhitt. the Lansdowne MS. 851, and I think of using is the valuable six-text edition of the

Chauoer Society. For the general reader ono edition is other MSS. Other poems are collated with MSS.

| as good as another, and there is little to choose between and many corrections are printed in italics; has Tyrwhitt, Bell, and Dr. Morris,"-Encyclo. Metropoli. Tyrwhitt's essay with additions by Skeat, and a tana, art." Chaucer." now glossary. The best text of the complete

J. MASKELL. works up to this time published. Prints for Emanuel Hospital, S.W. the first time "Ætas Prima," "Leaulte vaut Richesse," and a poem on prosperity. Admits From RobeRT GREENE TO RICHARD GRANT some doubtful poems. A useful and independent WHITE.-Since the year 1592, in which Greene's edition.

Groats-worth of Wit was published, down to the Robert Bell's edition, 4 vols. 8vo., 1878. — present month of June, 1884, William Shakespeare First published in Bell's “ Annotated Edition of

has never been held up to public execration, for the English Poets," 8vo., 1854, but revised and any private or public act, as he is in the current reprinted. The full title is “Poetical Works of number of the Atlantic Monthly by Mr. Ricbard Geoffrey Chaucer, with Poems, formerly printed Grant White. I give the indictment verbatim, with his, attributed to him; edited with a Memoir for it can only be answered by examining each of by Robert Bell," revised edition in 4 vols., with its counts separately, and for this purpose all must preliminary essay by W. W. Skeat, M.A. The appear upon the record :text of the “Tales" is mainly founded on the "Referring to the view of Shakespeare's personal Harleian MS. 7334, adopted by Mr. Bell and Mr. character presented in that dry and colorless setting Jephson as the best; alterations here and there forth of the little that we know of his life which is given from other MSS.; practically Wright's text collated in the Riverside edition, the Times critic says, “The with that of Tyrwhitt, &c.; has good notes. The

known facts in Shakespeare's life are so few that bis

leaving his wife his second best bedstead, or his suing first really satisfactory edition of the minor poems

Philip Rogers for 11. 158. 6d., stand out with startling independently collated from MSS. The doubtful distinctness. But perhaps it is well not to infer too and spurious poems are relegated to the last | much from them.' It is well. It is always well not to volume, but some dubious work is accepted. infer too much from anything. But this writer, in his Skeat's contribution to this edition is praised in brevity, very much understates the facts. It is not only

that Shakespeare gave his wife by will nothing but his the Academy for August 27, 1878. The contents |

second-best bed, but, as I have remarked before, that of the last volume are these : “ Romaunt of the even the second-best bed was the fruit of second-best Rose," “ Court of Love," “ Cuckow and Nightin- thoughts. The bequest is an interlineation in the will, gale." " Flower and Leaf.” “ Loveres Complaynte,” in which, as it was originally drawn, Shakespeare's wife * Lament of Mary Magdalene," "Praise of is not mer

dalana» « Praica ofl is not mentioned ! It is not only that he sued Philip

Rogers for 11. 15s.6d., but that, having also sued John Women,” “Go forth, King," "Eight Goodly

Addenbroke for 61. and got judgment, not being able to Questions and Answers," "To the Lords and

imprison Addenbroke,-who, poor man, had fled from his Knights of the Garter,” and “ It falleth for a inexorable rich creditor,-the writer of Portia's nobly Gentleman."

sympathetic exposition of the qualities and origin of Robert Bell's edition, published by Griffin, in

mercy proceeded against Addenbroke's surety, ono

Horneby. It is not only that there is no record or even 8 vols. 8vo. (part of a complete edition of English

probable evidence of Shakespeare's having given aid to poets), seems less critical; it follows more closely his father in the pecuniary distress that sent him into the edition of 1854.

hiding lest he should be cast into prison, while there is “The Riverside Chaucer,” Boston, Mass., 3 vols.

record that the thriving actor and playwright set to

work and spent money to get a coat-of-arms for tho 8vo., 1880.-An excellent American edition by

father who had difficulty in getting a coat to his back, Arthur Gllman, M.A. The text of the "Tales" Taring which would beve made the actor playwright a is based on Tyrwhitt, revised by help of the gentleman born ;-it is not only this, but that in the Chaucer Society's publications. Well printed and height of his prosperity he passes from our sight stand. edited. Reviewed in Atlantic Monthly, vol. xlv. I ing on the side of grasping privilege in its oppression of p. 108. The MS. preferred is the Ellesmere, but

the class in which he was born, giving support to the

squire of Welcombe's project for enclosing part of the with caution ; other readings are given in doubt. Stratford commons, to the injury of the poor little ful cases. The poems are arranged in the best farmers and farm laborers, How long will it be before the world learns that a man's intellect and his heart adherence to the true faith, à condition to have no connexion,-that what be writes is no guide to I which Lorenzo nosented. Savonarola. then in. what he will do, no sign of wbat he is ?"-Extract from “ The Anatomizing of William Shakespeare.”

sisted on a promise from Lorenzo that if he had

| unjustly obtained the property of others he would I propose to deal now with the climax-the

he return it. Lorenzo, after a short hesitation, recrowning charge against Shakespeare's honour as a

plied, “ Doubtless, father, I shall do this; or, if it man and a citizen. It will be observed that Mr.

be not in my power, I shall enjoin it as a duty Grant White does not cite any authority for this

upon my heirs." Thirdly, Savonarola required us charge. Now it will hardly be credited, that he should restore the republic to liberty, and but it is a fact, that there is not a vestige of establish it in its former state of independence; to authority for it.

which Lorenzo not choosing to make any reply, First let me say what the enclosure scheme was. I the priest left him without giving him his absoluI dare say the lord of the manor expected to get tion: Sismondi takes the same view:something handsome out of it, but it was not a

“Savonarola refused him neither his consolation nor project for enclosing Welcombe fields so as to

his exhortations ; but he declared that he could not ab. vest them in him. It was to allot to each owner | solve him from his sins till be proved his repentance by of common rights a piece of land equal in area to reparation to the utmost of his power. He should forgive the sum of those pieces over which his existing rights his enemies; restore all that he had usurped ; lastly, extended, and to grant him this larger piece in fee. |

give back to his country the liberty of which he had

despoiled it. Lorenzo de' Medici would not consent to Accordingly the effect would be to secure to every Sue

e to secure to every such a reparation ; he accordingly did not obtain the 6 poor little farmer and farm laborer” the fee of absolution on which he set a high price, and died, still a piece of land, probably worth mucb niore than possessing the sovereignty he had usurped, on the 8th of his dry common rights. Shakespeare is known to April, 1492, in his forty-fourth year." bave possessed such rights in common with a great William Roscoe, on the other hand, says :many other persons, and he was certainly applied "This interview * was scarcely terminated, when a to by J. Greene (who may bave been a brother of visitor of a very different character arrived. This was Thomas Greene, the town clerk of Stratford) for the baughty and enthusiastic Savonarola, who probably his consent. If he had given it, and the enclosures thought that in the last moments of agitation and of

suffering he might be enabled to collect materials for were effected, I should say be may have acted with

his factious purposes. With apparent charity and kind. judgment, and certainly not with unkindness,

ness, the priest exhorted Lorenzo to remain firm in the towards his poorer brethren. But unfortunately the Catholic faith, to which Lorenzo professed his strict document which records the result of the inter adherence. He then required an arowal of his intention, view is in a condition which--so far as I am

in case of his recovery, to live a virtuous and well

regulated life; to this he also signified his sincere assent. at present authorized to speak, for I have had

Lastly, he reminded him tbat, if needful, he ought to but one reading of it-renders its decipherment

bear his death with fortitude. With cheerfulnega, uncertain, but not hopeless. As I read the entry, replied Lorenzo, 'if such be the will of God.' On bis Shakespeare disapproved of the enclosure scheme ; quitting the room, Lorenzo called him back, and, as an ault sooms to justify the reading for it unequivocal mark that he harboured in his bosom

resentment against him for the injuries which he had was not effected. What becomes of Mr. Grant

received, requested the priest would bestow upon him White's assertion? How long will it be before he

his benediction; with which he instantly complied, learns that in William Shakespeare the great Lorenzo making the usual responsos with a firm and intellect and the large heart were in intimate collected voice." connexion ?

Roscoe is firmly persuaded of the truth of this I am disposed to regard Mr. Grant White's statement, and alludes to contrary reports as crowning charge as a pure invention ; and, to symptoms of that party spirit which did not arise utilize one of his own (unacknowledged) emenda- in Florence until after the death of Lorenzo. I tions in The Winter's Tale, his "invention stabs believe that the account left by Politiano bears out the centre"-wounds Shakespeare's reputation in the statement that Lorenzo was duly absolved. its most vital part.

C. M. INGLEBY. He appears to have died peacefully, “occasionAthenæum Club.

ally repeating portions of Scripture, and accom

panying his ejaculations with elevated eyes and CONTRADICTIONS IN HISTORY.:-In the life of solemn gestures of his hands, till, the energies of Savonarola, written in Latin by Giovanfrancesco life gradually declining, he pressed a magnificent Pico, * we are told that Lorenzo de' Medici, when crucifix to his lips, and calmly expired.” at the point of death, sent for Savonarola, to

RICHARD EDGCUMBE. whom he desired to confess. Savonarola came, but, before consenting to receive Lorenzo as a ENGLISH JUDICIAL COSTUME.-I have often penitent, required that he sbould declare his inquired for complete explanations as to the robes

* Savnnar, Vita, inter Vit. Select, Viror, ap. Bates, * With Pico of Mirandula, uncle of the historian from Lond., 1704.

| whose work I have quoted.

Shimei

worn by the common law judges, and have been SPURIOUS EDITIONS OF WELL-KNOWN POEMS.told the rules were transmitted orally, and could not A few curious editions of well-known poems are, I be found in print. After consulting the clerks of hope, worthy of a place in our storehouse of biblioseveral counsel, I have elicited the following facts. graphical memoranda. The first is :

Scarlet robes are worn in town by the judges Absolom | and Achitophel. | A | Poem. I -Si Proprius sitting in bano on the first day of the “sittings" stes | Te Capiet Magis- | London : Printed and sold (or term as it was formerly called), also in banc on by H. Hills, in Black-fryars, near the Waterside, For "red-letter days(i.e., such days as appear with

| the Benefit of the Poor. *1708.-Pot 4to. A-C, in fours;

pp. 24. red letters in the calendar). On circuit at the

This edition contains a key which differs mateopening of the commission scarlet robes are woru by both judges, should two be present. After the

rially from that published by Davis in his Journey commission is opened, the judge who sits in the

round the Library, &c. (1821, p. 63), and runs

thus :Crown Court and tries prisoners continues to

David. wear his scarlet robes, and does 80 until all the

King Charles II. prisoners are dealt with. He is hence termed by

Absalom (sic) ........... D. Monmouth,
Annabel...

..Dutchess of Monmouth. criminals “the red-gown judge." The judge who

Achitophel ............... Earl of Shaftesbury. tries nisi prins cases removes his scarlet robes Zimri ........................L. Gray. and puts on a black silk gown, and is called "the

Balaam.

Sidney. black-gown judge." The scarlet robes worn in

Caleb ...

. Armstrong. Nadab........................

Ferguson. winter in town, and on circuit whether in summer

.Sheriff Bethel. or winter, are trimmed with ermine, but in town

Corah ..

Stephen College. in summer these robes are trimmed with grey silk. Bathsheba ...

.,D. Portsmouth, or When on circuit, the senior or “red-gown judge"

any other Concubine, sits in the Crown Court at the first town on the The pamphlet concludes with the following circuit, whilst the junior judge takes nisi prius

Advertisement, cases; but at the next place “the red-gown judge" “To prevent the Publicks being impos'd on; this is becomes “the black-gown judge," and so they to give notice, that the Book lately Publish'd in 4to. is alternate throughout the circuit. On ordinary days very Imperfect and Uncorrect in so much that above

Thirty Lines are omitted in several Places, and many the judges sitting in banc wear dark blue (or

gross Errors committed, which pervert the Sence," purple) robes, which in winter are trimmed with ermine, and in summer with bronze silk. I am

The next is :-not quite certain whether I have correctly de

Cyder, | A | Poem. In two Books. I -Honos erit huic scribed this shade of silk, which is of a curious

quoq: Pomo} Virg. | With The Splendid Shilling. I

Paradise Lost, I and two Songs, &c. [ London : 1 Printed colour, and seems to have been adopted only in

and Sold by H. Hills, in Black-Fryars, near the Water. the new Royal Courts of Justice. Black silk side. 1708.-8vo. A-C, in eights; pp. 48. gowns are worn both in town and on circuit by This appears to be an early spurious edition of judges trying nisi prius cases.

John Phillips's poems, the first edition, also in I am told that Lord Chief Justice Coleridge 1708, being described in Lowndes as a 12mp. It thought that some alteration in costume should be is sewn in a Dutch-paper cover together with :made to commemorate the change of courts, and The Kit-Cats | A | Poem. I Tantæ Molis Erat.- 1 introduced a scarlet sash, which, to distinguish London: | Printed and Sold by H. Hills in Black-Fryars him from the puisne justices of the Queen's Bench near the Water-side. 1708. -An 8vo. sheet, pp. 16. Division, he wears over his right shoulder, whilst Wine | A | Poem. Nulla placere diu, nec vivere car. they wear it over the left shoulder. The sash is

mina possunt, I Quæ Scribuntur a que potoribus. ||

Epist. 19. Lib. 1. Hor. (Imprint as above.) only used by some judges, and I have only observed it worn by a nisi prius judge.

I have seen some other publications bearing H. FREDERICK E. SAWYER.

Hills's imprigt (notably a copy of the celebrated

Assize sermon preached at Derby by Dr. SacheP.S.-Since writing the above note, in January,

verell), from which I gather that his device of 1884, I have seen Mr. Justice North sitting in the

printing " for the Benefit of the Poor" simply Nisi Prius Court at Lewes Assizes, in black satin meant that " charity begins at home," most of robes trimmed with ermine, and with the scarlet

| them being pirated editions. sash (as I thought it) over his right shoulder, and

ALFRED WALLIS. attached to the hood at the back. On inquiry I was told that this was the costume formerly worn A HONORED YEARS BETWEEN THE MARRIAGE by the common law judges when called in to OF A FATHkR AND HIS Son.-If the following fact advise the House of Lords, and that the scarlet has not beet noted before, it seems worthy of sash was termed “the gun-case," as it held a gun being placed on record. Thomas Coke, first Earl which was carried separately by the judge. My of Leicester, m. irried his first wife on Oct. 5, 1775; informant said the use of these robes in the New his son, the present earl, married his second wife Law Courts was introduced by Lord Coleridge. on Aug. 26, 1870; there was thus an interval of

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