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whereas that was some six or seven years after. with an assertion that he has heard the introducNot having the book, might I ask him to kindly tion attributed to “Lord Shelburne when Secretary refer to the years 1591-5? From other passages I of State, which he first was in 1766.” Blackstone's should fix upon 1593—a year given in one place by preface to the Commentaries is dated Nov. 2, 1765, J. P. Collier, though in two others he somewhat so that he must have written the word before Lorá strangely gives 1592.

BR. NICHOLSON. Shelburne spoke it. J. C. calls the legitimate

word reciprocation, and Webster gives it as NOTES ON MR. A, SMYTHE PALMER'S "FOLK synonymous with reciprocity. It is not; reciprocaETYMOLOGY" (6th S. ix. 303,391,437).-Davy Jones's tion is an act of returning. The termination ity locker, p. 93.-At this reference I have adopted means quality or power of returning, so that rethe view that the nautical phrase “ gone to Davy ciprocalness would be the nearer synonym. Why Jones's locker” may originally have been "gone all this noise ? The word is better, anybow, than to Jonah's locker," i. e., to the belly of the whale, reciprocality.

C. A. WARD. said of one gone to the bottom, drowned, or dead.' Haverstock Hill. I bave since met with a passage in Bp. Andrewes's Ninety-Six Sermons, 1628, p. 515 (fol.), which

THE WORLD CREATED MARCH 25 (6th S. ix. seems to lend some probability to this suggestion:

365).- In a reprint of an old calendar which I saw “Of any, that hath beene in extreme perill, we use

| lately in a Roman paper a day was named for to say; he hath beene where Ionas was; by Iona's going

commemorating the creation, but I am not sure downe the Whales throat, by Him againe comming that it was March 25. The day that Noah came forth of the Whales mouth, we expresse, we even point out of the ark, however, was noted as May 22. out the greatest extremity, and the greatest deliverance

R. H. Busk. that can be." Can any instances be given of the familiar use of l * CAREY FAMILY (6th S. ix. 69, 329, 413).-It the expression referred to by the bishop ?

seems a strange coincidence that there is a place in A. SMYTHE PALMER.

Stirlingsbire, Scotland, called Castle Cary, and in Woodford, Essex.

the Falkirk Roll of Arms (edited by James Green

street) the name of Pipard appears as Ralph, Baron SOURCE OF STORY WANTED (6th S. viii. 368). Pipard, 1309, summoned to Parliament 1299-1302. -In a reply about “The Dean of Badajos ” (anté, Judhaël de Totness, otherwise De Mayenne, a p. 352) the writer says that the story inquired Breton noble who held the manor of Blachaton, or for is probably from the Persian Tales of P. de la Blagdon-Pipard, in Devon, it would seem, adopted Croix, and gives a reference also to Godwin's the name of Pipard as his surname, in accordance Lives of the Necromancers, pp. 257 et seq. Perhaps

with the practice of the age. T. W. C. some one will verify the above references. As to the alleged fact of a long series of adventures This family is no doubt of Norman origin. The taking place in a moment or two, there is a curious dame Kareye occurs in the Magni Rotuli Scaccarii passage implying the same in the letters of Normannice. One Islarion (Hilary) Careye was Philostratus:-“'ExOés Evykleioas Bébapa present at the consecration of a church in Guernsey orov novyo okappauúčai, todūv nyovunj tov I in 1129. This surname reappears as Querée in Xpovov. Heri quum palpebras clausissem, ita the island of Jersey. In a Jersey family document tamen ut placide nictarem tantum, longum tempus now in my possession, dated 1545, a Nicollas putabam præterisse" (Epist. lix., p. 483, of the

Carée fitz Collyn Carée is mentioned. In all later Epistolographi Græci, Paris, Didot, 1873).

documents the form Querée is adopted. A branch W. E. BUCKLEY.

of the Guernsey family seems to have settled in The author of Histoire de la Sultane de Perse et des Jersey in the early part of the sixteenth century. Vizirs, Les Mille-et-un Jours, Contes Persans. &c., is The variation in the spelling of the British forms François Petis de la Croix. His father's name was of the surname, viz., Carey and Cary, carries no François Petis. The Bibliographer's Manual mentions significance. The same thing occurs in many him under the name La Croix, and calls him Petit. This other surnames, such as Stacy and Stacey, Amy error has nothing to do with the question, but is worthy of being pointed out. We have sought for the story in

and Amey, &c. In ecclesiastical records (of course 80 much of Les Mille-et-un Jours as is given in the in Latin this name is sometimes rendered as Cabinet des Fées, and have failed to find it.]

Karite. The meaning of the name would seem to be fond or loving.

C. W. ADIER. RECIPROCITY (6th S. ix. 406).-It is quite true that this word made its appearance about the TULL, Painter (6th S. ix. 389).—I procured period alluded to. Johnson does not give the about thirty-five years ago an excellent picture by word; but George Mason, who attempted a supple- this painter, 8 in. by 7 in., of rural character, ment (1801) to Johnson, to correct palpable errors plainly and firmly inscribed on the panel op the and supply omissions, gives it together with a back, “ N. T. Tuli, 38, Park St, Camden Town.” quotation from Blackstone, and he defines it “re

THOMAS WARNER, ciprocal obligation,” Todd (1818) follows it upl Cirencester,

ARCHIBALD HAMILTON (6th S. ix. 408). — If He married Eugenia Peters, who was said to be your correspondent A. V., who inquires regarding natural daughter to an Irish gentleman named some members of the Hamiltons of Raploch, writes Domville. They had two sons, Philip and Charles, to Mr. Andrew Hamilton, farmer, Quarter, near whose descendants I am unable to trace. See Hamilton, N.B., I think he will get the informa-“N. & Q.," 6th S. vi. 388 ; Athenceum, October 2, tion desired. John T. BARRIE. 1875.

C. F. S. WARREN, M. A.

Treneglos, Kenwyn, Truro. COTTON AND SEYMOUR'S "GAMESTERS" (6th S.

Philip Stanhope, to whom Lord Chesterfield's ix. 321, 381).-In reply to Mr. JULIAN MARSHALL's inquiry as to whether there is a later

celebrated Letters were addressed, was the ille

gitimate son of that nobleman and a French lady edition of The Compleat Gamester than that of 1725, I write to say that I have a copy of the sixth

who went by the name of Madame du Bouchet.

Philip Stanhope made a mésalliance with a person edition* of 1726,“ with additions”; it wants the ex

named Eugenia Peters, who after his death sold planation and the frontispiece, though it appears to

the MSS. of the Letters for 1,5751., not a bad have had a leaf torn out before the title. It has, between the contents and body of the work, a leaf

price for those days. He left by her two sons,

| both of whom died unmarried. See Lord Mahon's with a list of “Books printed for J. Wilford at the three Flower-de-Luces in Little Britain,” This

introduction to his edition of the Letters.

E. SIMPSON-BAIKIE. copy contains, in the following order: Title, Epistle to the Reader, Contents, List of Books, and 224 UBIQUARIANS (6th S. ix. 448). The question pages. The contents are, namely :-Of Gaming in is one I should be glad to see answered, for there General, The Character of the Gamester, 1-19; existed in Barbadoes during the latter half of the Ombre, Primero, Basset, Picquet, Lanterloo, last century a society or club of Ubiquarians, and English Ruff and Honours and Whist, French my maternal grandfather, Mr. Gibbes Walker Ruff, Bragg, Cribbidge, Putt and The High Game, Jordan, was at one time president of it. I found Gleek, All-Fours, Five Cards, Costly Colours, some time back among family papers a copy of an Bone-ace, Wit and Reason, The Art of Memory, address he had made to this body. It was carePlain Dealing, Queen Nazareen, Penneech, Post fully written, and somewhat eloquent in praise and Pair, Bankafalet, Beast, pp. 21-99; Games of Ubiquarianism, and its position before the within the Tables—Verquere, Grand Trick-Track, world, but I could not make out whether or not Irish, Back-Gammon, Tick-tack, Doublets, Sice- it was meant as a piece of somewhat gradiloquent ace, Ketch Dolt, 99-115 ; Games without the banter, or as seriously maintaining a lofty character Tables–Of Inn and Inn, Passage, Hazzard, The for Ubiquarians. I found, however, that it was warlike Game at Chess, Billiards, pp. 116–162; impossible to discover any raison d'être for the A Supplement to the Games upon Cards, contain- society, or what the order proposed to itself. ing some diverting fancies and tricks upon the

GIBBES RIGAUD. same, pp. 162–169 ; The Gentleman's Diversion, 18, Long Wall, Oxford. &c., Riding, Racing, Archery, Cock - fighting, Surely Ubiquarians are the same as Ubiqui. Bowling, pp. 169-224. On the inside of the cover tarians or Ubiquists—“A name,” says Mr. Percy is written in pencil, “4/6 by Cotton.” The treatise Smith, in his Glossary of Terms and Phrases, on chess is copiously annotated and corrected, and

“ applied to those Lutherans who hold that the the same hand has drawn in pen and ink a sketch | body of Christ is present in the Eucharist, by the of a chess-board showing the positions of the pieces. ubiquity or omnipresence of His humanity.”

EDWARD SWINBURNE. Leigh House, Bradford-on-Avon.

G. F. R. B.

Ubiquarians or Ubiquitarians, "a small German PHILIP STANHOPE (6th S. ix. 429). — Philip sect, originated by John Brentius about 1560, who Stanhope, natural son by Madame du Bouchet of asserted that the body of Christ was present every. the fourth Earl of Chesterfield, was envoy to the where (ubique)." See Haydn's Dictionary of Court of Dresden, was born 1732, and died 1763. Dates, s. v.

FREDK, ROLE. • The full title of this sixth edition is :-“The I Com. OLD PROVERBS (6th S. ix. 466).- I think a fair pleat Gamester : or, Full and Easy | Instructions | For selection of old proverbs may be found in Hazlitt's playing at above | Twenty several Games | upon the Cards ; | with | Variety of Diverting Fancies and Tricks

English Proverbs and Proverbial Phrases, which upon the same, now first added. | As likewise at | All the | should certainly be consulted before such inGames on the Tables together with | The Royal Game accurate renderings as those already furnished are of Chess, and Billiards. I To which is added, I the Gentle- offered to the public. I protest, for about the man's diversion in the Arts | and Mysteries of Riding, hundredth time, against the slipshod method of Racing, Ar | chery, Cock - fighting and Bowling. / The Sixth Edition with Additions, | London : 1 printed for J. 19

quoting a mere author's name, without any inWilford at the Throe Golden i 'Flower.de Luces in Litile dication of the work of that author in which the ritain. 1726."

alleged quotation may be found. Thus the first quotation, "Every honest miller has golden Mieris and Gerard Dow. In the place of this whimsical Thomhar Chaucer thumbs : Chaucer," is quite wrong.

is awite wrong Chaucer estimate is supplied a full list of his few works, a third

Chauceres never said it. The allusion is to his Prologue,

of which, it is pleasant to think, are in London. The

| date of aggumed birth is carried back-on we know not 1. 563, the wording of which is very different ; | what authority-from 1643, at which it has always stood, see thé note on the line in Morris's edition. On to 1632. The most complete change of front is, perhaps, the other hand, Hazlitt gives the form “ An honest made in the life of William Blake. Not only are the miller has a golden thumb," and refers to A

sentences in which his works are spoken of-much as the

writings of Shakspeare are described by Voltaire-as Hundred Mery Tales, No. 10. No one has ever

things that "sometimes astonish by their sublimity, and given any older reference.

at others excite pity or contempt by their extravagance old proverbs, let them be such or absurdity,” replaced by a judicious estimate, but an as Hazlitt has not already given ; and let us account of the life as full as is to be hoped replaces the have accurate quotations and exact references,

scanty particulars which had no pretence to rank as a wherever such are to be had. A quotation with

biography. To lapse of time, and consequent loss by

death, may be attributed the first appearance of bioout a reference is like a geological specimen of graphies of Cruiksbank, Clint, the Chalons, David Cox, unknown locality.. WALTER W. SKEAT. E. W. Cooke, Etty, Egg, Hippolyte Chevalier (known as

Gavarni), Delaroche, Delacroix, Doré, and many others.

The general improvement that is effected as regards both miscellaneous.

painters and engravers may be ascertained by turning to

such articles as those on François Boucher, Charles NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

| Clément Bervic, Ferdinand Bol, Jacques Callot, and a Bryan's Dictionary of Painters and Engravers. Edited

score others. The more important biographies have all by Robert Edmund Graves. New Edition. Parte I.

* Porte been rewritten, and the book is, for the first time, to IV. (Bell & Sons.)

brought up to the requirements of the age. Less than & Tue reproach under which England has long suffered quarter has as yet appeared. Should the succeeding of baving no general biographical dictionary worthy of nu

of numbers keep up to the level of those now issued, the the name loses a portion of its sting when account is

success of the new edition seems assured, Very far taken of the excellence of special or class biographies.

from slight is the labour involved in a task of this kind, Among these a foremost place is claimed by Bryan's

and Mr. Graves is to be congratulated on the manner in Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, of wbich a new

which it has been executed. and much improved edition is now being issued by Messrs. George Bell & Sons. The first edition of Bryan English Dialect Words of the Eighteenth Century as was published in two volumes, 4to., in 1816, at a high shown in the " Universal Elymological Dictionary" of price. Its value was recognized, and it succeeded in dis- Nathaniel Bailey. Edited by William E. A. Äxon. placing all previous compilations, such as tho-dictionary (English Dialect Society.). of Pilkington, and establishing itself as an authority. A Glossary of Hampshire Words and Phrases. Compiled Thirty-three years elapsed, however, before a new edition, and Edited by the Rev. Sir William H. Cope, Bart. edited and enlarged by Mr. George Stanley, was given to (Same Society.) the world by Mr. H. G. Bohn. In 1873 a third edition, BAILEY's Dictionary was once a fashionable book. Johnso far as we can ascertain an exact reprint of the previous, son used it it as the basis of his collections. It was the was issued by Messrs. George Bell & Sons, to whom we most handy and complete word list he could procure, are indebted for the four parts of a new edition which The far more learned work of him whom it was fashionare now before us. Full testimony to the utility of the able in days gone by to call “the great lexicographer " work is furnished in the diminishing intervals between did not at once destroy the popularity of Bailey; and the appearances of the successive editions. So far as even to the present time Bailey's Dictionary has value for regards fulness of information, disposition of materials, specialists, as giving a very good eighteenth century the value of the critical estimate, and the general treat- vocabulary, and because it contains a multitude of dialect ment the reissue is practically a new and a greatly words not to be found elsewhere. Mr. Axon has done superior book, Some such change as has been made ua no little service by extracting the dialect matter and was, of course, requisite. In the thirty-five years which giving us it severed from the mass of current English have elapsed since the publication of Bohn's enlarged words in which it is imbedded. The work has been done edition a change all but complete has come over public very carefully. If there be an error it is certainly not taste with regard to fine arts. Painters the mention of on the side of exclusion. We could pick out scores of whose names would have excited surprise in a cultivated words which, to our thinking, are in no senso dialectic. assemblage are now popular with a public tbat may almost | On one page we meet with chrysom and cion. The first be called general, and a generation of new painters has ought to be in every English dictionary, and the other sprung into existence and celebrity. In the first six is only the ignorant spelling of some seventeenth or letters of the alpbabet, with which the new issue deals, eighteenth century gardener. It is explained by Bailey abundant illustration of improvement is afforded. A as & botanical term, meaning “a young shoot, sprig, meagre notice of little more than a third of a column sucker," and, as Mr. Axon points out, is merely a mistake is in the earlier edition afforded Botticelli; in the second, for scion. We can easily excuse a few unnecessary inunder the head of Filipepi, apart from the biographical sertions of this kiud for the sake of the large store of notice, which is extended to thrice the length, a column good dialect words which are now for the st time and a fraction are devoted to a list of his works in the given us in a handy form. Many of these have a curious pablic and private galleries of Europe. Against three history, such as Bailey can never have guessed at. Some painters or engravers of the name of Boulanger in the have now, in all probability, perished, and are only earlier edition are to be opposed six in the second. In known because they have had the good fortune to be the case of Pieter de Hooch, called in the earlier edition catalogued by him. Others, which have lived on the Peter de Hooge, the biography is shortened by the lips of the common people. bave been raised from their omission of the critical portion which ranked him below low estate, and are now admitted into the highest society.

When Bailey wrote shunt was only a vulgar word, mean- Great Yarmouth, now under restoration, by Mr. E. P. ing to shove, which any judicious instructor of youth Loftus Brock, F.$.A.; and the completion of the Rev, H. would have rebuked his pupils for using Fashionable Moore's paper on the “Characters of the Wars of the people would not have understood it, or, if they had, Roses." would have veiled their knowledge under the densest cloud of assumed ignorance. Time passed on; George

Notices to Correspondents. Stephenson invented the locomotive, and he, or some of his sõbordinates, took up the homely word and made

We must call special attention to the following notices: it good English. A long and instructive essay might On all communications must be written the name and be written on this word alone, and there are many address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but others the study of which would be equally instructive. as a guarantee of good faith. Mr. Axon has a genuine liking for good Nathaniel We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. Bailey, in which we cordially share. He has been at no

To secure insertion of communications correspondents little trouble to work out for his readers a sketch of his

must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, life and position in the world, and has given what seems

or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the to be a complete list of his works. It is not probable

signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to that the dictionary will be ever reprinted, but we believe

appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested that Mr. Axon's collection of excerpts will become a

| to head the second communication "Duplicate." standard work among those who are interested in the folk-speech.

C. A. WARD.Sir William Cope's Glossary is a useful addition to "The waies through which my wearie steps I guyde the series. The collection seems to be full, and the In this delightfull land of Faëry" meanings of the terms are, so far as we are able to are, with the substitution of delightfull for “religious," judge, well explained. We should have been glad of in Spenser. They are the opening lines of the introduc. more examples from the lips of those who at present tion to canto vi. speak the Hampshire form of English. We have one

RICHARD C. RAWLINS ("Remarkable Longevity ").fault, and one only, to find, and that is with the title.

We are obliged by your communication. The question It is called A Glossary of Hampshire Words and Phrases.

of longevity and that of centenarianism bave been so The meaning is to us clear enough, but it will mislead persons who have not studied dialect. They will go

thrashed out and lead to discussion so interminable, Fe

are obliged by considerations of space to decline, except away with the notion that Sir William Cope thinks all

under very special conditions, to reopen them. the words that he has gathered are peculiar to Hamp. shire. Of course, as no one knows better than the

F. J. Hunt.-It is possible to speak at the rate of author, this is not the case. Why, then, did he

two hundred words a minute, but, like the fastest speed not call his book A Glossary of Words and Phrases on railways, it is seldom long maintained. One hundred used in Hampshire"? There would then have been no and twenty to one hundred and fifty words would be ambiguity. To assert that waps is a Hampshire word

much more comfortable to hearers as well as speaker. seems to imply that it is peculiar to that county. To S. W. TOPPING.-According to derivation the h in say that it is used in Hampshire does not deprive North-hospilal is silent, but custom is rapidly substituting an umberland or Nottinghamshire of the joint possession aspirate in this and one or two similar words. of this genuine bit of Anglo-Saxon (wæps), which has Thomas STEELE (“ Brave Switzer'').-Ulrich Zwingle,

Thomas STEELE (« Brave been corrupted in the current English into wasp.

or Zwinglius, the Swiss Reformer Le Livre for June 10 contains an interesting account by EDWARD MALAN (“ A Welshman's Pedigree").-Cal. M. Alfred Bégis of the persecution of journalists during peper, stating that “this furious biting herb (the com“ La Terreur," and one by M. L. Derome on the dis mon buttercup) has as many names as would fill a credit in France that has fallen on books written in Welshman's pedigree,” refers to the habit jocosely Latin. The illustrations include a representation of a assigned to the Welshman of tracing his descent from fino binding in silver repoussé.

prehistoric ancestors. MR. J. H. Round has reprinted from Collectanea R. R. ("Letter of Napoleon ").-Will, if possible, Genealogica, part xiii., his paper “On the Barony of make room for it when the pressure of matters already Ruthven of Freeland.". As this subject was debated in in hand is diminished. our columns, some of our genealogical readers may be M. M. CLARK (“ Pouring oil," &c.). There is no glad to hear of the continuation of the controversy. decisive answer to this question, which presents itself

In the “ Oblong Shilling Series" Messrg. Field & Tuer every three or four weeks. have issued John Oldcastle's Guide for Literary Be- W. C. CLOTHIER.--"Lord Montacute” will appear ginners, the aim of which is evident from the title; shortly. Journalistic Jumbles, an account of newspaper blunders; T. McB. (“Repetition of Obituary Notices ").-Your and Decently and in Order, hints on the performance of query in its present shape is too personal for insertion, morning and evening prayer.

Rob Roy (“Elgin ").--The g in the name is hard. MESSRS. KEGAN PAUL & Co. have published in pamphlet W. S. D.-Consult a book of etiquette. form Emendations and Renderings of Passages in the CORRIGENDUM.-P. 471, col. 2, 1. 9, reverse the order Poetical Works of John Milton. One or two of the sug- of March 12, A.D. 1, and Jan, 9, B.c. 3. gestions are clear-sighted and important.

NOTICE. MESSAS. B. & J. F. MEEHAN, of Bath, have issued a Editorial Communications should be addressed to & The catalogue of a large number of original editions of | Editor of Notes and Queries'”-Advertisements and Dickens, Lamb, Byron, &c., and other works now in Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office, 20. request with the latest generation of bibliopbiles. Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C.

We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. THE July number of the Antiquarian Magazine will munications which, for any reason, we do not prins: and contain, inter alia, an article on the old toll-house at to this rule we can make no exception.

ALL THE YEAR ROU N D.

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