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variable resolutions in a constant and setled way militum in solitudina Ripaliæ in humilitatis spiritu of goodnesse” (Reprint of first edition, 1642, | Deo famulantium." p. 109). The above Latin words are obviously the Canon Robertson, in his History of the Christian beginning of a hexameter line.

Church (London, 1875), viii. 82-3, speaks of the F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. Ripaille fraternity as a “brotherhood of aged This proverb will be found in Prior's Imitation knights," founded by Amadeus VIII., and, in of Borace, bk. iï. ode ii.; Gray's Epistle to

alluding to the rumoured luxuriousness of the Methuen : Home's Douglas, III. i.; and Dryden's society, observes that the charges "appear to be Tyrannic Love, III. i.

exaggerations, upsupported by contemporary EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.

authority, and swollen by hatred of him (Felix V.),

as an anti-pope before they were eagerly turned to L'INFLUENZA (6th S. viii. 407, 478).-Might I account by sceptical writers." A citation is given add to LADY RUSSELL's quotation, that in the by Canon Robertson from Monstrelet, “the most bibliography following Dr. Jas. Copland's article respectable authority” for the idea of the luxuriouson this disease in his Dict. of Practical Medicine, ness of Ripaille, but who, as he remarks, carries it are given :

only a very little way, “Et se faisoient, lui et ses W. Falconer, Account of the Influenza at Bath. Bath, gens, servir au lieu de racines et d'eau fontaine du 1731; in Mem. of the Med. Soc. of London, vol. iii., meilleur vin et des meilleures viandes qu'on pouNo.3.

| voit rencontrer." Æneas Sylvius, on the other W. Watson, Remarks on the Influenza of London in | hand, speaks highly of Amadeus, alike as prince 1762 (in Phil. Trans.).

W. Heberden. On the Influenza in 1767 (and in Med, and as hermit. For the later accretions Voltaire Trans., vol. i.).

may be consulted. C. H. E. CARMICHAEL. My not having been able to get a sight of these

New University Club, S.W. has been the cause of my delay in replying.

CINCaRiM (6th S. viii. 408).-It seems that in BR. NICHOLSON.

| Milan there is preserved a very old manuscript, The Rev. HUMPHREY Fox OF TEWKESBURY (6th mostly in Irish or Gaelic. In it there is a prayer S. vi. 382).-In my account of the Fox family, I with reference to the Song of Moses (Exodus xv.) omitted to introduce a fact which I noted from Sir after the clan Israel, or the children of Israel, had Henry Yelverton's preface (p. lxvii) to Bp. Mor-walked over the bottom of the Red Sea. The ton's Episcopacy of the Church of England, 8vo.. prayer begins thus, “ Domine qui cinchrim fugi1670, where, in reference to the silencing of Mrentes tueris.” It is asked, What is the meaning John Dod, and his refusal to preach when so de- of cinchrim? Perhaps cin is the Gaelic cinneadh prived, it is said :

(c hard ; dh silent), a clan, a tribe, a race. Is " When Mr. Fox, I think I mistake not his name, a

chrim the Gaelic crom, to bend, to cause to bend minister in Teukesbury, he [Dod) was pressed to it by (suppose to oppress). If this idea is correct, cinthat argument, that he was a minister not of man, but of chrim ought to have been written as two words. Jesus Christ, he replied, 'tis true be was a minister of The Israelites were fleeing from a nation of oppresJesus Christ, but by man, and not from Christ, as the sors. Cinneadh is akin to the Greek genos, the apostles only were; and therefore if by the laws of man he was prohibited preaching, he ought to obey;

Latin gens and the English kin. Perhaps the writer, and never did preach till Mr. Knightly, his patron, pro from absence of mind, wrote two words in Gaelic cured him a licence from Archbishop Abbot."

instead of in Latin. The word referring to the

J. E. BAILEY. fugitives is in the plural ; of course it refers to RIPAILLE (6th S. viii. 428).—The earliest autho

the Hebrews, not as a nation, but as the tribes or

as individuals. As cin (pronounced kin) is in the rity which appears to be cited by Littré for the use of this word is a seventeenth-century writer,

singular it cannot apply to the Hebrews; if it Maitre Adam Billaut, a pensioner of Cardinal

refers to people at all it probably refers to the

Egyptian nation. I do not pretend to have untied Richelieu. The real sense of the term is luxury, or luxurious living, and it is quite unnecessary to this oness for the consideration of the reader.

ury: this Gaelic knot (if it is Gaelic). I timidly offer import the sense given by Mr. EDOCUMBE. As a

Thomas STRATTON, M.D. matter of fact, the place of retirement of the ex

Devonport, Devon, anti-pope and ex-duke was not an Augustinian monastery, but a military-religious congregation of BISHOPS' BIBLE (6th S. viii. 449).-My folio. bis own foundation, somewhat after the fashion Bishops' Bible, 1572, has : “29. The righteous of the Templars and Hospitallers, which did not shall be pounished : as for the seede of the vna. profess to follow an ascetic rule. No evidence of godly, it shall be rooted 'out.” In the Great anything more than this has ever, to my know | Bible, May, 1541 (which is the only edition of it ledge, been brought against Ripaille, for the re- I possess), verse 28 is thus given : “For the lorde petition of vague aspersions is not evidence. loueth the thyoge that is ryghte, he forsaketh not

The title chosen by the founder was “Decanus his that be godly, but they are preserued for euer

more (the vorighteous shalbe pupysshed :) as to particular events in his life and history. Several for the seed of the yngodly it shalbe rooted out " commemorate his birth and early years. Four of them

celebrate the journey to Worms and his appearance The words in brackets are printed in a smaller type,

Type, before the Diet. Some were designed and ordered by the and have the mark signifying they do not belong Elector Frederic, and on these the legends and mottoes to the text, but are a gloss. In the Bishops' Ver- are of special interest. One in particular--the one to sion this verse has been wrongly divided into two, which you refer-has. Verbum Dei Manet in Æternum, and the gloss has been incorporated with the text, a motto afterwards retained as a banner-word by the

princes of the Reformed Countries. The initials thus making the psalm consist of forty-one verses,

* V.D.M.I.Æ.' were everywhere used, even on the liveries instead of forty. What stands in the Bishops' of their servants and retainers. Another medal had Version for verse 30 is really verse 31, and so on Crux Christi Nostra Salus,' shortened into 'C.C.N.S.' to the end.

R. R. It would be tedious to enumerate all the designs, but Boston, Lincolnshire.

they convey, on the whole, a fine view of the popular

appreciation of the work of the Reformation. I have a black-letter Prayer Book in quarto, "In 1617, when the first Centenary Celebration was without title and date. In the "Psalmes of Dauid,

held, the old mottoes were revived and new ones added, of that Translation, which is commonly vsed in the

such as this: "As Moses led Israel out of Egyptian

slavery thus has Martin Luther led us out of the darkness Church," the misprint occurs, as mentioned by MR.

of Popery. In the year of Jubilee 1617. DORE; the reading of Psalm xxxvii. 29 being, “There are medals also which commemorate the good “The righteous shall be punished : as for the seed Elector Frederic and other friendly princes; also to of the yngodly, it shall be rooted out.” The Luther joined with Molancthon and other leaders of the

Reformed cause. Several celebrate the affectionate wife Prayer Book in question dates probably from about

of Luther, Catherine von Bora.” 1615, the prayer for the sovereign in the Litany

CELER ET AUDAX. mentioning King James, “Queen Anne, Prince Charles Fredericke the Prince Elector Palatine, HALFPENNY OF 1668 (6th S. viii. 368, 455). and the Lady Elizabeth, his wife.A version of the -In reply to MR. JAMES, the coin is more proNew Testament of an earlier date than that of King perly a token of the minor currency of the sevenJames is bound up with the Prayer Book. It is teenth century, and is thus described by Boyne in printed in Roman, has no title nor date, each page his standard work on tokens, 8vo. 1858: “Oby. being surrounded by notes in a small italic type, IOHN WRAIGHTE=HIS HALFE PENNY. Rev. IN which notes partake of the character of a com WESTEGATE 1668=1.R.W. conjoined.” It is not a mentary

E. MENKEN. very scarce token, and now worth to a collector Mr. Done must have given a wrong reference, Richmond. Surrey, is a well-known collector of

| about two shillings. Mr. John E. Hodgkin, of I suppose. Psalm xxxvii. 29, in the Bishops'

Kentish tokens, and might purchase it. Bible, 1568, runs, “ The righteous shall inherite

GEORGE C. WILLIAMSON. the land and dwell therein for euer.” And there Dunstanbeorh, Church Hill, Guildford. is no material difference in any edition that I have consulted.

HENRY H. GIBBS. Baso (6th S. viii. 515).—Baso or basu is duly

given in Bosworth's A.-S. Dictionary as meaning A BURIED HOUSE (6th S. viii. 386, 477).-1 purple, crimson, scarlet, &c. The quotation for think the account given to John Wesley is very bara popig proves the point which I have already likely to be correct, for a few years ago I was told given in my Etymological Dictionary, that the that some men digging gravel had discovered a same word is preserved in our mod. E. bare. The Roman cemetery about a couple of miles from original sense was merely “shining” or “ bright," Pocklington. I went to see it, and myself got from the root bha, to shine, whence Skt. bhas, to morsels of bone from the gravel banks. I said if shine, Lithuanian basas, bosus, bare-footed. It there was a cemetery, an abode of the dead, there, seems to have been applied to an unclothed part there must bave been a town somewhere near, l of the body, and thence to have meant fleshwhere they abode when alive; but I could get no coloured, pink, red, and the like. Grimm mixed distinct information on that point.

up this word with the Gothic basi, a berry, which

J. R. Haig. is from a different root, viz., that which appears in Blairhill.

Skt. bhas, to eat; so that berry means "edible."

I mention this because Bosworth actually gives A MARTIN LUTHER MEDAL (6th S. viii. 447).

baso, a berry, there being no authority for any -A similar question to that of R. A. U. has appeared in the Oracle, No. 240, p. 769, to which I be wrong.' The A.-Š. for berry is berie or berige.

such word, except a guess of Grimm's, which must The following is the reply:

I know of no greater nuisance to the student of " Before the close of the seventeenth century upwards | English than the fact that our A.-S. dictionaries of 200 medals or other memorials, in gold, silver, and bronze, had been struck in commemoration of Luther

. abound with invented forms, some of them quite and his work. A detailed description of them will be unauthorized, which have been quoted by our found in a work by Herr Juncker. Most of them refer etymologists over and over again, especially those which are falsest and most impossible. And I be had-later volumes crop up now and again. I know of nothing more disgraceful than the utter have supplied further information privately to lack of knowledge as to A.-S. accentuation. I see your correspondent. Mr. Robert Robinson (estab. a new edition of Stormonth's Dictionary is appear- lished 1840), Messrs. Mawson, Swan & Morgan, ing; the publishers seem to be entirely unaware and Mr. W. B. Bond are second-hand booksellers that Stormonth had no knowledge of A.-S. at all, here.

J, MANUEL. and used to get rid of the difficulty of accentuation | Newcastle-upon-Tyne. by calmly ignoring the accents altogether. Such are our "authorities” on English,

ROYAL COSMOGRAPHERS OR GEOGRAPHERS (6th S. WALTER W SFA ix. 8). -I imagine that the duty of the Royal

| Cosmographer or Geographer was simply to sell AshkeY (6th S. ix. 27).—The next time Mr.maps to the king when required so to do. In the LYXN opens his teapot, if he will look at the Royal Kalendar for 1771 Mr. Jeffery's name inside of its lid he will probably see that the knob figures between that of the harpsichord maker and is fastened on by a round nut with handles to turn the linendraper. If MR. BAILEY wishes to carry it by; and if he will inquire of the teapot's maker, his search any further he will find the old volumes he will probably hear that this nut is called a key of the Royal Kalendar very useful for his purThis is the key which an ashkey resembles. The pose.

G. F. R. B. resemblance may not be overwhelming, but it is stronger by a good deal than between an ashkey

DELAROCHE's “CROMWELL" (6th S. vii. 369, 398). and a lock key. C. F. S. WARREN, M.A.

-The original picture of Cromwell looking at the Treneglos, Kenwyn, Truro.

coffin of Charles I., by Delaroche, is at the Academy LORD BACON (6th S. viii. 517).—That Francis perhaps a replica.

of Arts at St. Petersburg. The one at Nismes is

E. PRIMROSE. Bacon was never entitled to be styled “Lord Vienna. Bacon " is as certain as the fact that for more than two centuries he has generally been so designated. NEW WORKS SUGGESTED BY AUTHORS (6th S. That it was an error so to call him was well in- viii. 326). -Mr. Sala, in the Illustrated London sisted on by M. de Rémusat when he pointed out News for Dec. 22, says: the case of Lord Chatham, and said people never “The mention of Donna Lucrezia suggests to me the speak of Lord Pitt, yet that would be just as cor

title of a book which, written with true knowledge and rect as saying “Lord Bacon" (2nd S. vii. 103).

calm impartiality, would be as intensely interesting as it

would be edifying. Scholars in search of a subject, It must be, however, remembered that practically what do you say to an essay on 'The Extent to which all Bacon's honours were won before he became History has been Falsified by Poets and Painters'?" Baron Verulam or Viscount St. Albans, and that

Geo. L. APPERSOS. the sentence which deprived him of the Great Seal Wimbledon. and rendered him incapable of holding any office or entering the House of Peers left him the barren

The late E. H. Palmer's Desert of the Ecodus : titles without any of the privileges of the peerage.

" This book is now, I believe, out of print. It is very He was Francis Bacon, the ex-Lord Chancellor,

much to be wished that a new and cheaper edition might

be issued." --Life and Achievements of Edward Henry and a nominal viscount without the honour. Palmer, by Walter Besant, M.A., London, 1883 (close of “Lord Bacon” is, in fact, a kind of courtesy title. cbap. iii.)." It was natural to call him by the name which he

J. MANUEL. had made great, and to style him "Lord" as an ex Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Chancellor, rather than to speak of him by the titles which he had disgraced, and which were, too,

" MYSTERIES OF THE COURT OF LONDON" (6th The judgment of most men, set aside. So Wilson,

? | S. viii. 428).-I remember reading this book when Rushworth, and others called him Lord Chancellor

: a young fellow, and can only imagine one reason

for its suppression, viz., its inmoral tendency. A Bacon, which was subsequently shortened into Lord Bacon (see 4th S. vi, 177).

few historical events were inserted in the work,

but it was undoubtedly nothing but a romance, EDWARD SOLLY.

Scenes were described, and long conversations The proper method of writing Bacon's title was given, in which only two persons were concerned, discussed at great length in "N. & Q.," 4th S. vi. | and neither person was likely to have recounted

W. C. B. I them to Mr. Geo. Reynolds or any one else, and NewCASTLE-UPON-TYNE DIRECTORY (6th S. ix. I certainly not with such complete detail. 29).-The directories for this city are dated 1778,

: H. A. St. J. M. 1787, 1795, 1801, 1824, 1838, 1847, &c.


WM. LYALL. viii. 448 ; ix. 16).-The baronetcy attributed to the There were directories of the period mentioned, John Odingsells Leeke buried at St. Stephen's, but copies of the earlier numbers are now not to Norwich, is probably that conferred on Sir Francis

Leeke, of Sutton Scarsdale, co. Derby, May 22, has been quoted. Moreover, Mr. Tancock, though 9 James I., which expired in the direct line he gives several examples of various spelling, omits. with Nicholas, fourth Earl of Scarsdale, who died one which I quoted from Lydgate, viz., tynes, in 1736. The connexion is shown in an elaborate which does not help him. He kindly says that I article on “Sikes of Derbyshire and Nottingham- | miss the point of his argument; its force, perhaps. shire,” in the Herald and Genealogist for January, But these asperities do not help discussion, and I 1873 (vol. vii. pp. 481-502), though the pedigree fear that the readers of “ N. & Q." must be already therein given at p. 495 seems to imply that it was tired of this arid controversy. Francis, first Lord Deincourt and Earl of Scars

JULIAN MARSHALL. dale, and not his father, who was the first baronet. There seems, however, no doubt that Sir Francis

A CURIOUS Medal (6th S. ix. 29).-It is difficult Leeke, who died in 1628-9, was the gentleman

to identify the medal described by MR. WALFORD who was sixth in order of seniority among the first

as regards the lady represented, but the artist's batch of baronets created by King James in 1611.

initials are most probably those of Christian If so, a John Odingsells Leeke who was living at

| Maler, of Nuremberg, 1604-1652. His father the time of the last Earl of Scarsdale's death in

was Valentine Maler, a distinguished goldsmith, 1736 would seem to have become at that time

sculptor, and painter, of the same town, who in heir male to the first baronet. There was a second

the latter half of the sixteenth century executed baronetcy conferred on a younger branch of this

many admirable portrait - medals of his fellow family (Leeke of the Chauntry, Newark) Dec. 15,

citizens, and who enjoyed the “imperial privilege" 1663, but this became extinct in 1682.

which seems to have descended to his son. The J. H. Clark, M.A.

oval shape of the medal helps to indicate its date, West Dereham, Norfolk.

and also the somewhat extravagant allusion to

death, much in vogue at this period on personal YORE-ZEIT (6th S. ix. 29).—This word is, indeed, 1 ornaments, particularly on memento mori fingerJahr-zeit. It is used in the special meaning of rings. A similar reverse may be seen on a medal “anniversary of a death.” The mispronunciation of George Frederick, Marquis of Baden (1573– is not due to the cause your correspondent sug- 1638), viz., a large skull between cross-bones, with gests. Many Jews, not knowing the real origin of the legend, “Pulvis et umbra sumus." "Hodie the word, treat it as Hebrew, and pronounce it as mihi cras tibi” is another cognate inscription. such. It is often written in Hebrew letters with- The medal was probably executed in memory of out vowels, and hence the pronunciation depends one who died young, or whose character attracted upon the taste of the speaker. German Jews special public admiration. T. W. GREENE, never make the mistake.

I. ABRAHAMS. | Winchester. TENNIS (6th S. iii. 495 ; iv. 90, 214; v. 56, 73; Dr. Guy CARLETON (6th S. ix. 29).—Two acvi. 373, 410, 430, 470, 519, 543 ; vii. 15, 73, 134, counts of this incident, one by Bp. Kennet, the 172, 214; vii. 118, 175, 455, 502).-MR. 0. W. other by Mr. Macro, are given in Wood's Ath. TANCOCK objects to my saying that I had “ex-Oson., by Bliss, iv. 868. Observe the learned posed the fallacy” that in old English the accent editor's note at the foot of the same column. was always on the second syllable of tennis. I

J. INGLE DREDGE. am sorry if I offended him by saying this, but I

HENRY MORTLOCK THE PUBLISHER (6th S. viii. did not mean to do so ; I was not thinking of him when I wrote. That it was a fallacy, I thought I

468). -Henry Mortlock, son of Richard Mortlock, had shown by quoting a fifteenth century ballad,

of Stanton, Derbyshire, gentleman, was Master of in which the word occurs twice with the accent on

the Stationers' Company in 1696-7. The parish the first syllable, and never on the second. MR.

register of Stanton, by Dale, records his baptismi TANCOCK, relying on spelling, says “it is not a

on June 30, 1633. It seems probable that he was fifteenth century ballad in its present spelling, and

left an orphan when scarcely five years old. therefore its heavy ending (tenisse) and single n"

W. T. C. go to prove his case, and not mine. But I rely on BARCLAY'S “APOLOGYIN SPANISH (6th S. the rhythm, not on the spelling, which, as he viii. 347, 416). The sixth edition of Barclay's says, may be corrupt; and I submit that the Apology of 1736 states that it was translated into rhythm proves my case, not that of Mr. Tan- High Dutch, Low Dutch, French, and Spanish. COCK. It seems to me that spelling is all very The Spanish propagandism of the Quakers is little well to prove accent, where no other proof can known. This Apology was published by T. Sowle be had ; but when rhythm can be adduced as Railton and Luke Hinde, at the Bible in George evidence of accent it is better. And I venture to Yard, Lombard Street, and they appear to have say that my two examples, from the ballad of The been Quakers. At the end are several pages Turke and Gowin, are at least twice as good as of Quaker books published by them, which the one line, a very rough one, from Gower, which appear to have been still in demand, some at high

prices. There are only two poems and very little legal antiquaries, and Bracton's treatise is no exception useful knowledge. One book by F. Bockett, The to the rule. But a thorough knowledge of its contents

is absolutely indispensable to students of constitutional Diurnal Speculum, refers to short descriptions of

history, who wish to understand the foundations on the English counties. There is The Voyage of

which the common law in England has been built up, Katherine Evans and Sarah Cheevers to Malta, Bracton wrote at a period when the strictness of the and of George Robinson to Jerusalem ; also God's feudal system was being gradually relaxed by the introProtecting Providence : the Deliverance of Robert duction of those equitable defences which were allowed

by the procedure of the civil law. This volume contains Barrou, &c., from the Inhumane Canibals Of two classes of defences which could be pleaded in answer Florida. This is possibly a desideratum for our to a Writ of Right (de recto). The first was for the American collectors. New England Judged also defendant to shift the burden of proof to the person belongs to the Americans. There are few books from whom he acquired the property in dispute by against the Church except for tithes, but the calling on him to warrant the title. The other

defence was to plead that the plaintiff was in some way Papists were the great objects of attack.

I disqualified from maintaining his claim; such as, for

HYDE CLARKE. example, by bastardy, in being born before the marriage According to Smith's Catal. of Friends' Books, of his parents. By the canon law children were legi

timated by the subsequent marriage of their parents; 1867, vol. i. p. 25, Antonio de Alvarado of Seville

and, if we may believe Bishop Groeteste, this was formerly is gpoken of in 1709 as “lately convinced," and the law in England, as it is still in Scotland. But in the was agreed with, by the Friends in England, to reign of Henry II., Richard de Luci, the Chief Justice, translate Barclay, of which translation one thou decided that children so born were illegitimate; and sand copies were to be printed. For a further

when the bishops appealed to the barons to alter the

law of the King's Court of Justice, and to make it conaccount of “this Friend” and his translation a

form with the law of the Church, they received the reference is given to The Friend, vol. iii, p. 110.

famous answer. “ Nolumus leges Angliæ mutare.” It The work itself is properly entered by Mr. Smith was a curious element in this legitimation that when the at p. 183.

W. C. B. parents were married the children stood during the

ceremony under their mother's mantle. This was the AUTHORS OF Quotations Wanted (6th S. viii. universal practice north of the Alps, and such children 269).—

were called in Germany “mantle children." The intro"Houses, churches mixed together," &c.

duction to this volume is, as usual, more readable than From A Description of London, written more than

the text, from the variety of curious learning displayed

by the editor. For example,-few readers will know the fifty years ago. I will furnish MR. RUSSELL STURGIS

origin of the legal phrase, “ tenant by curtesy." with a copy if he should require it.

It is the English rendering of "tenens per curialitatem." EVERARD HOME COLEMAN,

The husband of an heiress was not accepted as a member of “Choosing rather to record,” &c.

the curia of the lord of the fee as his wife's representative

until issue was born of the marriage, when he became “ They were pedants who could speak.

tenant for life of his wife's estate. It is a minor blemish Grander gouls have passed unheard :

that the editor persists in refusing to recognize the fact Such as found all language weak;

that vicecomes is the Latin for sheriff, not for viscount, Choosing rather to record

| although to address precepts to issue execution to the Secrets before Heaven : nor break

Viscounts of Essex and Hertfordshire is absurd on the Faith with angels by a word.”

face of it. Hertford. by the way, is misprinted "A Soul's Loss,” xxviii., Clytemnestra and Other Poems, | “Hereford ” at p. 271. These smaller matters are not by Owen Meredith, London, 1855.

T. W. C. mentioned in any spirit of cavilling, but rather to

prove that the book has received the careful considera

tion which it deserves. miscellaneous.

The North Riding Record Society starts its series of

publications with a first instalment of Quarter Sessions NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

Records, temp. Jac. J., under the able editorship of Henrici de Bracion de Legibus et Consuetudinibus Angliæ. Rev. J. C. Atkinson, who, as might be expected, con

Libri Quinque in Varios Tractatus Distincti. Edited tributes not a few valuable notes on points of philological by Sir Travers Twiss, Q.C., D.C.L., for the Master of interest. The Christian names and surnames both afford the Rolls. Vol. VI. (Longmans & Co.)

ample matter for discussion, and traces of various in. SIR TEAVERS Twiss has completed in this volume bis fluences may be argued as shadowed forth thereby. edition and translation of Bracton's famous treatise on Taking into consideration the unquestionably Scottish the laws and customs of England, of which the first origin of the Maxwells, Threaplands, and others who volume appeared in 1878. It must be no small compen appear in the Records, we are of opinion that the Chrissation to the editor for his protracted labours to know tian name Gawin, occurring, indeed, at p. 90, in conthat his name will in future generations be honourably nexion with the almost certainly Scottish surname of associated with one of the classics of early English Spence (merely a variant of Spens), is not really “ Gawdjurisprudence. We & n fact,

ebted to

to win." whatever that may be or mean, but, as Mr. Atkin. his researches for our present knowledge of Bracton's son suggests, the “Gawain" of classic fame in Scottish origin and career. It is scanty and imperfect enough; literature. We must await the index and preface probut when Lord Campbell wrote his Lives of the Chief mised in part ii. before we can give an adequate account Justices of England he deplored the fact that literally of the many valuable features which should attract the nothing was known about Bracton personally, notwith-genealogist, the philologist, and the student of history standing his fame and merits as a writer. Law books generally, to the work of the North Riding Record are proverbially dreary reading to every one except | Society.

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