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being the Capt. Hughes of your correspondent. February. A severe frost will put a stop to its One of the daughters married a Cheype, and by precocious movements, and it may not recover its him became the mother of the present well-known looks for a month or more ; but, so far as I have Capt. Cheyne, R.N.

observed, the severest frost to which we are liable The Mary Ferrar who married her cousin Capt. will not cause any permanent injury. Hugh Ferrar was born 1739. her only brother As regards the origin of this variety, the inquirer (who lived to marry) being John Ferrar, great- must give heed to a note in Loudon's Arboretum, grandson to John, and great-grand-nephew to vol. ii. p. 834:Nicholas, of Little Gidding. This John Ferrar's “It is well known that the bawthorn grows from descendants are the present representatives of the stakes and truncheons; one of the finest trees in Scot. family at Huntingdon, with the same arms (Or, on

land, viz., that at Fountain's Hall, having been originated

in that manner...... The miracle of Joseph of Arimathea a bend cotised sable three horseshoes of the field) L is nothin

is nothing compared with that of Mr. John Wallis, and crest. If MR. ELLACOMBE is anxious on the timber surveyor of Chelsea......who exhibited to the subject I shall be happy to give him information. Horticultural and Linnæan Societies, in 1834, a branch


of bawthorn, which, he said, had hung for several Fyzabad, Oudh.

years in a hedge among other trees; and, though without

any root or even touching the earth, had produced, ORTHOPÆDIC (6th S. ix. 48).-In answer to MR.

every year, leaves, flowers, and fruit." Vyvyan's query, I think I am right in saying

It has been my good fortune to see this tree in that the word orthopedic was invented by Andry. what I consider a condition not less interesting who formed it from 6086s. straight, and rais a than unique. On the same branches were the child, in his work entitled ''Orthopédie : ou, l'Art ripe berries and the dead leaves of the preceding de prevenir et de corriger dans les Enfants les Fear, and the new leaves,

year, and the new leaves and new flowers of the Difformités du Corps le torit par des Moyens à la

Molens i la time. It carried the produce of two seasons, not Portée des Pères et des Mères et des Personnes qui

in a few scraps, but in profusion ; the old brown ont des Enfants à élever. G. W. BURTON

leaves and the new golden green leaves, the scarlet Lee Park, Blackheath.

berries and the white flowers being mingled

throughout. This interesting state of things was The derivation of this word is from opdós and figured in the Gardeners' Magazine of Dec. 21, Tais. The correct spelling is, therefore, orthopaedic. | 1878.


In the Dorset County Chronicle for Jan. 17, TAE GLASTONBURY TOORN (6th S. vi. 513; vii. 1884, there is a long and interesting account of a 217, 258; ix. 16). — The variety of Crataegus so-called holy thorn at Sutton Poyntz, near Wey. oxyacantha known to cultivators of choice trees mouth, which is said to come into leaf and as praecox of gardens has been very widely distri- mysteriously blossom exactly at midnight on old buted, and has afforded entertainment to many

Christmas Eve. The tree in question is in an observers. On the damp clay of my own arbore- orchard belonging to Mr. Joseph Robert Keynes, tum at Hermitage, five miles north of London, it and on Saturday, January 5, at least 250 persons proved sufficiently hardy to endure the assaults of a repaired to the spot to witness the performance. few bard winters between the years 1869 and 1878, Various lanterns revealed the positive fact that the being occasionally caught by frost when richly tree, which had been in bud during the day, wasclothed with new leafage of the most tender tone now breaking into blossom, and, as time passed of golden green, in the months of December and by, little boughs here and there fully blossomed, January. During the time of its occupation of although not exactly at twelve o'clock. The crowd, Hermitage it produced its flowers at the season of who had paid twopence apiece gate-money, and Christmas once only, and that occurred on old were becoming impatient at being refused a single Christmas Day in the year 1877. The bloom was sprig, at last climbed up the fence and tore off abundant, and was supported with an ample small boughs, until the master and his man were breadth of pale green leafage. An observer of the compelled to use their long sticks. Then a regular characters of trees has no difficulty in identifying rush was made by some roughs, and the tree, the true Glastonbury thorn by its leaves at any after sad mutilation, was well-nigh destroyed. The season. The leaves are of a lighter tone of greenwriter, on paying a second visit at daybreak, found than those of the common whitethorn ; they are the tree still in foliage, but the blossom had envery much larger, and the stipules have a leaf-like tirely died away. According to Mr. Keynes's incharacter. As a garden or shrubbery tree it is as formation, only two persons have had to do with useful as any thorn, and its habit of growth renders the tree, viz., (1) his wife's grandfather, Nathaniel It peculiarly interesting. When advantaged by Brett, who planted it about seventy years ago, and some amount of shelter, it will usually in the (2) Stephen Galpin, the parish clerk. The tree climate of London) produce new leaves in the was a cutting which came originally from the holy month of December and flowers in the month of thorn at Glastonbury.


BALLET (6th S. viii. 468).—The following quota- Horn (6th S. ix. 28).-"Hyrne (f.), a hyrne or tion for the use of this word may probably interest corner, from horn, cornu, a horn-shaped angle. your correspondent:

Nos. 1, 308, 408, 461” (Kemble's Cod. Dip. iii. “Shee has told all : I shall be Ballated,

32). “Horn, German, a peak, e.g., Matterhorn, Sung up and downe by Minstrills? Gentlemen, Schreckhorn, Wetterhorn" (Taylor's Words and Tho' my successe fell short of my intent,

Places, p. 327).

Let it meete faire construction."

Milton' Vicarage, Evercreech, Batlı,
T. Heywood, d Challenge for Beavlie, 1696,
p. 23, vol. v., ed. J. Pearson, 1874. According to the Rev. Isaac Taylor's Words and
F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. Places, p. 327, ed. 1875, this word means a peak,

and he instances Matterhorn, &c. M.A.Oxon. First NUMBERED HOUSES IN LONDON (6th S. viii. 466).-If the houses of New Burlington Street,

Horn, in composition of place-names, sometimes built in 1764, were the first to be numbered in means "a winding stream.” It may also corrupt London, the city of Lincoln anticipated the metro from A.-S. ærn, ern, which Lye renders, "Locus, polis by some years in adopting this very useful locus secretior, habitaculum, domus, casa.” plan. A row of red-brick houses facing the west

R. S. CHARNOCK. front of Lincoln Cathedral are still known as the

Horn in Kinghorn meant the king's quay or “Number Houses," from being the first thus dis landina ho chim

landing, by which route he travelled to the north tinguished in the city. These houses were erected

of the Forth, now Kirkcaldy. Dreghorn was also in 1748 by Precentor Trimnell, as part of his

a port or landing-place for vessels from all places scheme for the improvement of the minster pre

master pre-west of Galloway. Now Irvine is the port. cincts. EDMUND VENABLES.

E. B. TAE PARNELL PEDIGREE (6th S. viii. 509).-The PERCY (6th S. ix. 29).—The portrait of Alan will of John Parnell, father of C. S. Parnell, M.P., Percy, dated 1549, representing him with a book in is not without interest. It runs : “This is the last one hand and a glove in the other, is in the Guildwill of me, John Parnell, of Avondale, Esq. I make hall at Norwich. He was a benefactor to that no provision for my wife, she being amply provided city (Cooper's Athence Cantabrigienses, i. 206). for from other sources. I make no provision for

J. IŅGLE DREDGE. my daughter......who has grievously offended me."

In Evans's Catalogue of British Portraits, vol. ii.

In con After providing for four other daughters, he mentions my second son Charles, to whom I leave od

4 s.Q., p. 316, No. 20247, there is this notice :my Avondale estate," other lands in county Wick

I “Percy, Alan, third son of Henry, fourth Earl of low, houses in Stephen's Green, Dublin, “and a

Northumberland; rector of St. Anne, Aldersgate, and small farm in Kildare."

St. Mary-at-hill, London ; Warden of Trinity College, "I leave my eldest son, Arundel; great benefactor to the City of Norwich ; first John Parnell, all my property in Colures, co. master of St. John's College, Cambridge, 1516; died Arinagh, with instructions that he should manage 1560; 4to. 2s, 6d. W. C. Edwards (engraver).it himself and make the most of it." After pro- The painter of the portrait from which the enviding for his son Henry, be appoints his uncle, I graying is taken is not mentioned. Sir Ralph Howard, and his dear friend Robt.

ED. MARSHALL. Johnson, of Summer Lodge, Dunblane, N.B., joint trustees of his will and guardians of bis

Right To QUARTER ROYAL ARMS (6th S. viii. children, adding, “I absolutely forbid any inter

| 407, 523).--I cannot find that the Dukes of Marlference on the part of my wife or any of her rela

borough and Leeds have any right to quarter the tives with the management of my children or

royal arms, and neither is given in the list of those property. I make my son Charles heir-at-law to

peers entitled to do so in Burke's Peerage for 1884, all intents and purposes." It is noteworthy that

p. cxxiv. From that list is omitted the pame of

Lord de L'Isle and Dudley, now senior reprethe testator ignored all the second Christian names of his song, probably thinking little of the Tudor

sentative of the Manners family. and Stuart lineage, and that he chose for his

EDMUND M. BOYLE. trustees an Englishman and a Scotchmap. The The Last DOGE OF VENICE (6th S. viii. 407,525). will was dated June 30, 1859, and the testator - As Strix can hardly be said to have obtained died four days later, in the Shelbourne Hotel, in a satisfactory reply to her query, I venture to Stephen's Green, Dublin. Administration was offer the loan of a small sheet of photographs of granted to Sir Ralph Howard, of 17, Belgrave the Doges, from Alvise Mocenigo (1570) to LodoSquare, London, baronet, curator, or guardian of vico Manin (1797), copied from the pictures in the the children. The personalty was sworn under Ducal palace, and bought in Venice years ago. 8,000l. In spite of the provisions of the will, his It may bring about the identification of the festivalwidow, Mrs. Parnell, brought up the children. giving gentleman, who, however, can hardly have

W. MAZIERE Brady. been the last doge, as the costumes are described

as seventeenth century. The photographs, though statistics gathered from original MSS. in the archives small, are tolerably clear, and each doge is accom

of the Society of Jesus in Rome, and from facts and data

communicated by the missionary priests of the Society panied by a miniature coat of arms.

then working in England. These, again, are supple. Ross O'Connell.

mented to a much more recent date by the annals 54, Lancaster Gate, W.

of the English Jesuit colleges in Belgium. St. Omer,

Liège, and Ghent, and of the Novitiate at Watten, than SKELLUM (6th S. vii. 413; viii. 357, 375).-The which no information could be more particular, more following quotation may prove of interest, as the

domestic, or more trustworthy. Such varied subjects

are treated of as the numbers of the students, their word is put into the mouth of a Dutchman:

scholastic exercises, their recreations and representa“ Vandal. Ic sal seg you, vader, ic came here to your tions of religious drama, and the relationships in which huis, and spreak tol de dochterkin.

the alumni stood to their masters and prefects. Even " Frisco. Master Mendall, you are welcome out of the the daily life of the novices is naturally unfolded in the basket. I smell a rat: it was not for nothing that you historical notices of Watten. lost me.

One very marked feature of the addenda is a memoir, “ Vandal. O skellum! you run away from me.” from the pen of Father Stevenson, of William Elphinston,

Englishmen for My Money; or, a Woman will a novice of the Society and member of the well-known

Have Her Will, 1616 (vol. x. p. 547, Dodsley's Scotch family, which, besides its own title of nobility, 0. E. Plays, ed. Hazlitt),

claimed relationship with the Bishop Elphington still F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY.

held in honour by the University of Aberdeen as the Cardiff.

founder of King's College.

Interesting information is given relative to the Vatican

College of Penitentiaries, consisting in 1570 of one carMiscellaneous.

dinal and eleven priests, appointed to beor confessions

in the various foreign languages. It was enlarged, and NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

a body of twelve Jesuit fathers, under e rector, was Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus. assigned by Pius V. to the Vatican Basilica for hearing By Herry Foley, S.J. Vol. VII., Part II. Collec.

confessions in all the known European languages, with tanea completed with Appendices, Catalogues of

some others. Assumed and of Real Namee, Annual Letters, Bio.

A unique addition to this volume is the alphabetical grapbies and Miscellanea. (Burns & Oates.)

catalogue of real names and aliaseg, never, we believe. WITH the publication of vol. vii. Mr. Foley brings to a

attempted before. It furnishes the student of that close his arduous undertaking. When it is told that the period of history a new means of identifying names and last volume of his colossal work contains considerably persona, and of clearing up many confused points, and is over eighteen hundred pages, some idea of the nature of given in distinct lists of true and adopted names in cona task which has been accomplished in eight years of

venient juxtaposition, with references to the lives of each indefatigable labour may be formed. In the annals of

member. Evidence to rebut the charge that the Society study no record can be found of labour more severe, more

has been always anxious to involve its history in mystery sustained, and, it may be added, more remunerative. A

is thus supplied. mass of information carefully guarded, and to many

A chronological catalogue of the Irish Province of the students inaccessible, has been brought within reach of Society of Jesus from the earliest tim 38 forms a final

and valuable a the scholar. To the ecclesiastical historian Mr. Foley's

ppendix by itself. Mr. Foley's alphawork most directly appeals. It is likely to prove in.

betical index of seventy pages is a model of dry, valuable, however, to all concerned in genealogical pur

persevering labour. Would that all books of reference suits and the byways generally of history. Two autho

were equally well provided ! rities, which have come but recently within Mr. Foley's reach, have enabled him to complete the second appen

The Life and Adventures of Peter Wilkins. By Robert dix to the “Collectanea.” First of these is a MS. Paltock, of Clement's Inn. With a Preface by A, H. entitled “ Catalogus Prirnorum Patrum et Fratrum Soc. Bullen. 2 vols. (Reeves & Turner.) Jes. ex Anglia, collectis ex variis Libris et Catalogis | MR. A. H. BULLEN is one of our youngest editors ; he is MS. in Archiv. Rom.,' &c. This authentic and valuable also one of the best. In addition to the industry and document contains brief accounts of nearly one hundred accuracy which are indispensable to

he has and twenty English members of the Society of Jesus keen poetical appreciation and insight, and a feir which from 1556 to 1590, many of them hitherto unknown. always leads him right. The works he has given to the Among these is found a remarkable person, John world are already dear to scholars. To these he has now Castell, born at Bodmin about 1546. He had been added a reprint of The Adventures of Peter Wilkins. M.P. in 1571, was a student in the Middle Temple, an Without being an absolute rarity, since between the excellent English poet, and well versed in Greek, Latin, appearance of the first edition in 1750 and that of a and philosophy. He was a voluntary exile for his mutilated version in 1844 half a dozen different editions religion, for which he had likewise suffered torture upon saw the light, Peter Wilkins is far from common, and the rack and chains. He died in Portugal in 1580, six the appearance of a copy in a catalogue always provokes years after entering the Society.

competition. Of the minor works to which the success A second and only less valuable source of information of Robinson Crusoe gave rise, Peter Wilkins is the best. consists of a copy of the register of the English College It is a favourite with all readers of taste, and has been, of the Society of Jesus, St. Alban's, Valladolid. From as Mr. Bullen states in his short preface, translated into this are derived the names of many early English Jesuits | French and German. Coleridge speaks of it, according which do not figure in the English Province catalogues. to report, as "a work of uncommon heunty," Charles

'The biographical notices of members of the English | Lamb describes it as among the classics of his boyish Province are carried down to a very recent period. days, and Leigh Hunt waxes eloquent in its praise. The annual letters, ranging from the year 1601 to Such evidence in its favour is, of course, acceptable, but 1015, give a store of information on curious details and the book speaks for itself, It is now brouglat within


the reach of all readers in an edition that is a model | learning to be teachers, are sometimes amusing, from of taste and beauty. The book is not a facsimile, for the naïveté of the entries. We cannot say that we are paper and type such as are now employed were not com- believers in the keeping of diaries, least of ull in the mon in 1750. It reproduces faithfully, however, the obligation to keep them. But we like the touch of title-pages, the text, and the quaint and delightful illus. nature in such an entry as the following :--"A flower trations. What is more to the point, it is unmutilated. was brought to-day to illustrate the poem the pupils are With commendable courage. Mr. Bullen declines to cut learning, Jack in the Pulpit.' All examined it, or said out the marriage scenes between Wilkins and the fair they did ; the boys were most curious," We need scarcely Youwarkee. A man who would cut out these would say that the italics are ours. The great question of excise the scenes of a like nature from Paradise Lost.“ Fiction in Public Libraries” was again to the fore, as One is scarcely purer than the other. Editor and pub. was also the still greater question of the “ A, L. A. lisher have conferred a boon on letters in reprinting in Catalog ” of the future, which we hope to live to see such a form this delightful book, the first volume of | on our table.

volume of on our table. The decision of the place of meeting for

The decision of which is among the most sanciful and attractive in the 1884 seems to hover between Toronto, St. Louis, and language.

New Haven, a tolerably wide area for choice, as to which

we will not infringe upon the privileges of the executive The Vicar of Vakefield. By Oliver Goldsmith. With committee by any suggestions of our own. Preface and Notes by Austin Dobson. (Kegan Paul

We have received rol. xix, of the St. Bartholomer's & Co.)

Hospital Reports, being the volume for the year 1883. NEVER, surely, was a classic more fitted than the Vicar

In addition to several valuable papers and interesting of Wakefield to appear in the “Parchment Series ” of

notes of cases from hospital practice, it contains a short Messrs. Kegan Paul & Co., and never was an editor more

memoir of James Shuter, late assistant-surgeon to the in sympathy with his work than Mr. Austin Dobson.

hospital. A book the hold of which on mankind has not relaxed, and will not soon relax, appears now in the most fitting The new number of the Church Quarterly contains a shape it has yet received. Mr. Dobson's preface and readable and suggestive essay, by the Rev, A. Smythe notes, meanwhile, form a charmingly discursive and read. Palmer, on the miracle at Beth-horon, a philological able comment.

argument for a new interpretation of the sun standing

still, Joshua x. In the Third Series of Rambles by the Ribble (Preston, Dobson ; London, Simpkin & Maraball) Mr. William

“LEGENDS OF THE SYNAGOGUE," in All the Year Round, Dobson tells us of Hoghton Tower and its royal visitor,

supplies some curious information of interest to many James I.; of Hothersall and its “boggart"; and of Sam

readers of " N. & Q."-" Two Minor Characters: Peter lesbury, where the original site of the church was tradic and the Apothecary,” which appears in the Cornkill tionally altered by "goblin builders," who objected, and Magazine, is a striking piece of Shakspearian criticisin. removed the stones during the night, while the village ! MR. R. J.. STEVENSON contributes to the English was subsequently famous for witches, who "did take her | Illustrated Magazine some wbimsical fancies on "The senses and money” from a girl, temp. Jac. I.! Among Character of Dogs," which are no less whimsically illusother points of interest to our readers, we may mention trated by Mr. R. Caldecott. that Mr. Dobson gives a good deal of information about

| The February number of Mr. Walford's Antiquarian various branches of the ancient Lancashire family of

Magazine contains the first of a series of “ Gleanings Winckley of Winckley, concerning whom we gave a “ Notice to Correspondents,” 5th S. xii. 420. embracing

|from the past History of our Public Schools," entitled details of the family, temp. Edw. I. to 1664-5. There is

“ Shooting for the Silver Arrow at Harrow." The next matter for the botanist and the student of folk-lore, as

will treat of “ Eton Montem.”
well as for the antiquary and genealogist, in Mr. Dob-
son's new and pleasant Rambles by the Ribile.

Ratices to Correspondents.
Tae Library Journal, Vol. VIII., Nos. 9 and 10 (New
York, F. Leypoldt), contains a full and interesting report

We must call special altention to the following notices: of the Buffalo Conference of the American Library Asso

| On all communications must be written the name and ciation. It is difficult to select out of so large a mass of address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but valuable matter, but we may note that Mr. Cutter presents | as a guarantee of good faith. us with a new "Arrangement of the Parts of the United | We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. States in an Historical and Geographical System of Classic

C. H. H. (“ Principiis obsta,” &c.). -The lines are in

(«pinnin fication," Mr. Cutter's arrangement is a modification Lovid D

Ovid, De Rem. Am., i. 91-2. See "N. & Q.," ante, p. 76.

P of that suggested by Mr. Gannett, “ Geografer" of the United States Census Office, and whereas Mr. Gannett

H. ( Church Registers ").- Very many church redivided the United States into three groups by means of

| gisters have been published. The whole question bas three perpendicular lines or bands. Mr. Cutter sub been amply discussed. See “N. &Q," Gth S., vols. V., Vi.. divides into six groups, and assigns numbers and letters and viii. to the several States and Territories and their principal BERNARD Benoit.We have a letter for you. Please towns, the letter being that of their initial. Thus send full address. Mr. Cutter would represent New York State by No. 67, ERRATUM.-P. 61, col, 2, 1, 24, for “Hagley" read Buffalo by 67 B 8, where 67=State of New York, B=initial | Ragley. letter of Buffalo, 8 a distinguishing mark from other

NOTICE. towns in the same state having the same initial, such Editorial Communications should be addressed to “The as Brooklyn, which appears as 67 B 7. Tlie report on Editor of Notes and Queries'"-Advertisements and “Libraries and Schools," by Mr. Samuel S. Green, Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the offico, 20, of Worcester, Mass., contains many interesting details Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. of the way in which American public libraries aid the We beg leave to state that we decline to return comcause of education. The extracts from diaries kept by munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and 'apprentices" of the Normal School, who are pupils to this rule we can make no exception,

Each Half-yearly Volume complete in itself, with Title-page and Index.

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every New English Novel. REPORTS of the LEARNED SOCIETIES. AUTHENTIC ACCOUNTS of Scientific Voyages and Expeditions. CRITICISMS on Art, Music, and the Drama. LETTERS from Foreign Correspondents on subjects relating to Literature,

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