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ment, or from the neglect or omission of any person or persons having such authority to appoint such Commissioners, or from any other cause, it shall be lawful for the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, or any three or more of them, from time to time, by writing under their hands, to appoint Commissioners for putting in execution the said recited Acts of the 49 Geo. 3. and the powers therein referred to or contained in relation to the said respective rates and duties of ls. and 6d., in the several departments or districts throughout Great Britain ; and such Commissioners so to be appointed as last aforesaid are hereby empowered and required to do all things necessary for putting the said recited Acts in execution with relation to the said respective rates and duties, in the like and in as full and ample a manner as any Commissioners appointed or authorized by or under the authority of any former Act or Acts could or might at any time heretofore put in execution the said recited Acts.

vii. That this Act may be amended or repealed by any Act to be passed in the present session of Parliament.

CAP. XLVII.- IRELAND. AN ACT to amend and continue for five Years, and to the End of the next Session of Parliament, certain Acts relating to Linen, Hempen, and other Manufactures in Ireland.

(29th July 18H.)

ABSTRACT OF THE ENACTMENTS.

1. Continuation of Acts.
2. Further powers granted to Justices in awarding the penalties assigned by the Act 5 & 6 Will. 4. c. 27.
3. Fairs and markets for linen to be held between Ten and Two o'clock throughout the year.
4. Public Act.
5. Act to extend to Ireland only.
6. Act may be amended this session.

By this Act, After reciting the passing of 5 & 6 Will. 4. c. 27, 3 & 4 Vict. c. 91, and 5 & 6 Vict. c. 68; and that it is expedient that the first herein before recited Act should be continued, with such amendments as are hereinafter contained, and that the secondly and thirdly hereinbefore recited Acts should also be continued :

It is Enacted, 1. That the said first hereinbefore recited Act, except as to such parts thereof as have been repealed by the said secondly hereinbefore recited Act, and subject to the amendments hereinafter contained, and the said secondly and thirdly hereinbefore recited Acts shall be continued and shall be and remain in force from the passing of this Act for five years, and until the end of the next session of Parliament.

And after reciting that several of the penalties imposed by the said first hereinbefore recited Act for the offences therein described are directed to be not less in amount than certain sums in the said Act respectively named, and it is expedient that power should be given to the convicting Justices still further to lessen the same :

It is Enacted, 11. That it shall be lawful for any Justices or Justice or Chief Magistrate by whom any person shall be convicted of any offence under the said first hereinbefore recited Act to award, in respect of any offence punishable under the said Act, any penalty whatsoever, not being greater than the maximum penalty assigned for such offence by the said Act; and the said Act shall hereafter take effect and be continued as if no such minimum limits as are hereinbefore referred to had been respectively assigned to the penalties thereby imposed.

And after reciting that by the said first-mentioned Act it is enacted, that for the purposes thereof all linen which shall be sold or exposed for sale within the custom gaps or custom gates of any fair or market on the respective fair or market days between the hours thereinafter mentioned, (that is to say,) between ten of the clock in the forenoon and two of the clock in the afternoon from the 25th of March until the 25th of September in each year, and between eleven of the clock in the forenoon and two of the clock in the afternoon from the 25th of September until the 25th of March in each year, shall be deemed and taken to be sold or exposed for sale in open fair or market, and none other; any law, usage, or custom to the contrary notwithstanding: and that it is expedient that the hour of ten of the clock in the forenoon, from the 25th of September to the 25th of March in each year, should be fixed, instead of eleven of the clock in the forenoon during the like period, as the time at which open fairs and markets should, for the purposes of the said first hereinbefore mentioned Act, be deemed to

commence:

It is Enacted, 111. That from and after the passing of this Act all linen that shall be sold or exposed for sale within the custom gaps a custom gates of any fair or market on the respective fair days, between the hour of ten of the clock in the forenoon and t*0 of the clock in the afternoon, whatever may be the period of the year, shall for the purposes of this Act be deemed and takea to be sold or exposed for sale in open fair or market, and none other; anything in the said first hereinbefore recited Act, and any law, usage, or custom, to the contrary notwithstanding.

Iv. That this Act, and the several Acts hereinbefore recited, shall be deemed and taken to be public Acts, and shall be judicially taken notice of as such by all Judges, Justices, and others.

v. That this Act shall extend to Ireland only.
vI. That this Act may be amended or repealed by any Act to be passed in the present session of Parliament.

CAP. XLVIII.

AN ACT to repeal certain Acts for regulating the Trade in Butter and Cheese.

(29th July 1844.)

ABSTRACT OF THE ENACTMENTS.

1. Recited Acts repealed.
2. Act may be amended this session.

By this Act, After reciting the passing of 4 Will. & M. c. 7, 36 Geo. 3. c. 86, and 38 Geo. 3. c. 73; and that it is expedient that the herein before recited Acts should be repealed, except as hereinafter is expressed :

It is Enacted, 1. That the hereinbefore recited Acts shall be repealed, but not so as to revive any Act or any part of any Act repealed by any of the Acts hereby repealed.

11. That this Act may be amended or repealed by any Act to be passed in this session of Parliament.

CAP. XLIX.

AN ACT for the better Regulation of Colonial Posts.

(29th July 1844.)

ABSTRACT OF THE ENACTMENTS.

1. Rates of postage established by the Postmaster General to be deemed authorized by recited Acts.
2. Postmaster General may establish posts in the colonies.
3. Commissioners of the Treasury may establish rates of postage, and alter them from time to time.
4. Warrants establishing rates of postage to be published in London Gazette.
5. Colonial rates of postage to be paid over to Postmaster General.
6. Postage mark to be evidence of amount of postage.
7. Repeal of certain provision in secondly-recited Act.
8. Defining the term Colonial Letters."
9. Commissioners of the Treasury may extend provisions of Post Office Acts to other colonies.
10. Construction of terms.
11. Act may be amended, fc. this session.

By this Act, After reciting that by 7 Will. 4. & 1 Vict. c. 33, it was provided, that the Postmaster General should have the exclusive privilege (except in the particular cases therein mentioned) of conveying letters from one place to another, wheresoever, within the United Kingdom or other Her Majesty's dominions, posts or post communications then were or might be thereafter established; and by 3 & 4 Vict. c. 96. the Postmaster General was empowered to charge such rates of postage as the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury might from time to time, by warrant under their hands, direct, on letters conveyed by post between places therein mentioned where post communications should be established, and where rates of postage had not hitherto been authorized by law: And that in certain of Her Majesty's colonies in which posts or post communications have been or may be established by the Postmaster General, rates of postage have been already authorized to be taken :

It is Enacted and Declared, 1. That in all cases in which posts or post communications have been established by the Postmaster General in any of Her Majesty's colonies, and rates of postage, by warrant under the hands of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, or any three of them, have been directed to be charged by the Postmaster General on letters conveyed by post between places within such colonies, the same shall be deemed and taken to have been authorized by the said recited Acts, any thing to the contrary notwithstanding.

11. And it is enacted and declared, That it shall be lawful for the Postmaster General for the time being, from time to time, to establish any posts or post communications in any of Her Majesty's colonies, or in any of the cities or towns within any such colony, or the suburbs thereof, and to alter or annul any of the posts or post communications already established or hereafter to be established in any of the said colonies, cities, towns, or suburbs, as he shall deem expedient, and to appoint sufficient deputies, agents, and servants under him, for the better managing the Post Office revenue, at any place or places where such posts or post communications already have been or may hereafter be established, and such deputies, agents, and servants from time to time to suspend, remove, or displace, and to appoint others in their place or stead; and whenever any such posts or post communications shall be established in any of the said colonies, all colonial legislative acts and colonial ordinances relating to the post or postage of letters in force within any such colony shall cease and determine.

111. And it is enacted and declared, That it shall be lawful for the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, from time to time and at all times after the passing of this Act, by warrant under their hands, to alter and fix any of the rates of colonial postage payable by law for the transmission of letters by the post, and to subject the same to rates of postage according to the weight thereof, and a scale of weight to be contained in such warrant, and from time to time, by warrant as aforesaid, to alter or repeal any such altered rates, and make and establish any new or other rates in lieu thereof, and the rates of colonial postage from time to time to become payable under or by virtue of any such warrant shall be charged and paid accordingly, and from time to time, by warrant as aforesaid, to appoint at what time the rates which may be payable are to be paid ; and the power hereby given to alter and fix rates of postage shall extend to any increase or reduction or remission of postage.

iv. That in all cases in which any rates of colonial postage shall be made payable under or by virtue of any warrant of the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury under this Act, every such warrant shall be published in the London Gazette, and shall, within fourteen days after making the same, be laid before both Houses of Parliament if then sitting, or otherwise within fourteen days after Parliament shall re-assemble: Provided that any rates made payable by any such warrant may be demanded and taken at any time after they shall have been so published in the London Gazette, although the same shall not then have been laid before Parliament.

v. That the rates of colonial postage now or hereafter payable within any of Her Majesty's colonies, where posts or post communications have been or shall hereafter be established by or under the authority of Her Majesty's Postmaster General shall be charged by and be paid to Her Majesty's Postmaster General for the time being, or his deputies or agents in such colony, and, after deducting the expenses of collection and management of the Post Office in any such colony, and payment of the salaries and wages of the officers and servants employed in or about the same, shall be appropriated and applied, by or under the authority of the Postmaster General for the time being, to the improvement and extension of the posts and post communications of the colony within which such postage shall be raised, and the surplus thereof shall be applied for the public service of such colony, and the support of the Government thereof, in such manner as the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury for the time being may from time to time by writing under their hands direct.

vi. That the postage, whether British or foreign or colonial, marked on any letter brought into any of Her Majesty's colonies or dominions, shall, in all courts of justice and other places within the said colonies and dominions, be received as conclusive evidence of the amount of British or foreign or colonial postage payable in respect of such letter, in addition to any other postage chargeable thereon; and all such postage shall be recoverable, within Her Majesty's colonies and dominions, as postage due to Her Majesty.

VII. That so much of section 33. of the said Act, 3 & 4 Vict. c. 96, intituled, 'An Act for the Regulation of the Duties of Postage,' as contains the words “and where rates of postage have not hitherto been authorized by law," shall be and the same is hereby repealed.

VIII. That the term “ Colonial Letters" used in section 58. of the said last-mentioned Act shall include all letters transmitted by the post between places within any of Her Majesty's colonies, or between any of such colonies, or between any of the colonies and the United Kingdom or a foreign country.

1x. That it shall be lawful for the Commissioners of Her Majesty's Treasury, from time to time and at all times after the passing of this Act, by warrant under their hands, to extend to all or any of Her Majesty's colonies any of the enactments, clauses, and provisions (not then relating to or affecting the colonies) contained in the said Jast-mentioned Act, and also any of the enactments, clauses, and provisions (not then relating to or affecting the colonies) contained or which may be contained in any other of the Post Office Acts now or hereafter to be in force, and from time to time to revoke any such warrant; and during the time any such warrant shall be unrepealed the enactments, clauses, and provisions which may be so extended to any such colonies shall be in force in such colonies in like manner as if the same had been declared by any such Acts to extend to such colonies.

x. That the following terms and expressions whenever used in this Act shall have the several interpretations hereinafter respectively set forth, unless such interpretations are repugnant to the subject or inconsistent with the context of the provisions in which they may be found ; (that is to say,) the term “ Letter" shall include post letters and packets, newspapers

, votes and proceedings of the imperial Parliament, and votes and proceedings of the legislatures of any of Her Majesty's colonies or provinces, pamphlets and other printed papers ; and the term “Colonial Postage" shall include the postage or letters and newspapers, and other papers and packets transmitted by the post within any of Her Majesty's colonies; and that the several other terms and expressions used in this Act shall be construed according to the respective interpretations contained or referred to in the said Act, 3 & 4 Vict. c. 96, intituled, 'An Act for the Regulation of the Duties of Postage,' as far as those interpretations are not repugnant to the subject, or inconsistent with the context of such terms or expressions.

X1. That this Act may be amended or repealed by any Act to be passed in the present session of Parliament.

Cap. L.

AN ACT to extend the Powers of the Act for encouraging the Establishment of District Courts and Prisons.

(29th July 1844.)

ABSTRACT OF THE ENACTMENTS.

1. Agreements contemplated by the recited Act may be contingent on grant of sessions of the peace.
2. Repeal of 5 8 6 Vict. c. 53. s. 41. as to divisions of united districts.
3. Provisions as to divisions of any united district, whether grant made before or after confirmation of agreement.
4. Secretary of State to appoint Surveyor General of Prisons.
5. Act may be amended this session.

By this Act, After reciting the passing of 5 & 6 Vict. c. 53, and that it is expedient that the said Act be amended, for the purpose of removing doubts as to the manner of putting the said Act in force with respect to those boroughs to which a separate court of sessions of the peace has not been granted at the time of making the agreements contemplated by the said Act:

It is Declared and Enacted, 1. That it shall be lawful for the council of any borough to which Her Majesty shall not have then granted a separate court of sessions of the peace to be party to any agreement for the purposes of the said Act; and it shall be also lawful to insert in any such agreement, if the parties thereunto shall think fit, a condition, that such agreement shall not take effect unless Her Majesty shall be pleased to grant a separate court of sessions of the peace to any such borough; and in case such condition shall be therein inserted no agreement shall be valid notwithstanding that the same shall have been approved by the several parties thereto, and confirmed by Her Majesty, as directed by the said Act, until Her Majesty shall have been pleased to grant such separate court of sessions of the peace to the borough or boroughs respecting which the said condition shall have been inserted in the agreement.

11. That so much of the said Act as provides that in every case in which more than one borough having a court of sessions of the peace shall be a party to the agreement aforesaid the district united under such agreement shall be divided into as many divisions as there shall be boroughs included in such agreement, and to each of such boroughs shall be apportioned such a division of the said district as shall be more immediately adjacent thereunto, and shall be set forth in the agreement, regard being had to the amount of population in the whole district, and the other circumstances of the case, and all prisoners committed to the said prison for any offence committed within any division aforesaid shall be sent for trial to the sessions of the peace holden for that borough to which such division shall have been apportioned, and the provisions hereinbefore contained with respect to jurors, and the return of convictions, depositions, recognizances, and other documents, for the united district, shall apply in each case to the division apportioned to each borough, shall be repealed.

III. That in every case in which more than one borough having a court of sessions of the peace shall be a party to any such agreement whether or not the grant of such court shall have been made before or after the confirmation of the agreement, the united district shall be divided into as many divisions as there are boroughs to which such grants shall have been made, in such manner as shall be absolutely or provisionally set forth in the agreement, or as shall be provided by any supplemental agreement to be made and enforced in like manner as the original agreement, so, nevertheless, that one such borough shall be included in and form the whole or part of every such division ; and the united district and also each of such divisions, shall be designated by such names as shall be set forth in such agreement or supplemental agreement; and a court of sessions of the peace for each division of the united district shall be holden in the borough which forms the whole or part of such division, before the recorder thereof, who shall be the recorder of that division and sole judge of the court which shall have the like jurisdiction throughout the division which the court of sessions of the peace for any of the said boroughs has within such boroagh; and the provisions in the said Act contained with respect to the clerk of the peace, and to jurors, and the return of convictions, depositions, recognizances, and other documents, for the united district, shall apply in each case separately to each division, and to the borough which is included in and forms the whole or part of such division.

And after reciting that by 2 & 3 Vict. c. 56, intituled, 'An Act for the better ordering of Prisons,' it is provided, that it shall not be lawful to enlarge, build, or rebuild any prison until one of Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State shall have approved the plan of such prison or intended prison ;

It is Enacted, iv. That it shall be lawful for the Secretary of State to appoint a proper person to be surveyor general of prisons for the purpose of advising the Justices and others having the superintendence of the construction of prisons, and fur reporting to the Secretary of State on the several plans which shall be sent to him for his approval as aforesaid, and for the performance of such other duties connected with the construction of prisons as shall be from time to time intrusted to him by the Secretary of State.

v. That this Act may be amended or repealed by any Act to be passed in this present session of Parliament.

Cap. LI.

AN ACT to continue, until the End of the Session of Parliament next after the Thirty-first Day of July

One thousand eight hundred and forty-six, certain of the Allowances of the Duty of Excise on Soap used in Manufactures.

(29th July 1844.) By this Act, After reciting that by 3 & 4 Will. 4. c. 16, certain allowances of the duties of Excise paid on soap were granted in respect of soap used in certain manufactures and processes set forth in the said Act, and which allowances were to cease at the end of the session of Parliament next after the 31st of May 1835 : and that by other Acts passed in the fifth and sixth years of his said late Majesty King William the Fourth, and in the second and third and also the fifth years of the reign of her present Majesty Queen Victoria, the said allowances (except the allowance for the whitening of new linen in the piece for sale) were continued until the end of the session of Parliament next after the 31st of July 1844: and that it is expedient that the said allowances (except as aforesaid) should be further continued :

It is Enacted, That the said allowances (except the allowance of the duty on soap used, employed, or consumed in the whitening of new linen in the piece for sale) shall continue and remain payable until the end of the session of Parliament next after the 31st of July 1846, in like manner as if the same had been made payable until that time by the said first-recited Act.

Cap. LII.

AN ACT to extend the Powers of the Act for the Appointment and Payment of Parish Constables.

(29th July 1844.)

ABSTRACT OF THE ENACTMENTS.

1. Recited Act to extend to all liberties having a commission.
2. Confirming previous appointments.
3. Horses, fc. in service of superintendent constables exempted from toll.
4. Exempting such parts of parishes as lie within boroughs, exempted by 5 & 6 Vict. c. 109.
5. Act may be amended this session.

By this Act, After reciting the passing of 5 & 6 Vict. c. 109, whereby provision was made for the appointment of parochial constables by the Justices of the Peace of every county in England; and that it is expedient that the like authority should be given to the Justices of the Peace of liberties within counties :

It is Enacted, 1. That after the passing of this Act all the provisions of the said Act shall be extended and apply to every liberty in England having a separate commission of the peace, and not being an incorporated borough, and to the Justices of such liberty, as if such liberty were a county of itself, and as if the said Act were herein re-enacted.

11. That the constables appointed and sworn to act in any such liberty before the passing of this Act, whether by the Justices of the liberty acting under colour of the powers of the said Act, or at any court leet or torn within such liberty, shall be deemed

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