Page images
PDF
EPUB

THE

ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA

ELEVENTH EDITION

FIRST
SECOND
THIRD
FOURTH
FIFTH
SIXTH
SEVENTH
EIGHTH
NINTH
TENTH

edition, published in three volumes, 1768-1771.
ten

1777-1784.
eighteen

1788–1797. twenty

1801-1810. twenty

1815–1817. twenty

1823–1824. twenty-one

1830-1842. twenty-two

1853-1860. twenty-five

1875–1889. ninth edition and eleven

supplementary volumes, 1901–1903. published in twenty-nine volumes, 1910-1911.

ELEVENTH

ies,

THE

ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA

DICTIONARY

OF

ARTS, SCIENCES, LITERATURE AND GENERAL .

INFORMATION

ELEVENTH EDITION

VOLUME X

EVANGELICAL CHURCH to FRANCIS JOSEPH

NEW YORK
THE ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA COMPANY

1910

[blocks in formation]

INITIALS USED IN VOLUME X. TO IDENTIFY INDIVIDUAL
CONTRIBUTORS,1 WITH THE HEADINGS OF THE

ARTICLES IN THIS VOLUME SO SIGNED.

A. B. R.

A. D.

A. F. B.

A. F. P.

A.G.

A. Go.*

A. H.-S.

A.L.

A. L. B.

ALFRED BARTON RENDLE, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S., F.L.S.

Keeper, Department of Botany, British Museum. Author of Text Book on Classi- { Flower.

fication of Flowering Plants; &c.
AUSTIN Dobson, LL.D.
See the biographical article: Dobson, H. AUSTIN.

Fielding, Henry.
ALDRED FARRER BARKER, M.Sc.

Felt.
Professor of Textile Industries at Bradford Technical College
Albert FREDERICK POLLARD, M.A., F.R.Hist.Soc.

Professor of English History in the University of London. Fellow of All Souls' | Ferrar, Bishop;
College, Oxford. Assistant Editor of the Dictionary of National Biography, 1893- Fox, Edward;
1901. Lothian Prizeman, Oxford, 1892; Arnold Prizeman, 1898. Author of ox, Richard.

England under Prolecior Somersel; Henry VIII.; Life of Thomas Cranmer; &c,
MAJOR ARTHUR George FREDERICK GRIFFITHS (d. 1908).

H.M. Inspector of Prisons, 1878-1896. Author of The Chronicles of Newgate; Finger Prints.

Secrets of the Prison House; &c.
REV. ALEXANDER GORDON, M.A.

Faber, Basil, Jacobus and
Lecturer on Church History in the University of Manchester.

Johann;

i Familists; Farel, G.; Flacius. SIR A. HOUTUM-SCHINDLER, C.I.E.

S Fars;
General in the Persian Army. Author of Eastern Persian Irak.

| Firuzabad.
ANDREW LANG.

S Fairy;
See the biographical article: LANG, ANDREW.

1 Family.
ALFRED LYS BALDRY.
Art Critic of the Globe, 1893-1908. Author of Modern Mural Decoralion and

Fortuny.
biographies of Albert Moore, Sir H. von Herkomer, R.A., Sir J. E. Millais, P.R.A., 1

Marcus Stone, R.A., and G. H. Boughton, R.A.
ALFRED NEWTON, F.R.S.

Falcon; Fieldfare; Finch
See the biographical article: NEWTON, ALFRED.

| Flycatcher; Fowl. ARTHUR SMITHELLS, F.R.S.

Professor of Chemistry in the University of Leeds. Author of Scientific Papers on Flame.

Flame and Spectrum Analysis.
AGNES MARY CLERKE.
See the biographical article: CLERKE, A. M.

Flamsteed.
ARTHUR WATSON.
Secretary in the Academic Department, University of London.

{Examinations (in part) ALEXANDER Wood RENTON, M.A., LL.B.

Fixtures;
Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Ceylon. Editor of Encyclopaedia of the Laws
of England.

Flat.
ADOLPHUS WILLIAM WARD, D.LITT., LL.D.

5 Foote, Samuel;
See the biographical article: WARD, A, W.

1 Ford, John.
SIR CHARLES NORTON EDGCUMBE Eliot, K.C.M.G., C.B., M.A., LL.D., D.C.L. "

Vice-Chancellor of Sheffield University. Formerly Fellow of Trinity College,
Oxford. H.M.'s Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief for the British East Africa Finno-Ugrian.
Protectorate; Agent and Consul-General at Zanzibar; Consul-General for German

East Africa, 1900-1904.
CHARLES FRANCIS BASTABLE, M.A., LL.D.

Regius Professor of Laws and Professor of Political Economy in the University of
Dublin. Author of Public Finance; Commerce of Nations; Theory of International

Finance.
Trade; &c.
C. F. Cross, B.Sc. (Lond.), F.C.S., F.I.C.
Analytical and Consulting Chemist.

Fibres.
'A complete list, showing all individual contributors, appears in the final volume.

A. N.

A. S.

A. M. C.

A. W.

A. W.R..

A. W.W.

C. EL

C.. B.

C. P. C.

« EelmineJätka »