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of defperation and phrenzy, from the foul deliberate contempt of
every religious duty or honourable fentiment; and will deplore the
uncertainty of human profpects, when they reflect, that a young man
is condemned to perpepual infamy, who, if he had ferved on board
any other ship, or had perhaps been abfent from the Bounty a fingle
day, might fill have been an honour to his country, and a glory and
comfort to his friends.'

Art. 53. An Anfwer to certain Affertions contained in an Appendix to a
Pamphlet, intituled, Minutes of the Proceedings on the Court Martial
beld at Portfmouth, Aug. 12th, 1792, on Ten Perfons charged with
Mutiny on board bis Majefty's Ship the Bounty. By Capt. William
Bligh. 4to. pp. 31. 1s. 6d. Nicol. 1794.

It is with no fmall degree of regret that I find myself (fays Capt. Bligh,) under the neceffity of obtruding my private concerns on the public. A pamphlet has appeared under the title of "Minutes of the Proceedings on the Court Martial held at Portsmouth, Aug. 12, 1792, with an Appendix, &c." This appendix is the work of Mr. Edward Chriftian, the brother of Fletcher Chriftian who headed the mutineers of the Bounty; written apparently for the purpose of vindicating his brother's conduct at my expence.'

Capt. Bligh objects, with great propriety, to the conduct of Mr. Edward Chriftian, in mixing together the names of men whose affertions merit very different degrees of credit, and blending their evidence into one mafs, without diftinguishing the particular information given by any individual. He refts his defence on the teftimony of others, which he trufts will be fufficient to do away any evil impreffion that the public may have imbibed from reading Mr. Edward Chriftian's defence of his brother.

The affidavits of Coleman, Smith, and Lebogue, late belonging to the Bounty, contradict, in the most express terms, most of the affertions refpecting the behaviour of Capt. Bligh to his officers and men, advanced in Mr. Chriftian's Appendix to the Proceedings of the Court Martial.

Lieut. Hallet, in a letter to Capt. Bligh, published in this defence, confiders himself as bound, in justice to the character of Capt. Bligh, to advance his mite towards the confutation of the affertions and infinuations conveyed to the public through the medium of the above-mentioned Appendix. To this is added a letter from Mr. Edward Lamb, Commander of the Adventure in the Jamaica trade, to Capt. Bligh; who, on reading the Appendix, thought it his duty to vindicate, as far as came within his knowlege, the character of Capt. Bligh.

On fuch evidence Capt. B. fubmits his conduct to the judgment of the public.-The Appendix makes pofitive affertions:-the De fence contains equally pofitive denials—It remains therefore with the public to determine not only what they are to believe-but whom they are to credit.

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Art. 54. Obfervations on Mr. Stedman's Hiftory of the American War.
By Lieut. Gen. Sir Henry Clinton, K. B. 4to. PP. 34.
Debrett. 1794.

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It has been thought by many that our ill fuccefs on the continent of America, during the late unfortunate war, may in part be attri buted to the jealoufies and difagreements of the refpective commanders of the British forces. The truth of this obfervation must appear to every one who perufes the prefent ftrictures on Mr. Stedman's Hiftory of the American War *.

How far the observations of Sir Henry Clinton are founded in juftice, it is impoffible for us to determine; in fome inftances, he appears with propriety to object to the conduct of Lord Cornwallis, of whofe military operations, during that war, he seems to entertain no very favourable opinion.

We could not avoid noticing a fact brought forwards by Sir Henry Clinton, refpecting the plunder taken at the fiege of Charlestown: The army (fays he) is now waiting to receive a very small share of. plunder taken at a fiege, of which the navy divided their ample share full 14 years fince!!'

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Art. 55. Sketch of a Plan for an effectual and general Reformation of Life and Manners. By John Donaldson, Efq. 8vo. pp. 180. 4s. fewed. Cadell and Davies. 1794.

In a projector, it is certainly fome merit to have, like Sterne's Le Fevre, "all the difpofitions in the world:" but to form a plan for the effectual and general reformation of life and manners is a vaft undertaking, which requires fomething more than a laudable defire of promoting the public good. It demands a degree of knowlege and good fenfe, of acquaintance with the world, and of penetrating difcernment of men and things, far beyond what we are able to discover in this publication. Many a project appears well on paper, which, neverthelefs, on trial is found impracticable. In favour of this author's projects, we cannot, univerfally, fay fo much as that they are at first fight promifing. One of Mr. Donaldfon's fchemes is to oblige not only prifoners, but people against whom no legal fufpicion has arifen, to give fecurity on oath for their good behaviour: for example, all apprentices, clerks, fhopmen, and fervants, all fchool-mafters, and diffenting teachers, and all foreigners,-a kind of ftigma, which it would be injurious as well as unneceffary to put on a good man; and which, with refpect to bad men, would be altogether nugatory. The taxes, which Mr. D. propofes on foreigners, are equally illiberal and injudicious. His plan for making ftraight roads and parallel roads, though it has not much to do with the reformation of life and manners, might be very eligible if it were not impracticable, as it certainly is, in inclosed and cultivated countries. Various other projects are thrown out in this volume, but in fo confufed and imperfect a manner, that, even where the idea is in the main good, we are apprehenfive that they will be of little ufe. Some tolerable hints are offered with respect to the regulation of prifons: but, on this fubject, Mr. Donaldfon's random propofals can add little to the accurate and indefatigable inquiries, and judicious fuggeftions, of the benevolent HOWARD.

Of which fee our account, Rev. vol. xv. N. S. p. 55.

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Art. 56. A Letter to the Magiftrates, Burgeffes, &c. of the Royal Burghs of Scotland. Second Edition. By John Donaldfon, Efq. 8vo. 6d. Cadell jun. and Davies. 1795.

Mr. Donaldfon has fome favourite plan for the improvement of Scotland, the particulars of which he will fully difclofe as foon as he is affured of a fhare of the profits that may arife from the execution; and he is exceedingly difappointed at not having obtained fuch a degree of attention to his propofal, particularly from the Committee of Royal Burghs in Scotland, as, in his judgment, the extenfive utility of his projects demands. For farther information concerning the nature of this writer's fcheme, the reader may confult his other pieces. See the preceding article; and Rev. N. S. vol. iii. p. 224; and vol. x. p. 232.

E. Art. 57. Evenings at Home; or the Juvenile Budget opened. Confifting of a Variety of Miscellaneous Pieces for the Instruction and Amusement of Young Perfons. Vol. IV. 12mo. Pp. 156. 1s. 6d. Johnfon. 1795.

After the juft tribute of approbation which has been paid to the former parts of this work, little more is now to be done than to announce to the public the appearance of a fourth volume. We can with fatisfaction continue our recommendation of this amufing and moral mifcellany. The addition which it here receives prefents ufeful information and rational entertainment. Our youth, not to mention others, may derive confiderable advantage from the perufal of thefe dialogues, efpecially if they happen to fall under the direction of fome capable friend, who may profecute the fubjects to farther effect. Art. 58. Friendly Advice; comprehending general Heads of Qualifications, requifite for those who wish to marry well and live happy: Compiled and tranflated from different Authors. By Cæfar Muffolini, Profeffor of the Italian Language, in London. 8vo. 39. Richardfon. 1794:

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It is one of the privileges of reviewers, that they have an opportunity of feeing more literary curiofities than other people. The prefent work is of this kind. It is a collection of obfervations, fentiments, and ftories on love and marriage, huddled together without any method, and told in vulgar language; to which the author prefixes an humble addrefs to the public, affuring them that the prefent fubject has been compiled and tranflated from different authors with great accuracy, exactness, and fuperior attention;' and only requefling from an indulgent public their approbation-which humble petition an indulgent public will doubtlefs have too much humanity to reject. E. Art. 59. The Life of Lord George Gordon: With a Philofophical Review of his Political Conduct. By Robert Watfon, M.D. 8vo. pp. 137. 35. 6d. fewed. Symonds, &c.

1795.

The fame of Lord George Gordon has found a zealous friend in his prefent biographer, who has warmly defended his general character and political conduct, in regard to the various inftances and afpects in which both were exhibited to the obfervation of the public, at different periods of a brief but active life. The biographer fets out * See Rev, for Nov. 1793, vol. xii. p. 355.

REV. MAY, 1795.

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with obferving that whether we reflect on the eccentricity of Lord George's character, or on the viciffitudes of fortune which he experienced, he was undoubtedly one of the most extraordinary perfons of the age. But, as a celebrated writer has juftly obferved, the lives of few men deserve to be tranfmitted to pofterity; and did not gratitude for a departed friend, added to a ftrong impulse to rescue injured virtue from the revengeful attacks of minifterial hirelings, urge me on, I fhould have fubmitted to the misfortune with calm refignation, and filently regretted his death with the patience of philofophy, as the common lot of human nature; fuch were my feelings for the lofs of my departed friend; but fo implacable is the rage of his oppreffors, that it purfues him even beyond the grave. They continue to libel a man whom they could not corrupt, and confcious of their injustice and barbarity towards him, bafely and cowardly endeavour to avert cenfure from themfelves, by reflecting obloquy on the memory of one who can no longer defend himself. He has fallen a martyr to cruel and fanguinary laws, or at least to the merciless fentence of lawyers;- but the veil of prejudice is about to be removed, and pofterity will judge between them. There lies a tribunal whence there can be no appeal, and where there will be neither threats nor promifes to pervert the judgment.?

Our readers will already perceive that Lord George's biographer is rather his apologist than his hiftorian; and that in this work his Lordfhip's caufe is fupported by an advocate who poffeffes confiderable powers, and who exerts thofe powers in fuch a manner as will scarcely fail of convincing the impartial reader that the extraordinary perfon, who is the fubject of this memoir, was, in fome refpects, hardly used, and calumniated by the zealots of almost every party; which, indeed, is not furprizing, if we confider the peculiarities of his Lordship's character, and of the fituations into which he was precipitated by the fingularities of his conduct, on particular emergencies.

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With respect to the riots in London in 1780, the author obferves that few events in the annals of Britain have excited more attention,'. and that, perhaps, none are involved in greater darknefs;' nor has he been able to throw much light on it: but he recites the principal circumstances of them, fo far as they immediately relate to the hero of the prefent tale. On the whole, with respect to Lord George, he offers this general reflection: Many advocates for reform, from a dread of anarchy and plunder, have decided too rafhly on the subject, and as the newspapers are either in the pay of adminiftration, or under the influence of factious partizans, no pains have been spared to blacken his character, and to expofe him to popular contempt and hatred through the medium of prejudice. They in part fucceeded, for an honeft individual has no chance in contending with a phalanx of placemen, pensioners, and expectants; fecret-fervice money is profufely fcattered to calumniate virtue: and hence the true patriot is often facrificed to the joint efforts of malice and corruption.'

The author's account of Lord George's converfion to Judaism is curious: but, as we must not enlarge, we fhall conclude by recommending the work to the perufal of our readers. They will find in it more entertainment than they will probably expect from a bare perufal of the title.

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Art. 60. A Differtation on the Theory and Practice of Benevolence. By George Dyer, B. A. 8vo. pp. 106. 25. Kearsley. 1795. This ingenious and liberal author very reafonably requests his readers, before they form a judgment concerning the prefent work, to confider its precife character and its avowed object. It is not his intention to enter into a metaphyfical investigation of the origin of our moral feelings; he rather chooses to exhibit a portrait of benevolence under its leading characters, in order to infpire the fpirit which it is his leading defign to call into exercise. The theoretical part of the work, or the Differtation, is accordingly fhort, and the tract is principally a narrative of facts, prefen:ing objects for the exercise of benevolence. In continuation of the detail contained in a former publication, "The Complaints of the Poor People of England," Mr. Dyer gives at length plans of a charity fchool, work-houfe, and houfe of induftry, and reports of hospitals and the Philanthropic Society. An entire chapter is devoted to the fubject of the poverty and diftrefs of men of letters, in which an account is given of a fociety inftituted for their relief, and of another for the joint purposes of encouraging fcience and relieving diftrefs. The laft fubject in the order of this Differtation, but, as the author confeffes, the first in his mind, is the cafe of thofe who have been lately put on their trial for treafon or fedition. Mr. Dyer calls the public attention to this fubject not in a political but in a moral view, in regard to the inconveniences and loffes fuftained by the defendants; and, in order to ftimulate generous exertions in their behalf, he gives a particular account of the circumftances of the feveral individuals; not at their folicitation, but purely from motives of benevolence and public fpirit. There are, doubtlefs, in many of these cafes, circumftances of peculiar hardship, which may entitle them to the liberal attention of those who regard the perfons in question as fufferers in the cause of freedom. Mr. Dyer has given fome of the details in the exact words of the refpective reports, as he fays, not with a view of faving labour, but of preferving accuracy. A work of this kind can fcarcely with propriety be confidered as an object of literary criticism. E.

Art. 61. An Account of Mr. Joyce's Arreft for " Treasonable Practices;" his Examination before his Majefty's Moft Hon. Privy Council; his Commitment to the Tower, and fubfequent Treatment: By Jeremiah Joyce, Twenty-three Weeks a close Prisoner in the Tower. Second Edition, corrected and enlarged, 8vo. gd. Ridgway, &c. 1795:

First published with Mr. Joyce's fermon, [fee M. Rev. for Dec. 1794, P. 477,] and now printed in a feparate form, with corrections and enlargements, as the titie-page fets forth.

FAST SERMONS, Feb. 25, continued.

Art. 62. Preached in the Epifcopal Chapel in Stirling. By George Cleig, M. A. 8vo. 15. Rivingtons.

As the Af

Mr. Cleig judiciously comments on If. x. 5, 6, 7. fyrians, a wicked people themselves, were appointed to chastise the abominations of the Ifraelites, in like manner he ftates that the wickedness of this country may, by the all-wife difpenfations of Divine

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Providence,

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