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Providence, receive its due punishment by the hands of the French, although our enemies may be a more finful nation than ourselves. He conceives, in common with many other Divines, that there is, indeed, much wifdom displayed in making one impious nation, in the regular courfe of Providence, chaftife another,' without fuppofing that the righteous Judge of all the earth ever over-ruled the minds of a people, and compelled them, for the fake of executing his vengeance, to enter on an unjust war against another:' which, he adds, would be wholly incenfiftent with every notion which we can form of the Divine attributes of goodness and juftice.'-On this hypothefis he enlarges with propriety and judgment, in order to render it confiftent with fcripture and reafon. As to any experience which we may have had with regard to the actual good effects of our national faits, of late years, he feems to think, with Mr. Hill, and others, that very little, if any, reformation has followed the obfervance of them, The fame total neglect,' fays he, of the ordinances of religion prevails among us this year that disgraced us the laft. No man seems to have retrenched his fuperfluous expences, or to have forfaken his finful pleafures; and the trading part of the community have increased, without reafon, [the author's words] and beyond all proportion, the price of the neceffaries of life: thus aggravating the burdens, which the exigencies of the ftate muft lay upon the people.'

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The good preacher would not, however, that we fhould abandon ourfelves to defpair, on account of the fucceffes' of our enemies: but, on the contrary, that we should by a speedy and earnest repentance of our fins, and a general reformation of our national manners,' endeavour to avert the just judgments that may await us. True repentance,' he concludes, is, like godliness, profitable for all things, having the promise of the life that now is, as well as of that which is to come."

Art. 63. Individual Vice, the Source of National Calamity. Preached in the Chapel of the Right Rev. Dr. William Abernethy-Drummond, in Edinburgh. By James Walker, A. B. of St. John's College, Cambridge. 8vo. 1s. Rivingtons.

Mr. W. very juftly contends that An irreligious and immoral man cannot poffibly be a good fubject; nor, on the other hand, can a bad fubject be truly religious nor ftrict in his moral conduct.' In another place, he obferves that without private virtue, and individual religion, the wifeft fchemes of politics muft eventually be ineffectual, and the best civil conftitution must quickly decay.' This general idea may be confidered as the foundation of the theological part of this difcourfe but Mr. W.'s performance is chiefly of a political cast. He lashes the French nation with unreftrained feverity of language; nor is he more favourable to the advocates for reformation in the government of our own country. Our preffes,' fays he, teem with writings on the fubject of civil government beyond all precedent; and political poifon is induftrioufly diffeminated through the remoteft corners of the nation, by men who are diffatisfied they know not why,

See Art. 53, in the Review for April, p. 474.


and who are endeavouring to amend what they do not appear to underftand.'

We have no doubt that the zeal of this animated preacher may be founded in fincere good-will to his country, and in well-meaning loyalty to government: but, furely, in the invective parts of his performance, (not here quoted,) he has adopted too much of the virulent ftyle of our minifterial pamphleteers, and newfpaper paragraphifts; writers who feem to aim at widening the breach between England and the neighbouring nations,-which it ought to be the ardent with of every true friend to this commercial country to fee amicably, fpeedily, and honourably closed: but to the attainment of which happy end, abufive and irritating language does not seem to be a fuitable prepa


Art. 64. Preached at the Chapel in Hanover-fquare, Newcastle. 8vo. No Price, nor Publisher.

The author of this fpirited difcourfe has not permitted his name to accompany this publication, and no doubt he had prudential reasons for his caution. It might not feem wife to rifk the perfonal confequences (fuch as the violence of the times have lately produced,) of the freedoms which he has taken with the " Sins of the Nation +:"-among which he includes pride: that PRIDE, that over-weening conceit of ourselves, as a nation,' which, in his opinion, has led us to interfere in the concerns and quarrels of our neighbours, to fettle their fucceffions, the divifions of their territories, their religious creeds, and their forms of government; involving ourselves in endless continental difputes, from which our infular fituation was peculiarly adapted to have preferved us,-and in boundless expences, which the consciousnefs of our wealth perfuaded us we were able to bear, and by which alone, on various occafions, our allies have been tempted to fight.'

It is needless to enter farther into the character of this fermon, which bears fome refemblance to Mrs. Barbauld's performance, to which we have referred in the note; and which the author quotes and recommends.- Political fyftem out of the question, this anony. mous production will, by moderate and candid readers, be deemed a good difcourfe: the latter part, especially, applying, with propriety, to private and perfonal as well as to general reformation.

Art. 65. Preached in the County of Durham. 4to. Is. Longman.

The author of this fermon on the late faft-day has likewife, as well as the preceding anonymous preacher, fuppreffed his name: but we cannot imagine the reafon of fuch referve in the prefent inftance; the difcourfe being conceived in the ufual ftrain of piety, fuitable to the occafion, and perfectly inoffenfive with refpect to politics.

* How different are the ideas of thefe gentlemen from the opinion of Mr. Erskine, as occafionally expreffed in his excellent fpeech in defence of Mr. Horne-Tooke !It would be the most dangerous thing in the world, to fay we must nurfe up an endless animofity between the two nations :"-meaning Great Britain and France. P. 67. Jordan's Edit.

+ See Mrs. Barbauld's " Difcourfe for the Faft," entitled, "Sins of the Government, Sins of the Nation," Rev. New Series, vol. ii. P.237.


Art. 66.

At Filliongley, in the County of Warwick. By James Illingworth, D.D. Vicar. 8vo. IS. Robinfons, &c.

A very becoming manifeftation of Dr. Illingworth's zeal for Government, for the Church, for a vigorous profecution of the war,--and of his hearty deteftation of French anarchy!

Art. 67.

At the Church of St. Mary, Taunton. By the Rev. John Gardiner, Curate, &c. 4to. 15. Rivingtons. Mr. G. is, on this occafion, a fervent defender of the war, as he before was in his fermon at the confecration of the colours of the Somerfet dragoons: fee Rev. vol. xv. N. S. p 539.-The prefent difcourfe has confiderable merit. In the preface to it, Mr. G. takes notice that the ground-work of it, and fome entire paffages, are borrowed from a production of nearly 50 years ftanding: for which he makes a very proper and just apology.

Art. 68. - At

(the Title does not mention where.) By the Rev. J. Morton, of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Chaplain in Ordinary to the Prince of Wales. 8vo. 1s. Rivingtons.

A flaming Philippic against the French, and against republican principles of government. If it were the eloquent preacher's with to embrace this occafion of evincing his loyalty and zeal, he has accomplished it with good fuccefs.


Art. 69. Preached before the Lords Spiritual and Temporal at the Abbey Church of Westminster, on Jan. 30, 1795. By Spencer, (Madan,) Lord Bishop of Peterborough. 4to. Is. Rivingtons. From a text (Rom. xiii. 1.) which has been hackneyed in the fervice of this day, the Right Rev. preacher deduces none of thofe flavish and unconstitutional doctrines which fome of his predeceffors on this occafion advanced, and that too under the fanction, (as they would have had it fuppofed,) of apoftolic authority. Bishop Madan manfully admits that St. Paul does not enjoin an abject fubmiffion to every fpecies of power, whether legal or illegal, and maintains that, in ftating a general rule or maxim refpecting a fubmiflion to civil governors, the apostle could only have in his contemplation those who were lawfully appointed. On this bafis the Bishop erects a judicious comment, which stands very clear of the extremes of party, and which all the lovers of good government must venerate. In fpeaking of that melancholy part of our hiftory to which the anniversary refers, he appreciates, with tolerable fairness, the character of the contending parties; and, though the fcale preponderates in favour of Charles, he allows him to have been too fatally difpofed to violate the rights and liberties of his fubjects beyond what they could well bear, and to have acted under mif-conceived notions of kingly power.' The Bishop does not therefore feem to condemn the oppofition which the parliament made to the King's tyrannic measures, but their refufal to accept his conceffions. -Independently of the merit or demerit of the prominent characters in this fcene of civil commotion and fubverfion of government, the

Some remarks on that difcourfe have been published, which will probably be farther mentioned in our next Review. Mr. G. notices them in the prefent fermon.


very circumstances with which they were attended convey an im-
portant leffon to rulers and people:-to the former they inculcate the
danger of irritating the people by the abufe of power to the latter,
the importance of guarding against tumult, anarchy, and civil war.
The R. R. preacher enforces fuch reflections as are appofite to his
fubject, and lays it down as an indifputable maxim, (and furely it is
fo,) that peace and happinefs, loyalty and religion, civil order and
Chriftian piety, are naturally and properly united.

Art. 70.
Preached at Royston, on the much lamented Death of the
Rev. Habakkuk Crabb, who died Dec. 25, 1794, aged 45. By
Samuel Palmer; to which is added, The Funeral Oration, by Robert
Hall, M. A. Printed for the Benefit of Seven Orphans. 8vo. is.
Longman, &c.

Juftice appears to have been here done to an amiable character, in a very proper funeral fermon, and in a pathetic oration at the interment of the deceased. An elegy is added, conceived in ftrains that are fuperior to many pious effufions of this kind, which have occafionally fallen under our notice. It is figned with the initials J.T. R. Art. 71. The mournful and pleafing Viciffitudes of Life.—Preached at St. Thomas's, Jan. 1, 1795; for the Benefit of the Charity School in Gravel-lane, Southwark. By Robert Winter. 8vo. 6d. Knott. The mutability and decay of nature, which the Epicurean confidered as á call to pleasure, are here more properly stated by the preacher as motives to virtue and usefulness; and while the elegant but luxurious Horace fings,

Quem fors dierum cunque dabit, lucro
Appone: nec dulces amores

Sperne, puer, nec tu choreas;
Donec virenti canities abeft

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Mr. Winter urges fuch views of the uncertainty of life as tend to render the world not a fcene of diffolutenefs, but of rational enjoyment, and which may enable man to derive fatisfaction and hope (as Addison expreffes it) from his very decays and infirmities. Mr. W.'s obfervations and reflections on the paffing away of one generation, and the coming of another, (text, Ecclef. i. 4.) are judicious and well arranged.


LORD MOUNTMORRES prefents his compliments to the Editors of the Monthly Review, and configns the following ftatement to their acknowledged candor and liberality:


'Though he has reafon to be well pleafed, and is unquestionably much flattered, by their good opinion of his various productions, and of the fuccefs of his laborious efforts in the public fervice, (eulogiums far beyond his pretenfions,) yet, he must fay, as a friend to truth, and one who never has concealed, garbled, nor mifreprefented any fact, that could be of public fervice, either in the Letters of Themistocles, the Crifis, or any of his works: that more than fuppofition has been flated in the first compilation, as the true grounds of the difpute with Spain in 1790. [See Rev. for April, p.470.] • But,


But, left any doubt should remain upon that subject;—Lord M. begs leave to ftate, in the most clear and emphatic manner, that all the information contained in these Effays, relative to Spanish America, was derived from General Miranda :-that he never had any occafion to doubt his veracity :-that he always faw him in the light of a foldier of fortune, but true to the party with whom he engaged for political and temporary purposes.

That Lord M. always thought, that any inducement, to the most extenfive and enlightened traveller he had known or heard of, to fettle in this country, would have been a great national acquisition; at a time, when a general knowledge of the affairs of Europe is fo effential to ftatefmen; and when it may now be stated as a great truth, which will be daily more and more evident,-that most of the calamities, which have befallen the empire in this calamitous and mifconducted war, have arifen from an ignorance of the ftate of the different nations of Europe; and the want of able men, in diplomatic defignations.

That Lord M., apprized of General Miranda's circumstances, had offered and preffed any pecuniary aid in his power: an offer which was as honourably declined, as it was liberally proposed.'

And, finally, Lord M. begs leave to ftate, not from Suppofition, but from General Miranda's unreferved affertion and information, in his laft conference in February 1792, which he was authorised to communicate, as he thought proper:-that though the business of Nootka Sound and the whale fishery, at the Antipodes, was the fupposed and oftensible cause of the war, yet that the true object and defign of the conteft in 1790, was the commercial emancipation of Spanish America, the deftruction of the monopoly of the mother country, and the admiffion of this country into a participation of the Spanish colonial trade.

General Miranda added farther, that he had given every neceffary information for this purpose; that he had reason to expect a liberal gratification for this fervice, from Minifters: and Lord M. collected from the tenor of his difcourfe, that his difappointment in this refpect was the true reafon of his engaging in the fervice of the French republic.' York-ftreet, St. James's-fquare,

May 5, 1795.'

We give to the world the information with which Lord M. has favoured us, just as we received it; and we fhall only obferve that the account of his Lordship's work called the Crifis, in this number, was printed before we received the above letter.

*G. G. is of opinion that the fentence in an extract from Mifs Wolltoncraft's View of the French Revolution, (Rev. April, p. 398,) which we marked in a note as incomplete, is deficient only in two commas, and that there fhould be one at the word clergy, and one at the word orders. The meaning, certainly, is thus rendered intelligible, and it was before impervious to us. We wish, molt fincerely, that writers in general would pay more attention to punctuation. It is of indifpenfible importance to the right reading and understanding of composition; and where it is deficient or erroneous, impenetrable obfcurity or moft effential mistakes may be the confequence.

ttt W. D.-Clericus, &c. are unavoidably poftponed.-J. A.F.I.P.-Truth, &c.-are received.

4.62. l.penult. for 50 writerous, r. vitreous.

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