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and hiftorical account of that country had appeared to enable Englishmen, at an eafy expence of time and money, to trace the progrefs of its political ftate; and this defideratum was with all poffible expedition supplied.

Far from meaning, in this remark, to infinuate any reflection on the compilers of fuch works, we confider them as entitled to the thanks of the public, whenever they execute their task with industry and fidelity;-and this degree of merit we have no difficulty in afcribing to the editors of the work here prefented to the public. The geographical view of the country appears to have been very carefully collected, and contains, within a small compafs, the more important articles of information refpecting the climate, produce, and population, and the late civil, military, and religious state, of Poland.-In the historical part, the compiler has given a brief but well-connected view of the remoter periods of the hiftory, and has dwelt more largely on the later periods; relating, as minutely as his plan would admit, the particulars of the internal commotions between the Catholics and Diffidents, and of the fubfequent iniquitous partition of the kingdom by the three neighbouring powers. The form of the new conftitution, eftablifhed by the revolution in 1791, is exhibited at length; and the fuccefsful oppofition fince made to this extenfion of freedom, by the oppreffive interference of Ruffia, is diftinctly related, with the addition of fuch public documents as were neceffary to mark the progress of this ftruggle, fo honourable on the one part, and fo difgraceful on the other. The fympathy and regret frequently expreffed by the compiler, on account of the injury which the caufe of liberty has fuftained in Poland, will not render the work lefs acceptable to those who are fenfible of the value of the prize for which the Poles fo bravely contended, and which they have fo unfortunately loft. The hiftory concludes with the affecting ftory of Kofciufko's laft unsuccessful effort to ftem the torrent of Ruffian oppreffion.

We fhall quote, as a brief fpecimen of the ftyle of this work, the author's reflections on the period at which the King of Pruffia, after having detached himself from the confederacy against the French, arrived at the head of his army in Poland, and united with the forces of Ruffia to fubdue the Poles:

We may here ftop to contemplate the fcene which Poland at this time prefented to the view of Europe. We perceive an honeft unfophifticated people oppreffed by ftrangers, and a virtuous but unhappy prince ftruggling in the fame toils, loft to his age and ufelefs to his nation. Poland, fo long the victim of foreign politics and venal elections, and protected only by the common jealoufy of neighbouring ftates, became the eafy prey of treaties and partitions; but at length, instead of intriguing and negociating, we behold the Ruffian REV. JUNE, 1795.



,ambaffador give the law at Warfaw, himself a foldier, and an army in his fuite. Pruffia, which had fometimes been temperate from fear, and juft from jealoufy, threw off the mafk, and avowed that it would "divide, not defend the territories of its ally; an ally whom it had long deterred and intimidated from deprecating the vengeance of Ruffia, ́and fecuring the friendship of that turbulent court by conceffions equal to its rapacity and ambition. The house of Auftria, entangled and embarraffed in a diftant and fanguinary war, was content to look on with a fullen neutrality, or to ftipulate a reverfion and contingency in the price of fo much violence and iniquity; perhaps, too, it looked for a balance of aggrandizement in the acquifition of provinces which had long been fevered from another frontier of the empire by the victorious arms of Lewis the Fourteenth. Thefe views muft naturally be involved in impenetrable myftery, till events themselves fhall chace the cloud from before us; Poland, however, remained without a friend, a protector, or an ally; her bitter fortune threw her in the midst of enemies, who are those of one another when they are not her's, and who know no bond of peace, no interruption of hoftility, but while they plot her ruin, or confummate the crimes of which she is the victim. Does the court of Vienna regret Silefia, or pant for the reunion of Lorraine and Alface?-The balance is to be preserved in the Germanic body, by indemnifying the king of Pruffia with the fpoils of Poland. Does Pruffia covet the maritime towns of Poland ?— The empress muft have an equivalent in the interior provinces of Poland. And lastly, does the form a defign to become a German power, or to occupy the delightful provinces of European Turkey?— The confent of Pruffia is to be bought with a third partition of Poland. Poland pays every crime, and feeds the infatiable maw of avarice, envy, and ambition-" Indemnify yourself in Poland" is the fpirit of every treaty, and the virtue of every negociation.'

The value of this publication is increased by the addition of a good map of Poland, and a full index.



For JUNE, 1795.


Art. 20. Remarks on thofe Paffages of Mr. Belfham's Memoirs of the Reign of George III. which relate to the British Government in India. 8vo. 25. Owen.

THESE Remarks will probably be thought by Mr. Belfham to be de

ferving of deliberate attention. They recapitulate fuch paffages of his Memoirs as appeared, to the author, to reprefent the conduct of Mr. Haftings in an illiberal point of view; and they frequently contain references to thofe documents and teftimonies, which feem not fufficiently to have attracted the notice of the hiftorian. Confidering the great change of circumstances which has occurred, fince the commencement of this celebrated impeachment, and the favourable ear which the members of hereditary inflitutions must naturally be willing to lend to the opinions of the principal manager, there could be


ittle reafon to fear the influence of any party prejudices on the final judgment of the court. We feel therefore predifpofed to accept their award as conclufive; yet can we not forbear to intimate that this pamphlet deals fully as much in affertions as in proofs; and that it would have been more to the purpose to give at length the exculpatory evidence to which the author refers, than to expand fo much the encomium of thofe proceedings of Mr. Haftings which all are agreed to admire.



Art. 21. Reports of Cafes adjudged in the Court of King's Bench; with fome fpecial Cafes in the Courts of Chancery, Common Pleas, and Exchequer, alphabetically digefted, from the firft of King William and Queen Mary to the tenth of Queen Anne. By William Salkeld, late Serjeant at Law. The fixth Edition, including the Notes and References of Knightley d'Anvers, Efq. and Serjeant Wilfon, and large Additions of Notes and References to modern Authorities and Determinations. By William David Evans, Efq. Barrister at Law. In 3 Vols, Royal 8vo. 11. 75. Boards. 11. 11s. 6d. bound. Brooke. 1795.

We have examined this edition of Salkeld with attention, and we think that Mr. Evans is entitled to the thanks of the profeffion, for the number and accuracy of his notes:-we wish, however, that he had not retained fo many of Serjeant Wilfon's references, because we have experienced them to be inappofite; and we regret that the editor's diftance from London has occafioned fo many typographical mislakes as appear in the pages of these volumes. $.R.

Art. 22.

A General Abridgement of Law and Equity, alphabetically digefted under proper Titles; with Notes and References. By Charles Viner, Efq. Founder of the Vinerian Lecture, Oxford. The Second Edition. Royal 8vo. 24 Vols. 141. Ss. Boards. Robinfons. 1795.

It is neceffary only to obferve, in addition to what has been already faid in our eleventh vol. N. S. p. 456, that the prefent new and more commodious edition of this great work is now completed.

3 Vols.

Art. 23. Reports of Adjudged Cafes in the Courts of Chancery, King's
Bench, Common Pleas, and Exchequer, from Trinity Term in the
Second Year of George I. to Trinity Term in the 21st of
George II. Taken and collected by Sir John Strange, Knt. late
Mafter of the Rolls. The Third Edition, with Notes and addi-
tional References to cotemporary Reporters and later Cafes. By
Michael Nolan of Lincoln's Inn, Efq. Barrister at Law.
Royal 8vo. 1. 75. Boards. Robinfons. 1795.
In the preface to this edition, we find the following paffage:
In the notes which have fwelled thefe volumes fo much beyond
the fize of former editions, the reader will find fome which add a value
to the book it could not have otherwife poffeffed. They are printed
in Italics, and may be relied on as authority. Did I conceive myself
at liberty to indulge my perfonal feelings, I fhould haften to declare
the quarter from whence they originated, and the circumftances under
which they were communicated. But I am compelled to filence, left

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I should wound the goodness to which I stand so much indebted. A wish to give encouragement to industry is ever moft warmly felt by perfons who are molt eminent for talents, condition, and virtue. High ftation cannot reprefs this defire, but adds the merit of condefcenfion to that of benevolence.'

We have reafon to believe that the perfon, to whom Mr. Nolan alludes, is the prefent Chief Juftice of the King's Bench.-In addition to the notes furnished by fuch refpectable authority, the editor has given feveral which illuftrate and explain the parts to which they apply.


Art. 24. The Hiftory, Principles, and Practice, (ancient and modern,) of the legal Remedy by Ejectment; and the refulting Action for Mefne Profits; the Evidence (in general) neceffary to sustain and defend them. By Charles Runnington, Serjeant at Law. 8vo. PP. 578. 139. Boards. Robinfons. 1795.

The Serjeant, in his preface, informs his readers that with the view of illustrating, if any labours of his could poffibly illuftrate, the utility of the action of ejectment-he, in the courfe of the year 1780, obtruded on the public a treatife * on the subject.'-That work, as well as the prefent, was founded on a publication on the same subject by the late Chief Baron Gilbert; whofe name is omitted in the performance before us.-The editor is entitled to praise for the fidelity and accuracy of his compilation, but we think that he has unneceffarily increased the fize and the price of his book, by his very copious extracts from the pages of Modern Reports.-The appendix contains several ufeful precedents, which are chiefly taken from the last edition of the Chief Baron's Treatife published in the year 1741.


Art. 25. The First Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England, or a Commentary upon Littleton, not the Name of the Author only, but of the Law itself. Authore Edwardo Coke, Militi.-The Fifteenth Edition, revised and corrected, with further Additions of Notes, References, and proper Tables. By Francis Hargrave and Charles Butler, Efqrs. of Lincoln's Inn. Including alfo the Notes of Lord Chief Justice Hale, and Lord Chancellor Nottingham, and an Analyfis of Littleton, written by an unknown Hand in 1658-9. 3 Vols. Royal 8vo. 11. 18s. Boards. Brooke. 1794.

All the additional notes in the prefent edition of this valuable work are furnished by Mr. Butler. The principal are a note on feuds, inferted in p. 191; a MS. report of Lord Hardwicke's argument in the cafe of Swannock against Lifford, in p. 208. a; a note on the Jus Maris, p. 261, a.; a long addition to the note at p. 271, b.; an elementary outline of fome leading points in the doctrine of trufts affecting real property, p. 290, b.; and an account of the offence of pramunire, p. 391, a.-In his history of feuds, which is the chief addition to the prefent publication, Mr. Butler has given, ift, A fuccinct account of the different nations, by whom they were establifhed. zdly, A fuccinct account of their nature, and particularly of thofe peculiar marks and qualities, which diftinguish them from

Vide M. R. vol. lxvii. p. 377.


other laws. 3dly, Some account of the principal written documents, which are the fources, from which the learning refpecting them is derived. 4thly, Some account of the principal events in the early hiftory of the feuds of foreign countries; and sthly, An historical view of the revolutions of the feud in England. This note fhews much diligent and accurate research on a fubject of confiderable importance and difficulty in our law, and should be read by every student with minute attention; because he cannot comprehend the nice diftinctions attending the laws of real property, till he has made himfelf acquainted with the nature and extent of the feudal fyftem; a system which has in a measure diffused itself over all the codes of modern jurifprudence.

This edition contains an index of the names of cafes ftated and cited, and an enlarged index of the principal matters contained in the notes; thefe, together with the additional notes, are published feparately in folio, price 5s. for the benefit of the purchafers of the folio editions of Coke upon Littleton.

Do Art. 26. The Progrefs and Practice of a Modern Attorney; exhibiting the Conduct of Thousands towards Millions! To which are added the different Stages of a Law-fuit, and attendant Cofts, with Inftructions to both Creditors and Debtors; together with fele&t 'Cafes of Individuals who have fuffered from the Chicane of pettyfogging Attornies, and the Oppreffion which flows from the prefent Law Practice; concluding with Advice to young Tradesmen. Part I. Second Edition. 8vo. pp. 84. 25. Printed and fold by the Author, A. Grant, Wardour-ftreet.

We fear that many reprehenfible inftances of harsh and unfair practices are to be daily found among the unworthy members of the profeffion but we hope that the contents of the prefent pamphlet altogether violate the modefty" of probability and truth.

Do Art. 27. A Treatise on the Law of Corporations. By Stewart Kyd, Barrifter at Law, of the Inner Temple. Vol. II. 8vo. pp. 556. 7s. Boards. Butterworth. 1794.

Of the plan of this publication we gave an account in our 14th vol. N. S. p. 339.-We need only add that the prefent volume compleats the work, and fhews equal accuracy with the preceding one. dedicated to John Horne Tooke, Efq.

It is

Art. 28. A calm Inquiry into the Office and Duties of Jurymen in Cafes of High Treafon, with feasonable Remarks. 8vo. PP. 50% 1s. Jordan. 1794

Thefe remarks are written with good fenfe and moderation, and fhew an intimate acquaintance with the fubject which they propofe to illuftrate.

Art. 29. Remarks on the Education of Attornies, defigned to promote a Reform in the inferior Order of the Profeffion of the Law. 8vo. pp. 86. 2s. 6d. Dilly. 1794.

The ftyle of this pamphlet is too loose and declamatory to permit our entertaining any hope that advantage will be derived from its contents. Precision and accuracy are effentially requifite in a work which profeffes to instruct and reform.

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