Page images

parent not to dance any more," because, my dear, you seem quite exhaufted,"-fhe will have her reply ready; "Dear mamma, dancing is in reality my amusement, and therefore does not fatigue."

The delineation of Mr. Hunter's character mentions his impatience of temper, and his activity of body and mind. It concludes in the following terms:

To his own abilities alone was he indebted for the eminence which he acquired in his profeffion; for although his medical education, his fituation as furgeon to St. George's Hofpital, and above all, his brother's recommendation, entitled him to notice, yet the increase of his private practice was at first but flow. The natural independence of his mind, led him rather to indulge in his own purfuits than to cultivate the means of enlarging the fphere of his bufinefs; but the proofs which he afterwards gave of his talents commanded the attention of the public, and procured him a very liberal income.

In the first eleven years of his practice, from 1763 to 1774, his income never amounted to a thousand pounds a year; in the year 1778 it exceeded that fum; for several years before his death it had increased to five, and at that period was above fix thousand pounds.

In private practice he was liberal, fcrupulously honeft in saying what was really his opinion of the cafe, and ready upon all occafions to acknowledge his ignorance whenever there was any thing which he did not understand.

In converfation he spoke too freely, and fometimes harshly of his 'cotemporaries; but if he did not do justice to their undoubted merits, it arofe not from envy, but from his thorough conviction that surgery was as yet in its infancy, and he himself a novice in his own art; and his anxiety to have it carried to perfection, made him think meanly and ill of every one whofe exertions in that respect did not equal his


[ocr errors]

Public-fpirited to an extreme, he valued money no farther than as it enabled him to profecute and extend his various, and nearly univerfal researches; and hurried on by the ambition of benefiting mankind at large, he paid too little attention to his own and his family's interefts. But imprudence almost always goes hand in hand with genius; if it deferves a harfher name, let it be remembered, that his immediate relatives alone, and not the public, have a right to complain; for, viewed in a profeffional light, and as a man of science, his zeal for the improvement of furgery in particular, and for the advancement of knowlege in general, to both of which he himself materially contributed, entitles him at least to the gratitude, if not to the veneration of pofterity.'

Should any perfon, qualified for biography, undertake Mr. Hunter's life, he will find here fome particulars to his purpose: but what Mr. Home has written fhews the outfide of the man incompletely varnished, and very little of his infide, which we with principally to fee. We cannot be certain whether it be from unavoidable want of information, or from want of faga

city, that the formation of Mr. Hunter's character is left in total obfcurity.

[ocr errors]

In our number for October 1794, p. 178, we gave (from Mr. Foot's Life of Mr. Hunter,) a catalogue of Mr. H.'s writings. He also left materials for a course of lectures on practical furgery. They are in the hands of his prefent biographer,. who advertises us that, left they fhould be entirely loft to the public, he means to avail himself of them, and is preparing his arrangements accordingly.' In a future number, we shall give a fummary account of Mr. Hunter's Treatife, to which Mr. Home's biography is prefixed. [To be continued.]


ART. VI. Topographical Remarks relating to the South Western Parts of Hampshire. To which is added a Defcriptive Poem. By the Rev. Richard Warner, of Fawley, near Southampton. 2 Vols. 8vo. 10s. Boards. Blamire. 1793.


'HE topography of our own country is certainly of more importance to us than that of all other nations: we except not even the claffical regions of Greece and Rome. The difcovery of a productive mine of copper or tin, in Anglesea or Cornwall, is, furely, of far greater moment to us than that of Virgil's tomb, or of the true fite of Troy. Hence we have always paid particular attention to local defcriptions; and we are glad to obferve that men of letters and industry, instead of measuring pyramids in Egypt or ruins of Palmyra, have at length returned into the tract of honeft Camden, and are occupied in more ufeful purfuits at home.-Not that the labours of a Pococke, a Norden, a Chardin, a Niebuhr, and a Stuart are useless. Far be it from us so to think: but ftill we must be allowed to repeat that a good statistical account of our own country may be of more confequence to us, than fimilar details of all the world befides.

Topography is to geography what particular is to general hiftory; and both require to be treated nearly in the fame manner. The two great errors to be avoided are jejuneness and prolixity; and we are forry to remark that few topographers, or writers of particular hiftory, have fufficiently guarded against thofe extremes.-The reader of tafte is equally difgufted with dry uninterefting narrative, or with meretricious redundancy. The partial inhabitants of the places defcribed may wish to fee them delineated by the hand of a Dutch painter: but the rest of mankind will find little pleasure in fuch minute exhibitions.

If the author of the volumes before us has not fallen into the former of these extremes, he has certainly touched on the latter. We find too much extraneous matter and common place in his


work; which in other refpects is entertaining and inftructive. Of this fault he feems himself to have been aware; for, in his dedication to Sir Harry Burrard, he says:

You will perceive I have not confined myfelf entirely to localities in the following work; but endeavoured by general obfervations, and occafional difquifitions, (illuftrative, at the fame time, of the objects of my defcription) to render it amufing to readers unconnected with the tract I have gone over, as well as to thofe who are refident, or otherways interested in it.'

For our part, we freely confefs that we should have gone over this tract with more pleafure, if we had not been fo frequently Jed out of the direct road; and however good the general obfervations and occafional difquifitions may be, we are often tempted to exclaim with Horace,

"Qui variare cupit rem prodigaliter unam,

[ocr errors]

Delphinum fylvis appingit, fluctibus aprum." There may, however, be many readers of a different tafte; and therefore we offer, with fubmiffion, our own opinion, and proceed to a brief analysis of the work.

Mr. W.'s performance is divided into ten chapters. The firft contains the antient and modern hiftory of Lymington; which the author introduces by the following just but trite obfervations:

Ancient traditions and early' hiftory paint the original inhabitants of almost all nations in nearly the fame difgufting colours; as fierce, ignorant, and folitary beings: little fuperior to the brute in intelle&t, and far beneath him in forefight and contrivance.

Mutum et turpe pecus *.

Depending for his daily food on the doubtful labours of the chace or the precarious operation of fishing-trufting for fhelter to habitations formed by nature, the receffes of the cavern, or branches of the tree-devouring his uncertain and hard-earned meal in fullen filence-fcorning every idea of fubordination or conformity to the will of others, but blindly following the capricious impulfes of his own paffions-this feems to be the true but wretched picture of the buman favage, in his original ftate:

"Who roving mix'd
With beafts of prey; or for his acorn-meal

Fought the fierce tufky boar: a fhiv'ring wretch !
Aghaft and comfortlefs, when the bleak north,
With winter charged, let the mix'd tempeft fly,
Hail, rain, and inow, and bitter breathing frost."

Man, however, did not long continue thus a folitary barbarian. Led by that appetite for fociety which philofophers contend is inherent in his nature; or in pelled by a confcioufnefs of various wants he could not "Genus hominum agrefte,

* A fpeechlefs, wretched, herd, fine legibus fine imperio." Sal.


fatisfy, and numberless inconveniences he could not remove, while unaffifted and alone; he foon perceived the neceffity of quitting the licentious independence of folitude, and of herding among his fellow


There being but few preliminaries to fettle, the bond of focial union was quickly formed-Man was content to relinquith a part of his natural liberty, and to receive the comforts and benefits of fociety. in return. The effects of this compact became speedily vifible. The brutish manners and selfish sentiments of favage folitude were fhaken off, and renounced-Laws to restrain violence and oppreffion were established; governors appointed; and towns erected for the affociated body."

Mr. W. thinks it probable that Lymington, or a town on the fame fite, exifted in the time of Cæfar: but the first recorded account that he can find is in Doomsday book, where it is called Lentune: (but which, probably, denoted the whole manor of Lymington;) given by William the Conqueror to Roger de Yvery, one of his Norman barons. Rufus annexed it to the royal demefne. Henry II. granted it to Richard de Repariis, or Redvers; in whofe family it continued to the end of the 13th century; when, together with the lordship of the Ifle of Wight, it was fold to Edward II. for 6000 marks. It was foon afterward restored to the Redvers family, in whofe poffeffion it remained until the year 1538, when it was again annexed to the crown by Henry VIII.

Little of the local hiftory of Lymington is to be found in record. It is faid to have been thrice plundered by the French; and it was invaded a fourth time, but faved from pillage by the addrefs of a woman. The ftory is thus related:

A party of these marauders had landed on a fimilar scheme of depredation but the leader of it being extremely hungry, determined to fatiate his appetite before he completed the purpofe of his vifit. The tutelary genius of the place directed him to the habitation of a madam Dore, a perfon of fome confequence, who at that inftant was feated at a plentiful table.-The abrupt entrance of the foreign vifitor, difcovered to her in a moment the danger which threatened the town and its inhabitants.-There was no time for deliberation. An intuitive quickness of thought, and an uncommon degree of fortitude, pointed out to her, immediately, the proper line of behaviour. She received the Frenchman, and his boisterous retinue, with the greatest affability; produced all the delicacies of her houfe; and enlivened the repaft, with many fprightly remarks, and the most unrestrained pleafantry. The commander, who poffeffed, I prefume, a large share of national gallantry, was fo fafcinated by the winning manners, and profufe bounty of this generous hoftefs; that he facrificed his interest to his gratitude, and left the town without perpetrating the least act of devastation, or exaction.'

[ocr errors]

Oppida cœperunt munire, et ponere leges. Hor.'


Its principal, or rather only, manufacture is falt; for which it was formerly much celebrated; though of late it has been gradually declining.

Chap. 2d contains an account of the Roman camp at Buckland, of the tumuli on Sway-common, and of Boldre and Brockenhurft.

The camp is about three quarters of a mile to the north of Lymington, and is now called Caftle-field, or Bucklandrings. Its dimenfions are as follow: The length, from east to weft, 200 yards; the breadth, towards the weft, 125 yards, and towards the east, 135. The whole camp, in its original ftate, might cover about 20 acres of ground. Mr. Warner is inclined to think it a work of Vefpafian, intended for the protection of fuch Roman hips as might have accompanied him in his expedition.

At the distance of two miles from this camp, are the tumuli of Sway-common. Here we have a hiftory of the various modes of burying: after which Mr. W. attempts to ascertain, by certain indices, what burrows in Britain are Druidical, Roman, Saxon, or Danish :-thofe of Sway-common are, he thinks, partly British and partly Saxon. fcription of the village of Boldre, Boldre Church, &c. The Next follows a dechapter concludes with a compliment to the memory of the philanthropic Howard, who lived fome years in this neighbourhood.

The third chapter confifts of anecdotes of hunting, interlarded with numerous quotations from the writings of Offian, from Chevy-chafe, and other pieces defcriptive of cynogetics.

One of the most curious performances (tays Mr. W.) extant on the fubject of hunting, is a MS. written in the beginning of the 14th century, in Norman French, by William Twici, grand huntsman to Edward the fecond. An antient tranflation of it into English occurs among the Cottonian MSS. I give the following extract from it: It begins thus, for it is a motley compofition, partly verse, partly


"Alle fuch dysport as voydeth (prevents) ydilneffe
It fytteth (fuits) every gentilman to knowe,
For myrthe anexed is to gentilneffe ;

Wherefore among alle other, as I trowe,
To know the crafte of hunting, and to blowe,
As this book fhall witneffe, is ove (of) the befte,

For it is holfium, pleafaunt, and honeft."

It then enumerates and defcribes the different beafts that were objects of the chace in England; and proceeds in the manner of a dialogue, to inform the huntfman how he ought to blow his horn, at the different points of the hunt.'


« EelmineJätka »