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harmonious; that the fifth is fomewhat affected, in the phrafe to mufe me;' that the fixth has the laft mentioned fault in a much greater degree; that in the seventh we should read while, because more mufical than whilft,-and my, to avoid affectation and cacophony, instead of mine; and that, with these exceptions, the fonnet has no mean degree of poetic merit.


Vol. I.

Hol. Art. 41. Tranfations of the Royal Humane Society, from 1774 to 1784: with an Appendix of Miscellaneous Obfervations on Sufpended Animation, to the year 1794. Alfo Engravings, &c. &c. By William Hawes, M. D. &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 635. 10s. 6d. half-bound. Dilly. 1795. We have already had occafion to give our opinion of fome of the publications of this Society; and we have lamented that their purpose feems not to have been fo much to augment medical knowlege, and to promote the public good by a fober statement of facts, as to give exaggerated difplays of the merits of individuals. The prefent very heterogeneous collection of cafes, letters, poems, lifts of perfons and books, fcraps of medical theory, &c &c. will not, we apprehend, ferve to raise the character of these Transactions. The naufeating repetition of ftrained adulation, reciprocal compliment, and affected fentiment, dreffed in florid language, and marked out with flaring capitals, cannot indeed but be offenfive to every reader of taste and good fenfe. We honour the principle on which the Society was founded, and are perfuaded that it has been the occafion of much benefit (though by no means fo much as is here affumed for it); yet we cannot but highly disapprove of the parading manner in which all its public affairs are conducted. We know, from too many examples, how apt the philanthropical schemes of the age are to run into puff and private interest. The inftitution in question is fo truly refpectable in its defign, that it ought not to be fuffered to incur a like difcredit.

Art. 42. Oratio Anniversaria in Theatro Collegii Regalis Medicorum Londinenfis, ex Harveii Inftituto, habita a Joanne Latham, M. D. Socio: die Octobris decimo octavo, fefto Sancti Luca Evangelifta, A. D. 1795. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Boards. Longman.

We have more than once taken occasion to commend the London College of Phyficians for not fuffering, like fome other learned bodies, their antient inftitutions to become ufelefs; and we have with pleasure observed their anniversary lectures of different kinds giving birth to publications, which have not been unworthy of the improved ftate of medical science in this and other countries. From an annual oration on a given topic, however, and that topic a narrow circle of panegyric, what can be expected, except in the rare concurrence of enlarged and uncommon learning with original genius? The natural product of fuch a periodical task can be nothing better than a few idle pages of turgid and puerile rhetoric, running the round of partial and overftrained applaufe, affected dignity, and trite fentiment.

It would be doing no fervice to the prefent performer, to lay before the public eye any specimens of the manner in which he has ac



quitted himself of the impofed office; for, we prefume, the taste and learning exhibited in a Latin ftyle patched with the most common poetical fhreds would not, at the present day, rank very highly; any more than the liberality and enlargement of mind displayed in a lofty panegyric on the conftitution of the College, at the expence of thofe who are not quite fo well fatisfied with things as they are, as the writer himself.

Art. 43. A Letter to the Officers of the Army under Orders for, or that may hereafter be fent to, the Weft Indies, on the Means of preferving Health, and preventing that fatal Disease, the Yellow Fever. By Stewart Henderson, Surgeon of his Majesty's 40th Regiment of Foot, and many years a Surgeon in the Royal Navy. 8vc. 6d. Stockdale. 1795.

This fhort addrefs contains ufeful advice, on a fubject of great importance, but nothing that will be deemed very new by well-informed practitioners.


Art. 44. Obfervations on fome important Points in Divinity: chiefly thofe in controverfy between the Arminians and Calvinists. Intended as an Antidote against the pernicious Tenets of Antinomians and Neceflitarians. Extracted from an Author of the laft Century, by Ely Bates, Efq. 12mo. pp. 190. 2s. 6d. fewed.




With that latitude with which aphorifms are commonly to be understood, the faying of Alphonfus king of Arragon, which the editor of thefe Obfervations quotes in his own vindication, may be admitted as true;" Of the innumerable things in life, which are made objects of men's defires and purfuits, all are baubles, except old wood to burn, old wine to drink, old friends to converfe with, and old books to read." Yet, as neither wood, nor wine, nor a friend, is neceffarily good because it is old, fo neither is it true that every old book is fo good as to deferve republifhing. We think it very doubtful whether the anonymous treatifes, of which Mr. Bates has taken the trouble to publish abridgments, will much contribute towards fettling the contraverfy between the Arminians and the Calvinifts; for, not withstanding all the pains which the editor has taken to correct the irregularities of compofition, and the incumbrance of school-learning, they are still heavy and verbose tracts, little adapted to the tafte of the prefent times, and, perhaps, as little fitted to fettle the queftions in difpute.

E. Art. 45. The Chriftian Doctrine of Juftification by Faith, not deftructive of the Principles of Natural Virtue: being an Effay, by the Rev. William Deafon, B. A. of Trinity College, Cambridge. Small 4to.

1s. Richardfon. 1794.

This tract obtained the annual Norrifian prize.-Why fhould the phrafe Natural virtue be lefs pleafing than that of Natural religion? -Yet there feems in the former fomething repugnant to the general train of thinking on this fubject, as a point of philofophy: perhaps it reminds us of the harsh fentence heretofore pronounced on heathen virtues, when they were denominated Splendida peccata. However


this may be, it would furely prove an infuperable objection to any fcheme that claimed a divine authority, if it really oppofed and deftroyed morality and virtue. The Chriftian revelation recommends itfelf as having a celeftial origin by this criterion, because it promotes all truth and goodnefs, and reprefents them as effentially neceflary to the happiness of man. We may therefore be certain that the faith, of which it fo frequently fpeaks, fo far from oppofing this object, must have it in view. A contrary account, we may conclude, must arife from a mistaken view of the drift and tendency of the facred writings, or from a mifapplication of particular paffages. The treatife before us vindicates Christianity from any fuch charge. It prefents the reader with feveral pertinent and ufeful obfervations: yet the pamphlet, we think, might have been improved: we have not perused it with all that fatisfaction which we could wish fometimes there feemed to be too much faid about and about what are called herefy and orthodoxy, -rather tending to confufe than to enlighten the reader. We fully agree with the author that Chriftianity, which requires faith unto falvation of every convert, also requires virtue.'


Hi. Art. 46. Poems and Miscellaneous Pieces: By Sarah Spence. Small 8vo. pp. 130. 4s. 6d. Boards. Johnson. 1795.

Thefe Poems appear to have been published under circumftances which entitle them to a candid reception. From feveral intimations in the preface and the poems, we gather that Mrs. Spence has met with great domestic disappointments; and, though we are wholly unacquainted with her ftory, we cannot fuppofe her to be otherwife than a proper object of generous attention from the public, when we obferve that a refpectable lift of fubfcribers is prefixed to the volume, and tha a gentleman of fuch diftinguished merit as Mr. Capell Lofft has fo far taken her under his patronage, as to addrefs her in verfes highly encomiaftic both of her writings and her character. As to the poems themselves, though we do not perceive that they are ftamped with marks of uncommon genius, they poffefs the merit of juft fentiments and harmonious verfification. They turn chiefly, but not entirely, on subjects of a moral or religious kind. profe pieces are too fhort and unimportant to merit our particular notice.


Art. 47. Amusement Hall; or an Easy Introduction to the Attainment of Useful Knowledge. By a Lady. 12mo. pp. 141. 25. Chapman. 1794·

Thefe dialogues may be ranked among the fuccefsful attempts which have lately been made to unite amufement with inftruction. Real facts and fictitious ftories are alternately interwoven, and are related in a neat and easy style, very well fuited to the comprehenfion of children. Such works anfwer the double purpose of impreffing good fentiments on young minds, and exciting in them a defire of ufeful knowlege.




FAST-SERMONS, Feb. 25, continued.

Art. 48.-Delivered in the Cathedral Church of Peterborough, on the Faft-day, Feb. 25, 1795. By Peter Peckard, D. D. Dean of Peterborough. 4th Edit. 8vo. 6d. Payne, &c.

In developing the guilt and fatal confequences of national iniquity, (the general theme of faft fermons,) this truly venerable preacher takes notice of the abfurdity and wickedness of war; and, on this fubject, his views are rather fingular, compared with the usual strain of fermons on fimilar occafions; for he confiders war as nothing better than a fyftem of murder; obferving, in a note, p. 11. that from the enumeration of the unjustifiable Caufes of war, it will be very dif ficult to name a war which has for its origin a juftifiable Caufe.'-There is another fpecies of national enormity and cruelty, against which the worthy and pious Dean of Peterborough inveighs at greater length, viz. the SLAVE-TRADE. Against this abomination he has aimed the greatest part of his prefent difcourfe ;-which breathes throughout the genuine fpirit of Chriftian philanthropy and univerfal benevolence. This odious commerce, which the Dean alfo confiders as a species of murder, has long been the fubject of Dr. P.'s ardent cenfure, and utter condemnation: See his fermon before the University of Cambridge, Jan. 30, 1784, M. Rev. vol. lxx. p. 486, and his Difcourfe at the fame Seminary, M. Rev. vol. lxxviii. p. 270.

Art. 49. National Calamities the Confequence of National Guilt: preached at the Parish Church of Chertfey, in Surrey. By the Rev. E. Whitaker, Rector of St. Mildred's and All Saints, Canterbury. 4to. 15. Rivingtons, &c.

Mr. Whitaker pleads the caufe of a general reformation among us, with energy, pathos, and judgment; keeping directly to this one great and highly important point through the whole courfe of his fermon, without deviating into political invective, or party declamation. He has, indeed, given to the public a very respectable compofition. Art. 50. A Sermon for the Faft, &c. By the Rev. John Johnson,

M. A. Rector of Great Parndon, in Effex; and Vicar of North Mims, Herts. To which is annexed, an Address to the Diffenters. 4to. Is. Rivingtons.

Mr. Johnfon's difcourfe is of a more political caft than that of Mr. Whitaker. He enlarges, greatly, on the prefumption of the common people, who fcruple not to cenfure, with unrestrained freedom, meafures of government, concerning which they have not the capacity to judge; and the confequences of this prefumption may be fatal to the honour, the power, and the repofe of our country. On the whole, he wishes that the lower order of politicians' would leave the whole management of public affairs in the undisturbed poffeffion of those who are more able, and not lefs willing, to turn them to the best account, to submit with religious fortitude and refignation to unavoidable and unexpected evils, to cultivate, with unceafing anxiety, domeftic peace; and to be alive to the duty of defending the land against the infolence of foreign invafion.' This doctrine of implicit faith in the powers that be is unquestionably a doctrine of peace, and is fo far of good tendency that, wherever it prevails, no government, either li


mited by laws, or abandoned to defpotism, can have much to fear from the difcontents of the people."

In his Addrefs to the Diffenters, Mr. J. in no unfriendly terms, exhorts them to difavow the violent democratic fentiments which have lately prevailed in the publications of fome diftinguished writers of their denomination, and to unite in charity with their Christian brethren of the establishment, in a bond of mutual defence, against the danger with which all governments, and all religions, are at this time threatened.'-Moderate and confiderate men, of all parties, will furely agree to this.

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Art. 51. The Sinner encouraged to Repentance: preached at the Opening of the Chapel of the New House of Correction for the County of Middlefex, Sept. 28, 1794. Before the Chairman of the Seffions and a Committee of Magiftrates; and published at their Requeft. With a prefatory Addrefs to Magiftrates in general, and to the Magiftrates of the County of Middlefex in particular. By Samuel Glaffe, D.D. F.R.S. Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majefty, and one of his Majefty's Juftices of the Peace for the faid County. 8vo. 19. Rivingtons. 1794.

Dr. Glaffe appears in this publication in two capacities, and in both acquits himself with great propriety and dignity. As a preacher, he gives humane and pious advice to the prifoners, expreffed in language well fuited to fuch an audience: as a magistrate, he lays before the Committee of Magiftracy for Middlefex fome judicious fuggeftions, on the fubject of the provifion to be made for prisoners at the expiration of the time of their imprisonment.

E. Art. 52. Obedience to God, rather than Men: preached at Taunton, Feb. 22, 1795; being the Sunday before the late Faft-day. By Thomas Broadhurst, Minifter of a Congregation of Proteftant Diffenters in Taunton. 8vo. Is. Johnfon, &c.

This author disapproves war,-the appointment of faft-days by authority,-all human prefcription of religious opinion in a Chriftian country, and all interference of the civil magiftrate between man and his Creator;-and he gives us this difcourfe as an expofition and defence of his principles. Those who would undertake to convince him of his error will poffibly find it a work of some difficulty. The text is, "We ought to obey God rather than men,” A&s, v. 29.


The letter figned "The Author and Editor" &c. relates to a matter in which we cannot interfere: neither is that fignature any fanction to the affertions of the writer.

*+* The communication of A. Z. is,-in the language of the Houfe of Commons-"ordered to lie on the table."

+++ In the laft Review, p. 218. 1. 4. in the Greek, join avy to καλαβαινομεν, and for εε νικωνος read το νικωντος.

P.324. bot. read

Foemendationes. 326. l. penult. after, P. 3. l. 5. add, 81 Twv oplysäv. 327. C. 1. for & read y.

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l. 20, 1, 42, read? in contradistinction to the other species of poetry enumerated at the end of the section,


employed all the means of imitation, music, rhym 330.840 for both. for penan, r. pedin.

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