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or added at the clofe. The writer, who introduces her work with a very modeft apology, needs not fear incurring cenfure, while fhe employs her pen fo agreeably and ufefully in the caufe of virtue, and for the benefit of the rifing generation.

E. Art. 58. An Historical and Critical Inquiry into the Existence and Charaster of Saint George, Patron of England, of the Order of the Garter, and of the Antiquarian Society; in which the Affertions of Edward Gibbon, Efq. Hiftory of Decline and Fall, Cap. 23; and of certain other modern Writers, concerning this Saint are dif cuffed; in a Letter addreffed to the Right Honourable George, Earl of Leicester, Prefident of the Antiquarian Society. By the Rev J. Milner, F. S. A. 8vo. pp. 59. Is. 6d. Debrett.

For the honour of the Antiquarian Society,' of the most noble order of the Garter, and of the English nation, Mr. Milner undertakes to prove that these refpectable bodies have not placed themfelves under the patronage of a non-entity. The heretic, John Calvin, boldly pronounced St. George to be a phantom or bugbear. In contradiction to this wicked herefy, Mr. Milner brings forwards the folemn depofition of credible witneffes to attelt his real existence. The flory of St. George and the Dragon he fhews to be emblematical of the faint's triumph over the devil; and, having demonftrated the faint's real existence, he proceeds to vincicate him from many fevere charges which have been brought against him, by Mr. Gibbon and others, who have confounded him with an Arian perfecutor of the fame name, who, in the middle of the fourth century, ufurped the fee of Alexandria. The argument is ingeniously fupported: but, in this unbelieving age, perhaps the lefs that is faid the better, about the old story of St. George and the Dragon.

1795.

Art. 59. The Story of Sarah Durin. Dedicated to the Advocates of an unjust and unneceffary War. 12mo. 3d. or l. is. per JOO. Parfons, &c. Calculated to difplay the horrors of war, particularly as affecting the lower claffes of the people, and inftanced in the lofs of a poor foldier's life, and the ruin of his family. The pathos is heightened by the circumftance of the honeft man's having been forced to enlift, merely through his inability to procure bread for his wife and children, by working at his trade, (that of a Manchester weaver), in which, notwithstanding his induftry, no employment could be procured. We hope this tale of extreme diftrefs is not founded in fact: yet we fee nothing in it improbable: nothing but the natural effects of human hoftility, which itself appears, to the eye of REASON, to be all unnatural.

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Art. 60. The alarming Situation of the Times, &c.; a Sermon prepared for the Day appointed to be obferved as a General Faft; and

The writer profeffes to arraign the prefent war with France: but his arguments apply, generally, to all war, except the neceffary defence of our country against actual invafion.

E.

preached

preached on the Sunday following, at the Parish Church of St. Dunitan, Stepney. By Thomas Thirlwall, M. A. Curate and Lecturer. 4:0. Is. Rivingtons.

After a brief reprefentation, in common with the generality of faft-day compofitions for the pulpit, of the neceffity for both national and individual repentance of our fins; and of our humble reliance on the arm of God for deliverance from the power of our enemies, rather than on our own strength, &c. this preacher concludes, very properly, with the following exhortation:

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May we, after the example of the Ninevites,' [whofe humiliation and penitence is recommended to our imitation in the preceding paragraph] thus wrestle with God for our deliverance; prevail on his goodness to remove the weight of affliction which oppreffes our hearts; and restore once again the voice of joy and thanksgiving to our dwellings. May we prevail on him to fheath for ever the word of war, and extinguish the torch of difcord; to draw the nations and kingdoms of the earth nearer to each other with the cords of peace and friendfhip; and inspire the hearts cf all people with the fpirit of unity and concord:-to fet nation no more against nation; but to haften that happy period, when they fhall learn war no more, when violence fhail no more be heard in the land, nor watting nor deftruction within its borders; when the whole univerfe fhall become as one city at unity with itself, "whofe walls fhall be called falvation, and her gates praise."

SINGLE SERMONS.

Art. 61. Church and King: A Thanksgiving Sermon for the 29th of May. Written in Defence of our happy Conftitution in Church and State; with forcible Arguments against the Toleration of Heretics and Schifmatics. By Pafquin Shaveblock, Efq.; Shaver Extraordinary. 8vo. IS. Parfons, &c. 1795.

Character of this Publication, by a zealous WHIG:

"An excellent piece of irony, calculated to expofe the evils of civil defpotifm, and ecclefiaftical domination; for which patriotic performance, the ingenious writer merits the thanks of every friend to civil and religious liberty."

-By a true TORY Critic:

"An abominable libel on monarchy, and on church establishments; for which the infolent author deferves excommunication and the pillory."

-By an IMPARTIAL Reader:

"The fatire conveyed in this humorous but fevere display of the enormities of high-flown bigotry, and of arbitrary Power, may justly apply to the days of our Tudors and our Stuarts, but not to the views or difpofition of our prefent moderate and liberal clergy, nor to the principles or conduct of the friends of government under the mild and juft administration of the truly illuftrious houfe of Hanover.-Thanks to Heaven! we live in times more favourable to the legal rights of a free people, and to the rational improvement of the human mind."

* Author of The Shaver's New Sermon for the Faft-day; with a defence of the present war, &c. fee our late Reviews.

Art.

Art. 62. The Principles and Extent of Chriftian Benevolence confidered; before the Governors of the Leicester Infirmary, at their Anniverfary Meeting, 1794. By R. Houfman, A. B. 4to. Mathews. A piece of popular declamation, better fuited to captivate the ear in delivery, than to fatisfy the judgment on a critical perufal The preacher's harangue is grounded on the high principles of Calvinifm, and he infifts largely on the atoning facrifice of Chrift as the fole ground of our hope towards God. The concluding part of the difcourfe is properly adapted to excite the liberality of the audience, towards the fupport of the Leicester Infirmary and Lunatic Afylum. E. Art. 63. A Difcourfe intended as an Attempt to refute the pernicious Doctrines of Antient and Modern Atheists, Sc. By J. Thomas, A.M. 8vo. pp. 44. Reed, Sunderland.

Allowing the author of this difcourfe all poffible credit for good intention, we must remark that it contains nothing which has not been repeatedly faid by former writers, It may, however, be of fome use to have important arguments in fupport of religion frequently refumed, and brought before the public in a concife form, and at an easy ex

pence.

Art. 64. On the Importance, Utility, and Duty of a Farmer's Life. Preached at Thornville-Royal, Yorkshire, the Seat of Colonel Thornton, Aug. 26, 1792; and repeated at the Defire of the Parish, the Sunday Fortnight following, by the Rev. Dr. John Trufler. 8vo. IS, Owen.

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The drift of this fermon, and of three fhort letters to the people of England, ftitched up with it, is to filence public complaints: but we fear that it will require a more commanding eloquence than Dr. Traf ler appears to poffefs, to perfuade the farmers, and many other good people of England, that the game laws, the ty the laws, &c. are only ideal grievances.

CORRESPONDENCE.

E.

In a polite letter from the Marquis de Cafaux, expreffing his fatisfaction at the terms in which we mentioned his work on the effects of taxes, (ee our laft Appendix, &c.) we are made acquainted with fome particulars that we shall communicate to our readers. We are primarily to inform them that the Marquis is not an emigrant, having become a British fubject 32 years ago, been then allowed to be fo by the King of France, received as fuch by the King of England, and well known as fuch both in London and Paris by the zeal and the fuccefs with which he efpoufed the caufe of thofe Englishmen who were interefted in the fate of Grenada, when that colony furrendered at dif cretion to the Comte d'Estaing in 1779; who fequeftrated all eftates that belonged to Englishmen refiding in London. I was then (fays the Marquis) and am ftill a citizen of Grenada, confequently a British fubject: but no French emigrant, though a few months ago I was nearly reduced to the fituation of thefe unfortunate exiles; fince of all my extenfive poffeffions in that ifland, I have no longer any negroes, cattle, plantations, nor buildings; the flaves and the cattle have either run away or are feized, and the latter have been pillaged and burnt.'

The Marquis then proceeds to obferve that the energy difplayed in his work, which we attributed to the (fuppofed) caufe of his being an emigrant, cannot be referred to the feelings of one in that fituation, but will be found to arife from principles, maintained in all his publications for many years paft, and from the ftrongest wish to advance the interefts of mankind; and that, far from being difpofed, like fome great politicians, to reckon as nothing the blood fhed in any conteft, he fees very little difference between the fpirit and difpofition of thofe ftrange philanthropists who forced the unfortunate Louis XVI. to declare war, and the fpirit and difpofition of thofe profound poli ticians and skilful calculators who, in feveral countries, for a while intoxicated themselves with the abfurd and reprehenfible hope of profiting by that event.' The Marquis concludes by repeating that he not only cannot be regarded as one of thofe unhappy emigrants who fubfift on the bounty of the English government, but that he has alfo no claims on the fuccour which it has afforded to the inhabitants of Grenada, fince he has yet enough left for fubfiftence without any aid whatever.'

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In a P. S. the Marquis adverts to the letter of our correfpondent S. Toms (Rev. April); remarking that the data, difputed in that letter, are taken from Dr. Smith's celebrated work on the wealth of nations; and that he perceives nothing in that letter which induces him to retract any pofition, nor fees in his own book a fingle argument" in favour of the horrors of war." On the contrary, he thinks that he has every where demonftrated, by facts and by reafoning, -not that taxes are in themselves advantageous,-(which affertion would be too abfurd,) but that, thanks to nature, ever more fkilful though lefs hafty in repairing evil than man is in committing it, the pecuniary evils which are infeparable from war and taxes are never flow in remedying themfelves in England; where miniftry, after having impofed the taxes which are requifite, have generally wifdom enough to leave to thofe particular interefts, which nature fo well knows how to put in action and to balance, the correction of every erroneous calculation.'

• The objection of the Reviewer is much more folid than that of the Correfpondent. In admitting that the agriculturer, the trader, and the labourer, may contrive to obtain, fhortly after a peace, fuch an increased price for all the commodities in which they are concerned, as fhall reimburse them for the taxes which the war has occafioned; what indemnification, fay you, fhall all those perfons obtain whofe income is derived from the public funds, or from particular fources, the revenue from which they themselves have fixed, and which they cannot augment? What indemnity? None; and this is what I have faid twenty times in the different works which I have published within thefe ten years: the proprietor of all fixed income in money alone pays for the prodigality of thofe great men who, with the flightest hope of augmenting influence, territory, or commerce, would blush to hefitate when the only queftion was whether they fhould facrifice the blood and treafure of their country and of others... but it is to be hoped that the terrible leffon which thefe great men have been taught, within thefe five or fix years, will not, like fo many others that were lefs fevere, be abfolutely thrown away on princes and on nations.'

G.2.

+ Relative

ttt Relative to an article in p. 106, Rev. for May, we have received a friendly letter from Mr. Elphinston; in which he obferves that Samuel Johnfon was not a Dr. when he wrote the Rambler, that the Dr. did not request, but kindly accepted and approved Mr. E.'s verfion of the mottos; and that the price of the work is 35. 6d.

not 2s. 6d. It alfo points out a few flight typographical errors. Tay.

18 We cannot permit ourfelves to answer the question of T. T. of Newcastle,-which is the best fyftem of fhort hand? Nor is it neceffary, for perhaps any fyftem will answer his purpose.

ISI A. B. has put us to the expence of a letter from Glasgow, to inform us of an error which he might have feen rectified in our notes to correspondents a month or two ago.

+st A Conftant Reader will find in this Number the article which, he fays, he has been feeking in vain.

tit Q. Z. is requested to believe that we have good reasons for not adopting the plan which he recommends in his friendly letter.

We would gladly comply with Mr. Donaldfon's request, but, as we do not fee that our duty requires it, we cannot so far trespass on our time. We with him fuccefs in his laudable endeavours to ferve the public; in which he also has an undoubted right to look towards his own intereft.

Thanks to F. who politely (with his aliquando bonus dormitat Homerus,) reminds us of the fingular confufion of names in fpeaking of the revolution in favour of freedom in Denmark, under Guftavus Vafa. (See the laft Review, p. 243.) This lapfe of the pen brings to our memory Dr. Franklin's ftory of his learned nurfery maid, who ufed to entertain the Dr.'s little boy with fcriptural ftories of " Samfon the strong Philiftian, and Nebuchadnezzar the King of the Jews.' For my part, (faid the Dr.) whenever I chanced to overhear her, I was as much delighted as the child :-I had never been so pleasantly

inftructed!

¶ Various letters remain for confideration.

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In the last review, p. 327, 1. 1, for read; and in lines 20, 1, and 2, the words have been inverted :-they fhould be read thus ; in contradiftinction to the other fpecies of poetry enumerated at the end of the fection, which employed all the means of imitation, mufic, rhythm, and metre.-P. 330. 1. 10 from the bottom, for unλn read μελη.

In this number, p. 371, l. 8. from the boom, for yλras, read gultas. 374, 1. 17, after the words this note,' add, which is the lait.

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