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ufe, he found himself reduced to nearly his own private pro perty wifhing, therefore, to guard against want, he purchased from one of the most capital commercial houses in France an annuity of 3000 livres. By this time he had given up the idea of going to America. In lieu of his church livings, the nation had given him a penfion of 1000 livres a year: but he made an offering of it to his country from the tribune of the convention on the 10th of November 1793; fo that, at prefent, all on which he can certainly depend amounts to no more than 3840 livres, or about 1681. a year, It ought however to be added that, as a member of the convention, he enjoys his wages, as our old law ufed to call the allowance to members of parliament, of 36 livres a day; on which a man of his temperate habit may contrive to live, without drawing on his own money.-The work concludes with a refutation of the charge that SIEYES was a tool of Robespierre.

The pamphlet is unquestionably an able performance, whether confidered as a chain of argument or as a literary compofition, To say that it comes from SIEYES's own pen would not by any means be injurious to his reputation as an author: but to fay that he actually wrote it would be to make an affertion without pofitive proof. We have, however, a moral conviction, founded on the internal evidence of the book, that SIEYES is in this inftance his own defender; and undoubtedly his defence could not be in better hands.

To the work are annexed the declaration, which we have already mentioned as having brought on him the rage of the Jacobins; and his plan of a new conftitution, containing his famous declaration of the rights of man, prefented to the conftituent affembly 21st July 1789.

The tranflation is on the whole well executed: though we could point out many inftances of inaccuracy, but not of great importance. Sh.....n.

ART. IX. Promenade autour de la Grande Bretagne, &c. i.e. A
Ramble through Great Britain, preceded by fome Particulars re-
fpecting the Campaign under the Duke of Brunswick.
By a
French Emigrant Officer. 8vo. pp. 318. 5s. fewed. Edin--
burgh. 1795.

THIS

HIS volume confifts of two parts. The first narrates feveral particulars of the Duke of Brunswick's campaign, in concert with whom the author acted as a member of the emigrant corps. The fecond defcribes his folitary peregrinations about Great Britain, where he fought an afylum after the difbanding of thofe cavaliers. The whole is written with a viva

city

city and an air of truth which conciliate the reader, and with a degree of good-humour towards the objects of his hoftility, which is really admirable. We fhall tranflate a fhort palfage or two:

The fault, I apprehend, was in choofing the place of affemblage out of the kingdom, and in joining with foreign powers to attack France: but an infulated individual cannot give the law, nor a mere foldier fay to his general that he had rather be there than here. This blunder lies not with the emigrants, who were more incon-venienced by the fummons to Coblentz than they would have been to a rendezvous in the interior, and a great many, I know, were very unwilling to go thither :-but the general opinion in favour of emigration was fo ftrong, that thofe who ftaid at home were in fome measure treated as infamous; even the patriots taunting them with loud contempt. I am aware that in La Vendée, where the gentry were much in the habit of refiding on their eftates, many fhewed Do great alacrity in leaving their families: but even here a like spirit was fo prevalent, that the wives, daughters, and fifters, of those who were gone, not only would not receive the loiterers into their company, but were fo affronting to many of them as to fend them a diftaff.'-P. 13.

In pages 19 and 20 we have fome additional anecdotes of the late king's arrest at Varennes :

Whilst the preparations for return were going forwards, the alarm-bell was rung, and a prodigious number of peasants came with their ruftic weapons from the fields. When they were arrived, the magiftrates prefented themfelves at the door of the king's chamber. The queen, who knew that the Marquis de Bouillé, informed of this misfortune, would foon arrive with an armed efcort, put them off for a time; faying, that his majefty, fatigued with his journey and with this laft fcene, was laid down, and that she begged his flumbers might not be troubled. The magiftrates were indecifive, and would probably have withdrawn, had not the king called out: "No, no; fince it must be, as well now as by and by," and walked off at once with them. When his carriage was ready, they led him to it, and he departed, accompanied by a vaft crowd, which fwelled at every step. The Marquis de Bouillé, having learned this accident, came with his regiment of dragoons twenty miles in full speed, but arrived an hour after the king's departure. The horses were fatigued, the men harraffed and out of humour, and the Marquis, finding that all was over, forded the river and croffed the frontier. This I heard flated at Coblentz to the Comte D'Artois by one of the guards who was with the king; to which the Comte made no other reply than to afk with fome hesitation: "What! among you was there no piftol, no fword? On fuch an occafion the life of a man is nothing. If the poftillion had been dispatched, one of you might have replaced him, and you would have gotten along.

This word, fince ufad on the Bench by Judge into vogue.

, is getting

P. 45

P. 45. The Pruffians treated their fick with incredible barbarity. When the waggon which carried them was too full, or when room was wanting for new comers, the most ill were felected without much ceremony, ftripped naked, left their spoils fhould fall into the enemy's hands, and fo left by the road fide. Although the inhabitants fucceeded in preferving a few, they had moftly the office of burying

them.'

At page 98 the author arrives in London, and introduces the ufual remarks concerning its relative magnificence. He justly prefers the outfide of St. Paul's cathedral to that of St. Peter at Rome: but he laments the existence of its ill-fhapen burial-ground, the narrowness of its emplacement, and the want of internal decoration and imagery. He wishes for quays (like thofe of Paris) along the banks of the Thames, and for a vast irregular place which fhould expofe the Bank, the Exchange, the Manfion-houfe, and a new poft-office, to cotemporary view. He describes the fingular relation fubfifting at the ordi naries between the wandering emigrants and the wandering Jacobins, and (p. 118) gives the following anecdote of the latter:

The government took no other precautions against them than to fortify the Tower. Several perfons, however, have affured me that it was no uncommon thing to fee painters fit down at the public tables, and, instead of dining, pourtray the more turbulent among them. I never faw it; but I have the anecdote from one who was mistaken for a Jacobin, and had great difficulty in perfuading one of these government-painters that his likeness ought not to be taken.'

In the course of his pedestrian tour in the country, the writer occafionally breaks into complaints against the inelegance of not placing as many tumblers as plates on the ordinary-tables; againft the rude inhofpitality of English inn-keepers towards foot-paffengers; and against their vulgar and peftilent practice of offering the fame sheets a fecond time. It fhould have been ftated, in alleviation of the two latter faults, that, in provincial English inns, lodging is feldom charged, which is both an abfurdity and an evil; fince travellers often wish to fleep where they neither care to fup nor to breakfast, and are incommoded by the neceffity of fpending money where they accept a bed. Such grievances fhould be denounced: for rich travellers only can enforce reformation and redrefs; and it is an exertion of real benevolence in them to tolerate no improprieties of reception.

P. 226. The author mentions, as a curious inftance of superftition, bis Scottish landlady being alarmed at the impiety of his humming a tune on the Sunday. Such strictnefs, to be fure, is a notable contraft to French levity. It reminds us of a remark made by the famous Baron Pollnitz, when be had been fome

time

time in England: "Will you never (faid he,) open your theatres on Sundays inftead of your ale-houses? never encourage ruftic amufements, infead of fottifhnefs?"

At p. 238, an interefting anecdote occurs, which demonAtrates that the information of the lower claffes has attained a refpectable height in Scotland.

In p. 277, the description of the water-fall of Fyers proves that it made a great impreffion on this travelled fpectator: it is not, however, worth tranflating.

inquired, one day, of A rich man' (fays the author, p. 281,) a highlander, what would make him completely happy, The anfwer was a kirkfull of freezin (nu) and a well of whisky. Since nothing can correct the tafle of thefe mountaineers for ftrong drinks, I will at In many parts of leaft endeavour to procure them a pleasant one. Great Britain, floe-trees (prunelliers) are common. I have feen the peafantry about Thionville make an ardent fpirit from this fruit, which they prefer even to brandy. The procefs is very fimple. They crush the fruit and its kernel together, ferment the liquor as if it were wine, and then diftil it.'

Over a mineral fpring near Leith, the late Lord Gardenstone built an elegant temple, which contains a flatue of Hygeia too large for its fituation, and deficient in beauty. This called forth an epigram from a brother-loid of Seffion; with which we fhall conclude:

"Heu! fuge fatales hauftus, fuge virus aquarum,
Quifquis es, & damno difce cavere meo;

Namque ego morborum domitrix Hygeia, liquorem
Guftavi imprudens falta videbar anus.
Fam demifla humeros, & crure informis utroque
Rifubus à populo pretereunte petor.
At tu pofibabitis Nymphis, folennia Baccho
Fer facra, telluris fic quoque fecit Herus."
"A finish'd beauty I from London came,
Grace and proportion had adorn'd my frame;
But rafh I tafted this empoifon'd well,
And ftraight ('tis true, tho' wonderful to tell)
To fize gigantic all my members fwell.
Whether thro' coal the fountain urge its course,
Or noxious metals taint its hidden fource,

Or (envious neighbour) Cloacina ftain

The ftream with liquid from the Queen-ftreet drain;
Th' effect is certain, tho' the cause obfcure.

My figure ought to frighten, not allure;

And, blamelels tho' the skilful fculptor's hand,

Not as a ftatue but a beacon ftand.

Thou! whom amufement or diftemper brings
To view the pillars, or to taste the fprings,
Warn'd by my fate, the nauseous draught decline,
The Lord erector's regimen be thine,
Abslain from water, and indulge in wine.”

ART.

T

ART. X. Coup-d'Oeil Politiqué fur l'Avenir de la France; i. e. A Political View of the future Situation of France. By M. DU MOURIEZ. Written in March. 8vo. pp. 83. Printed at Hamburgh; and fold in London by Johnfon and De Boffe. 1795.

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2s. 6d.

Price

ART. XI. A Political View of the future Situation of France. Tranflated from the French of General DUMOURIEZ. 8vo. PP. 94. 2s. 6d. Johnfon, London. 1795.

TH

HOUGH a man of established reputation as a foldier, General DUMOURIEZ is at best of a doubtful character as a patriot or politician: we fay doubtful, because we are not difpofed, without more evidence than has yet been laid before us, to pass a decifive judgment on his political conduct. Some people charge him with ambitious views, and fay that it was not till he was difappointed in them that he declared for the reftoration of a limited monarchy in France; and confequently that his motives for this declaration did not proceed from principle. Others admit that a powerful faction in Paris had placed him in fuch a fituation, that he was under the neceffity of either turning his arms against those who compofed that faction, or putting himself into their hands with the certainty of being led to the fcaffold. Louvet, the most determined anti-monarchy man in France, afferts, in his late famous publication, (reviewed in our present Appendix,) his firm belief that DUMOURIEZ was a fincere republican; that he would have made himself master of Holland, had he not been thwarted in all his plans by a fet of men who were not only his perfonal enemies, but the enemies alfo of liberty, order, and principle; and that he would never have thought of re-establishing royalty in France, had those who were at the helm been attached to the real interefts of their country, and to the happiness of their fellow-citizens. Which are in the right, the accufers or the apologifts of DuMOURIEZ, we will not attempt to determine.

6

The General begins by faying that the French revolution is a fhocking tragedy, directed by monfters and fupported by heroes; and that, taken in a military point of view, it commands admiration; while in a political light it excites nothing but horror. Never (fays he,) did any nation appear at the fame time more fublime, and more abject. As foldiers, the men of France are invincible; as citizens, they tremble and fuffer. Intrepid in the field before the most warlike troops of Europe, but at home the flaves of a handful of villains.' This fhort picture is drawn by a mafterly hand; and while we are forced to acknowlege its ftriking likeness to the original, we find it no easy talk to account for an union of two fuch oppofites in,

the

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