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ARTICLE I. IV hat end we should propose to
CONTINUATION OF THE HISTORY OF THE PER
SIANS AND GREEKS.
THE THIRD PIECE, EXTRACTED FROM
THE GRECIAN HISTORY.
OF THE LACEDÆMONIAN GOVERNMENT.
HERE is nothing perhaps in all Profane History better attested, nor at the same time more incredible, than the Lacedæmonian government and the discipline established by Lycurgus. This wise legislator was son to one of the two kings of Sparta, who governed jointly; and might easily have obtained the crown, if he had pleased, upon the death of his elder brother, who left no male issue behind him. But he thought himself obliged to wait till the queen his sister was brought to bed, who was then with child; and upon her happy delivery, he took upon him to be tutor and guardian to the infant against the attempts of its own mother, who had offered to make away with her son, if Lycurgus would marry her.
He formed the bold design of thoroughly reforming the Lacedæmonian goveroment; and that he might be the better enabled to make wise regulations in it, he judged it expedient to take several journies, lo inform himself personally of the different manners of nations, and advise with such persons as were best skilled and most experienced in the arts of govern